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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Bryan L. Stegelmeier

Res Vetnry Medcl Offcr


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Evaluation of the respiratory elimination kinetics of selenate and Se-methylselenocysteine after oral administration in lambs - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (20-Jul-13)
Experimental rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) toxicosis in horses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Green, B.T., Hall, J.O. 2013. Experimental rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) toxicosis in horses. Toxicon. 73:88-95.
A toxicokinetic comparison of two speices of low larkspur (Delphinium spp.) in cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (15-Apr-13)
Comparative oral dose toxicokinetics of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium accumulator plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E., Hall, J.O. 2013. Comparative oral dose toxicokinetics of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium accumulator plants. Journal of Animal Science. 91(9): 4501-9.
The resolution of rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) poisoning in goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (31-May-12)
Veratrum-induced placental dysplasia in sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Cook, D. 2012. Veratrum-induced placental dysplasia in sheep. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 2:54-62.
Evaluation of drying methods and toxicity of rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) and white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima) in goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Davis, T.Z., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2012. Evaluation of drying methods and toxicity of rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) and white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima) in goats. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 60(19): 4849-53.
Dietary exposure of livestock and humans to hepatotoxic natural products Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Colegate, S.M., Stegelmeier, B.L., Edgar, J.A. 2012. Dietary exposure of livestock and humans to hepatotoxic natural products. In: Fink-Gremmels, J., editor. Animal Feed Contamination: Effects on Livestock and Food Safety. Philadelphia, PA: Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Sciences, Technology and Nutrition. p. 352-82.
Poisonous plants and plant toxins that are likely to contaminate hay and other prepared feeds in the western United States Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E. 2012. Poisonous plants that are likely to contaminate hay and prepared feed in the western United States. Rangelands. 34(2): 2-11.
Poisonous Plants of the United States Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2012. Poisonous Plants of the United States. In: Guptra, R.C., editor. Veterinary Toxicology: Basic and Clinical Principles. 2nd edition. Boston, MA: Academic Press. p. 1031-79.
The good and the bad of poisonous plants: An introduction to the USDA-ARS Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2012. The good and the bad of poisonous plants: An introduction to the USDA-ARS Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory. Journal of Medical Toxicology. 8(2): 153-9.
Toxicokinetics of norditerpenoid alkaloids from low larkspur (Delphinium andersonii) orally administered in cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Panter, K.E. 2012. Toxicokinetics of norditerpenoid alkaloids from low larkspur (Delphinium andersonii) orally administered in cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 73(8): 1318-24.
Benzofuran ketone dosage-dependent rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) toxicosis in a caprine model - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (19-Jul-11)
Toxicokinetics and pathology of plant-associated acute selenium toxicosis in steers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E., Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Hall, J.O. 2012. Toxicokinetics and pathology of plant-associated acute selenium toxicosis in steers. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 24(2): 319-27.
Locoweed toxicity, ecology, control and management Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Locoweed toxicity, ecology, control and management. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 1(1):47-64.
Fetotoxicity of Astragalus lentiginosus (locoweed) in Spanish goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Furlan, S., Panter, K.E., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Fetotoxicity of Astragalus lentiginosus (locoweed) in Spanish goats. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 1(1):35-40.
Identifying plant poisoning in livestock: Diagnostic approaches and laboratory tests - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Identifying plant poisoning in livestock: Diagnostic approaches and laboratory tests. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 27(2): 407-17.
Pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing toxic plants (Scenecio, Crotalaria, Cynoglossum, Amsinckia, Heliotropium, and Echium spp.) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing toxic plants (Scenecio, Crotalaria, Cynoglossum, Amsinckia, Heliotropium, and Echium spp.). Veterinary Clinics of North America. 27(2):419-28.
Effects of xenobiotics and phytotoxins on reproduction in food animals - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Effects of xenobiotics and phytotoxins on reproduction in food animals. Veterinary Clinics of North America. 27(2):429-46.
Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis - (Book / Chapter)
Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Green, B.T., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z. 2011. Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA: CAB International. 94:540-9. DOI: 10.1079/9781845938338.0540.
The acute toxicity of the Death camas (Zigadenus spp.) alkaloid zygacine in mice, including the effect of methyllycaconitine co-administration on zygacine toxicity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2011. The acute toxicity of the Death camas (Zigadenus spp.) alkaloid zygacine in mice, including the effect of methyllycaconitine co-administration on zygacine toxicity. Journal of Animal Science. 89(5):1650-7.
Water hemlock poisoning in cattle: Ingestion of immature Cicuta maculata seed as the probable cause Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Welch, K.D., Holstege, D. 2011. Water hemlock poisoning in cattle: Ingestion of immature Cicuta maculata seed as the probable cause. Toxicon. 57(1):157-61. DOI:10.1016/j.toxicon.2010.11.009
Western juniper-induced abortions in beef cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Parsons, C., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2011. Western juniper-induced abortions in beef cattle. International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research. 1(1):72-9.
Tremetone and structurally related compounds in white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima): A plant associated with trembles and milk sickness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Davis, T.Z., Gardner, D.R., Colegate, S.M., Cook, D., Green, B.T., Meyerholtz, K.A., Wilson, C.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Evans, T.J. 2010. Tremetone and structurally related compounds in white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima): A plant associated with trembles and milk sickness. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58(15):8560-65. DOI: 10.1021/jf1012456.
A toxicokinetic comparison of norditerpenoid alkaloids from Delphinium barbeyi and D. glaucescens in cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Davis, T.Z. 2011. A toxicokinetic comparison of norditerpenoid alkaloids from Delphinium barbeyi and D. glaucescens in cattle. Journal of Applied Toxicology. 31(1):20-6. DOI 10.1002/jat.1563.
The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloids in cattle - (Book / Chapter)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2011. The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloids in cattle. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. p. 557-65.
Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants - (Book / Chapter)
Davis, T.Z., Stegelmeier, B.L., Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Hall, J.O. 2011. Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 91:525-31.
Experimemntal Rayless Goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) Toxicosis in Goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z., Green, B.T., Lee, S.T., Hall, J.O. 2010. Experimemntal Rayless Goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) Toxicosis in Goats. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 22:570-577.
Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Welch, K.D., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Ralphs, M.H., Davis, T.Z., Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D. 2011. Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 36:236-42.
Dose-response evaluation of Veratrum californicum in sheep - (Book / Chapter)
Welch, K.D., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Cook, D. 2011. Dose-Response evaluation of Veratrum californicum in sheep. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 37:243-50.
Effect of MDL-Type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis - (Book / Chapter) - (29-Jan-10)
Differences in ponderosa pine isocupressic acid concentrations across space and time - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Davis, T.Z. 2010. Differences in ponderosa pine isocupressic acid concentrations across space and time. Rangelands. 32(2):14-7.
The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Panter, K.E. 2011. The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 48:309-10.
Buffalo calves intoxicated with Ageratum houstonianum mill - (Book / Chapter)
Pal, B.B., Singh, D.K., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2011. Buffalo calves intoxicated with Ageratum houstonianum mill. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 27:186-9.
Baccharis pteronioides toxicity - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Sani, Y., Pfister, J.A. 2011. Baccharis pteronioides toxicity. In: Riet-Correa, F., Pfister, J., Schild, A.L., Wierenga, T., editors. Poisoning by Plants, Mycotoxins, and Related Toxins. Cambridge, MA. CAB International. 72:433-6.
Solutions to locoweed poisoning in New Mexico and the Western United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Graham, D., Creamer, R., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L., Welch, K.D., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E., Cibils, A., Ralphs, M.H., Encinias, M., Mc Daniel, K., Thompson, D., Gardner, K. 2009. Solutions to locoweed poisoning in New Mexico and the Western United States. Rangelands. 31(6):3-8.
Implication of Agathic Acid from Utah Juniper Bark as an Abortifacient Compound in Cattle. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2010. Implication of Agathic Acid from Utah Juniper Bark as an Abortifacient Compound in Cattle. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 30:115-119, 2010. DOI 10:1002/jat.1476
Bracken fern poisoning - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2010. Bracken fern poisoning. In: Kahn, C.M., Line, S., editors. Merck Veterinary Manual. 10th Edition. Rahway, N.J. Merck Publishing Group. p. 2670-2.
Sweet clover poisoning - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2010. Sweet clover poisoning. In: Kahn, C.M., Line, S., editors. Merck Veterinary Manual. Tenth Edition. Rahway, N.J. Merck Publishing Group. p.2731-2.
Plants Poisonous to Your Horse - Part I - (Experiment Station)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2009. Plants Poisonous to Your Horse - Part I. Extension Publications.
Baccharis Pteronioides Toxicity in Livestock and Hamsters. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Sani, Y., Pfister, J.A. 2009. Baccharis Pteronioides Toxicity in Livestock and Hamsters. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 21:208-213
Influence of 7, 8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type Alkaloids on the Toxic Effects Associated with Ingestion of Tall Larkspurs (Delphinium spp.)in Cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Gardner, D.R., Cook, D., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E., Davis, T.Z. 2010. Influence of 7, 8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type Alkaloids on the Toxic Effects Associated with Ingestion of Tall Larkspurs (Delphinium spp.)in Cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol 71, No 4, pp 487-492.
A Quantitative Method for the Measurement of Three Benzofuran Ketones in Rayless Goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) and White Snakeroot (Ageratine altissima) by HPLC - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Davis, T.Z., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Evans, T.J. 2009. A Quantitative Method for the Measurement of Three Benzofuran Ketones in Rayless Goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora) and White Snakeroot (Ageratine altissima) by HPLC. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 57(12):5639-5642
Cyclopamine-induced Synophthalmia in Sheep: Defining a Critical Window and Toxicokinetic Evaluation Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Cook, D. 2009. Cyclopamine-induced Synophthalmia in Sheep: Defining a Critical Window and Toxicokinetic Evaluation. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 29:414-421. (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI 10.1002/jat.1427
Identifying Plant Poisoning in Livestock Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Green, B.T., Panter, K.E., Welch, K.D., Hall, J.O. 2009. Identifying Plant Poisoning in Livestock. Rangelands 31(1):5-9 http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2111/1551-501X-31.1.45?
Livestock Poisoning with Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Containing Plants (Senecio, Crotalaria, Cynoglossum, Amsinckia, Heliotropium and Echium spp.) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Gardner, D.R., Davis, T.Z. 2009. Livestock Poisoning with Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Containing Plants (Senecio, Crotalaria, Cynoglossum, Amsinckia, Heliotropium and Echium spp.). Rangelands. 31(1):25-37. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2111/1551-501X-31.1.45?
Locoweed Poisoning in Cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D., Ralphs, M.H., Welch, K.D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2009. Locoweed Poisoning in Cattle. Rangelands, 31(1):16-21. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2111/1551-501X-31.1.45?
Lupine Induced "Crooked Calf Disease": The Last 20 Years Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Panter, K.E., Gay, C., Pfister, J.A., Ralphs, M.H., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Motteram, E., Cook, D., Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Davis, T.Z. 2008. Lupine Induced "Crooked Calf Disease": The Last 20 Years. Rangelands. 30(6): 13-8.
Investigation of the Susceptibility of Various Strains of Mice to Methyllycaconitine Toxicosis Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Green, B.T., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2009. Investigation of the Susceptibility of Various Strains of Mice to Methyllycaconitine Toxicosis. Journal of Animal Science, 87:1558-1564. doi:102527/jas.2008-1577
Serum Elimination Profiles of Methyllycaconitine and Deltaline in Cattle Following Oral Administration of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Welch, K.D., Gardner, D.R., Stegelmeier, B.L., Davis, T.Z., Cook, D., Lee, S.T., Pfister, J.A., Panter, K.E. 2009. Serum Elimination Profiles of Methyllycaconitine and Deltaline in Cattle Following Oral Administration of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi). American Journal of Veterinary Research, 70(7):926-931.
The effect of 7, 8-Methylenedioxylycoctonine -Type Diterpenoid Alkaloids on the Toxicity of Methyllycaconitine in Mice Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Welch, K.D., Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2008. The effect of 7, 8-Methylenedioxylycoctonine -Type Diterpenoid Alkaloids on the Toxicity of Ethyllycaconitine in Mice. Journal of Animal Science, J. Anim. Sci. 86:2761-2770.
Effects of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) on Heart Rate and Electrically Evoked Electromyographic Response of the External Anal Sphincter in Cattle. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Green, B.T., Pfister, J.A., Cook, D., Welch, K.D., Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Knoppel, E.L., Panter, K.E. 2009. Effects of Larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) on Heart Rate and Electrically Evoked Electromyographic Response of the External Anal Sphincter in Cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 70(4):539-546
The comparative pathology of the glycosidase inhibitors swainsonine, castanospermine, calystegines A3, B2 and C1 in mice Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Molyneux, R.J., Asano, N., Watson, A.A., Nash, R.J. 2008. The comparative pathology of the glycosidase inhibitors swainsonine, castanospermine, calystegines A3, B2 and C1 in mice. Toxicologic Pathology. 36(5):651-9. DOI: 10.1177/0192623308317420.
Relationship between the endophyte embellisia spp. and the toxic alkaloid swainsonine in major locoweed species (Astragalus and Oxytropis) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Creamer, R., Baucom, D., Gardner, D.R., Welch, S.L., Graham, J.D., Hart, C., Cook, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2007. Relationship between the endophyte embellisia spp. and the toxic alkaloid swainsonine in major locoweed species (Astragalus and Oxytropis). Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 34 No. 1 pp.32-28 (2008). Published online 12/01/2007 DOI 10.1007/s10886-007-9399-6
Knowledge is key to safety; Plants that poison horses - (Other)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2007. Series of articles. Article I: Knowledge is key to safety; Plants that poison horses. August 1, 2007; Article II: Plants poisonous to horses: the neurotoxic variety. pp.1-5, September 1, 2007; Article III: Identifying poisoning signs, sequelae. October 1, 2007; Article IV: Identifying nephrotoxic plants, and how to minimize poisoning. November 1, 2007.
Comparative effects of prolonged administration of cyanide, thiocyanate and chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) to goats Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Soto-Blanco, B., Stegelmeier, B.L., Pfister, J.A., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2007. Comparative effects of prolonged administration of cyanide, thiocyanate and chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) to goats. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 28:356-363
Effect of previous locoweed (Astragalus and Oxytropis species) intoxication on conditioned taste aversions in horses and sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L., Cheney, C.D., Gardner, D.R. 2007. Effect of previous locoweed (Astragalus and Oxytropis species) intoxication on conditioned taste aversions in horses and sheep. Journal of Animal Science. 85:1836-1841
Important poisonous plants of the United States - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Pfister, J.A., Ralphs, M.H., Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F. 2007. Important poisonous plants of the United States. Veterinary Toxicology: Basic and Clinical Principles, Chpt. 66 pp. 825-872.
The Effects of Vaccination on Riddelliine Toxicity in Rats - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2007. The effects of vaccination on riddelliine toxicity in rats. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 15, pp. 89 - 93.
Cutleaf Nightshade (Solanum Triflorumm NUTT.) Toxicity in Horses and Hamsters - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2007. Cutleaf nightshade (solanum triflorumm nutt.) toxicity in horses and hamsters. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 50, pp. 296 - 300.
Pheasant's Eye (Adonis Aestavalis) Toxicity in Livestock and Rodents - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Hall, J.O., Lee, S.T., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2007. Pheasant's eye (adonis aestavalis) toxicity in livestock and rodents. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions. Chpt. 79, pp. 463 - 468.
Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum) Toxicity in Rodents, Sheep, Goats and Horses - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Elmore, S.A., Lee, S.T., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2007. Switchgrass (panicum virgatum) toxicity in rodents, sheep, goats and horses. Poisonous Plants Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 19,pp. 113 - 117.
The Comparative Pathology of Locoweed Poisoning in Livestock, Wildlife and Rodents - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Lee, S.T., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2007. The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in livestock, wildlife and rodents. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions. Chpt. 61, pp. 359 - 365.
Naturally Occuring Acute Selenium Toxicosis in Sheep - (Book / Chapter)
Tiwary, A.K., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Hall, J.O. 2007. Naturally Occuring Acute Selenium Toxicosis in Sheep. Poisonous Plant Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 8, pp. 50 - 54.
Fetotoxic Effects of Locoweed (Astragalus lentiginosus) in Pregnant Goats - (Book / Chapter)
Furlani, S., Panter, K.E., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2007. Fetotoxic Effects of Locoweed (Astragalus lentiginosus) in Pregnant Goats. Poisonous Plants Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 22, pp. 130 - 135.
A Case of Acute Water Hemlock (Cicuta Maculata) Poisoning and Death in Cattle after Ingestion of Green Seed Heads - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., Gardner, D.R., Holstege, D., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2007. A case of acute water hemlock (cicuta maculata) poisoning and death in cattle after ingestion of green seed heads. Poisonous Plants Global Research and Solutions, Chpt. 44, pp. 259-264.
Research on Lupine-Induced "Crooked Calf Disease" at the Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory: Past, Present and Future - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., James, L.F., Wierenga, T.L., Gay, C., Motteram, E., Lee, S.T., Gardner, D.R., Pfister, J.A., Ralphs, M.H., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2007. Research on Lupine-Induced "Crooked Calf Disease" at the Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory: Past, Present and Future. Poisonous Plants Global Research and Solutions. Chpt. 10, pp. 58 - 65.
Comparative Toxicosis of Sodium Selenite and Selenomethionine in Lambs - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tiwary, A.K., Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E., Hall, J.O. 2006. Comparative toxicosis of sodium selenite and selenomethionine in lambs. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation.
Locoweed (Oxytropis Sericea) Induced Lesions in Mule Deer (Odocoileius Hemionus) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A., Spraker, T.R. 2005. LOCOWEED (OXYTROPIS SERICEA) INDUCED LESIONS IN MULE DEER (ODOCOILEIUS HEMIONUS). Veterinary Pathology. 42(5): 566-78.
Locoweed (Oxytropis Sericea)-Induced Lesions in Mule Deer (Odocoileius Hemionus) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A., Spraker, T.R. 2005. Locoweed (oxytropis sericea)-induced lesions in mule deer (odocoileius hemionus). Veterinary Pathology 42:566-578.
Maternal Ingestion of Locoweed. Ii. the Ability of Intoxicated Ewes to Discriminate Their Own Lamb - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Astorga, J.B., Pfister, J.A., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2005. Maternal ingestion of locoweed (oxytropis sericea). ii. the ability of intoxicated ewes to discriminate their own lamb. Small Ruminant Research, 65:64-69.
Maternal Ingestion of Locoweed. I. Effects on Ewe-Lamb Bonding and Behaviour - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Astorga, J.B., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Molyneux, R.J. 2005. Maternal ingestion of locoweed. i. effects on ewe-lamb bonding and behaviour. Small Ruminant Research 65:51-63
Maternal Ingestion of Locoweed. I. Effects on Ewe-Lamb Bonding and Behaviour - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pfister, J.A., Astorga, J.B., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., Molyneux, R.J. 2005. Maternal ingestion of locoweed. i. effects on ewe-lamb bonding and behaviour. Small Ruminant Research.
Evaluation of the Respiratory Elimination Kinetics of Selenium after Oral Administration in Sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tiwary, A.K., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Hall, J.O. 2005. Evaluation of the respiratory elimination kinetics of selenium after oral administration in sheep. American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol. 66 No. 12 pp. 2142 - 2148.
Evaluation of the Respiratory Elimination Kinetics of Selenium after Oral Administration in Sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tiwary, A.K., Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Hall, J.O. 2005. Evaluation of the respiratory elimination kinetics of selenium after oral administration in sheep. American Journal of Veterinary Research.
Clinical and Pathological Effects of Short-term Cyanide Repeated Dosing to Goats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Soto-Blanci, B., Stegelmeier, B.L., Gorniak, S.L. 2005. Clinical and Pathological Effects of Short-term Cyanide Repeated Dosing to Goats. Journal of Applied Toxicology.
The Clinical and Morphological Changes of Intermittent Locoweed (Oxytropis Sericea) Poisoning in Sheep - (Proceedings)
Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Panter, K.E., Molyneux, R.J., Gardner, D.R., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2003. The clinical and morphological changes of intermittent locoweed (oxytropis sericea) poisoning in sheep. Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
Toxicity of a Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid, Riddelliine, in Neonatal Pigs - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Panter, K.E., Molyneux, R.J., Gardner, D.R., Schoch, T.K., Lee, S.T., Ralphs, M.H., Pfister, J.A. 2003. Toxicity of a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, riddelliine, in neonatal pigs. Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
Characterization of Steroidal Sapogenins in Panicum Virgatum L. (Switchgrass) - (Proceedings)
Lee, S.T., Stegelmeier, B.L., Gardner, D.R., Vogel, K.P. 2003. Characterization of steroidal sapogenins in panicum virgatum l. (switchgrass). Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
The Detection and Estimation of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Plants and Feeds Using An Elisa - (Proceedings)
Lee, S.T., Schoch, T.K., Stegelmeier, B.L., Gardner, D.R., Than, K.A., Molyneux, R.J. 2003. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid measurement in plants, feeds, and food supplies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
Grazing of Spotted Locoweed (Astragalus Lentiginosus)by Cattle and Horses in Arizona - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., STEGELMEIER, B.L., GARDNER, D.R., JAMES, L.F. GRAZING OF SPOTTED LOCOWEED (ASTRAGALUS LENTIGINOSUS)BY CATTLE AND HORSES IN ARIZONA. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 81:2285-2293, 2003.
Screening Poisonous Plant Toxins for Cytotoxicity Using Bovine Embryos produced by in Vitro Fertilization Techniques - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., James, L.F., Wang, .S., Gardner, D.R., Gaffield Jr, W.P., Molyneux, R.J., Stegelmeier, B.L., Bunch, .T. 2004. Screening poisonous plant toxins for cytotoxicity using bovine embryos produced by in vitro fertilization techniques. Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
Neurologic Disease in Range Goats Associated with Oxytropis Sericea (Locoweed)poisoning and Water Deprivation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F., Hall, J.O., Mattix, M.T. 2001. Neurologic disease in range goats associated with oxytropis sericea (locoweed)poisoning and water deprivation. Veterinary and Human Toxicology.
Development of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays for Isocupressic Acid and Serum Metabolites of Isocupressic Acid - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., GARDNER, D.R., GARROSSIAN, M., PANTER, K.E., SERREQI, A.N., SCHOCH, T.K., WIERENGA, T.L. DEVELOPMENT OF ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAYS FOR ISOCUPRESSIC ACID AND SERUM METABOLITES OF ISOCUPRESSIC ACID. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 2003.
Catastrophic Cattle Loss to Low Larkspur (Delphinium Nuttallianum) in Idaho - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L., HACKETT, K., SECRIST, G. CATASTROPHIC CATTLE LOSS TO LOW LARKSPUR (DELPHINIUM NUTTALLIANUM) IN IDAHO. VETERINARY AND HUMAN TOXICOLOGY. Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 137-139, 2003.
The Toxicity and Kinetics of Larkspur Alkaloid, Methyllycaconitine, in Mice - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L., Hall, J.0., Gardner, D.R., Panter, K.E. 2003. The toxicity and kinetics of larkspur alkaloid, methyllycaconitine, in mice. Journal of Animal Science.
Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2004. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid containing plants (senecio, crotalaria, cynoglossum,amsinckia, heliotropium and echium spp.). Veterinary Clinical Toxicology.
Nitropropanol Glycosides (Astragalus, Coronilla) - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2004. Nitropropanol glycosides (astragalus, coronilla). Veterinary Clinical Toxicology.
Development of An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Veratrum Plant Teratogens: Cyclopamine and Jervine - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., PANTER, K.E., GAFFIELD JR, W.P., STEGELMEIER, B.L. DEVEELOPMENT OF AN ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY FOR THE PLANT TERATOGENS CYCLOPAMINE AND JERVINE. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 2003.
High-Mountain Disease (Brisket Disease, Pulmonary Hypertensive Heart Disease) - (Book / Chapter)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2005. High-mountain disease (brisket disease, pulmonary hypertensive heart disease). Merck Veterinary Manual.
Evaluation of Vaccination Against Methyllycaconitine Toxicity in Mice Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., STEGELMEIER, B.L., PANTER, K.E., PFISTER, J.A., GARDNER, D.R., SCHOCH, T.K., JAMES, L.F. EVALUATION OF ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION AGAINST METHYLLYCACONITINE TOXICITY IN MICE. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 2003, 81:232-238.
Evaluation of Vaccination Against Methyllycaconitine Toxicity in Mice - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lee, S.T., Stegelmeier, B.L., Panter, K.E., Pfister, J.A., Gardner, D.R., Schoch, T.K., James, L.F. 2003. Evaluation of vaccination against methyyllycaconitine toxicity in mice. Journal of Animal Science.
Equine Photosensitization - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stegelmeier, B.L. 2002. Equine photosensitization. Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice.
Plains Larkspur (Delphinium Geyeri) Grazing by Cattle in Wyoming - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L., KNIGHT, A.P., WAGGONER, J.W., HALL, J.O. PLAINS LARKSPUR (DELPHINIUM GEYERI) GRAZING BY CATTLE IN WYOMING. JOURNAL OF RANGE MANAGEMENT. 2002.
Prior Feeding Practices Do Not Influence Locoweed Consumption - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ralphs, M.H., Greathouse, G., Knight, A.P., Doherty, D., Graham, J.D., Stegelmeier, B.L., James, L.F. 2002. Influence of winter feeding regimen on locoweed consumption in the spring. Journal of Range Management.
Conditioning Taste Aversions to Locoweed (Oxytropis Sericea) in Horses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., STEGELMEIER, B.L., CHENEY, C.D., RALPHS, M.H., GARDNER, D.R. CONDITIONED TASTE AVERSIONS TO LOCOWEED (OXYTROPIS SERICEA) IN HORSES. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 2002.
The Isolation and Identification of Steroidal Sapogenins in Switchgrass - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., STEGELMEIER, B.L., GARDNER, D.R., VOGEL, K.P. THE ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF STEROIDAL SAPOGENINS IN SWITCHGRASS. JOURNAL OF NATURAL TOXINS. 2001.
Reproductive Losses to Poisonous Plants: Influence of Management Strategies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PANTER, K.E., JAMES, L.F., GARDNER, D.R., RALPHS, M.H., PFISTER, J.A., STEGELMEIER, B.L., LEE, S.T. REPRODUCTIVE LOSSES TO POISONOUS PLANTS: INFLUENCE OF MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES. JOURNAL OF RANGE MANAGEMENT. 2002.
Risk Management to Reduce Livestock Losses from Toxic Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., PROVENZA, F., PANTER, K.E., STEGELMEIER, B.L., LAUNCHBAUGH, K.L. RISK MANAGEMENT TO REDUCE LIVESTOCK LOSSES FROM TOXIC PLANTS. JOURNAL OF RANGE MANAGEMENT 55:291-300, 2002.
Larkspur Poisoning: Toxicology and Alkaloid Structure-Activity Relationships - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PANTER, K.E., MANNERS, G.D., JAMES, L.F., GARDNER, D.R., RALPHS, M.H., PFISTER, J.A., STEGELMEIER, B.L., LEE, S.T. LARKSPUR POISONING: TOXICOLOGY AND ALKALOID STRUCTURE ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIPS. BIOCHEMICAL SYSTEMATICS AND ECOLOGY. 2002.
Management of Three Toxic Delphinium Species Based on Alkaloid Concentrations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., RALPHS, M.H., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L., MANNERS, G.D., PANTER, K.E., LEE, S.T. MANAGEMENT OF THREE TOXIC DELPHINIUM SPECIES BASED ON ALKALOID CONCENTRATIONS. BIOCHEMICAL SYSTEMATICS AND ECOLOGY. 2002.
Screening Poisonous Plant Toxins for Cytotoxicity Using Bovine Embryos Produced by in Vitro Fertilization Techniques - (Book / Chapter)
Panter, K.E., James, L.F., Wang, S., Gardner, D.R., Gaffield Jr, W.P., Molyneux, R.J., Stegelmeier, B.L., Bunch, T.D. 2004. Screening poisonous plant toxins for cytotoxicity using bovine embryos produced by in vitro fertilization techniques. Poisonous Plants Symposium Proceedings.
Development of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays for the Hepatotoxic Alkaloids Riddelliine and Riddelliine N-Oxide - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., SCHOCH, T.K., STEGELMEIER, B.L., GARDNER, D.R., THAN, K.A., MOLYNEUX, R.J. DEVELOPMENT OF ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAYS FOR THE HEPATOTOXIC ALKALOIDS RIDDELLIINE AND RIDDELLIINE N-OXIDE. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 2001.
Alkaloids As Anti-Quality Factors in Plants on Western U.S. Rangelands - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PFISTER, J.A., PANTER, K.E., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L., RALPHS, M.H., MOLYNEUX, R.J., LEE, S.T. ALKALOIDS AS ANTI-QUALITY FACTORS IN PLANTS ON WESTERN U.S. RANGELANDS. JOURNAL OF RANGE MANAGEMENT. 2001.
Development of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays for Toxic Larkspur (Delphinium SPP.)ALKALOIDS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEE, S.T., SCHOCH, T.K., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L. DEVELOPMENT OF ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAYS FOR TOXIC LARKSPUR ALKALOIDS. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL FOOD & CHEMICAL. 2000.
Reproductive Toxicosis of Food Animals - (Review Article)
Panter, K.E., Stegelmeier, B.L. 2000. Reproductive toxicosis of food animals. Veterinary Clinics of North America.
Gc/ms/ms Detection of Pyrrolic Metabolites in Animals Poisoned with the Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Riddelline - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SCHOCH, T.K., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L. GC/MS/MS DETECTION OF PYRROLIC METABOLITES IN ANIMALS POISONED WITH THE PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOID RIDDELLINE. VETERINARY AND HUMAN TOXICOLOGY. 2000.
Comparison of Cleft Palate Induction by Nicotiana Glauca in Goats and Sheep - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PANTER, K.E., WEINZWEIG, J., GARDNER, D.R., STEGELMEIER, B.L., JAMES, L.F. COMPARISON OF CLEFT PALATE INDUCTION BY NICOTIANA GLAUCA IN FETAL GOATS AND SHEEP. TERATOLOGY. 2000.
Selenium Poisoning in Cattle - (Book / Chapter) - (06-Jun-94)
Last Modified: 5/5/2010
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