ARRA - Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, Manhattan, Kansas
ARS is developing ecologically-based technologies
to replace or reduce the use of pesticides to control insects in stored
Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, Manhattan, Kansas
- Scope of work under Recovery Act
Repair of critical deferred maintenance including replacement of
HVAC system and components in Buildings 3 and 5. Roof replacement and exterior
painting of Building 3 to prevent deterioration of structure and contents.
January 2010 - Construction contract awarded for $85,265 to replace the HVAC in
Building 3 at the Center for Grain & Animal Health Research.
February 2010 - Construction contract for $373,896 for the roof replacement and
exterior painting of Building 3.
Research at the Grain Marketing and Production Research Center
The Grain Marketing and Production Research Center develops new lines of
wheat that have unique traits that solve problems of national scope such as
more disease resistance, higher tolerance for stressful growing conditions, and
better qualities for tasks such as baking to meet domestic demand and create
markets internationally for U.S. wheat. The Center also develops new
technologies to improve the storage of grain. This work helps ensure that
consumers will always have high quality U.S. wheat products at economical
prices and reduces the environmental stresses that wheat production puts on our
For example, the Grain Marketing and Production Research Center is
developing ecologically-based technologies to replace or reduce the use of
pesticides to control insects in stored grain.
The Center also helped develop the first commercially available instrument
to quickly measure many quality attributes--such as hardness, protein, starch,
internal insect infestation, color or disease--in single kernels. This
first-of-its-kind technology can check grain quality at a rate of one kernel
per second. Such an ability is crucial to keeping wheat competitive. For
example, if one kernel out of 100 has scab damage, this machine will detect it.
Scab is a disease that has cost some wheat growers billions of dollars in
losses. Grain inspectors have had to rely on subjective visual inspection to
assess grain quality.
Biological Research Unit
- Develop ecologically-based technologies to replace or reduce the use of
traditional pesticides to control stored-product insects. Multidisciplinary
teams conduct research on
- Ecology, population dynamics, and behavior of pest and beneficial insects
leading to the development of expert systems for pest management in farm and
- Pest management systems that utilize parasites, predators, and pathogens
to control stored product insects;
- Novel control techniques based on a knowledge of insect genetics,
physiology, biochemistry, toxicology, and molecular biology;
- Pest management strategies focusing on the efficient use of pesticides,
aeration, monitoring techniques, and resistance management.
Engineering Research Unit
- Develop technologies to improve grain quality assessment, handling and
storage and transfer knowledge and technology that meets the needs of consumers
and the grain industry.
Grain Quality & Structure Research Unit
The mission of the Grain Quality and Structure Research Unit, which includes
the Hard Winter Wheat Quality Laboratory, is to ensure a high quality and safe
U.S. grain supply for our customers by:
- Conduct basic and applied research to identify the physical
characteristics and structural/biochemical components that govern quality;
- Develop rapid, precise, and accurate predictive technologies for quality
- Evaluate end-use quality of breeding lines.
Plant Science & Entomology Research Unit
- Developing and providing genetic solutions to economically important biotic
and abiotic stress problems in hard winter wheat. We will focus on resistance
or tolerance to several recalcitrant or emerging problems that impact grain
production and/or quality.
Wind Erosion Research Unit
- Identify and quantify the physical processes involved in wind erosion
- Develop simulation models and expert systems to predict wind erosion and
design control practices
- Develop and evaluate tillage tools, management systems, barriers, mulches,
soil stabilizers, and cropping practices for wind erosion control
- Evaluate impact of soil erosion by wind on soil productivity, crop quality
and yield, air and water quality, mechanical devices, transportation, and other
Project Photographs Before Construction