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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ASTRAGALUS AND OXYTROPIS POISONING IN LIVESTOCK Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Bioactive alkaloids in vertically transmitted fungal endophytes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Panaccione, D.G., Beaulieu, W.T., Cook, D. 2014. Bioactive alkaloids in vertically transmitted fungal endophytes. Functional Ecology. 28(2):299-314.
Induction and transfer of resistance to poisoning by Amorimia (Macagnia) septentrionalis in goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Duarte, A.L., Medeiros, R.M., Carvalho, F.K., Lee, S.T., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Costa, V.M., Riet-Correa, F. 2014. Induction and transfer of resistance to poisoning by Amorimia (Macagnia) septentrionalis in goats. Journal of Applied Toxicology. 34(2):220-223.
Norditerpene alkaloid concentrations in tissues and floral rewards of larkspurs and impacts on pollinators - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Manson, J.S., Gardner, D.R., Welch, K.D., Irwin, R.E. 2013. Norditerpene alkaloid concentrations in tissues and floral rewards of larkspurs and impacts on pollinators. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 48: 123-31.
Influence of endophyte genotype on swainsonine concentrations in Oxytropis sericea     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Grum, D.S., Gardner, D.R., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A. 2013. Influence of endophyte genotype on swainsonine concentrations in Oxytropis sericea. Toxicon. 61:105-11.
Detection and localization of the endophyte Undifilum oxytropis in locoweed tissues - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reyna, R., Cooke, P., Grum, D.S., Cook, D., Creamer, R. 2012. Detection and localization of the endophyte Undifilum oxytropis in locoweed tissues. Botany. 90(12): 1229-36.
Influence of seed endophyte amounts on swainsonine concentrations in Astragalus and Oxytropis locoweeds     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grum, D.S., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Roper, J.M., Pfister, J.A., Ralphs, M.H. 2012. Influence of seed endophyte amounts on swainsonine concentrations in Astragalus and Oxytropis locoweeds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 66(33): 8083-9.
Detection of swainsonine and isolation of the endophyte Undifilum from the major locoweeds in Inner Mongolia - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gao, X., Cook, D., Ralphs, M., Yan, L., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Panter, K.E., Han, B., Zhao, M. 2012. Detection of swainsonine and isolation of the endophyte Undifilum from the major locoweeds in Inner Mongolia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 45: 79-85.
Detection of swainsonine and isolation of the endophyte Undifilum form the major locoweeds in Inner Mongolia - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(01-Jul-12)
Detection of monofluoroacetate in Palicourea and Amorimia species     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Cook, D., Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J.A., Anderson, W.R., Lima, F.G., Gardner, D.R. 2012. Detection of monofluoroacetate in Palicourea and Amorimia species. Toxicon. 60(5): 791-6.
Seasonal changes in Undifilum colonization and swainsonine content of locoweeds - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bottger, J.A., Creamer, R., Gardner, D.R. 2012. Seasonal changes in Undifilum colonization and swainsonine content of locoweeds. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 38:486-95.
Poisonous plants and plant toxins that are likely to contaminate hay and other prepared feeds in the western United States     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E. 2012. Poisonous plants that are likely to contaminate hay and prepared feed in the western United States. Rangelands. 34(2): 2-11.
Influence of phenological stage on swainsonine concentrations and endophyte amounts in Oxytropis sericea - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Shi, L., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Grum, D.S., Welch, K.D., Ralphs, M.H. 2012. Influence of phenological stage on swainsonine concentrations and endophyte amounts in Oxytropis sericea. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 38(2): 195-203.
Alpha-mannosidosis in goats caused by the swainsonine-containing plant Ipomoea verbascoidea     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mendonca, F.S., Albuquerque, R.F., Evencio-Neto, J., Freitas, S.H., Doria, R.G., Boabaid, F.M., Driemeier, D., Gardner, D.R., Riet-Correa, F., Colodel, E.M. 2012. Alpha-mannosidosis in goats caused by the swainsonine-containing plant Ipomoea verbascoidea. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 24(1): 90-5.
Increased antitumor efficacy by the combined administration of swainsonine and cisplatin in vivo - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Santos, F.M., Latorre, A.O., Hueza, I.M., Sanches, D.S., Lippi, L.L., Gardner, D.R., Spinosa, H.S. 2011. Increased antitumor efficacy by the combined administration of swainsonine and cisplatin in vivo. Phytomedicine. 18(12):1096-1101.
Fetotoxicity of Astragalus lentiginosus (locoweed) in Spanish goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Furlan, S., Panter, K.E., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Fetotoxicity of Astragalus lentiginosus (locoweed) in Spanish goats. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 1(1):35-40.
Locoweed toxicity, ecology, control and management     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Locoweed toxicity, ecology, control and management. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 1(1):47-64.
Galegine content in Goatsrue (Galega officinalis) varies by plant part and phenological growth stage - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Oldham, M., Ransom, C.V., Ralphs, M.H., Gardner, D.R. 2011. Galegine content in Goatsrue (Galega officinalis) varies by plant part and phenological growth stage. Weed Science. 59(3): 349-52.
Selenium - (Book / Chapter)
Davis, T.Z., Hall, J.O. 2011. Selenium. In: Gupta, R.C., editor. Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology. San Diego, CA. Academic Press. p. 61-8.
Toxic plants - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R. 2011. Toxic plants. In: Gupta, R.C., editor. Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology. San Diego, CA. Academic Press. p. 689-705.
Toxic plants: Effects on reproduction and fetal and embryonic development in livestock - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R. 2011. Toxic plants: Effects on reproduction and fetal and embryonic development in livestock. In: Gupta, R.C., editor. Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. p. 689-704.
Transmission of the locoweed endophyte to the next generation of plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Grum, D.S. 2011. Transmission of the locoweed endophyte to the next generation of plants. Fungal Ecology. 4(4):251-5.
Swainsonine and endophyte relationships in Astragalus mollissimus and Astragalus lentiginosus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Grum, D.S., Pfister, J.A., Ralphs, M.H., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T. 2011. Swainsonine and endophyte relationships in Astragalus mollissimus and Astragalus lentiginosus. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59(4):1281-7.
Poisonous plants affecting the central nervous system of horses in Brazil - (Book / Chapter)
Lima, E.F., Riet-Correa, B., Riet-Correa, F., Medeiros, R.M.T., Gardner, D.R., Riet-Correa, G. 2011. Poisonous plants affecting the central nervous system of horses in Brazil. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA: CAB International. p. 290-4.
Neonate behavior in goats is affected by maternal ingestion of Ipomoea carnea - (Book / Chapter)
Gotardo, A.T., Pfister, J.A., Barbosa-Ferreira, M., Gorniak, S.L. 2011. Neonate behavior in goats is affected by maternal ingestion of Ipomoea carnea. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 47:302-8.
Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants - (Book / Chapter)
Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L., Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Hall, J.O. 2011. Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 91:525-31.
The Capability of Several Toxic Plants to Condition Taste Aversions in Sheep     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Gardner, D.R., Cheney, C.C., Panter, K.E., Hall, J.0. 2010. The Capability of Several Toxic Plants to Condition Taste Aversions in Sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 90(1):114-119. doi:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2010.02.009
The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Panter, K.E. 2011. The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 48:309-10.
Culture and Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Oxytropis glabra DC     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ping, L., Child, D., Meng-Li, Z., Gardner, D.R., Gui-Fen, L., Guo-Dong, H. 2009. Culture and Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Oxytropis glabra DC. ACTA Ecologica Sinica. 20(1):53-58
Swainsonine Concentrations and Endophyte Amounts of Undifilum oxytropis in Different Plant Parts of Oxytropis sericea     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T. 2009. Swainsonine Concentrations and Endophyte Amounts of Undifilum oxytropis in Different Plant Parts of Oxytropis sericea. Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 35(10):1272-1278. (www.springerlink.com) DOI 0.1007/s10886-009-9710-9
Solutions to locoweed poisoning in New Mexico and the Western United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Graham, D., Creamer, R., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E., Cibils, A., Ralphs, M.H., Encinias, M., Mc Daniel, K., Thompson, D., Gardner, K. 2009. Solutions to locoweed poisoning in New Mexico and the Western United States. Rangelands. 31(6):3-8.
Quantitative PCR Method to Measure the Fungal Endopyte in Locoweeds     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Welch, K.D., Roper, J.M., Ralphs, M.H., Green, B.T. 2009. Quantitative PCR Method to Measure the Fungal Endopyte in Locoweeds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 57:6050-6054
Locoweed Poisoning in Cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Ralphs, M.H., Welch, K.D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2009. Locoweed Poisoning in Cattle. Rangelands, 31(1):16-21. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2111/1551-501X-31.1.45?
Response of Broom Snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) and Cool-Season Grasses to Defoliation     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H. 2009. Response of Broom Snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) and Cool-Season Grasses to Defoliation. Journal of Invasive Plant Science and Management. 2(1):28-35. DOI. 10.1614/PSM-08-075.1
Population Cycles of Poisonous Plants     Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Ralphs, M.H., Jensen, D.T. 2007. Population Cycles of Poisonous Plants. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions. Ch 73. pp. 432-437.
Last Modified: 10/21/2014
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