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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: POISONING OF LIVESTOCK BY VARIOUS LARKSPUR SPECIES (DELPHINIUM)

Location: Poisonous Plant Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Management practices to reduce lupine-induced Crooked Calf Syndrome in the Northwest - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Panter, K.E., Gay, C.C., Clinesmith, R., Platt, T.E. 2013. Management practices to reduce lupine-induced Crooked Calf Syndrome in the Northwest. Rangelands. 35(2): 12-6.
Poisoning by Indigofera lespedezioides in horses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lima, E.F., Riet-Correa, F., Gardner, D.R., Barros, S.S., Medeiros, R.M., Soares, M.P., Riet-Correa, G. 2012. Poisoning by Indigofera lespedezioides in horses. Toxicon. 60: 324-8.
The effect of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type diterpenoid alkaloids on the toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium spp.) in cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E. 2012. The effect of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type diterpenoid alkaloids on the toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium spp.) in cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 90(7): 2394-401.
Toxicokinetics of norditerpenoid alkaloids from low larkspur (Delphinium andersonii) orally administered in cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Panter, K.E. 2012. Toxicokinetics of norditerpenoid alkaloids from low larkspur (Delphinium andersonii) orally administered in cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 73(8): 1318-24.
Velvet lupine (Lupinus leucophyllis) population cycles with climate     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Motteram, E.S., Panter, K.E. 2011. Velvet lupine (Lupinus leucophyllis) population cycles with climate. Western North American Naturalist. 71(3): 396-403.
Potentiation of the actions of acetylcholine, epibatidine, and nicotine by methyllycaconitine at fetal muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R. 2011. Potentiation of the actions of acetylcholine, epibatidine, and nicotine by methyllycaconitine at fetal muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology. 662(1-3):15-21.
Cattle grazing toxic Delphinium andersonii in South-Central Idaho     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R. 2011. Cattle grazing toxic Delphinium andersonii in South-Central Idaho. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 64(6): 664-8.
The effects of methyllycaconitine on the response of TE-671 cells to acetylcholine and epibatidine     Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R. 2011. The effects of methyllycaconitine on the response of TE-671 cells to acetylcholine and epibatidine. FASEB Journal. 25: 798.5.
Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis - (Book / Chapter)
Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Green, B.T., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z. 2011. Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA: CAB International. 94:540-9. DOI: 10.1079/9781845938338.0540.
Comparison of the toxic effects of two duncecap larkspur (Delphinium occidentale) chemotypes in mice and cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E. 2011. Comparison of the toxic effects of two duncecap larkspur (Delphinium occidentale) chemotypes in mice and cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 72(5):706-14.
Influence of weather on low larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum) density - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2011. Influence of weather on low larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum) density. Journal of Agricultural Science. 3(1):36-44.
The acute toxicity of the Death camas (Zigadenus spp.) alkaloid zygacine in mice, including the effect of methyllycaconitine co-administration on zygacine toxicity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2011. The acute toxicity of the Death camas (Zigadenus spp.) alkaloid zygacine in mice, including the effect of methyllycaconitine co-administration on zygacine toxicity. Journal of Animal Science. 89(5):1650-7.
Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) - (Book / Chapter)
Pfister, J.A., Cheney, C.D., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2011. Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi). In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 109:637-42.
Distribution of Delphinium occidentale chemotypes and their potential toxicity - (Book / Chapter)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Lee, S.T. 2011. Distribution of Delphinium occidentale chemotypes and their potential toxicity. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. p. 606-11.
A toxicokinetic comparison of norditerpenoid alkaloids from Delphinium barbeyi and D. glaucescens in cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Davis, T.Z. 2011. A toxicokinetic comparison of norditerpenoid alkaloids from Delphinium barbeyi and D. glaucescens in cattle. Journal of Applied Toxicology. 31(1):20-6. DOI 10.1002/jat.1563.
The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloids in cattle - (Book / Chapter)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2011. The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloids in cattle. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. p. 557-65.
Effect of MDL-Type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis - (Book / Chapter)
(29-Jan-10)
Intoxication by Senna occidentalis Seeds in Pregnant Goats: Prenatal and Postnatal Evaluation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Barbosa-Ferreira, M., Pfister, J.A., Gotardo, A.T., Maiorka, P.C., Gorniak, S.L. 2011. Intoxication by Senna occidentalis seeds in pregnant goats: Prenatal and postnatal evaluation. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology. 63(3):263-8.
Interactions between bacteria and the intestinal mucosa: Do enteric neurotransmitters acting on epithelium cells influence mucosal colonization or infection? - (Book / Chapter)
Green, B.T., Brown, D.R. 2010. Interactions between bacteria and the intestinal mucosa: Do enteric neurotransmitters acting on epithelium cells influence mucosal colonization or infection? In: Lyte, M., Freestone, P.P.E., editors. Microbial Endocrinology. Interkingdom signaling in infectious disease and health. New York, NY. Springer. p. 89-109.
Consumption of Low Larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum) by Grazing Sheep     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2010. Consumption of Low Larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum) by Grazing Sheep. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 63(2):263-266.
Influence of 7, 8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type Alkaloids on the Toxic Effects Associated with Ingestion of Tall Larkspurs (Delphinium spp.)in Cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E., Davis, T.Z. 2010. Influence of 7, 8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type Alkaloids on the Toxic Effects Associated with Ingestion of Tall Larkspurs (Delphinium spp.)in Cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol 71, No 4, pp 487-492.
The Biogeographical Distribution of Duncecap Larkspur (Delphinium occidentale) Chemotypes and Their Potential Toxicity     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Lee, S.T. 2009. The Biogeographical Distribution of Duncecap Larkspur (Delphinium occidentale) Chemotypes and Their Potential Toxicity. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35:6443-652
Larkspur - Poison Weed (100 Years of Delphinium Research)     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2009. Larkspur - Poison Weed (100 Years of Delphinium Research). Rangelands, 31(1):22-27. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2111/1551-501X-31.1.45?
Investigation of the Susceptibility of Various Strains of Mice to Methyllycaconitine Toxicosis     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2009. Investigation of the Susceptibility of Various Strains of Mice to Methyllycaconitine Toxicosis. Journal of Animal Science, 87:1558-1564. doi:102527/jas.2008-1577
Hplc/ms Analysis of Toxic Norditerpenoid Alkaloids: Refinement of Toxicity Assessment of Low Larkspurs (Delphinium SPP.)     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A. 2008. HPLC/MS Analysis of Toxic Norditerpenoid Alkaloids: Refinement of toxicity assessment of low larkspurs (Delphinium spp.). Phytochemical Analysis 20:104-113.
Serum Elimination Profiles of Methyllycaconitine and Deltaline in Cattle Following Oral Administration of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi)     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z., Cook, D., Lee, S.T., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E. 2009. Serum Elimination Profiles of Methyllycaconitine and Deltaline in Cattle Following Oral Administration of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi). American Journal of Veterinary Research, 70(7):926-931.
Last Modified: 7/22/2014
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