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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DETERMINATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF UNINTENDED EFFECTS IN GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD CROPS Project Number: 1907-21000-028-00
Project Type: Appropriated

Start Date: Jan 22, 2008
End Date: Sep 30, 2010

Objective:
1. Determine if unintended effects are produced in transgenic crops, using fruit ripening in tomato as a model system. 1A. Determine if unintended effects are produced in transgenic crops, using gene expression analysis as a monitoring tool. 1B. Determine if unintended effects are produced in the fruit of transgenic crops that affect fruit quality or composition, through metabolomic and proteomic profiling and an examination of agronomic trait performance. 2. Determine if unintended effects are reduced in transgenic plants through the use of promoters with tissue-specific expression.

Approach:
1) Utilize genomic, metabolomic, proteomic and agronomic approaches to evaluate phenotypic difference between tomatoes. 1A) Utilize natural diversity between tomato cultivars, together with conventional breeding techniques, to capture a reasonable phenotypic range from diverse tomato germplasm. 1B) Utilize RNAi and artificial microRNA gene silencing technologies to adjust RIN gene expression levels and alter fruit ripening. Compare phenotypic effects of transgenes to the range observed with conventional cultivars. 2) Leverage research on fruit specific or ripening stage specific promoter sequences to further tailor the modulation of RIN gene expression in the target tissue. Assess the efficacy of tailored gene modulation on reducing unintended effects via genomic, metabolomic, proteomic and agronomic monitoring.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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