Enhancement of Sugarcane Germplasm for Cultivar Development
Sugarcane Production Research
2012 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To test and develop new higher-yielding disease-resistant sugarcane varieties.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
The parties will exchange experimental sugarcane clones and/or new varieties (hereinafter “MATERIAL”). ARS will evaluate the MATERIAL for reaction to sugarcane smut, mosaic, leaf scald, brown rust, and orange rust. Cooperator will evaluate MATERIAL for reaction to smut, mosaic, brown rust, and orange rust. Established protocols will be used for such evaluations. MATERIAL that demonstrate adequate resistance may be evaluated in replicated trials (at least 3 replications at 2 locations against 2 standard check varieties) to determine yield (tons cane and tons sugar per hectare). MATERIAL demonstrating resistance and yield characteristics may be use as parental MATERIAL in breeding efforts.
This research relates to inhouse objective 2: Develop better agronomic practices for the Florida sugarcane industry.
Two clones, Q 191 and Q 196, have been planted for use as parental clones in the 2012/2013 crossing season.