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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Sugarbeet Germplasm Enhancement, Breeding and Genetics

Location: Crop Improvement and Protection Research

2009 Annual Report

1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Develop host-plant resistance in sugarbeet to diseases, pests, and stresses with particular emphasis on the western U.S. production areas. These goals require continuation of a comprehensive program on germplasm enhancement, breeding, and genetics. The research involves a search for useful genes for host-plant resistance in cultivated sugarbeet and its wild species.

1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Breed for resistance to rhizomania and other soil-borne viruses of sugarbeet. Lines for genetic and serological analyses will be produced and evaluated. Molecular and genetic markers will be investigated and used to determine allelism and for marker-assisted selection. Resistance to virus yellows will be sought, effects of individual viral components investigated and resistance breeding lines developed. Resistance to Meloidogyne spp. in Beta spp. will be investigated, inheritance patterns elucidated, markers identified, and root-knot nematode sugarbeet lines developed. Comprehensive germplasm enhancement and population improvement program will be continued. Sugarbeet with combined resistance to diseases and pests with improved yield components and genetic structure will be developed. Replacing 5305-21000-012-00D (9/08).

3.Progress Report
Project number 5305-21000-012-00D was terminated and replaced by 5305-21000-013-00D, which awaits completion of OSQR review.

5.Significant Activities that Support Special Target Populations
• Presented research and general plant biology to the 5th grade class from Los Padres School, an elementary school in Salinas serving primarily Hispanic students. • Hired a female, 10-point compensable disability preference veteran through the Pacific West Area’s Summer Intern Program, which is targeted toward groups that continue to be underrepresented in science. • Presented research, station research, and opportunities for student research at the USDA-ARS to students enrolled in the Summer Undergraduate Math and Science (SUMS) program at Hartnell College; a designated Hispanic-serving institution.

Review Publications
Lewellen, R.T., Panella, L.W., Harveson, R. 2009. Introduction - Botany of the Beet Plant. Pages 2-3 In: Compendium of the Beet Diseases and Insects, edited by R.M. Harveson, L.E. Hanson, and G. O. Hein, eds. APS Press. St. Paul, MN pp.140.

Harveson, R., Panella, L.W., Lewellen, R.T. 2009. Introduction - History of Sugar Beet Production and Usage. Pages 1-2 In: Compendium of Beet Diseases and Insects, edited by R.M Harveson, L.E. Hanson, and G. L. Hein, etd. APS Press, St. Paul. MN, pp. 140.

Panella, L.W., Lewellen, R.T., Harveson, R. 2009. Introduction - Breeding for Disease and Insect Resistance. Pages 3-5 In: Compendium of the Beet Diseases and Insects, edited by R.M. Harveson, L.E. Hanson, and G. L. Hein, ets. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, pp. 140.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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