2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The overall objective is to develop fermentation-based bioprocess systems that
utilize the renewable agricultural fats, oils and coproducts (AFOC) as feedstocks to ultimately produce value-added bioproducts with enhanced properties and environmental benefits. Specific objectives are to expand the list of bioproducts producible via the fermentation of AFOC, to increase yields, expand variety, and improve properties of the target bioproducts via strain improvement, fermentation manipulation, and post-production modification; and to develop end-product applications for the bioproducts.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
The capability of various AFOC to support cell growth of microorganisms that produce the target bioproducts -- rhamnolipids (RL), sophorolipids (SL),
poly(hydroxyalkanoates) (PHA), gamma-polyglutamic acid and cyanophycin -- will be
investigated. Genes needed for efficient production of bioproducts from AFOC will
be identified, cloned, characterized and expressed. Chimeric genes and mutants
having novel substrate specificity will be generated from PHA synthase genes with
different PHA compositional profiles. Genes of enzymes or regulatory proteins
involved in the biosynthesis of SL in Candida and RL in Pseudomonas will be cloned and characterized for subsequent protein and metabolic engineering to improve product variety and yield. Fed-batch and continuous culture techniques will be explored to increase the yields of bioproducts from fermentation of AFOC.
Sophorolipids will be used to prepare new materials such as gemini surfactants,
polymers of SL, value-added fatty acids, and bolaamphiphiles. Reactive functional
groups, especially amino groups, will be incorporated to the sidechains of PHA for altered property and subsequent derivatization.
No progress to report for this project. Progress is documented in the annual report of the OSQR certified project 1935-41000-090-00D.