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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: REDUCING COST OF EFFICIENT BEEF PRODUCTION

Location: Livestock and Range Research Laboratory (LARRL)

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Impact of Line 1 on the South African Hereford Population     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leesburg, V.L., MacNeil, M.D., Van Marle-Kostev, E., Mapholi, O., Nieser, F. 2013. Impact of Line 1 on the South African Hereford Population. South African Journal of Animal Science. 43(2):153-158.
Economics of early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production system     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W. 2013. Economics of early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production system. Agricultural Sciences. 4(5):219-223.
Does ß-hydroxybutyrate concentration influence conception date in young postpartum range beef cows?     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Cox, S.H., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2013. Does ß-hydroxybutyrate concentration influence conception date in young postpartum range beef cows? Journal of Animal Science. 91:2902-2909.
Metabolizable protein supply while grazing dormant winter forage during heifer development alters pregnancy and subsequent in-herd retention rate     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Hawkins, D.E., Kane, K.K., Cox, S.H., Torrell, C.A., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2013. Metabolizable protein supply while grazing dormant winter forage during heifer development alters pregnancy and subsequent in-herd retention rate. Journal of Animal Science. 91:1409-1416.
Preovulatory estradiol and the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jinks, E.M., Smith, M.F., Atkins, J.A., Pohler, K.G., Perry, G.A., MacNeil, M.G., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Alexander, L.J., Geary, T.W. 2013. Preovulatory estradiol and the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows. Journal of Animal Science. 91:1176-1185.
Influence of follicular characteristics at ovulation on early embryo survival     Reprint Icon - (Review Article)
Geary, T.W., Smith, M.F., Macneil, M.D., Day, M.L., Bridges, G.A., Perry, G.A., Abreau, F.M., Atkins, J.A., Pohler, K.G., Jinks, E.M., Madsen, C.A. 2013. Influence of follicular characteristics at ovulation on early embryo survival. Journal of Animal Science. 91:3014-3021.
Deficiencies in the uterine environment and failure to support embryo development - (Review Article)
Bridges, G.A., Day, M.L., Geary, T.W., Cruppe, L.H. 2013. Deficiencies in the uterine environment and failure to support embryo development. Journal of Animal Science. 91:3002-3013.
Pregnancy establishment and maintenance in cattle     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., MacNeil, M.D., Jinks, E.M., Abreu, F.M., Alexander, L.J., Geary, T.W. 2012. Pregnancy establishment and maintenance in cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 91:722-733.
Implications of beef heifer development systems and lifetime productivity     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Endecott, R.L., Funston, R.L., Mulliniks, J.T., Roberts, A.J. 2012. Implications of beef heifer development systems and lifetime productivity. Journal of Animal Science. 91:1329-1335.
Gene number determination and genetic polymorphism of the gamma delta T cell co-receptor WC1 genes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(10-Oct-12)
Next generation sequencing to define prokaryotic and fungal diversity in the bovine rumen     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fouts, D.E., Szpakowski, S., Purushe, J., Torralba, M., Waterman, R.C., Macneil, M.D., Alexander, L.J., Nelson, K.E. 2012. Next generation sequencing to define prokaryotic and fungal diversity in the bovine rumen. PLoS One. 7(11):e48289.
Winter protein management during late gestation alters range cow and steer progeny performance     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Sawyer, J.E., Mathis, C.P., Cox, S.H., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Winter protein management during late gestation alters range cow and steer progeny performance. Journal of Animal Science 90:5099-5106.
Effect of ovulatory follicle size on steroidogenic capacity and molecular markers of oocyte competence prior to GnRH-induced ovulation in non-lactating beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Pohler, K.G., Smith, M.F., Jinks, E.M., Abreu, F.M., Roberts, C.A., Folger, J.K., Smith, G.W., Geary, T.W. 2012. Effect of ovulatory follicle size on steroidogenic capacity and molecular markers of oocyte competence prior to GnRH-induced ovulation in non-lactating beef cows. Society for the Study of Reproduction Annual Meeting. Poster Session A. Program Number 492.
Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: III. Steer weaning, finishing and carcass characteristics - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Paterson, J.A., Lipsey, R.J., Shafer, W., Berger, L.L., Faulkner, D.B., Homm, J.W. 2012. Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: III. Steer weaning, finishing and carcass characteristics. Livestock Science. 148(3):282-290.
Effects of reduced panels, reference sizes, reference origins, and genetic relationship on imputation of genotypes in Hereford cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
(19-Jun-12)
Identification and analysis of beef heifers with superior capacity for fertility - (Abstract Only)
Minten, M.A., Bilby, T.R., Bruno, R.S., Allen, C.C., Roberts, C.A., Wang, Z., Sawyer, J.E., Tibrary, A., Neibergs, H.L., Geary, T.W., Spencer, T.E. 2012. Identification and analysis of beef heifers with superior capacity for fertility. International Congress on Animal Reproduction Abstract No. 1703.
Assessment of serum IGF-1 and ¿-hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range - (Abstract Only)
Mulliniks, J.T., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Assessment of serum IGF-1 and ¿-hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):324. Abstract No. T201.
Comparison of different supplemental cobalt forms on fiber digestion and cobalamin levels - (Abstract Only)
Kelly, W.L., Larson, C.K., Petersen, M.K., Waterman, R.C. 2012. Comparison of different supplemental cobalt forms on fiber digestion and cobalamin levels. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):480. Abstract #546.
Postweaning feed restriction effects on steer feedlot performance and carcass characteristics - (Abstract Only)
Endecott, R.L., Shipp, B.L., Macneil, M.D., Alexander, L.J., Roberts, A.J. 2012. Postweaning feed restriction effects on steer feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):298. Abstract No. T128.
Enterprise level implications of heifer development - (Abstract Only)
Endecott, R.L., Roberts, A.J., Mulliniks, J.T. 2012. Enterprise level implications of heifer development. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):642-643. Abstract No. 605.
Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage - (Abstract Only)
Mulliniks, J.T., Hawkins, D.E., Kane, K.K., Cox, S.H., Torell, L.A., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):333. Abstract #T231.
Influence of follicle characteristics at ovulation on early embryo survival - (Abstract Only)
Geary, T.W., Smith, M.F., Macneil, M.D., Day, M.L., Bridges, G.A., Perry, G.A., Abreu, F.M., Atkins, J.A., Pohler, K.G., Jinks, E.M., Roberts, C.A. 2012. Influence of follicle characteristics at ovulation on early embryo survival. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):5. Abstract No. 12.
Effects of preovulatory estradiol concentration on embryo survival and pregnancy establishment in beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Roberts, C.A., Perry, G.A., Macneil, M.D., Minten, M.A., Geary, T.W. 2012. Effects of preovulatory estradiol concentration on embryo survival and pregnancy establishment in beef cows. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):155. Abstract No. 39.
Comparison of organic versus inorganic trace minerals on rate and efficiency of gain and pregnancy rates in beef heifers - (Abstract Only)
Whitehurst, W.A., Paterson, J.A., Harbac, M.M., Petersen, M.K., Duff, G.C., Geary, T.W. 2012. Comparison of organic versus inorganic trace minerals on rate and efficiency of gain and pregnancy rates in beef heifers. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 90(Suppl. 3):242. Abstract No. 275.
Postweaning feed restriction effects on steer feedlot performance and carcass characteristics - (Proceedings)
Endecott, R.L., Shipp, B.L., MacNeil, M.D., Alexander, L.J., Roberts, A.J. 2012. Postweaning feed restriction effects on steer feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 63:258-261.
Assessment of serum IGF-I and ß-hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range - (Proceedings)
Mulliniks, J.T., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Assessment of serum IGF-I and ß-hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 63:185-188.
Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage - (Proceedings)
Mulliniks, J.T., Hawkins, D.E., Kane, K.K., Cox, S.H., Torell, L.A., Scholljegerdes, E.J., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 63:306-310.
Effects of preovulatory estradiol concentration on embryo survival and pregnancy establishment in beef cows - (Proceedings)
Roberts, C.A., Perry, G.A., Minten, M.A., Roberts, A.J., MacNeil, M.D., Geary, T.W. 2012. Effects of preovulatory estradiol concentration on embryo survival and pregnancy establishment in beef cows. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings. 63:98-102.
Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: I. Performance and reproductive response in range beef cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Paterson, J.A., Lipsey, R.J. 2012. Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: I. Performance and reproductive response in range beef cows. Livestock Science 148:26-35.
Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: II. Development of replacement heifers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Paterson, J.A., Lipsey 2012. Early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production systems: II. Development of replacement heifers. Livestock Science 148:36-45.
An assessment of behavioral syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wesley, R.L., Cibils, A.F., Mulliniks, J.T., Pollak, E.R., Petersen, M.K., Fredrickson, E.L. 2012. An assessment of behavioral syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 139(3-4):183-194.
Follicular Determinants of Pregnancy Establishment and Maintenance     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pohler, K.G., Geary, T.W., Atkins, J.A., Perry, G.A., Jinks, E.M., Smith, M.F. 2012. Follicular Determinants of Pregnancy Establishment and Maintenance. Cell and Tissue Research. 349:649–664.
Relationship between body condition score at calving and reproductive performance in young postpartum cows grazing native range     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Cox, S.H., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C., Van Leeuwen, D.M., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Relationship between body condition score at calving and reproductive performance in young postpartum cows grazing native range. Journal of Animal Science 90:2811-2817.
Effects of supplements with increasing glucogenic precursor content on reproduction and nutrient partitioning in young postpartum range cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Endecott, R.L., Cox, S.H., Rubio, C.M., Loest, C.A., Hawkins, D.E., Petersen, M.K. 2012. Effects of supplements with increasing glucogenic precursor content on reproduction and nutrient partitioning in young postpartum range cows. Livestock Science 145:109–118.
Retention and readability of radio frequency identification transponders in beef cows over a five-year period - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Roberts, A.J., Wallace, L.E., Harbac, M., Paterson, J.A. 2012. Retention and readability of radio frequency identification transponders in beef cows over a five-year period. Professional Animal Scientist 28:221-226.
Feed efficiency - how should it be used for the cow herd? - (Proceedings)
Roberts, A.J., Funston, R., Mulliniks, T., Petersen, M.K., Macneil, M.D. 2011. Feed efficiency - how should it be used for the cow herd?. Range Beef Cow Symposium Proceedings XXII:122-131.
Implications of nutritional management for beef cow/calf systems - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Funston, R.N., Summers, A.F., Roberts, A.J. 2012. Implications of nutritional management for beef cow/calf systems. Journal of Animal Science 90:2301-2307.
Nutritional aspects of developing replacement heifers     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Funston, R.N., Martin, J.L., Larson, D.M., Roberts, A.J. 2012. Nutritional aspects of developing replacement heifers. Journal of Animal Science. 90:1166-1171.
Effects of adrenocorticotropic hormone and flunixin meglumine on pregnancy retention in beef cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Geary, T.W. 2012. Effects of adrenocorticotropic hormone and flunixin meglumine on pregnancy retention in beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 90:207-211.
A prototype national cattle evaluation for feed intake and efficiency of Angus cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Macneil, M.D., Lopez-Villalobos, N., Northcutt, S.L. 2011. A prototype national cattle evaluation for feed intake and efficiency of Angus cattle. Journal of Animal Science 89(12):3917-3923.
In vitro evaluation mimics influences of winter cold water ingestion on ruminal function - (Proceedings)
Reil, M.S., Mulliniks, J.T., Muscha, J.M., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2011. In vitro evaluation mimics influences of winter cold water ingestion on ruminal function. Western Section of American Society of Animal Science Meeting Abstract 62:397-400.
The Heparan and Heparin Metabolism Pathway is Involved in Regulation of Fatty Acid Composition - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, Z., Michal, J., Wu, X., Pan, Z., MacNeil, M.D. 2011. The Heparan and Heparin Metabolism Pathway is Involved in Regulation of Fatty Acid Composition. International Journal of Biological Sciences. 7(5):659-663.
Range Cattle Winter Water Consumption in Northern Great Plains - (Proceedings)
Petersen, M.K., Muscha, J.M., Roberts, A.J., Mulliniks, J.T. 2011. Range Cattle Winter Water Consumption in Northern Great Plains. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:73-75.
In Vitro Evaluation Mimics Influences of Winter Cold Water Ingestion on Ruminal Function - (Proceedings)
Reil, M.S., Mulliniks, J.T., Muscha, J.M., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2011. In Vitro Evaluation Mimics Influences of Winter Cold Water Ingestion on Ruminal Function. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:397-400.
The Role of Rumen-Protected Methionine on Amino Acid Metabolism in Late Gestation Beef Heifers in the Northern Great Plains - (Proceedings)
Ujazdowski, V., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2011. The Role of Rumen-Protected Methionine on Amino Acid Metabolism in Late Gestation Beef Heifers in the Northern Great Plains. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:309-313.
Access to warm drinking water prevents rumen temperature drop without affecting in situ NDF disappearance in grazing winter range cows - (Proceedings)
Petersen, M.K., Reil, M.S., Muscha, J.M., Mulliniks, J.T. 2011. Access to warm drinking water prevents rumen temperature drop without affecting in situ NDF disappearance in grazing winter range cows. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:335-336.
Feedlot Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Calves From Dams With Different Levels of Winter Supplementation Developed With or Without Feed Restriction During the Postweaning Period - (Proceedings)
Endecott, R.L., Shipp, B.L., MacNeil, M.D., Alexander, L.J., Roberts, A.J. 2011. Feedlot Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Calves From Dams With Different Levels of Winter Supplementation Developed With or Without Feed Restriction During the Postweaning Period. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:189-192.
First parity evaluation of peak milk yield for range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different concentrations of harvested feed inputs - (Proceedings)
Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Endecott, R.L., Petersen, M.K., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2011. First parity evaluation of peak milk yield for range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different concentrations of harvested feed inputs. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:249-252.
First Parity Evaluation of Body Condition, Weight, and Blood Beta-Hydroxybutyrate During Lactation of Range Cows Developed in the Same Ecophysiological System but Receiving Different Harvested Feed Inputs - (Proceedings)
Kelly, W.L., Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Endecott, R.L., Petersen, M.K., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2011. First Parity Evaluation of Body Condition, Weight, and Blood Beta-Hydroxybutyrate During Lactation of Range Cows Developed in the Same Ecophysiological System but Receiving Different Harvested Feed Inputs. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 62:253-256.
Effect of ovulatory follicle size and estradiol supplementation during the preovulatory period on pregnancy rates in postpartum beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Jinks, E.M., Pohler, K.G., Smith, M.F., Macneil, M.D., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W. 2011. Effect of ovulatory follicle size and estradiol supplementation during the preovulatory period on pregnancy rates in postpartum beef cows. 44th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Reproduction. Reproduction and the World's Future. Abstract #479. Portland, Oregon.
The effect of follicle age on pregnancy rate in beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Abreu, F.M., Cruppe, L.H., Roberts, C.A., Jinks, E.M., Pohler, K.G., Day, M.L., Geary, T.W. 2011. The effect of follicle age on pregnancy rate in beef cows. 2011 ASAS Western Section Meeting, Miles City, MT, Meeting Abstract. #13 on CD.
Opitmizing a Beef Production System Using Specialized Sire and Dam Lines - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tang, G., Stewart-Smith, J., Plastow, G., Moore, S., Basarab, J., MacNeil, M.D., Wang, Z. 2011. Opitmizing a Beef Production System Using Specialized Sire and Dam Lines. Canadian Journal of Animal Science. 91:353-361.
Feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of calves from dams with different levels of winter supplementation developed with or without feed restriction during the postweaning period - (Abstract Only)
Endecott, R.L., Shipp, B.L., Macneil, M.D., Alexander, L.J., Roberts, A.J. 2011. Feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of calves from dams with different levels of winter supplementation developed with or without feed restriction during the postweaning period. Meeting Abstract. On CD.
The Effect of Increasing Amount of Glucogenic Precursors on Reproductive Performance in Young Postpartum Range Cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulliniks, J.T., Kemp, M.E., Cox, S.H., Hawkins, D.E., Cibils, A.F., Petersen, M.K. 2011. The Effect of Increasing Amount of Glucogenic Precursors on Reproductive Performance in Young Postpartum Range Cows. Journal of Animal Science 89(9):2932-2943.
Effect of reduced heifer nutrition during in utero and post-weaning development on glucose and acetate kinetics - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Geary, T.W., Grings, E.E., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2011. Effect of reduced heifer nutrition during in utero and post-weaning development on glucose and acetate kinetics. British Journal of Nutrition. 106:1702-1712.
Range Cattle Winter Water Consumption in Northern Great Plains - (Abstract Only)
Petersen, M.K., Muscha, J.M., Mulliniks, J.T., Roberts, A.J. 2011. Range Cattle Winter Water Consumption in Northern Great Plains. 2011 ASAS Western Section Meeting, Miles City, MT, Meeting Abstract. #37 on CD.
The effect of Follicle Age on Pregnancy Rate in Beef Cows - (Proceedings)
Abreu, F.M., Cruppe, L.H., Roberts, C.A., Jinks, E.M., Pohler, K.G., Day, M.L., Geary, T.W. 2011. The effect of Follicle Age on Pregnancy Rate in Beef Cows. Meeting Proceedings. 62:58-61.
First parity evaluation of peak milk yield for range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different concentrations of harvested feed inputs - (Abstract Only)
Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Endecott, R.L., Petersen, M.K., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., Macneil, M.D. 2011. First parity evaluation of peak milk yield for range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different concentrations of harvested feed inputs. Meeting Abstract. On CD.
First parity evaluation of body condition, weight, and blood beta-hydroxybutyrate during lactation of range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different harvested feed inputs - (Abstract Only)
Kelly, W.L., Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Endecott, R.L., Petersen, M.K., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., Macneil, M.D. 2011. First parity evaluation of body condition, weight, and blood beta-hydroxybutyrate during lactation of range cows developed in the same ecophysiological system but receiving different harvested feed inputs. Meeting Abstract. #60 On CD.
Using single nucleotide polymorphism to detect selection signature in Hereford beef cattle - (Abstract Only)
Huang, Y., Maltecca, C., MacNeil, M.D., Cassady, J.P. 2011. Using single nucleotide polymorphism to detect selection signature in Hereford beef cattle. Meeting Abstract. J. Anim. Sci. 89(E-Suppl. 1):166. Abstract #40.
Management and genetic factors affecting efficiency of cattle in a grazing environment - (Abstract Only)
Roberts, A.J., Mulliniks, J.T., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., Petersen, M.K., MacNeil, M.D. 2011. Management and genetic factors affecting efficiency of cattle in a grazing environment. J. Anim. Sci. 89(E-Suppl. 1):161. Abstract #25.
Effect of follicle age on conception rate in beef heifers - (Abstract Only)
Abreu, F.M., Cruppe, L., Maquivar, M., Utt, M.D., Roberts, C.A., Mussard, M.L., Day, M.L., Geary, T.W. 2011. Effect of follicle age on conception rate in beef heifers. Meeting Abstract. J. Anim. Sci. 89(E-Suppl. 1):253. Abstract #269.
Improving Reproductive Performance: Long and Short Term - (Proceedings)
Geary, T.W., Roberts, A.J. 2011. Improving Reproductive Performance: Long and Short Term. Proceedings of the XV Course on New Approaches to Production and Reproduction in Cattle. Pp. 370-385. Uberlandia, Brazil, March 17, 2011.
Factors affecting fertilization and pregnancy establishment in beef cows - (Proceedings)
Geary, T.W., Abreu, F.M. 2011. Factors affecting fertilization and pregnancy establishment in beef cows. Proceedings of the XV Course on New Approaches to Production and Reproduction in Cattle. Pp. 272-287. Uberlandia, Brazil, March 17, 2011.
The Role of Rumen-Protected Methionine on Amino Acid Metabolism in Late Gestation Beef Heifers in the Northern Great Plains - (Abstract Only)
Ujazdowski, V., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2011. The Role of Rumen-Protected Methionine on Amino Acid Metabolism in Late Gestation Beef Heifers in the Northern Great Plains. 2011 ASAS Western Section Meeting, Miles City, MT, Meeting Abstract #32.
Effects of Euphorbia Esula L. (Leafy Spurge) on Cattle and Sheep in Vitro Fermentation and Gas Production - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Waterman, R.C., Richardson, K.D., Lodge-Ivey, S.L. 2011. Effects of Euphorbia Esula L. (Leafy Spurge) on Cattle and Sheep in Vitro Fermentation and Gas Production. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 91:2053-2060.
Effects of immunization against LHRH and treatment with trenbolone acetate on reproductive function of beef bulls and steers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Geary, T.W., Wells, K.J., Deavila, D.M., Deavila, J., Conforti, V.A., Mclean, D.J., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Reeves, J.J. 2011. Effects of immunization against LHRH and treatment with trenbolone acetate on reproductive function of beef bulls and steers. Journal of Animal Science. 89:2086-2095.
A prototype national cattle evaluation for sustained reproductive success in Hereford cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
MacNeil, M.D., Vukasinovic, N. 2011. A prototype national cattle evaluation for sustained reproductive success in Hereford cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 89:1712-1718.
Differential gene expression in anterior pituitary glands from anestrous and cycling postpartum beef cows     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Roberts, A.J., Mclean, D.J. 2011. Differential gene expression in anterior pituitary glands from anestrous and cycling postpartum beef cows. Journal of Animal Science. 89:1035-1041.
The reverse cholesterol transport pathway improves understanding of genetic networks for fat deposition and muscle growth in beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Daniels, T.F., Wu, X., Pan, Z., Michal, J.J., Wright, R.W., Killinger, K.M., MacNeil, M.D., Jiang, Z. 2010. The reverse cholesterol transport pathway improves understanding of genetic networks for fat deposition and muscle growth in beef cattle. PLoS One 5(12): e15203. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015203.
Imputation of single nucleotide polymorhpism genotypes of Hereford cattle: reference panel size, family relationship and population structure - (Abstract Only)
Huang, Y., Maltecca, C., Macneil, M.D., Leesburg, V.L., Cassady, J.P. 2011. Imputation of single nucleotide polymorhpism genotypes of Hereford cattle: reference panel size, family relationship and population structure. Meeting Abstract Midwestern Section, American Society of Animal Science, Des Moines, Iowa March 14 - 16, 2011. abstract #35 page 14.
Estimating influence of stocking regimes on livestock grazing distributions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinella, M.J., Vavra, M., Naylor, B.J., Boyd, J.M. 2011. Estimating influence of stocking regimes on livestock grazing distributions. Ecological Modeling 222:619-625.
Metabolic signals of the beef cow in negative energy balance - (Proceedings)
Waterman, R.C., Butler, W.R. 2010. Metabolic signals of the beef cow in negative energy balance. Fourth Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference Proceedings. Estes Park CO convention center, July 9–10, 2010.
Genetic Correlations Between Carcass Traits And Molecular Breeding Values In Angus Cattle - (Proceedings)
MacNeil, M.D., Northcutt, S.L., Schnabel, R.D., Garrick, D.J., Woodward, B.W., Taylor, J.F. 2010. Genetic Correlations Between Carcass Traits And Molecular Breeding Values In Angus Cattle. Proceedings 9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production PP2-148.
Contributions of follicle size to establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows using reciprocal embryo transfer - (Abstract Only)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., Macneil, M.D., Jinks, E.M., Geary, T.W. 2010. Contributions of follicle size to establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows using reciprocal embryo transfer. 8th International Ruminant Reproduction Symposium Abstract #117.
Effect of supplemental protein source during the winter on pre- and postpartum glucose metabolism - (Abstract Only)
Harrelson, F.W., Ivey, S.L., Cox, S.H., Dunlap, R.L., Mulliniks, J.T., Carter, B.H., Luest, C.A., Petersen, M.K. 2010. Effect of supplemental protein source during the winter on pre- and postpartum glucose metabolism. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting 88(E-Suppl. 2):473. Abstract #734.
Factors affecting preovulatory concentrations of estradiol and its role in establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows using reciprocal embryo transfer - (Abstract Only)
Jinks, E.M., Atkins, J.A., Pohler, K.G., Smith, M.F., Perry, G.A., Macneil, M.D., Geary, T.W. 2010. Factors affecting preovulatory concentrations of estradiol and its role in establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows using reciprocal embryo transfer. 8th International Ruminant Reproduction Symposium Abstract #118.
Circulating concentrations of pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are associated with embryo/fetal survival but not ovulatory follicle size in suckled beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Pohler, K.G., Atkins, J.A., Jinks, E.M., Johnson, C.L., Smith, M.F., Green, M.F., Macneil, M.D., Geary, T.W. 2010. Circulating concentrations of pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are associated with embryo/fetal survival but not ovulatory follicle size in suckled beef cows. 8th International Ruminant Reproduction Symposium Abstract #119.
Establishment of a phenotypical model of adverse outcomes associated with assisted reproductive technologies - (Abstract Only)
Robbins, K.M., Wells, K.D., Geary, T.W., O'Gorman, C., Macneil, M.D., Smith, M.F., Pohler, K., Jinks, E., Rivera, R.M. 2010. Establishment of a phenotypical model of adverse outcomes associated with assisted reproductive technologies. Society for the Study of Reproduction Abstract #316.
In Situ Digestibility of Grass Hay after Heifer Diets were Abruptly Switched from 35 to 70% Concentrate to 100% Forage - (Abstract Only)
Voigt, L.A., Endecott, R.L., Paterson, J.A., Waterman, R.C. 2010. In situ digestibility of grass hay after heifer diets were abruptly switched from 35 to 70% concentrate to 100% forage. Western Section American Society of Animal Science 88(E. Suppl. 2)838. Abstract #1042.
Factors affecting spermatozoa morphology in beef bulls - (Proceedings)
Roberts, C.A., Geary, T.W., Macneil, M.D., Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Alexander, L.J. 2010. Factors affecting spermatozoa morphology in beef bulls. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 61:122-125.
Level of maternal winter supplement and feed restriction during postweaning development influence circulating concentrations of IGF-I in heifers during the peripartum and rebreeding period - (Proceedings)
Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., Macneil, M.D. 2010. Level of maternal winter supplement and feed restriction during postweaning development influence circulating concentrations of IGF-I in heifers during the peripartum and rebreeding period. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 61:194-196.
Effects of gestational dietary metabolizable protein level and dry matter intake on subsequent production traits in primiparous heifers - (Proceedings)
Nichols, B.M., Mcdonald, T.J., Harbac, M.M., Roberts, A.J., Paterson, J.A. 2010. Effects of gestational dietary metabolizable protein level and dry matter intake on subsequent production traits in primiparous heifers. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 61:35-39.
In Situ Digestibility of Grass Hay after Heifer Diets were Abruptly Switched from 35 or 70% Concentrate to 100% Forage - (Proceedings)
Voigt, L.A., Endecott, R.L., Paterson, J.A., Waterman, R.C. 2010. In Situ Digestibility of Grass Hay after Heifer Diets were Abruptly Switched from 35 or 70% Concentrate to 100% Forage. Meeting Proceedings. Western Section of American Society of Animal Science. 61:266270
Nutrition during mid to late gestation affects growth, adipose tissue deposition, and tenderness in cross-bred beef steers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Underwood, K.R., Tong, J.F., Price, P.L., Roberts, A.J., Grings, E.E., Hess, B.W., Means, W.J., and Du, M. 2010. Nutrition during mid to late gestation affects growth, adipose tissue deposition, and tenderness in cross-bred beef steers. Meat Science. 86:588-593.
Association of a single nucleotide polymorphism of calpain 1 gene with meat tenderness of the yak - (Abstract Only)
Jiang, Z., Michal, J.J., Daniels, T.F., Chen, J., Pan, Z.X., Kunej, T., Garcia, M.D., Gaskins, C.T., Busboom, J.R., Alexander, L.J., Wright, Jr., R.W., Macneil, M.D. 2010. Association of a single nucleotide polymorphism of calpain 1 gene with meat tenderness of the yak. Journal of Animal Science Supplement 88(E-Suppl. 2):38. Abstract #M75.
Effects of Gestational Dietary Metabolizable Protein Level and Dry Matter Intake on Subsequent Production Traits in Primiparous Heifers - (Abstract Only)
Nichols, B.M., Mcdonald, T.J., Harbac, M.M., Roberts, A.J., Paterson, J.A. 2010. Effects of gestational dietary metabolizable protein level and dry matter intake on subsequent production traits in primiparous heifers. Western Section American Society of Animal Science 88(E-Suppl. 2):769. Abstract #852.
Level of maternal winter supplement and feed restriction during postweaning development influences circulating concentrations of IGF-I in heifers during the peripartum and rebreeding period. - (Abstract Only)
Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2010. Level of maternal winter supplement and feed restriction during postweaning development influences circulating concentrations of IGF-I in heifers during the peripartum and rebreeding period. Western Section American Society of Animal Science Abstract 88, E-Suppl. 2:769. Abstract #852.
Factors affecting pre-ovulatory follicle diameter and ovulation rate to GnRH in postpartum beef cows Part I: Cycling cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., Wells, K.J., Geary, T.W. 2010. Factors affecting pre-ovulatory follicle diameter and ovulation rate to GnRH in postpartum beef cows. Part I: Cycling cows. Journal of Animal Science. 88:2300-2310.
Factors affecting pre-ovulatory follicle diameter and ovulation rate following GnRH in postpartum beef cows Part II: Anestrous cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., Wells, K.J., Geary, T.W. 2010. Factors affecting pre-ovulatory follicle diameter and ovulation rate following GnRH in postpartum beef cows. Part II: Anestrous cows. Journal of Animal Science. 88:2311-2320.
Factors affecting spermatozoa morphology in beef bulls - (Abstract Only)
Roberts, C.A., Geary, T.W., Macneil, M.D., Waterman, R.C., Roberts, A.J., Alexander, L.J. 2010. Factors affecting spermatozoa morphology in beef bulls. Western Section American Society of Animal Science 88(E-Suppl. 2):796. Abstract #923.
Factors affecting ovulatory follicle size, embryo quality and pregnancy in suckled beef cows - (Abstract Only)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., Geary, T.W. 2010. Factors affecting ovulatory follicle size, embryo quality and pregnancy in suckled beef cows. Midwestern Section of the American Society of Animal Science Abstract #246.
Developing High Quality Replacement Heifers - (Proceedings)
Funston, R., Martin, J., Larson, D., Roberts, A.J. 2010. Developing High Quality Replacement Heifers. Proceedings MN Beef Cow-Calf Days 2010 pages 1-8.
Predicted mineral intake utilizing both water and forage analysis varies by source and location of livestock water in Eastern Montana - (Abstract Only)
Mulliniks, T., Muscha, J.M., Petersen, M.K. 2010. Predicted mineral intake utilizing both water and forage analysis varies by source and location of livestock water in Eastern Montana. Society for Range Management Meeting Abstracts PC-8. (online only)
Management factors influencing fertility in synchronized and natural breeding programs. - (Proceedings)
Perry, G.A., Dalton, J.C., Geary, T.W. 2010. Management factors influencing fertility in synchronized and natural breeding programs. Proceedings of the National Cattlemen's Beef Association Applied Reproductive Strategies in Beef Cattle workshop, January 28 and 29, San Antonio, TX. Pp.147-172.
Effects of flunixin meglumine on pregnancy establishment in beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Geary, T.W., Ansotegui, R.P., MacNeil, M.D., Roberts, A.J., Waterman, R.C. 2010. Effects of flunixin meglumine on pregnancy establishment in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 88:943-949.
Beef cow longevity and efficiency with limited feeding management - (Proceedings)
Roberts, A.J. 2009. Beef cow longevity and efficiency with limited feeding management. Bovine Connection Proceedings p. 13-15.
Heifer Development – Then and Now - (Proceedings)
Funston, R., Martin, J., Roberts, A.J. 2009. Heifer Development – Then and Now. Meeting Proceedings 2009 Pacific Northwest Animal Nutrition Conference October 6-8, Boise, ID.
Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound and genomic indicators - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Macneil, M.D., Nkrumah, J.D., Woodward, B.W., and Northcutt, S. 2010. Genetic evaluation of Angus cattle for carcass marbling using ultrasound and genomic indicators. Journal of Animal Science. 88:517-522.
Discovery of novel genetic networks associated with 19 economically important traits in beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, Z., Michal, J.J., Chen, J., Daniels, T.F., Kunej, T., Garcia, M.D., Gaskins, C.T., Busboom, J.R., Alexander, L.J., Wright, R.W., Macneil, M.D. 2009. Discovery of novel genetic networks associated with 19 economically important traits in beef cattle. International Journal of Biological Sciences. 5: 528-542.
Quantitative trait loci with effects on feed efficiency traits in Hereford x composite double backcross populations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Marquez, G.C., Enns, R.M., Grosz, M.D., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2009. Quantitative trait loci with effects on feed efficiency traits in Hereford x composite double backcross populations. Animal Genetics. 40:986-988.
Reproductive performance of heifers offered ad libitum or restricted access to feed for a 140-d period after weaning - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Roberts, A.J., Geary, T.W., Grings, E.E., Waterman, R.C., MacNeil, M.D. 2009. Reproductive performance of heifers offered ad libitum or restricted access to feed for a 140-d period after weaning. Journal of Animal Science 87:3043-3052.
Strategies to improve fertility in post partum Bos indicus cows submitted to a fixed-time insemination protocol with GnRH and PGF2a - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sa Filho, O.G., Vilela, E.R., Geary, T.W., Vasconcelos, J. 2009. Strategies to improve fertility in post partum Bos indicus cows submitted to a fixed-time insemination protocol with GnRH and PGF2a. Journal of Animal Science 87:2806-2814.
Extensive Heifer Development Systems - (Proceedings)
Funston, R.N., Martin, J., Roberts, A.J. 2009. Extensive Heifer Development Systems. Symposium Proceedings. 2009 XXI Range Beef Cow Symposium (RBCS) is Dec. 1-3 at the Casper Events Center, Casper, WY. pp 22-27.
Increasing Glucogenic Precursors in Range Supplepments Improves Reproductive Efficiency and Profitability in Young Postpartum Range Cows in Years 2000 to 2007 - (Proceedings)
Mulliniks, J.T., Cox, S.H., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C., Vanleeuwen, D.M., Petersen, M.K. 2009. INCREASING GLUCOGENIC PRECURSORS IN RANGE SUPPLEPMENTS IMPROVES REPRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY AND PROFITABILITY IN YOUNG POSTPARTUM RANGE COWS IN YEARS 2000 TO 2007. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 60:76-80.
Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range - (Proceedings)
Muliniks, J.T., Cox, S.H., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C., Vanleeuwen, D.M., Petersen, M.K. 2009. Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 60:81-84.
Use of a Self-Fed, Small-Package Protein Supplement for Beef Cows Post-Weaning - (Proceedings)
Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C. 2009. USE OF A SELF-FED, SMALL-PACKAGE PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FOR BEEF COWS POST-WEANING. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 60:326-365.
Implications of Going Against the Dogma of Feed Them to Breed Them - (Proceedings)
Roberts, A.J., Grings, E.E., MacNeil, M.D., Waterman, R.C., Alexander, L.J., Geary, T.W. 2009. Implications OF Going Against the Dogma OF Feed Them To Breed Them. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 60:85-88.
Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range - (Abstract Only)
Mulliniks, J.T., Cox, S.H., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2009. Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings #15. Journal of Animals Science 87(E-Suppl 3):141.
Increasing glucogenic precursors in range supplements improves reproductive efficiency and profitability in young postpartum range cows in years 2000 to 2007 - (Abstract Only)
Mulliniks, J.T., Cox, S.H., Kemp, M.E., Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C., Petersen, M.K. 2009. Increasing glucogenic precursors in range supplements improves reproductive efficiency and profitability in young postpartum range cows in years 2000 to 2007. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings #14. Journal of Animal Science 87(E-Suppl 3):141.
Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and Fsh mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland - (Proceedings)
Fuller, A.M., Austin, K.J., Roberts, A.J., Moss, G.E., Alexander, B.M. Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and Fsh mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland. Western Section of Animal Science Proceedings 60:277-279.
Determinants of embryo development and quality in beef cattle: Effect of pre-ovulatory follicle size, CL volume, and serum concentrations of progesterone - (Abstract Only)
Atkins, J.A., Smith, M.F., MacNeil, M.D., Geary, T.W. 2009. Determinants of embryo development and quality in beef cattle: Effect of pre-ovulatory follicle size, CL volume, and serum concentrations of progesterone. Society for the Study of Reproduction Annual Meeting. Online only.
A Self-Fed, Small-Package Protein Supplement for Post-Weaning Beef Cows - (Abstract Only)
Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C. 2009. A SELF-FED, SMALL-PACKAGE PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FOR POST-WEANING BEEF COWS. Meeting Abstract #65. Journal of Animal Science 87(E-Suppl 3): 157.
Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and FSH mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland - (Abstract Only)
Fuller, A.M., Austin, K.J., Roberts, A.J., Moss, G.E., Alexander, B.M. 2009. Fasting lowers gastrin-releasing peptide and FSH mRNA in the ovine anterior pituitary gland. Meeting Abstract #47. Journal of Animal Science 87(E-Suppl 3):151.
Implications of going against the dogma of feed them to breed them - (Abstract Only)
Roberts, A.J., Grings, E.E., Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Alexander, L.J., MacNeil, M.D. 2009. Implications of going against the dogma of feed them to breed them. Meeting Abstract #16. Journal of Animal Science 87 (E-Suppl 3):142.
Invited Review: Research contributions from 75 years of breeding Line 1 Hereford cattle at Miles City, Montana. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
MacNeil, M.D. 2009. Invited Review: Research contributions from 75 years of breeding Line 1 Hereford cattle at Miles City, Montana. Journal of Animal Science 87:2489-2501.
A Limousin specific myostatin allele affects longissimus muscle area and fatty acid profiles in a Wagyu-Limousin F*2* population - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Alexander, L.J., Kuehn, L.A., Smith, T.P., Matukumalli, L.K., Mote, B., Koltes, J.E., Reecy, J., Geary, T.W., Rule, D.C., Macneil, M.D. 2009. A Limousin specific myostatin allele affects longissimus muscle area and fatty acid profiles in a Wagyu-Limousin F*2* population. Journal of Animal Science 87:1576-1581.
Ant colony optimization as a method for strategic genotype sampling.     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sprangler, M.L., Robbins, K.R., Bertrand, J.K., MacNeil, M.D., Rekaya, R. 2009. Ant colony optimization as a method for strategic genotype sampling. Animal Genetics 40:308-314.
Significant associations of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD1) gene with fat deposition and composition in skeletal muscle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, Z., Michal, J.J., Tobey, D.J., Daniels, T.F., Rule, D.C., Macneil, M.D. 2008. Significant associations of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD1) gene with fat deposition and composition in skeletal muscle. International Journal of Biological Sciences 4(6):345-351.
Comparative understanding of UTS2 and UTS2R genes for their involvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, Z., Michal, J.J., Tobey, D., Wang, Z., MacNeil, M.D., Magnuson, N.S. 2008. Comparative understanding of UTS2 and UTS2R genes for their involvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Biological Sciences 4(2):96-102.
Assessment of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 As An Indicator of Competence for Rebreeding in First Calf Heifers - (Proceedings)
Roberts, A.J. 2008. Assessment of insulin-like growth factor-1 as an indicator of competence for rebreeding in first calf heifers. Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 59:257-260.
Use Of A Self-Fed, Small-Package Protein Supplement For Beef Cows Post-Weaning - (Proceedings)
Endecott, R.L., Waterman, R.C. 2008. Use Of A Self-Fed, Small-Package Protein Supplement For Beef Cows Post-Weaning. Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 59:322-325.
Different Methods of Selecting Animals for Genotyping to Maximize the Amount of Genetic Information Known in the Population - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spangler, M.L., Sapp, R.L., Bertrand, J.K., MacNeil, M.D., Rekaya, R. 2008. Different Methods of Selecting Animals for Genotyping to Maximize the Amount of Genetic Information Known in the Population. Journal of Animal Science 86:2471-2479.
Heifer Development – Then and Now - (Proceedings)
Funston, R., Martin, J., Roberts, A.J. 2007. Heifer development – then and now. Meeting Proceedings. CD only.
Different methods of selecting animals for genotyping to maximize the amount of genetic information known in the population. - (Abstract Only)
Spangler, M.L., Sapp, R.L., Bertrand, J.K., Macneil, M.D., Rekaya, R. 2007. Different methods of selecting animals for genotyping to maximize the amount of genetic information known in the population. Abstract #411. Journal of Animal Science 85 Supplement(1):373-374.
Last Modified: 9/29/2014
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