INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PATHOGENS AND SOYBEAN PLANTS
Soybean/maize Germplasm, Pathology, and Genetics Research
2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Soybean yields are affected quantitatively and qualitatively by fungi, insects, nematodes, and viruses. The ability of pathogens and pests to colonize and/or infect soybean plants is the result of interactions of pathogen and host genes that allow pathogenic organisms to reproduce and cause disease. The objective of this cooperative research project is to identify and characterize the expression of soybean and pathogen genes involved in the establishment and/or maintenance of disease-causing interactions.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Candidate soybean genes that support/permit pathogen accumulation or that are involved in pathogenesis will be identified through the genetic analysis of soybean lines differing in their susceptibility to pathogens and pests. In addition, genes expressed at the host-pathogen interface will be identified and characterized using genetic and expression profiling techniques. The involvement of the genes in disease will be confirmed by gene-specific complementation and/or gene silencing. Pathogen genes will be identified by similar genetic and expression profiling techniques. Host and pathogen proteins that physically interact in diseased cells will be identified through in vivo interaction studies and in vitro protein binding and affinity chromatography analyses.
Five novel RNA viruses were identified that putatively infect soybean cyst nematode (SCN), the most damaging pathogen of soybean, by analysis of high-throughput sequence data from messenger RNAs from laboratory SCN populations. These were only the second set of viruses identified that infect nematodes and have the potential to alter the virulence of SCN in a non-Mendelian manner. The project was monitored primarily through face-to-face interactions.