2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
To develop and improve water management models and irrigation scheduling practices at both the field and watershed scale in the United States and the Middle East.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
In conjunction with the Department of State, conduct necessary theoretical and applied research, and build capacity through necessary education and training; thereby, establishing the technological and human infrastructure required to achieve long-term change in water conservation in the Middle East.
Formal collaborative agreements (SCAs) will be established with regional partners that include the National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer (Jordan), the Cooperative Monitoring Center,(Jordan) the Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees (Shufat-East Jerusalem, PNA, via Israel), the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), and the Ahali-Center for Community Development, Israel.
This report serves to document activities conducted under a reimbursable agreement with the U.S. Department of State. Work is conducted in partnership between ARS, the Arab Agronomist Association (AAA), West Bank; the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO) –The Volcani Center, the Ahali-Center for Community Development and Jordan’s Ministry of Agriculture. Under the direction of Dr. James Ayars, ARS Water Management Research Laboratory, Parlier, CA, and Dr. Steven Evett, ARS Soil and Water Management Research Unit, Bushland, TX, the Middle Eastern co-operators work to establish the technological and human infrastructure required to achieve long-term sustained water conservation in the Middle East and the U.S. The ADODR and cooperating scientists provided oversight by meeting with counterparts during travel in the region and via email and telephone discussions.
Progress includes increased scientific cooperation amongst American, Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian scientists; establishing of an agricultural meteorological stations network connected to a network and an internet site; improved knowledge of crop water use for several crops in the region; and plans for future collaboration on the pressing water issues of the region.
Actual metrological data for Israel, Jordan and Palestine can be retrieved from the IMIS website: www.merimis.org. The rainfall was moderate in Israel, Palestine and in certain parts of Jordan. The highest rain fall recorded in the area covered by the MERIMIS network from October 2008 to May 2009 was in Baqa Al-Gharbieh (central Israel) at 488.4 mm, and the lowest was in the Jordan Valley, Jordan at 76.7 mm. Current metrological data for Israel, Jordan and West Bank can be retrieved from the IMIS website. The website is consistently updated and modified to reflect project progress.