GLOBAL WHEAT BREEDING, LOCAL FLOUR SOURCING
Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality Research Unit
2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
1) Identify new wheat cultivars to improve soft wheat quality for Kraft North American flour sourcing.
2) Application of soft wheat testing to non-traditional germplasm for Kraft Foods International and for use in germplasm exchange programs.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Domestic Plan of Work.
1) Identify wheat cultivars to improve quality while controlling cost in Kraft North American flour sourcing.
a. Eastern US: Use quality data from Soft Wheat Quality Laboratory to nominate, with breeding programs’ cooperation, cultivars for the strong-soft pipeline (Wooster lead laboratory). Initial evaluation based on lactic acid SRC followed by contact to programs. Include lines confirmed by programs in field testing at Wooster for head-to-head evaluation including: advanced milling, wire-cut baking, and alveograph. Summarize research results and provide to breeding programs and Kraft for inclusion in their individual product development plans.
Relative effort 30% of grant.
Impact: Two years into current efforts in the eastern US, we have a proposed pipeline through 2010. Cultivars need to be continuously replaced in a competitive marketplace.
The five year grant would identify cultivars for the Toledo pipeline until 2015.
b. Testing of Cultivars for Portland Oregon Bakery (Pullman lead laboratory). Evaluate check samples and new cultivars from 2 winter wheat locations and 3 spring wheat locations in the immediate draw area of the flour mill supplying Kraft Portland. Collaborate on components of Eastern US program. Relative effort 30% of grant International Plan of Work.
2) Work with grain and cultivar developers to improve quality measurements of soft wheat (Wooster laboratory lead).
a. Increase the robustness of prediction models of soft wheat quality to include the range of grain types that are produced around the world. Most prediction models of soft wheat quality are developed for very narrow germplasm pools. Adding international germplasm to prediction models will improve our ability to predict quality and to select improved US germplasm. Identification of unique functionality from other regions’ genotypes as first step to broadening the narrow US soft winter wheat germplasm pool.
b. Contact and exchange of data will be based on e-mail and conference calls using previously developed contacts in the grant.
3) One in-person review of germplasm and quality testing program in international markets per year of the grant.
a. Location to be determined by Kraft Global Biscuit group.
b. Timing to be jointly agreed by USDA and Kraft.
c. Decision to be based on the goals for development of flour quality evaluation methods set jointly with USDA and Kraft participants.
Report of Work.
A summary report will be presented in January 2010 at the Pacific North West Quality Council. Preliminary reports of work will be presented in July 2009 to the Kraft Flour Task Force meeting in Toledo, and Kraft’s North American Biscuit Group in November 2009 in Wooster OH.
The grant funded research in the United States (US) and internationally with specific goals for the two sections.
In the domestic research, the SWQL and the USDA-ARS Western Wheat Quality Laboratory will conduct initial quality measurements of new cultivars harvested in 2009 for the first time in commercial trials. Testing will be completed during the next several weeks. No results are presently available.
For the International research no research is planned during this period. Conference calls are planned for coordination of research projects for the September review.
ADODR Monitoring: An annual report was filed in July 2009. Quarterly and Annual planning meetings were used to coordinate activities between the funding agency, Kraft Foods, and SWQL staff. Daily and weekly level coordination was managed through e-mail and phone calls.