DELTA OBESITY PREVENTION RESEARCH UNIT - BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MEDICINE (ARS HEALTH PROJECT)
Delta Obesity Prevention Research Unit
2010 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
An objective of the Delta Obesity Prevention Research Unit (Delta OPRU) being conducted in part under this cooperative agreement is to identify barriers and facilitators to adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DG) and examine how differential profiles of adherence relate to obesity in children and adults of the Delta region. The specific objective of this cooperative agreement is to establish and support a cooperative partnership between the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) which will permit scientific work amongst Research Nutrition Scientists to construct conceptually and culturally appropriate survey tools to assess DG adherence barriers and facilitators for African-American and Caucasian children and their caregivers of the Lower Mississippi Delta region and elsewhere in the U.S.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
The Delta Obesity Prevention Research Unit (Delta OPRU), in partnership with Baylor College of Medicine and other research cooperators, will use the nominal group methodology with fifth graders and caretakers in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) to identify barriers and facilitators to the adherence to national dietary and physical activity guidance for the prevention of obesity and reduced risk for obesity-related chronic disease. This data will be used to construct conceptually and culturally appropriate survey tools to further assess the adherence to the USDA Dietary Guidelines of African American and Caucasian children and their caregivers in the Lower Mississippi Delta region and elsewhere in the U.S.
Across all six sites participating in the HEALTH study, a total of 96 Nominal Group Technique (NGT) sessions were conducted. A total of 591 individuals participated across three racial/ethnic groups (i.e., African-, Euro-, and Hispanic American 5th grade children and caregivers of 5th grade children). The NGTs were evenly split to include the barriers and facilitators for the eight My Pyramid components. Currently, the NGT data are being processed by the Data Coordinating Center, located at the University of Alabama - Birmingham. The final product from the detailed analyses of the NGTs will be a survey on the barriers and facilitators to Dietary Guidelines adherence. This survey along with other questionnaires will be administered in a pilot study to be conducted in the Spring of 2011.
The ADODR monitors activities for the project through the Office of National Programs regarding research progress.