Start Date: Jan 05, 2007
End Date: Aug 17, 2010
This project focuses on filling knowledge and technology gaps that hamper the detection and control of bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV). Reduction of BVDV infections in the national herd requires effective surveillance programs, efficacious vaccines, and reliable means to detect both persistent and acute infections. As the BVDV control program progresses, there will be a need to differentiate between natural exposure and vaccination. Knowledge gaps to be addressed include: basic information regarding BVDV infection in wild cervids; the nature of the immunological, cellular and physiological changes accompanying the development of persistent infections; and the responsiveness of the neonate to vaccination. In addition, surveillance for newly arising BVDV variations will be maintained. Technology gaps will be addressed by: assessing new diagnostic readout methods; examining possible methods for detection of persistently infected animals in utero; and exploring marker vaccine development. Approaches to achieve these goals are to: examine the use of atomic force microscopy and Raman spectroscopy as readout methods; characterize BVDV infections in fawns and pregnant white tail deer; work with a network of laboratories to identify and characterize variant BVDV; compare fetal and associated maternal tissues from normal and persistently infected fetuses; evaluate the use of an infectious clone as a marker vaccine; and characterize the immune responses of neonates to vaccination. Some techniques to be used include phylogenetic analysis, comparative pathogenesis, genetic engineering, and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). BSL-2N; Recertified 10/31/09 #0131. BSL-2; Recertified 10/20/09 #0188. BSL-Exempt; Recertified 10/31/09 #0182. BSL-Exempt; Recertified 10/31/09 #0225. BSL-Exempt; Recertified 10/31/09 #0226. BSL-2, BSL-2N; Certified 12/7/07 #0296; cancelled 11/18/08. BSL-2, BSL-2N; Certified 01/20/10 #0318. BSL-2; certified 9/21/09 #0328.