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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONTROL OF PATHOGENIC AND SPOILAGE BACTERIA ON RED MEAT

Location: Meat Safety & Quality Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Isolation and characterization of Clostridium difficile associated with beef cattle and commercially produced ground beef     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2013. Isolation and characterization of Clostridium difficile associated with beef cattle and commercially produced ground beef. Journal of Food Protection. 76(2):256-264.
Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Nou, X., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(9):3002-3008.
Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest - (Abstract Only)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J.C., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Brashears, M.M. 2011. Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection. p. 19. Abstract No. P1-62.
Sensitivity of Mycobacterium bovis to common beef processing interventions - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Iwen, P.C. 2011. Sensitivity of Mycobacterium bovis to common beef processing interventions [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection, Milwaukee, WI. July 31 - August 3, 2011. Poster Abstract P2-42, p. 65.
Gene expression response of multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Newport to simulated multiple hurdle beef carcass processing interventions - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Smith, T.P., Harhay, G.P. 2011. Gene expression response of multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Newport to simulated multiple hurdle beef carcass processing interventions. In: Proceedings of the American Society for Microbiology. 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, May 21-24, 2011, New Orleans, Louisiana. 2011 CDROM. Meeting Abstract K-2692.
Towards an understanding of how Salmonella potentially evades beef carcass processing interventions - (Abstract Only)
Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Gragg, S.E., Smith, T.P.L., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brashears, M.M., Brooks, J.C., Brown, T.R., Harhay, G.P., Loneragan, G.H. 2011. Towards an understanding of how Salmonella potentially evades beef carcass processing interventions [abstract]. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit. Abstract No. 2.
Sensitivity of Mycobacterium bovis to common beef processing interventions - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Iwen, P.C. 2011. Sensitivity of Mycobacterium bovis to common beef processing interventions [abstract]. 2011 Beef Safety Summit, Dallas, TX. March 2-4, 2011. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit Research Update. Abstract No. 8.
The effect of sample size and matrix on the ability of rapid methods to detect E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Schmidt, J.W., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. The effect of sample size and matrix on the ability of rapid methods to detect E. coli O157:H7 [abstract]. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit, Dallas, TX. March 2-4, 2011. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit Research Update. Abstract No. 1.
Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli isolates from commercial ground beef in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli isolates from commercial ground beef in the United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(6):2103-2112.
Diversity of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica strains associated with cattle at harvest in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Diversity of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica strains associated with cattle at harvest in the United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(5):1783-1796.
Inoculation of beef with low concentrations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and examination of factors that interfere with its detection by culture isolation and rapid methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Inoculation of beef with low concentrations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and examination of factors that interfere with its detection by culture isolation and rapid methods. Journal of Food Protection. 73:2180-2188.
Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Poole, T.L., Durso, L.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 25, Presentation No. S4:1 and p. 111, Poster No. B176.
Super Shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by Cattle and the Impact on Beef Carcass Contamination - (Proceedings)
Arthur, T.M., Harhay, D.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Super Shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by Cattle and the Impact on Beef Carcass Contamination. Meat Science. 86:32-37. Special Issue: 56th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (56th ICoMST) August 15-20, 2010, Jeju, Korea. (Proceedings) Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.04.019
Evaluation of a Direct-Fed Microbial Product Effect on the Prevalence and Load of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feedlot Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmarie, M. 2010. Evaluation of a Direct-Fed Microbial Product Effect on the Prevalence and Load of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feedlot Cattle. Journal of Food Protection. 73(2):366-371.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75(20):6515-6523.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Abstract Only)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination [abstract]. 7th International Symposium on Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC2009) Paper No. 195.
Non-O157 Shiga toxin Producing Escherichia coli in United States Beef Production - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Non-O157 Shiga toxin Producing Escherichia coli in United States Beef Production [abstract]. 7th International Symposium on Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC2009) Paper No. P03.2.2. p 71.
Comparison of Colony Hybridization to Phenotype Screening on Washed Sheep's Blood Agar for the Isolation of Shiga toxin Producing Escherichia coli from Complex Matrixes - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Comparison of Colony Hybridization to Phenotype Screening on Washed Sheep's Blood Agar for the Isolation of Shiga toxin Producing Escherichia coli from Complex Matrixes [abstract]. 7th International Symposium on Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC2009) Paper No. P02.5.3. p. 106.
Prevalence of Clostridium difficile from Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence of Clostridium difficile from Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States [abstract]. Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Division Food Microbiology, Session 026-15, p. 82.
Prevalence and Characterization of Salmonellae in Commercial Ground Beef in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence and Characterization of Salmonellae in Commercial Ground Beef in the United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75(7):1892-1900.
Prevalence Rates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella at Different Sampling Sites on Cattle Hides at a Feedlot and Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence Rates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella at Different Sampling Sites on Cattle Hides at a Feedlot and Processing Plant. Journal of Food Protection. 72(6):1267-1271.
Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Small Processing Plants and the Effect of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles on E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Wells, J., Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Bono, J.L., Harhay, D.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Small Processing Plants and the Effect of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles on E. coli O157:H7 [abstract]. NCBA Beef Industry Safety Summit, San Diego, CA, March 4-6, 2009.
Characterization of Multidrug-resistant Salmonella Isolated from Cull and Fed Cattle at Slaughter in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Characterization of Multidrug-resistant Salmonella Isolated from Cull and Fed Cattle at Slaughter in the United States [abstract]. NCBA Beef Industry Safety Summit, San Diego, CA, March 4-6, 2009.
Prevalence and Enumeration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in U.S. Abattoirs That Process Fewer Than 1,000 Head of Cattle Per Day - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M., Bono, J.L., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence and Enumeration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in U.S. Abattoirs That Process Fewer Than 1,000 Head of Cattle Per Day. Journal of Food Protection. 72(6):1272-1278.
Effectiveness of 1,3-Dibromo-5,5 dimethylhydantoin on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7- and Salmonella-inoculated fresh meat - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Effectiveness of 1,3-Dibromo-5,5 dimethylhydantoin on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7- and Salmonella-inoculated fresh meat. Journal of Food Protection 72(1):151-156.
Increased Detection of Listeria Species and Listeria Monocytogenes in Raw Beef, Using the Assurance GDS Molecular Detection System with Culture Isolation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Increased Detection of Listeria Species and Listeria Monocytogenes in Raw Beef, Using the Assurance GDS Molecular Detection System with Culture Isolation. Journal of Food Protection. 72(3):674-679.
Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 contamination on hides and carcasses of cull cattle presented for slaughter in the U.S.: an evaluation of prevalence and bacterial loads by immunomagnetic separation and direct plating methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination on hides and carcasses of cull cattle presented for slaughter in the United States: an evaluation of prevalence and bacterial loads by immunomagnetic separation and direct plating methods. 2008. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74(20):6289-6297.
Comparison of effects of antimicrobial interventions on multidrug-resistant Salmonella, susceptible Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Bono, J.L., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Comparison of effects of antimicrobial interventions on multidrug-resistant Salmonella, susceptible Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7. Journal of Food Protection 71(11):2177-2181.
Source tracking of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella contamination in the lairage environment at commercial U.S. beef processing plants and identification of an effective intervention - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Source tracking of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella contamination in the lairage environment at commercial U.S. beef processing plants and identification of an effective intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 71(9):1752-1760.
Effects of using reduced volumes of nonselective enrichment medium in methods for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from raw beef - (Review Article)
Bosilevac, J.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Effects of using reduced volumes of nonselective enrichment medium in methods for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from raw beef. Journal of Food Protection 71(9):1768-1773.
Prevalence and Characterization of Salmonella in Bovine Lymph Nodes Potentially Destined for Use in Ground Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Harhay, D.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella in bovine lymph nodes potentially destined for use in ground beef. Journal of Food Protection 71(8):1685-1688.
Evaluation of various antimicrobial interventions for the reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on bovine heads during processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Evaluation of various antimicrobial interventions for the reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on bovine heads during processing. Journal of Food Protection 71(3):621-624.
Enumeration of Salmonella from Poultry Carcass Rinses via Direct Plating Methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Enumeration of Salmonella from poultry carcass rinses via direct plating methods. Letters in Applied Microbiology 46(2):186-191.
Listeria prevalence and L. monocytogenes serovar diversity at cull cow/bull processing plants in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Guerini, M.N., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Listeria prevalence and Listeria monocytogenes serovar diversity at cull cow and bull processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection. 70(11):2578-2582.
Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America. Journal of Food Protection. 70(7):1622-1626.
Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection 70(8):1811-1819.
Enumeration of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Ground Beef, Cattle Carcass, Hide and Fecal Samples Using Direct Plating Methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Enumeration of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef, cattle carcass, hide and faecal samples using direct plating methods. Journal of Applied Microbiology 103(5):1657-1668.
Effects of a Minimal Hide Wash Cabinet on the Levels and Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on the Hides of Beef Cattle at Slaughter - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Effects of a Minimal Hide Wash Cabinet on the Levels and Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on the Hides of Beef Cattle at Slaughter. Journal of Food Protection 70:1076-1079.
Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processing. Journal of Food Protection 70(2):280-286.
Microbiological Characterization of Imported and Domestic Boneless Beef Trim Used for Ground Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Microbiological characterization of imported and domestic boneless beef trim used for ground beef. Journal of Food Protection 70(2):440-449.
Last Modified: 7/23/2014
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