2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this cooperative research project is to develop technology and methodology for efficient use of water in agricultural systems suited to dry land climates, by applying Irrigation Management Information System (IMIS) techniques.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Under this agreement, and in accordance with the budget agreed to by both Parties to this Agreement, the Cooperators shall:
1. As appropriate, conduct research under the Irrigation Management Information System (IMIS) project, which is part of a cooperative research project bringing together participants from Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and the United States to Improve water management by providing data for scheduling irrigation and other crop management decisions to increase irrigation efficiency in the Middle East and The United States.
2. Establish an IMIS research and extension sites to represent the important agricultural production systems in Jordan. Evapotranspiration (ET) models for several conventional and specialized crops will be evaluated for the designated sites and prioritized according to applicability criteria. Soil and plant water-status measurement instrumentation will be evaluated, adapted and integrated into the system according to the same applicability criteria.
3. Conduct collaborative regional research on measurement of crop water use and calculation of crop coefficients for key crops, such as cucumbers, peppers, and specialty crops.
4. Establish interaction with local universities, farmers, farm advisors, and extension personnel in order to implement the IMIS system to ensure wide acceptance and sustainability.
5. Establish the methodological framework to transfer the crop water requirements information received from the metrological stations to the farmers.
6. Assist in providing training to the Jordanian farmers in conservation technology such as cover crops and composting methods.
This report serves to document research conducted under a specific cooperative agreement between ARS and Jordan’s Ministry of Agriculture-National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE), Jordan. The ADODR followed up on progress by meeting with counterparts during trips to the region and via email and telephone.
An experiment based on meteorological station measurements to determine irrigation indicator for Tomato crop was conducted in Dair-Alla Regional. This demonstration site was cultivated similar to the 2 ha in the nearby experiment on the lysimeter instrument.
Two plants had been cultivated during this reporting period. First Corn crop was cultivated during the period of 22 June till the beginning of September 2009. The second crop was tomato; the planting date was February 15th 2009 and harvested at the end of June 2009. For tomato; the results indicated high yield (55.9 Ton/ha) and water use efficiency (16.36 kg/m3) when applying 100% of Dair-Alla automated meteorological station evapotranspiration reading from the IMIS project website. This cropping season was considered as a testing phase for the lysimeter. Several results were obtained and reported.
During the period of May 30th to June 4th, 2009, Eng. Iyad Mishal (Regional Computer Specialist from PARC, Ramallah) visited Jordan, to work with the Jordanian partners to maintain MERIMIS Stations, and replace some broken sensors; and to link the two project websites; www.ncare.gov.jo/imis; and http://www.merimis.org, in order to publish the entire climatic data generated from NCARE’s network
Overall progress in this project included; increased scientific cooperation amongst
American, Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian scientists; establishment of an agricultural
meteorological station network with an internet site, www.merimis.org; improved
Knowledge of crop water use for several crops in the region; and continues plans for
future collaboration on the pressing water issues of the region.