2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The purpose of this agreement is to strengthen the collaborations between the Participants in areas of mutual interest through cooperative research programs and exchanges. To this end, the Participants agree jointly to explore and coordinate research activities of mutual interest which will be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformity with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
To facilitate the cooperative research effort(s) described herein, each Participant intends to assign such members of its staff to specific projects as may be mutually agreed upon, as well as aid in planning and developing projects of mutual interest.
Research collaborations with INRA continue to be strong and fruitful. ARS-Beltsville established collaborations with INRA-Jouy-en-Josas that will broaden the scope of swine fetal reprogramming during gestation that leads to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). ARS-Ithaca collaborated with INRA to develop technology to characterize, analyze and display genotype data from grape. ARS-Kearneysville continued collaboration with INRA-Bordeaus on the development of Plum pox virus resistant transgenic plum varieties through the use of consumer friendly gene silencing constructs. ARS-West Lafayette and INRA-Bioger in Thiverval-Grignon collaborated on a project that aims to sequence 13 fungal genomes, including pathogens of biofuels crops that can limit the economic viability of that industry. Under INRA funding, ARS-Ames cooperates with INRA on reconstructing the invasion dynamics of western corn rootworm in North America, and assisting in determining the geographic source of ongoing introductions into Europe using genetic markers. ARS-Salinas collaborates with INRA-Beaucouzé on taxonomy of bacterial plant pathogens. ARS-Davis works with INRA-Villenave d-Ornon onthe intercontinental population structure on Eutypa lata in grape-growing regions of the world. ARS-Davis cooperates with INRA-Clermont-Ferrand-Theix to investigate omega-3 feeding impact on lipoprotein structure in the LDLR-null mouse. ARS-Albany collaborates with INRA to maintain a mirror of the complete GrainGenes database and website at http://grain.jouy.inra.fr. French (INRA, Versailles) collaborators are involved in using Brachypodium as a model to study grass cell walls. ARS scientists at Albany also serve as non-funded cooperators on a EC FP 7 grant to study biomass, coordinating work to prevent duplication of effort and pooling resources to maximize progress. ARS-Pullman works with INRA to identify sources of resistance in pea to Aphanomyces root rot and to increase understanding of genetic factors that determine host specificity and aggressiveness of the causal agent of this disease. ARS-Corvallis cooperates with INRA under an SCRI grant to enable marker-assisted breeding in strawberry. ARS-Clay Center and INRA are both part of the international swine genome consortium, with the aim to develop an efficient, high-density SNP genotyping platform for commercial use in swine populations. ARS-New Orleans engages through an MTA with INRA-Versailles to help better understand where certain types of proteins (enzymes) are located in the plant cell. ARS will join INRA’s efforts to organize the global International Research Initiative for Wheat Improvement.