Location: Bio-oils Research Unit
Project Number: 3620-41000-142-00
Start Date: Jun 15, 2009
End Date: Jun 14, 2010
New crops will be developed for several growing regions within the U.S. by developing industrial products from these agricultural feed stocks. New crop development is critical to the future sustainability of U.S. agriculture by reduction of the dependence on government subsidies for a select few commodity crops. Development of cuphea, lesquerella, meadowfoam (limnanthes), milkweed (ascelipias), and sicklepod (senna) will occur through a three prong effort. First, germplasm development will be supported through analytical methods which provides procedures to rapidly analyze protein, oil and starch. GC and HPLC methods for partial seed analysis determination of oil and fatty acids will aid germplasm development. In addition, non-destructive methods for oil, protein and starch will be developed using pulsed NMR and NIR technologies. Second, new chemical and physical processes for the isolation of new crop raw materials (oil, protein, starch, and phytochemicals) will be established and new crop raw materials produced in pilot scale quantities. Expelling will be conducted with optimization of pre-press conditions (seed tempering with temperature and moisture, flake thickness and dehulling). Isolation of specialty chemicals from defatted meal utilizing enzymatic processes will enhance meal quality and aid in offsetting oil production costs. Lastly, development of industrial materials through organic synthesis of novel derivatives based on new crop raw materials. Products to be developed include biodegradable lubricants, viscosity and lubricant additives, natural pest control chemicals, and hydrocolloids. Novel new crop chemical structures will drive the direction of isolation, synthesis, evaluation, and scale-up of synthetic efforts. Cooperative efforts with academia for germplasm and agronomic development and industry for product evaluation is crucial to the successful completion of this work.