2010 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this cooperative research project is to obtain improved efficiency in the development and testing of new sugarcane varieties through exchange and evaluation of germplasm with the ultimate goal of releasing new, higher-yielding pest-resistant sugarcane varieties.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
For the duration of this agreement, ARS and the Cooperator will exchange seed and vegetative material of sugarcane germplasm consisting of experimental breeding lines and elite varieties for testing and evaluation for specific traits of interest or as commercial cultivars.
In FY 2010, SRU scientists sent nine experimental varieties (HoCP04-838; HoCP05-902, Ho05-961; Ho06-537, -563; Ho07-604, -612, -613, -617) to CENGICAÑA with assistance from personnel at the USDA Sugarcane Field Station in Canal Point, FL. In June 2010, seven varieties and experimental clones from Guatemala were released from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Quarantine Facility in Beltsville, MD, and placed in a secondary quarantine facility at the USDA’s Sugarcane Research Laboratory in Houma, LA, where they will remain for six additional months before release and eventual evaluation in Louisiana.
The ultimate goal of this exchange is to release new, higher-yielding, pest-resistant sugarcane varieties. Monitoring activities to include the selection of experimental varieties to be exchanged, documentation required to accommodate shipments, shipping dates, and general condition of material upon arrival in the importing country is generally done by e-mail exchanges between the SRU’s Authorized Departmental Officer’s Representative (ADODR) and the Sponsor’s Designated Representative.