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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Dale W. Spurgeon

Research Leader


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Feeding injury to cotton caused by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) nymphs and prereproductive adults - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2013. Feeding injury to cotton caused by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) nymphs and prereproductive adults. Environmental Entomology. Vol 42(5):967-972.
Response by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults to salivary preconditioning of cotton squares - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2013. Response by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults to salivary preconditioning of cotton squares. Journal of Entomological Science. 48(3):261-264.
Marked insects released in recapture studies may influence population estimates of native insects - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2013. Marked insects released in recapture studies may influence population estimates of native insects. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. Pp. 1156-1161. In Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN.
Sweepnet captures of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera:Miridae) adult genders and age-classes in cotton Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2013. Sweepnet captures of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera:Miridae) adult genders and age-classes in cotton. Journal of Entomological Science. 48(3):195-205.
Temperature-dependent egg development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2013. Temperature-dependent egg development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 106(1):124-130.
Disinfestation of Beauveria bassiana from adult Lygus hesperus using ultraviolet-C radiation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2012. Disinfestation of Beauveria bassiana from adult Lygus hesperus using ultraviolet-C radiation. Southwest Entomology. 37(4):449-457.
Feeding behavior and injury caused by Lygus hesperus - (Abstract Only) - (30-Sep-12)
Temperature-dependent reproductive development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2012. Temperature-dependent reproductive development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae). Environmental Entomology. 41(4):941-949.
Temperature dependent development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) nymphs Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2012. Temperature dependent development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) nymphs. Journal of Economic Entomology. 105: 860-865.
Injury to cotton by adult Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) of different gender and reproductive states - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2012. Injury to cotton by adult Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) of different gender and reproductive states. Environ. Entomol. 41:342-348.
Physiological consequences of laboratory rearing of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2012. Physiological consequences of laboratory rearing of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae). Environ. Entomol. 41:415-419.
Oviposition behaviors and ontogenetic embryonic characteristics of the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2012. Oviposition behaviors and ontogenetic embryonic characteristics of the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus. Journal of Insect Science. 12:36.
Efficacy of four soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 on cotton Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bennett, R., Spurgeon, D.W., Detar, W.R., Gerik, J.S., Hutmacher, R.B., Hanson, B.D. 2011. Efficacy of four soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum Race 4 on cotton. Plant Disease. 95:967-976.
Preliminary evaluation of drop cloth sampling efficiency for lygus adults in cotton - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2011. Preliminary evaluation of drop cloth sampling efficiency for lygus adults in cotton. National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 804-809.
Feeding injury to cotton caused by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults of different reproductive states - (Proceedings)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2011. Feeding injury to cotton caused by Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults of different reproductive states. National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 1215-1218.
Laboratory studies of variations in feeding behaviors among Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) of different gender and reproductive states Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2011. Laboratory studies of variations in feeding behaviors among Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) of different gender and reproductive states. Environmental Entomology. 40(2):367-373.
Among-sampler variation in sweep net samples of adult Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) in cotton Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2011. Among-sampler variation in sweep net samples of adult Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) in cotton. J. Econ. Entomol. 104:685-692.
Sweep net recapture of marked Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults after different release times in cotton Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2010. Sweep net recapture of marked Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) adults after different release times in cotton. Journal of Cotton Science. 14:131-137.
Variation among samplers using the sweep net for Lygus hesperus adults in cotton. - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cooper, W.R. 2010. Variation among samplers using the sweep net for Lygus hesperus adults in cotton. National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 1219-1224.
Use of video assays to assess feeding behavior by Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae). - (Proceedings)
Cooper, W.R., Spurgeon, D.W. 2010. Use of video assays to assess feeding behavior by Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae). National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 1306-1311.
Morphological characters of diapause in Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Brent, C.S. 2010. Morphological characters of diapause in Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae). J. Entomol. Sci. 45(4):303-316.
Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana against Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) at Low Temperatures. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2010. Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana against Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) at Low Temperatures. J.Entomol. Sci. 45: 211-219.
New genotypes of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum from the Southeastern United States Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Holmes, E.A., Bennett, R.S., Spurgeon, D.W., Colyer, P.D., Davis, R.M. 2009. New Genotypes of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum from the Southeastern United States. Plant Disease. 93:1298-1304.
Soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, R., Spurgeon, D.W., Detar, W.R., Hanson, B.D., Gerik, J.S., Hutmacher, R.B., Davis, M.R. 2009. Soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4. American Phytopathological Society. Phytopathology. 99:S10.
Using Marked Lygus hesperus (Knight) (Hemiptera: Miridae) Adults to Evaluate Sweepnet Sampling in Cotton. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2009. Using Marked Lygus hesperus (Knight) (Hemiptera: Miridae) Adults to Evaluate Sweepnet Sampling in Cotton. Journal of Cotton Science. 13: 196-205.
Observations of diapause characters in the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus. - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2009. Observations of diapause characters in the western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 807-812.
Pheromone Production by the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Fed Cotton Squares and Bolls. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W. and C.P.-C. Suh. 2009. Pheromone Production by the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Fed Cotton Squares and Bolls. Journal of Entomological Science. 44:209-221.
Soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4 - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, R., Spurgeon, D.W., Detar, W.R., Hanson, B.D., Gerik, J.S., Hutmacher, R.B., Davis, R. 2009. Soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference, San Antonio, Texas, January 5 to 8, 2009. p.209.
Comparisons of boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) pheromone traps with and without kill strips - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Suh, C.P., Armstrong, J.S., Spurgeon, D.W., Duke, S.E. 2009. Comparisons of boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) pheromone traps with and without kill strips. Journal of Economic Entomology. 102:183-186.
Host-free Survival of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Two Regions of Texas. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., and Rummel, D.R. 2008. Host-free Survival of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Two Regions of Texas. Southwest Entomol. 33:151-152.
Beauveria bassiana Activity Against Lygus hesperus at Low Temperatures. - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., and Hudson, N.D. 2008. Beauveria bassiana Activity Against Lygus hesperus at Low Temperatures. Proc. Beltwide Cotton conf., National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN. pp. 1316-1321.
Seasonal patterns in host-free survival of the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the subtropics - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2008. Seasonal patterns in host-free survival of the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the subtropics. Journal of Entomological Science. 43(1):13-26.
Supercooling in the adult boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) relative to physiological condition and diet - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Suh, C.P., Spurgeon, D.W. 2007. Supercooling in the adult boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) relative to physiological condition and diet. Journal of Entomological Science. 42:320-328.
Diel Patterns of Pheromone Production in the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P. 2007. Diel patterns of pheromone production in the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Entomological Science. 42:250-260.
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Adult Diapause Responses to Selected Environmental and Dietary Conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Raulston, J.R. 2006. Boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) adult diapause responses to selected environmental and dietary conditions. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 99:1085-1100.
Host-Free Survival of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Previously Fed Vegetative-Stage Regrowth Cotton - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Suh, C.P., Spurgeon, D.W. 2006. Host-free survival of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) previously fed vegetative-stage regrowth cotton. Journal of Entomological Science. 41:277-284.
Captures of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Traps Associated with Different Habitats - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Raulston, J.R. 2006. Captures of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in traps associated with different habitats. Journal of Economic Entomology. 99:752-756.
Interactions Between Trap Placement and Boll Weevil Colonization of Cotton - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Cattaneo, M. 2006. Interactions between trap placement and boll weevil colonization of cotton. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 3-6, 2006, San Antonio, Texas. 2006 CDROM.
Boll Weevil Trap Captures As a Function of Distance from Brush Lines - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Anderson, R.M. 2006. Boll weevil trap captures as a function of distance from brush lines. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 3-6, 2006, San Antonio, Texas. 2006 CDROM.
Comparisons of Standard and Extended-Life Boll Weevil Pheromone Lures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Armstrong, J.S., Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P. 2006. Comparisons of standard and extended-life boll weevil pheromone lures. Journal of Economic Entomology. 99:323-330.
Ecologically-Based Ipm in Cotton - (Book / Chapter)
Spurgeon, D.W. 2007. Ecologically-based IPM in cotton. In: Koul, O., Cuperus, G.W., editors. Ecologically-Based Integrated Pest Management. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. p. 367-405.
Size-Dependent Feeding and Reproduction by the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Setamou, M. 2005. Size-dependent feeding and reproduction by the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 98:749-756.
Trapping Comparisons of Standard Grandlure with the Super Formulation for Boll Weevils in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas - (Proceedings)
Armstrong, J.S., Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P. 2005. Trapping comparisons of standard grandlure with the super formulation for boll weevils in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 4-7, 2005, New Orleans, Louisiana. 2005 CDROM.
Spatial Distribution Patterns of the Mexican Rice Borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Sugar Cane - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Raulston, J.R. 2005. Spatial distribution patterns of the Mexican rice borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in sugar cane. Journal of Entomological Science. 40:16-24.
Longevity of Overwintered Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on Pre-Fruiting Cotton - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Esquivel, J.F., Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P.C. 2004. Longevity of overwintered boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on pre-fruiting cotton. Journal of Cotton Science. 8(1):13-16.
Preliminary Observations on the Daily Pattern of Pheromone Production by Individual Boll Weevils - (Proceedings)
Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P. 2004. Preliminary observations on the daily pattern of pheromone production by individual boll weevils. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-9, 2004, San Antonio, Texas. 2004 CDROM.
Detecting Cotton Fleahopper Movement into Fields with Sticky Traps - (Proceedings)
Suh, C.P., Spurgeon, D.W., Knutson, A.E. 2004. Detecting cotton fleahopper movement into fields with sticky traps. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-9, 2004, San Antonio, Texas. 2004 CDROM.
Continuation of Pheromone Production by Boll Weevils Following Host Removal - (Proceedings)
Suh, C.P., Spurgeon, D.W. 2004. Continuation of pheromone production by boll weevils following host removal. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-9, 2004, San Antonio, Texas. 2004 CDROM.
Population Patterns of Mexican Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Adults Indicated by Different Sampling Methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Esquivel, J.F., Suh, C.P. 2004. Population patterns of Mexican corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) adults indicated by different sampling methods. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97(2):687-694.
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera:curculionidae) Feeding and Reproduction As Functions of Cotton Square Availability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Spurgeon, D.W., Setamou, M. 2003. Boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feeding and reproduction as functions of cotton square availability. Environmental Entomology. 32(3):698-704.
Diet-Mediated Termination of Boll Weevil Dormancy - (Proceedings)
SPURGEON, D.W., SUH, C.P. DIET-MEDIATED TERMINATION OF BOLL WEEVIL DORMANCY. NATIONAL COTTON COUNCIL BELTWIDE COTTON CONFERENCE. 2003. pp. 1511-1514. (CD-ROM)
Evaluation of sticky traps for monitoring cotton fleahopper movement into cotton - (Proceedings)
Suh, C.P., Spurgeon, D.W., Knutson, A. 2003. Evaluation of sticky traps for monitoring cotton fleahopper movement into cotton. Proceedings of Beltwide Cotton Conference,Memphis, TN, January 6-10, 2003. p. 1444-1447.
Sampling Efficiency of the Keep-It-Simple-Sampler for Adult Boll Weevils - (Proceedings)
Esquivel, J.F., Spurgeon, D.W., Suh, C.P. 2003. Sampling efficiency of the keep-it-simple-sampler for adult boll weevils. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference. p. 1572-1574.
A system for characterizing reproductive and diapause morphology in the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Suh, C.P. 2003. A system for characterizing reproductive and diapause morphology in the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 96:1-11.
Early-Season Colonization Patterns of the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Central Texas Cotton - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
REARDON, B., SPURGEON, D.W. EARLY-SEASON COLONIZATION PATTERNS OF THE BOLL WEEVIL (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) IN CENTRAL TEXAS COTTON. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 2003. 96(2):328-333.
Age Dependence of Pheromone Production by the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SPURGEON, D.W. AGE DEPENDENCE OF PHEROMONE PRODUCTION BY THE BOLL WEEVIL (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE). ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2003. 32(1):31-38.
Emergence of Overwintered Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Relation to Microclimatic Factors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
WESTBROOK, J.K., SPURGEON, D.W., EYSTER, R.S., SCHLEIDER, P.G. EMERGENCE OF OVERWINTERED BOLL WEEVILS (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) IN RELATION TO MICROCLIMATIC FACTORS. ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2003. V. 32. P. 133-140.
Evaluation of Kill Strips on Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Mortality in Pheromone Traps and Impact on Weevil Escape - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SUH, C.P., SPURGEON, D.W., HAGOOD, S. EVALUATION OF KILL STRIPS ON BOLL WEEVIL (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) MORTALITY IN PHEROMONE TRAPS AND IMPACT ON WEEVIL ESCAPE. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 2003. 96(2):348-351.
Head Capsule Widths of Larval Instars of the Boll Weevil - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (26-Aug-02)
A hexamerin protein, AgSP-1, is associated with diapause in the boll weevil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lewis, D.K., Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Keeley, L.L. 2002. A hexamerin protein, AgSP-1, is associated with diapause in the boll weevil. Journal of Insect Physiology. 48:887-901.
Critical Weights of Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculianidae) Larvae in Relation to Square Desiccation and Natural Mortality - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (08-Jul-02)
Toxicity of Ingested Photoactive Dyes to Adults of the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (13-Apr-02)
Influence of Feeding Status and Physiological Condition on Supercooling Points of Adult Weevils. - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (21-Feb-02)
Temperature Dependence of Boll Weevil, Anthonomus Grandis, Host-Free Survival - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-02)
Longevity of Overwintered Boll Weevils on Pre-Fruiting Cotton - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-02)
Reproductive Development of Overwintered Female Boll Weevils Fed Vegetative Stage Cotton Plants - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-02)
The Influence of Diet Quality and Physiology on Boll Weevil (Anthonomus Grandis) Pheromone Production - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-02)
Seasonal Distribution of Boll Weevils, Anthonomus Grandis, Captured in Pheromone Traps Near Cotton and Uncultivated Habitats in Central Texas - (Proceedings) - (08-Jan-02)
Emergence of Overwintering Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Associated with Micrometeorological Factors - (Proceedings) - (30-Jul-01)
Biocommunication in Insects - (Book / Chapter) - (15-Oct-00)
Monitoring Pheromone Production of Individual Boll Weevils - (Proceedings) - (08-Jan-00)
Effect of Food Type and Feeding Rate on Boll Weevil Diapause - (Proceedings) - (08-Jan-00)
Fate of Starved Boll Weevil Larvae As a Function of Larval Weight - (Proceedings) - (08-Jan-00)
Preferred Technique for Adult Sex Determination of the Boll Weevil, Anthonomus Grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (02-Aug-99)
An Improved Tractor-Mounted Pneumatic Insect Collector - (Proceedings) - (15-Jan-98)
Influence of Fruit on Sampling and Control of Adult Boll Weevils - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (15-Oct-97)
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Reproductive Development As a Function of Temperature - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (05-Oct-97)
Comparative Evaluation of a Tractor Mounted Sampler for Sampling Arthropodsin Cotton - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (20-Sep-97)
An Overview of Crop Insects Research Unit Boll Weevil Research Activities - (Proceedings) - (15-Jan-97)
Population Trends of Beet Armyworm and Natural Enemy Associates on Lower Rio Grande Valley Cotton During the 1996 Production Season - (Proceedings) - (08-Jan-97)
Movement of Boll Weevils Relative to Cotton Plant Phenology - (Proceedings) - (05-Dec-96)
Boll Weevil Reproductive Development Responses to Crowding and Variations in Host Quality - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-96)
An Analysis of the Beet Armyworm Outbreak on Cotton in the Lower Rio Grandevalley of Texas During the 1995 Production Season - (Proceedings) - (11-Jan-96)
Last Modified: 7/24/2012
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