1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
HEALTH is a multi-center study with two broad objectives: (1) to construct culturally appropriate surveys to assess Dietary Guideline adherence barriers and facilitators in children and adults of major U.S. racial/ethnic groups and (2) to examine barriers and facilitators of Dietary Guideline adherence and other factors as they relate to dietary behavior and body mass index (BMI) by administering the U.S. population located in 7 geographic locations served by USDA Human Nutrition Research sites.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Objective 1 will enlist focus groups (Nominal Group Technique) and structured cognitive interviews to elicit key factors that inhibit (barriers) and motivate (facilitators) Dietary Guideline adherence. This work will serve to develop a "Barriers and Facilitators" survey instrument, which will be applied to Objective 2 of the research. Objective 2 will be conducted by administering the survey to cross-sections of the U.S. population located in 7 geographic locations served by USDA Human Nutrition Research sites.
This research contributes to objective 1 of the in-house parent project. Bi-weekly meetings with study teams were used to monitor progress. Monthly conference calls, initiated by the project Principal Investigator were conducted to monitor progress for all of the study sites. At the Davis site, 16 nominal group technique sessions (groups) were conducted, 10 cognitive interviews were completed, and 114 family dyads (228 total persons) completed the pilot study.