2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
To fund research projects, proposal development and other project related international travel through the CRDF Grant Access Program (GAP)in support of the ARS – Former Soviet Union (FSU) Scientific Cooperation Program and the Biosecurity Engagement Program (BEP). Funds originate from the Department of State Bio-Chem Redirect Program and are used to engage former weapons scientists in the former Soviet Union (FSU) in peaceful, agricultural projects and from BEP to engage bioscientists with dual-use expertise in regions with high terrorist activity.
Purpose of Funds: To fund and implement projects under the Former Soviet Union Scientific Cooperative Program, Biosecurity Engagement Program; and ARS - Iraq Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) program all originally funded by the Department of State International Security and Nonproliferation Office. Projects range in topics from plant health to animal health to food safety.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
The Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, (hereafter, “Sponsor”) supports international scientific research projects involving collaboration between U.S. and foreign scientists.
The Sponsor’s collaborative research is related to civilian agricultural research and that all funds and/or materials being provided to the foreign individuals and institutions (hereafter, “Beneficiaries”) are to support or assist the Project.
The Sponsor anticipates providing funds and material support (hereafter, “Project Resources”) under the program to Beneficiaries, including individual salary support, equipment and supplies, travel and institutional support.
The U.S. Civilian Research & Development Foundation (hereafter, “CRDF”) has agreed to support the Sponsor’s efforts in the implementation of the Sponsor’s projects by providing financial, administrative and logistical support.
The CRDF has the infrastructure and capacity to support the distribution of Project Resources to the Beneficiaries identified by the Sponsor as technical assistance to the extent allowable in the host country;
ARS scientists from multiple locations will develop the proposals with their foreign counterparts and serve as collaborators throughout the life of the project and provide technical oversight.
This report serves to document research conducted under an Assistance Type Agreement between ARS and U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF). ARS utilized the CRDF GAP program to support a new activity funded by the State Department to assist in the training of Iraqi scientific personnel in agricultural research previously associated with radioactive source irradiation. This will help Iraq access to a safer and more reliable food supply with an emphasis on building agricultural research capacity that does not include potentially dangerous radioactive sources.
FSU - Uzbekistan: During FY09, ARS funded three new research projects through the CRDF between ARS and Uzbek counterparts and continued three on-going research projects.
1. "Molecular Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci Associatated with Fusarium Wilt Disease (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Vasinfectum) of cotton and cotton germplasm improvement
2. “Evaluation of Potential Germplasm Resistance Against Root-Knot Nematode and Fusarium Wilt Diseases in Cotton and Development of SNP-based Canddiate Gene Markers
3. “Identification of Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica Serotypes in Cattle, Sheep, and Goats of Uzbekistan and to develop an Effective Mannheimia Haemolytica (Mh) Pneumonia Vaccine for Cattle and the Test the vaccine on Farm Cattle.”
ARS also approved for development four new projects with the Institute of Genetics and Experimental Biology of Plants, Institute of Microbiology, the Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of Veterinary and Uzbek National Cotton Growing Research Institute, which will be funded through CRDF in FY10. The CRDF also supported international travel for Uzbek scientists traveling to the U.S. to develop new proposals, discuss on-going projects or participate in international conferences. In FY09, CRDF supported of 10 Uzbek scientists to the U.S. and international conferences under funded projects or to develop new proposals with their ARS counterparts.
BEP: ARS developed and finalized three projects with Indonesia to be funded through CRDF GAP in FY10. CRDF also supported the travel of a Pakistan scientist to the U.S. to discuss future cooperation.