Location: Nutrient Data
2009 Annual Report
During the full five years of this project the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) was updated and expanded annually (SR17 (2004), SR18 (2005), SR19 (2006), SR20 (2007), and SR21 (2008). Releases of SR18 and SR20 were used as the foundations of the FNDDS versions 1 and 2 (cycles 2003-04 and 2005-2006) to estimate nutrient intakes for the What We Eat in America dietary intake component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). NDL worked closely with FSRG staff to identify reported foods and to develop full nutrient profiles for 65 nutritional components. In SR18, values were provided for added vitamin E and added vitamin B12 for all 2900 foods used for the FNDDS. In SR20, values for choline were provided for all FNDDS foods. The addition of these components allowed the comparison of nutrients to the Dietary Reference Intake Upper Level for vitamin E, estimation of vitamin B12 intakes for adults 51 years of age and older, and choline intakes for all age groups wihtin NHANES to address important public health questions. New data generated for more than 700 foods and full nutrient profiles through NDL’s National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program were released in the SR series over this period of time.
Also, NDL developed and released seven Special Interest Databases. These include databases for flavonoids (2006, 2009), isoflavonoids (updated 2008), proanthocyanidins (2004), choline (2004), ORAC (oxidative reducing antioxidant capacity) (2007), and fluoride (2004, 2005). The Special Interest Databases are small focused databases which provide data for new compounds not previously included in the SR series. Each contains 150-500 foods and their values for the analyzed compounds. The data are collected from the scientific literature or analytical projects and evaluated using USDA’s data quality evaluation system before inclusion. They provide seminal datasets for the preliminary investigation of relationships between intake and human biological response.
Collaborator over this research project period include the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, the National Pork Board, Produce for Better Health Foundation, and Coca-Cola's Beverage Institute for Health and Wellness, as well as nine universities, to produce new data for beef, pork, fruits and vegetables, and other food groups. NDL’s database products provide authoritative unbiased estimates for use by the scientific community to conduct research, monitor nutrient intake, and to develop nutrition policy. The products impact virtually every food composition application or nutrition policy issue in the U.S.
Bhagwat, S.A., Patterson, K.K., Holden, J.M. 2009. Validation study of the USDA’s data quality evaluation system. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.06.009.
Haytowitz, D.B., Lemar, L.E., Pehrsson, P.R. 2009. USDA’s Nutrient Databank System – a tool for handling data from diverse sources. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2009.01.003.