1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The objective of this cooperative research project is to develop an assay for the detection of pathogenic E. coli in water, soil, manure and food matrices using an integrated immuno-PCR biosensor.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Pathogenic E. coli will be captured and fluorescently labeled with specific monoclonal antibodies. The E. coli cell-antibody complex will subsequently be detected using an immunoassay biosensor followed by PCR characterization.
Food-borne and water-borne pathogens pose a serious threat to public health. Under a previous CRADA, a spectrofluoremeter instrument (Signalyte) was developed based on the Integrating Waveguide Biosensor. Under the current agreement, an immunoassay was developed for the rapid and sensitive detection of pathogenic E. coli. Briefly, cells were captured using immunomagnetic beads and then tagged with a fluorescent-labeled antibody. Cells were then quantified using the Signalyte. As few as ten cells were detected per ml of water. Rapid, sensitive methods for detection of water-borne pathogens are critical for understanding fate and transport processes.