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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONVERTING ALASKA FISH BY-PRODUCTS INTO VALUE ADDED INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Bacterial preservation of pink salmon using potatoes as a carbohydrate source - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Hietala, K.A., Delaca, T.C. 2011. Bacterial preservation of pink salmon using potatoes as a carbohydrate source. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 35(6):822-831.
Preliminary chemical and nutritional characterization of liver from longnose skates (Raja rhina) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, T.H., Stine, J.J., Bechtel, P.J. 2011. Preliminary chemical and nutritional characterization of liver from longnose skates (Raja rhina). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 24(3):356-361.
Effect of salmon type, and presence/absence of bone on color, sensory characteristics, and consumer acceptability of pureed and chunked infant food products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
De Santos, F.A., Ramamoorthi, L., Bechtel, P.J., Smiley, S., Brewer, S. 2010. Effect of salmon type, and presence/absence of bone on color, sensory characteristics, and consumer acceptability of pureed and chunked infant food products. Journal of Sensory Studies. 75(6):S279-S285.
Waste (By-Product) Utilization - (Book / Chapter)
Marsh, L., Bechtel, P.J. 2012. Waste (By-Product) Utilization. In: Granata, L.A., Flick, G.J., Martin, R.E., editors. The Seafood Industry: Species, Products, Processing, and Safety. 2nd edition. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 128-135.
Dehydration of pollock skins prior to gelatin production - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Avena-Bustillos, R.J., Hietala, K.A., Bilbao-Sainz, C., Olsen, C.W., Mc Hugh, T.H. 2010. Dehydration of pollock skins prior to gelatin production. Journal of Food Science. 75(4):C317-C321.
Stabilizing Smoked Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Tissue after Extraction of Oil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Hietala, K.A. 2010. Stabilizing Smoked Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Tissue after Extraction of Oil. Journal of Food Science. 75(3):C241-C245.
Chemical composition of black rockfish (Sebastes melanops) fillets and byproducts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Oliveira, A., Bechtel, P.J., Lapis, T., Brenner, K., Ellingson, R. 2011. Chemical composition of black rockfish (Sebastes melanops) fillets and byproducts. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 35(4):466-473.
Rheological and Functional Properties of Catfish Skin Protein Hydrolysates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yin, H., Pu, J., Wan, Y., Xiang, B., Bechtel, P.J., Sathivel, S. 2010. Rheological and Functional Properties of Catfish Skin Protein Hydrolysates. Journal of Food Science. 75(1):E11-E17.
Updraft gasification of salmon processing waste - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rowland, S., Bower, C.K., Patil, K.N., Dewitt, C.A. 2009. Updraft gasification of salmon processing waste. Journal of Food Science. 74(8):E426-E431.
Preserving Salmon Byproducts through Smoke-Processing Prior to Ensilage - (Abstract Only)
(18-Jun-09)
Effects of Delay Processing of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Byproducts into Fishmeal - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, T.H., Bechtel, P.J., Bower, C.K. 2009. Effects of Delay Processing of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Byproducts into Fishmeal. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 18(4):345-359.
Quality of Crude Oil Extracted from Aging Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Byproducts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2009. Quality of Crude Oil Extracted from Aging Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Byproducts. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. Available: http://www.springerlink.com/content/?k=wu+pollock+oil+crude.
Endogenous protease activity in byproducts of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Malemute, C., Bechtel, P.J. 2011. Endogenous protease activity in byproducts of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Journal of Food Biochemistry. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-4514.2010.00406.
Effects of pink salmon byproduct storage time and temperature on fishmeal quality - (Abstract Only)
(20-May-09)
Chemical and Nutritional Characteristics of long nose skate (Raja rhina) byproducts from Alaska - (Abstract Only)
(20-May-09)
Converting Alaska Fish Byproducts into Compost - (Abstract Only)
(11-May-09)
Physical and Nutritional Properties of Catfish Roe Spray Dried Protein Powder and its Application in an Emulsion System - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Yin, H., Bechtel, P.J., King, J.M. 2009. Physical and Nutritional Properties of Catfish Roe Spray Dried Protein Powder and its Application in an Emulsion System. Journal of Food Engineering. 95(1):76-81. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02608774.
Stabilizing pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) byproducts through modified silage processes - (Proceedings)
Bower, C.K., Hietala, K.A., Delaca, T.C. 2010. Stabilizing pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) byproducts through modified silage processes. Meeting Proceedings. In: P.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pp. 207-219. doi:10.4027/sffpb.2010.17.
Dehydration of pollock skins prior to gelatin production - (Abstract Only)
(10-Feb-09)
Endogenous protease activity in byproducts of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) - (Abstract Only)
(20-Jan-09)
Converting Alaska fish byproducts into compost: a review - (Proceedings)
Himelbloom, B., Zhang, M., Bower, C.K. 2010. Converting Alaska fish byproducts into compost: a review. Meeting Proceedings. In: P.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pp. 177-187. doi: 10.4027/sffpb.2010.15.
Enhancing utilization of Alaska fish processing byproduct parts - (Proceedings)
Bechtel, P.J. 2010. Enhancing utilization of Alaska fish processing byproduct parts. Meeting Proceedings. In: J.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. pp. 105-113. doi:10.1027/sffpb.2010.09.
Extraction and determination of chondroitin sulfate from fish processing byproducts - (Proceedings)
Stine, J.J., Wu, T.H., Oliveira, A.C., Smiley, S., Bechtel, P.J. 2010. Extraction and determination of chondroitin sulfate from fish processing byproducts. Meeting Proceedings. In: P.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pp. 41-53. doi: 10.4027/sffpb.2010.04.
Stabilizing Oils from Smoked Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Hietala, K.A., Oliveira, A., Wu, T.H. 2009. Stabilizing Oils from Smoked Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Journal of Food Science. 74(3):C248-C257.
Storage effects on separated pink salmon processing byproducts - (Proceedings)
Wu, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2010. Storage effects on separated pink salmon processing byproducts. Meeting Proceedings. In: P.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pp. 161-176. doi:10.4027/sffpb.2010.14.
Crop nutrient recovery from applied fish coproducts - (Proceedings)
Zhang, M., Sparrow, S., Pantoja, A., Bechtel, P.J. 2010. Crop nutrient recovery from applied fish coproducts. Meeting Proceedings. In: P.J. Bechtel and S. Smiley (eds.), A Sustainable Future: Fish Processing Byproducts. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pp. 87-103. doi: 10.4027/sffpb.2010.08.
Determination of Biogenic Amines with HPLC-APCI-MS - (Abstract Only)
(30-Dec-08)
Utilizing salmon byproducts after extraction of PUFA-rich oils - (Abstract Only)
(26-Dec-08)
Stabilizing Fish Byproducts through Modified Silage Processes - (Abstract Only)
(11-Dec-08)
Innovative uses for under-utilized salmon tissues in Alaska - (Abstract Only)
(28-Nov-08)
Chemical Characterizations of Testes Meals Made from Alaska's Seafood Processing Byproducts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Plante, S., Smiley, S., Oliveira, A., Stone, D., Hardy, R.W., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. Chemical Characterizations of Testes Meals Made from Alaska's Seafood Processing Byproducts. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 17(2):195-211. DOI: 10.1080/10498850801937265.
Sustainability through increased utilization of Alaska's fish and agricultural by-products - (Abstract Only)
(29-Aug-08)
Acidification Methods for Stabilization and Storage of Salmon By-Products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Hietala, K.A. 2008. Acidification Methods for Stabilization and Storage of Salmon By-Products. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 17:459-478.
Enzymatic Digestion of Eye and Brain Tissues of Sockeye and Coho Salmon, and Dusky Rockfish Commercially Harvested in Alaska - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reppond, K., Oliveira, A., Bechtel, P.J. 2009. Enzymatic Digestion of Eye and Brain Tissues of Sockeye and Coho Salmon, and Dusky Rockfish Commercially Harvested in Alaska. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 18(3):209-222. Available: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t792303960~db=all.
Chemical and nutritional properties of Pacific Ocean Perch (Sebastes alutus) whole fish and by-products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bechtel, P.J., Morey, A., Oliveira, A.C., Wu, T.H., Plante, S., Bower, C.K. 2010. Chemical and nutritional properties of Pacific Ocean Perch (Sebastes alutus) whole fish and by-products. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 34(s1):55-72.
Levels of Vitamin E Decreases and Retinol Increases in Oil Extracts from Aged Alaska Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) By-Products - (Abstract Only)
(14-May-08)
Salmon By-product Storage and Oil Extraction     Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. Salmon by-product storage and oil extraction. Food Chemistry. 111(4):868-871.
Stabilizing PUFA-rich oils from salmon heads - (Abstract Only)
(15-Mar-08)
Fish protein substrates can substitute effectively for poultry by-product meal when incorporated in high quality senior dog diets - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zinn, K., Hernot, D., Fastinger, N., Karr-Lilienthal, L., Bechtel, P.J., Swanson, K., Fahey, G. 2008. Fish protein substrates can substitute effectively for poultry by-product meal when incorporated in high quality senior dog diets. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition. 93(4):447-455.
Ammonia, Dimethylamine, Trimethylamine, and Trimethylamine Oxide from Raw and Processed Fish By-Products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. Ammonia, Dimethylamine, Trimethylamine, and Trimethylamine Oxide from Raw and Processed Fish By-Products. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 17(1):27-38. doi: 10.1080/10498850801891140.
Composition of Heads and Livers of Yelloweye Rockfish (Sebastes ruberrimus) Harvested in Alaska - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Oliveira, A., Bechtel, P.J., Morey, A., Demir, N. 2009. Composition of Heads and Livers of Yelloweye Rockfish (Sebastes ruberrimus) Harvested in Alaska. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 18:53-66.
Preserving high-protein fish by-products through silages and fermentates - (Abstract Only)
(08-Feb-08)
Properties of pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) skin hydrolysates and effects on lipid oxidation of skinless pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) fillets during 4 months of frozen storage - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Huang, J., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. Properties of pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) skin hydrolysates and effects on lipid oxidation of skinless pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) fillets during 4 months of frozen storage. Journal of Food Biochemistry. 32:247-263.
Sustainable Harvests Through Increased Utilization of Salmon By-Products - (Abstract Only)
(06-Nov-07)
Characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus release from fish meals and fish hydrolysates in subarctic soils - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhang, M., Sparrow, S., Bechtel, P.J., Pantoja, A. 2007. Characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus release from fish meals and fish hydrolysates in subarctic soils. Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Restoration. 3:262-275.
Fish oils from Alaskan seafood processing by-products: an un-exploited sustainable resource for aquaculture - (Popular Publication)
Oliveira, C.M., Stone, D.A., Plante, S., Smiley, S., Bechtel, P.J., Hardy, R.W. 2008. Fish oils from Alaskan seafood processing by-products: an un-exploited sustainable resource for aquaculture. World Aquaculture Magazine. 39(2):50-51, 69.
Carcass composition and yield of Alaskan reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) steers and effects of electrical stimulation applied during field slaughter on meat quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wiklund, E., Finstad, G., Johansson, L., Aguiar, G., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. Carcass composition and yield of Alaskan reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) steers and effects of electrical stimulation applied during field slaughter on meat quality. Meat Science. 78(3):185-193.
Storage shelf-life and consumer acceptance of pre-cooked reindeer meat products - (Abstract Only)
(20-May-07)
Antioxidant Activity in Oil Extracts from Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Heads and Viscera - (Abstract Only)
(20-May-07)
Preservation Methods for Retaining n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Alaska Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Malemute, C.L., Oliveira, A.C. 2007. Preservation Methods for Retaining n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Alaska Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Products. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology. 16(4):45-54.
Feeding soy or fish meal to Alaskan reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) - effects on animal performance and meat quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Finstadt, G., Wicklund, E., Long, K., Rincker, P., Oliveira, A.C., Bechtel, P.J. 2007. Feeding soy or fish meal to Alaskan reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) - effects on animal performance and meat quality. Rangifer 27(1):59-75.
Characterization of Protein Fractions from Immature Alaska Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Roe - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bechtel, P.J., Chantarachoti, J., Oliveira, A.C., Sathivel, S. 2007. Characterization of Protein Fractions from Immature Alaska Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Roe. Journal of Food Science 72(5):S338-S343.
Characteristics of nitrogen and phospphorus release from fish meals and fish hydrolysate in subarctic soils - (Abstract Only)
(05-Apr-07)
The value of acidic-electrolyzed water for stabilizing salmon by-products - (Abstract Only)
(20-Feb-07)
A comparison of physical and rheological properties of Arrowtooth Flounder protein made using three different extraction processes. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Bechtel, P.J. 2008. A comparison of physical and rheological properties of Arrowtooth Flounder protein made using three different extraction processes. Journal of Food Biochemistry. 32:557-575.
Quantification of Ammonia, Mma, Dma, Tma and Tmao in Fish Processing by-Products from Different Cold Water Marine Species by Capillary Electrophoresis - (Abstract Only)
(20-Sep-06)
Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Salmon Preserved by Native Alaskan Methods - (Abstract Only)
(06-Sep-06)
Cost to Benefit - Fish Skin Yields Unique Gelatin Products - (Popular Publication)
Bower, C.K., Avena Bustillos, R.D., Olsen, C.W., Olson, D.A., Mc Hugh, T.H. 2008. Cost to Benefit - Fish Skin Yields Unique Gelatin Products. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 11(4):28-29.
Preservation Methods for Retaining N-3 Pufa's in Salmon Products - (Abstract Only)
(27-Jul-06)
Engineering and functional properties of protein powders from underutilized marine fish and by-products - (Book / Chapter)
Sathivel, S., Bechtel, P.J. 2007. Engineering and functional properties of protein powders from underutilized marine fish and by-products. In Shahidi, F., editor. Maximising the Value of Marine By-Products. Cambridge, England. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. pp.250-257.
By-products from seafood processing for aquaculture and animal feeds - (Book / Chapter)
Bechtel, P.J. 2007. By-products from seafood processing for aquaculture and animal feeds. In. Shahidi, F., editor. Maximising the Value of Marine By-Products. Cambridge, England. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. pp. 435-449.
Protein and Lipid Composition of Walleye Pollock (Theragra Chalcogramma) Livers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Oliveira, A.C., Bechtel, P.J. 2006. Protein and lipid composition of Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) livers. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology Vol.15(3):5-19.
Physicochemical and Rheological Properties of Salmon Protein Powders - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Bechtel, P.J., Prinyawiwatkul, W. 2006. Physicochemical and Rheological Properties of Salmon Protein Powders. International Journal of Food Engineering. Vol. 2 : Iss. 2, Article 3. Available at: http://www.bepress.com/ijfe/vol2/iss2/art3
Fish Meals, Fish Components, and Fish Protein Hydrolysates As Potential Ingredients in Pet Foods. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Folador, J., Karr-Lilienthal, L., Parsons, C., Bauer, L., Utterback, P., Schasteen, C., Bechtel, P.J., Fahey, G. 2006. Fish meals, fish components, and fish protein hydrolysates as potential ingredients in pet foods. Journal of Animal Science 84(10):2752-2765.
Post Harvest Handling, Storage, and Treatment for Fresh Market of Berry Fruit - (Book / Chapter)
Bower, C.K. 2007. Post Harvest Handling, Storage, and Treatment for Fresh Market of Berry Fruit. In: Zhao, Y., Editor. Berry Fruit: Value-Added Products for Health Promotion. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. p. 261-288.
Characterization of fish-skin gelatin gels and films containing the antomicrobial enzyme lysozyme - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bower, C.K., Avena Bustillos, R.D., Olsen, C.W., Mc Hugh, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2006. Characterization of fish skin gelatin gels and films containing the antimicrobial enzyme lysozyme. Journal of Food Science. 71(5):141-145
Converting Alaska Fish by-Products into High Protein Liquid Concentrates - (Abstract Only)
(28-Feb-06)
Barrier Properties, Gel Strength, and Microbial Safety of Fish Skin Gelatin Gels and Films - (Abstract Only)
Bower, C.K. 2006. Barrier properties, gel strength, and microbial safety of fish skin gelatin gels and films. Aquaculture America Conference.
Utilization of Salmon by-Products in Rural Alaska - (Abstract Only)
Bower, C.K., Malemute, C.L. 2005. Utilization of salmon by-products in rural Alaska. American Association for the Advancement of Science Meeting.
Properties of soluble protein powders from Alaska pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Bechtel, P.J. 2006. Properties of soluble protein powders from Alaska pollock (Theragra chalcogramma). International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 41(5):520-529
Functional and Nutritional Properties of Red Salmon (Oncorhynchus Nerka) Enzymatic Hydrolysates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sathivel, S., Smiley, S., Prinyawiwatkul, W., Bechtel, P.J. 2005. Functional and nutritional properties of red salmon (oncorhynchus nerka) enzymatic hydrolysates. Journal of Food Science. Vol. 70, NR.6, 2005
Chemical and Nutritional Properties of Pollock Viscera and Liver Meal - (Abstract Only)
Bechtel, P.J. 2005. Chemical and nutritional properties of pollock viscera and liver meal. Journal of Food Science and Technology.
Alkali Extracted Protein Fractions from Salmon Byproducts - (Abstract Only)
(15-Mar-05)
Characterization of Fish Skin Gelatin Gels and Films Containing the Antimicrobial Enzyme Lysozyme - (Abstract Only)
Bower, C.K., Avena Bustillos, R.D., Olsen, C.W., Mc Hugh, T.H., Bechtel, P.J. 2005. Characterization of fish skin gelatin gels and films containing the antimicrobial enzyme lysozyme. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists.
Properties of Different Fish Processing By-Products From Pollock, Cod and Salmon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bechtel, P.J. 2003. Properties of Different Fish Processing By-Products From Pollock, Cod and Salmon. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 27(2):101-116.
Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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