FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS RESEARCH FOR RAINBOW TROUT AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION
Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture Research
Project Number: 1930-31000-009-01
Specific Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Aug 01, 2005
End Date: Jul 31, 2010
A major constraint to increasing the production efficiency of the Nation's cool and cold water aquaculture industry is the lack of genetically improved strains of fish for aquaculture. There is only limited genetic information on traits that will enhance production efficiency and yield a better quality fish. Identification and characterization of genes affecting aquaculture production traits will facilitate the development of genetically improved strains to increase aquaculture production efficiency. The objectives of the research outlined in this agreement focus on the identification of genes affecting oocyte maturation and embryogenesis in rainbow trout. Characterization of these genes will result in more in-depth understanding of the biology of reproduction and embryonic development and will impact strategies for improving developmental characteristics in broodstock.
Collaborators at the USDA/ARS/NCCCWA and West Virginia University have worked to develop resources for conducting functional genomic research in rainbow trout. Resources which specifically target studies on embryogenesis include large volumes of expressed sequence tag data from oocyte and embryonic developmental stages and a cDNA panel representing oocytes thru day 50 post fertilization for gene expression analyses. Strategies will include analyses of gene expression and proteomic data in NCCCWA Broodstock to identify and characterize novel-oocyte specific genes, similar strategies will be employed to characterize gene expression throughout embryonic development.