2010 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
To develop and improve water management models and irrigation scheduling practices at both the field and watershed scale in the United States and the Middle East.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
In conjunction with the Department of State, conduct necessary theoretical and applied research, and build capacity through necessary education and training; thereby, establishing the technological and human infrastructure required to achieve long-term change in water conservation in the Middle East.
Formal collaborative agreements (SCAs) will be established with regional partners that include the National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer (Jordan), the Cooperative Monitoring Center,(Jordan) the Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees (Shufat-East Jerusalem, PNA, via Israel), the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), and the Ahali-Center for Community Development, Israel.
Work is conducted in partnership between ARS, the Arab Agronomist Association (AAA), West Bank, the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO) –Volcani Center, and Jordan’s Ministry of Agriculture. Technical direction is provided by Dr. James Ayars, ARS Water Management Research Laboratory, Parlier, CA, and Dr. Steven Evett, ARS Soil and Water Management Research Unit, Bushland, TX. The Middle Eastern co-operators work to establish the technological and human infrastructure required to achieve long-term sustained water conservation in the Middle East and the USA. The ADODR and cooperating scientists provided oversight by meeting with counterparts, visiting work sites in the region and via email and telephone discussions.
A regional IMIS workshop was held in Nazareth, Israel on December 6, 2009, which coincided with the “International Symposium on Olive Irrigation and Oil Quality” which took place December 7-19, 2009, in Nazareth, Israel. Twenty-two project partners participated in the one-day workshop, many of whom presented progress made and challenges encountered during the past year. Participants held fruitful discussions during the workshop which produced a draft action plan that graduates the project beyond 2010 and serves as the basis for submitting proposals for future funding. It was the consensus that significant strides had been made in establishing and sustaining a network of meteorological stations that can be used to improve water management in Jordan, the Palestinian Authority and Israel in the areas dominated by smallholder farmers. Several publications and informational materials addressing crop water requirement and water use efficiency, and other useful information were disseminated to extension workers and farmers in the cooperating countries. These publications provided stakeholders with project findings and guidelines for efficient water use methodologies and technologies that farmers can apply. Meteorological data for Israel, Jordan and Palestine can be retrieved from the IMIS network website: www.merimis.org. The website is updated regularly and modified to reflect project progress.
Reports for the individual projects can be found under accession numbers: 409263 (Arab Agronomists Association), 415243 (El Hawakeer-Assc Comm Ag Env Dev); 414887 (NCARE-Jordan); 414885 (Agricultural Development Association – PARC).