2010 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The intent of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to strengthen the cooperation between the Participants and focus the mutal interest in the broad areas of science and technology, including: animal science, plant science, soil science, agriculture, natural resources management, nutrition, aquaculture and other additional fields as may be mutally decided upon by the Participants.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
This MOU is intended to serve as a framework for discussion and coordination in matters related to agriculture and naturalresource management, and to facilitate collaborative activities between the Participants in matters of science andtechnology. All collaborative activities are subject to the mutual agreement of the Participants and may be described in, and subject to, individual plans of work delineating arrangements between participants that are specific for each activity. In general, cooperation may be effected through exchange of materials and information; exchange of scientists, specialists, and trainees; development of projects of mutual interest between ARS scientists and ARC scientists; organization of symposia and workshops; and joint publication of studies and reports. The Participants may assign such members of theirstaff as may be required to meet its responsibilities, as well as aid in planning and jointly developing projects of mutual interest. Participants may jointly explore and coordinate research, exchanges, traiing, and development activities of mutual interest,which would be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformity with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
In FY2010, a new agreement established with ARC (through CRDF) to develop and expedite the evaluation and standardization of Rift Valley Fever (FVF) diagnostic assays and vaccine control strategies. ARS and ARC continue research on Cape ivy to accelerate development of biological control agents. Cape Ivy , Delairea odorata, is a South African vine that is invasive to natural areas in the USA. ARS-Stillwater and the ARC- Small Grains Institute have exchanged wheat germplasm to conduct aphid screening tests at both facilities with their respective Russian Wheat Aphid biotypes. Scientists from both organizations have visited each other to conduct site-specific experiments. USDA/ARS Vegetable and Forage Crops Research Unit in Prosser and ARC cooperate on sustainable pest management strategies for edible legumes. Scientists in ARC provided pathology support and ARS Scientists contributed genetic marker analyses in a combined effort to better understand relationships among genes (QTL) which affect resistance to bacterial blight diseases in common bean. USDA/ARS Crops Pathology and Genetic Research Unit in Davis, is working with ARC on sustainable vineyard production systems, conducting research on intercontinental population structure of Eutypa lata, the causal fungal agent of Eutypa dieback, a serious grapevine necrotic disease. USDA/ARS Tree Fruit Research Laboratory in Wenatchee is conducting research on biologically-based systems for soilborne disease control in tree fruit agro systems. Studies concerning the composition of Rhizoctonia spp. populations in Western Cape region of South Africa were undertaken in collaboration with ARC, Stellenbosh. USDA-ARS Crop Protection and Management Research Unit, Tifton, is doing research on integrated pest management strategies related to insects and invasive pest species. In collaboration with ARC, ARS is conducting research on Codling Moth to compare mixed gender and male-releases of sterile moths for lepidopteron Sterile Insect Technology (SIT) programs. The goal of this research is to improve the performance and reduce the costs of current and future USDA, South African and other international abatement programs using the SIT as a control tactic against moth pests.