2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this Annex is to establish the Center for Food Safety and Quality, co-located at the Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Nebraska, United States. Each center will conduct research, develop scientific tools and technology, and introduce improved methods for agricultural products processing in combination with other human pursuits that socially and economically maintain livelihoods and protect the environment through information exchange, education and proactive extension services. This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas:
(1) Food-borne pathogens: such as E. coli 0157:H7, Salmonella, Listerai etc.
(2) Microbiological prediction and control technology: the establishment of microbiological prediction models and their application in food processing;
(3) Mechanisms on the formation of food palatability: food texture and mechanisms of flavor and gel formation;
(4) Food quality control technology: quality grading system and on-line fast testing and examining;
(5) Information services and technology transfer: Assemble, manage, and publish data and information resources for research, education, and public service.
To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Participants will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested government agencies and the scientific and business communities of both countries in cooperative programs, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges in implementation of this Annex.
This activity has several ARS and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) funded collaborators. The New ARS technical lead for the activity is Mary Torrence who coordinates a group of two ARS scientists who conduct bilateral research towards the common goals of this annex. Dr. Tommy Wheeler, from the U.S. Meat Agriculture Research Center visited Nanjing Agriculture University in June, 2009 to meet with collaborators and discuss potential projects in e.coli 0157 and non 0157 prevalence and levels on U.S comercial pork carcases. This year this project also established Dr. Bosilevac as scientific contact for food safety collaboration at the U.S. Meat Agriculture Research Center. There was also a visit from the Chinese collaborators to the U.S. to diccuss future activities as well as the timing of students/faculty to visit USMARC to receive training and conduct the studies.
There is an annual Joint Working Group co-chaired by the REE Under Secretary and the MOST Vice Minister where a report of the activities under this agreement are reported for the year. This year's report was given in Davis, CA on July 8, 2009 where the co-chairs were able to give feedback on how to enhance activities per the new administration's agenda.
Prior to the annual Joint Working Group each of the three ARS scientists were asked to report on the activities conducted over the past year so that a briefing was able to be drafted. This year the briefing was delivered by Dr. Mary Torrence, National Program Leader for the Food Safety program at ARS.