Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

CARL J. BERNACCHI

Plant Physiologist


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Inconsistency of mesophyll conductance estimate causes the inconsistency for the estimates of maximum rate of Rubisco carboxylation among the linear, rectangular, and non-rectangular hyperbola biochemical models of leaf... - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sun, J., Feng, Z., Leakey, A., Zhu, X., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R. 2014. Inconsistency of mesophyll conductance estimate causes the inconsistency for the estimates of maximum rate of Rubisco carboxylation among the linear, rectangular, and non-rectangular hyperbola biochemical models of leaf.... Plant Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.06.015.
Biochemical acclimation, stomatal limitation and precipitation patterns underlie decreases in photosynthetic stimulation of Soybean (Glycine max) at elevated [CO2] and temperatures under fully open air field conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rosenthal, D.M., Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Siebers, M.H., Gray, S.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R. 2014. Biochemical acclimation, stomatal limitation and precipitation patterns underlie decreases in photosynthetic stimulation of Soybean (Glycine max) at elevated [CO2] and temperatures under fully open air field conditions. Plant Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.06.013.
Productivity and carbon dioxide exchange of the leguminous crops: Estimates from flux tower measurements Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gilmanov, T., Baker, J.M., Bernacchi, C.J., Billesbach, D.P., Burba, G.G., Castro, S., Eugster, W., Fischer, M.L., Gamon, J.A., Gebremedhin, M.T., Glenn, A.J., Griffis, T.J., Hatfield, J.L., Heuer, M.W., Howard, D.M., Leclerc, M.Y., Loescher, H.L., Matloie, O., Matamala, R., Meyers, T.P., Olioso, A., Phillips, R.L., Prueger, J.H., Skinner, R.H., Suyker, A.E., Tenuta, M., Wylie, B.K. 2014. Productivity and carbon dioxide exchange of the leguminous crops: Estimates from flux tower measurements. Agronomy Journal. 106(2):545-559.
Analysis of soybean leaf metabolism and seed coat transcriptome reveal sink strength is maintained under abiotic stress conditions - (Abstract Only) - (29-May-13)
How will the two major Midwest crops respond to global climate change? Results from ten years of investigation at SoyFACE - (Abstract Only) - (17-May-13)
Impacts of elevated CO2 concentration on the productivity and surface energy budget of the soybean and maize agroecosystem in the Midwest US - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (13-May-13)
Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Locke, A.M., Sack, L., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R. 2013. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field. Annals Of Botany. 112(5):911-918.
Modelling C3 photosynthesis from the chloroplast to the ecosystem - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bernacchi, C.J., Bagley, J.E., Serbin, S.P., Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Rosenthal, D.M., VanLoocke, A.D. 2013. Modelling C3 photosynthesis from the chloroplast to the ecosystem. Plant Cell and Environment. 36:1641-1657.
Water use efficiency of perennial and annual bioenergy crops in central Illinois - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zeri, M., Zaman Hussain, M., Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., DeLucia, E.H., Bernacchi, C.J. 2013. Water use efficiency of perennial and annual bioenergy crops in central Illinois. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. 118(2):581-589.
Global warming can negate the expected CO2 stimulation in photosynthesis and productivity for soybean grown in the Midwest United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Siebers, M., Gray, S., Rosenthal, D.M., Kimball, B.A., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J. 2013. Global warming can negate the expected CO2 stimulation in photosynthesis and productivity for soybean grown in the Midwest United States. Plant Physiology. 162:410-423.
Future carbon dioxide concentration decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion by field-grown maize - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hussain, M.Z., VanLoocke, A., Markelz, R., Leakey, A., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J. 2013. Future carbon dioxide concentration decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion by field-grown maize. Global Change Biology. 19(5):1572-1584.
Future carbon dioxide concentration decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion by field-grown maize - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hussain, M.Z., VanLoocke, A.D., Markelz, R., Siebers, M.H., Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Leakey, A., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J. 2013. Future carbon dioxide concentration decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion by field-grown maize. Global Change Biology. 19:1572-1584.
Gap filling strategies and error in estimating annual soil respiration - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gomez-Casanovas, N., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Zeri, M., Bernacchi, C.J., DeLucia, E.H. 2013. Gap filling strategies and error in estimating annual soil respiration. Global Change Biology. 19(6):1941-1952.
Altered belowground carbon cycling following land use change to perennial bioenergy crops - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., Masters, M.D., Black, C.K., Zeri, M., Hussain, Z., Bernacchi, C.J., DeLucia, E. 2013. Altered belowground carbon cycling following land use change to perennial bioenergy crops. Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9628-x.
CO2 uptake and ecophysiological parameters of the grain crops of midcontinent North America: estimates from flux tower measurements - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gilmanov, T.G., Wylie, B.K., Tieszen, L.L., Meyers, T.P., Amiro, B.D., Baron, V.S., Bernacchi, C.J., Billesbach, D.P., Burba, G.G., Fischer, M.L., Hatfield, J.L., Prueger, J.H. 2013. CO2 uptake and ecophysiological parameters of the grain crops of midcontinent North America: estimates from flux tower measurements. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 164:162-175.
Reduced nitrogen losses following conversion of row crop agriculture to perennial biofuel crops - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Smith, C.M., David, M.B., Mitchell, C.A., Masters, M.D., Anderson-Teixiera, K.J., Bernacchi, C.J., DeLucia, E.H. 2013. Reduced nitrogen losses following conversion of row crop agriculture to perennial biofuel crops. Journal of Environmental Quality. 42:219-228.
Impacts of herbaceous bioenergy crops on atmospheric volatile organic composition and potential consequences for global climate change - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (22-May-12)
A regional comparison of water use efficiency for miscanthus, switchgrass and maize - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
VanLoocke, A., Twine, T.E., Zeri, M., Bernacchi, C.J. 2012. A regional comparison of water use efficiency for miscanthus, switchgrass and maize. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 164:82-95.
Rising ozone concentrations decrease soybean evapotranspiration and water use efficiency while increasing canopy temperature - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
VanLoocke, A., Betzelberger, A.M., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J. 2012. Rising ozone concentrations decrease soybean evapotranspiration and water use efficiency while increasing canopy temperature. New Phytologist. 195(1):164-171.
Ozone decreases soybean productivity and water use efficiency - (Abstract Only)
Betzelberger, A.M., Vanloocke, A.D., Bernacchi, C.J., Ainsworth, E.A. 2011. Ozone decreases soybean productivity and water use efficiency [abstract]. American Geophysical Union. PA33B-1822.
Effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and maize (Zea mays) grown under open-air field conditions - (Abstract Only)
Ruiz Vera, U.M., Siebers, M., Rosenthal, D.M., Gray, S., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J. 2011. Effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and maize (Zea mays) grown under open-air field conditions [abstract]. American Society of Plant Biologists. Paper No. M2102.
No minimum threshold for ozone-induced changes in soybean canopy fluxes - (Abstract Only)
Vanloocke, A., Bernacchi, C.J., Ainsworth, E.A., Betzelberger, A.M. 2011. No minimum threshold for ozone-induced changes in soybean canopy fluxes. [abstract]. American Society of Plant Biologists. Paper No. P06007.
Impact of simulated heat waves on soybean physiology and yield - (Abstract Only) - (20-Apr-11)
Impact of simulated heat waves on soybean physiology and yield - (Abstract Only)
Siebers, M.H., Yendrek, C.R., Black, C., Drag, D.W., Rios, L., Leakey, A., Ainsworth, E.A., Delucia, E., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J. 2011. Impact of simulated heat waves on soybean physiology and yield [abstract]. American Society of Plant Biologists. Paper No. M2103.
Carbon exchange by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zeri, M., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Hickman, G., Masters, M., DeLucia, E., Bernacchi, C.J. 2011. Carbon exchange by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 144:319-329.
A regional comparison of water-use efficiency for Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum - (Abstract Only)
VanLoocke, A., Zeri, M., Twine, T.E., Bernacchi, C.J. 2011. A regional comparison of water-use efficiency for Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum. AmeriFlux Science Meeting and 3rd NACP All Investigators Meeting. #D-83.
Net carbon uptake by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois - (Abstract Only)
Zeri, M., Anderson-Tiexeira, K., Hickman, G., Masters, M., Delucia, E., Bernacchi, C.J. 2011. Net carbon uptake by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois. AmeriFlux Science Meeting and 3rd NACP All Investigators Meeting. #C-61.
Ecohydrological Responses of Dense Canopies to Environmental Variability Part 1: Interplay Between Vertical Structure and Photosynthetic Pathway Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Drewry, D.T., Kumar, P., Long, S., Bernacchi, C.J., Liang, X., Sivapalan, M. 2010. Ecohydrological responses of dense canopies to environmental variability Part 1: Interplay between vertical structure and photosynthetic pathway. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. doi:10.1029/2010JG001340.
Ecohydrological Responses of Dense Canopies to Environmental Variability Part 2: Role of Acclimation Under Elevated CO2 Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Drewry, D.T., Kumar, P., Long, S., Bernacchi, C.J., Liang, X., Sivapalan, M. 2010. Ecohydrological responses of dense canopies to environmental variability Part 2: Role of acclimation under elevated CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. doi:10.1029/2010JG001341.
The Impacts of Miscanthus X gianteus Production on the Midwestern U.S. Hydrologic Cycle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
VanLoocke, A., Bernacchi, C.J., Twine, T.E. 2010. The Impacts of Miscanthus X gianteus Production on the Midwestern U.S. Hydrologic Cycle. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 2:180-191.
A Comparison of Canopy Evapotranspiration for Maize and Two Perennial Grass Species Identified as Potential Bioenergy Crops - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hickman, G.C., VanLoocke, A., Dohleman, F.G., Bernacchi, C.J. 2010. A Comparison of Canopy Evapotranspiration for Maize and Two Perennial Grass Species Identified as Potential Bioenergy Crops. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 2:157-168.
Does the Response of Leaf Photosynthetic Productivity to Rising Atmospheric Temperature and CO2 Scale Up to the Canopy? - (Abstract Only)
Rosenthal, D.M., Siebers, M.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Long, S.P., Ort, D.R. 2010. Does the Response of Leaf Photosynthetic Productivity to Rising Atmospheric Temperature and CO2 Scale Up to the Canopy? American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting. Available: http://abstracts.aspb.org/pb2010/public/P15/P15021.html.
Does the Response of Leaf Photosynthetic Productivity to Rising Atmospheric Temperature and CO2 Scale Up to the Canopy? - (Abstract Only)
Rosenthal, D.M., Bernacchi, C.J., Long, S.P., Ort, D.R. 2010. Does the Response of Leaf Photosynthetic Productivity to Rising Atmospheric Temperature and CO2 Scale Up to the Canopy? Ecological Society of America Abstracts. Available: http://www.esa.org/meetings/archivedabstracts.php.
Cropland Carbon Fluxes in the United States: Increasing Geospatial Resolution of Inventory-based Carbon Accounting Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
West, T.O., Brandt, C.C., Baskaran, L.M., Hellwinckel, C.M., Mueller, R., Bernacchi, C.J., Bandaru, V., Yang, B., Wilson, B.S., Marland, G., Nelson, R.G., De La Torre Ugarte, D.G., Post, W.M. 2010. Cropland Carbon Fluxes in the United States: Increasing Geospatial Resolution of Inventory-based Carbon Accounting. Ecological Applications. 20(4):1074-1086.
Growth of soybean at midcentury tropospheric ozone concentrations decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bernacchi, C.J., Leakey, A., Kimball, B.A., Ort, D.R. 2011. Growth of soybean at midcentury tropospheric ozone concentrations decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion. Environmental Pollution. 159:1464-1472.
Elevated CO2 Significantly Delays Reproductive Development of Soybean under Free-Air Concentration Enrichment (FACE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Castro, J.C., Dohleman, F.G., Bernacchi, C.J., Long, S.P. 2009. Elevated CO2 Significantly Delays Reproductive Development of Soybean Under Free-Air Concentration Enrichment (FACE). Journal of Experimental Botany. 60(10):2945-2951.
An in Vivo Analysis of the Effect of Season-Long Open-Air Elevation of Ozone to Anticipated 2050 Levels on Photosynthesis in Soybean - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morgan, P.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R., Long, S.P. 2004. An In Vivo Analysis of The Effect of Season-Long, Open-Air Elevation of Ozone to Anticipated 2050 Levels On Photosynthesis in Soybean. Plant Physiology. 135:2348-2357.
The Growth of Soybean under Free Air Concentration Enrichment (Face) Stimulates Photosynthesis While Decreasing in Vivo Rubisco Capacity - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R., Morgan, P.B., Long, S.P. 2004. The Growth of Soybean Under Free Air Concentration Enrichment (FACE) Stimulates Photosynthesis While Decreasing In Vivo Rubisco Capacity [abstract]. Planta (2005) 220:434-446.
The Heart Project: Determining How the Major Agricultural Ecosystem of the U.S. Will Respond to Atmospheric Change in 2050 - (Abstract Only)
Leakey, A., Bernacchi, C.J., Below, F., Bordigno, R., Mies, T., Morgan, P., Nelson, R.L., Ort, D.R., Uribellarea, M., Long, S. 2004. The heart project: determining how the major agricultural ecosystem of the U.S. will respond to atmospheric change in 2050 [abstract]. Plant Biology Annual Meeting.
Leaf Photosynthesis and Carbohydrate Dynamics of Soybeans Grown Throughout Their Life-Cycle under Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rogers, A., Allen, D.J., Davey, P.A., Morgan, P.B., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J., Cornic, G., Dermody, O., Heaton, E.A., Mahoney, J., Zhu, X., Delucia, E.H., Ort, D.R., Long, S.P. 2004. Leaf photosynthesis and carbohydrate dynamics of soybeans grown throughout their life-cycle under free-air carbon dioxide enrichment. Plant Cell and Environment. 27:449-458.
How Will Photosynthesis of Maize in the Us Corn Belt Respond to Future Co2 Rich Atmospheres? - (Proceedings)
Leakey, A., Bernacchi, C.J., Dohleman, F., Ort, D.R., Long, S. 2004. How Will Photosynthesis of Maize In The U.S. Corn Belt respond To Future CO2 Rich Atmospheres? Soybean Biotechnology Meeting. p. 951-962.
Will Photosynthesis of Maize (Zea Mays) in the U.S. Corn Belt Increase in Future [co2] Rich Atmospheres? An Analysis of Diurnal Courses of Co2 Uptake under Free-Air Concentration Enrichment (Face) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leakey, A.D., Bernacchi, C.J., Dohleman, F.G., Ort, D.R. 2004. Will photosynthesis of maize (zea mays) in the U.S. corn belt increase in future [CO2] rich atmospheres? an analysis of diurnal courses of CO2 uptake under free-air concentration enrichment (face). Global Change Biology. 10:951-962.
Photosynthetic Responses of Poplar and Soybean to Free Air Enrichment of Co2 - (Abstract Only)
BERNACCHI, C.J., MORGAN, P.B., ORT, D.R., LONG, S.P. PHOTOSYNTHETIC RESPONSES OF POPLAR AND SOYBEAN TO FREE AIR ENRICHMENT OF CO2. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY SUPPLEMENT. 2003. Abstract p. 92.
Will Photosynthesis of Maize (Zea Mays) in the U.S. Corn Belt Increase in Future [co2] Rich Atmospheres? An Analysis of Diurnal Courses of Co2 Uptake under Free-Air Concentration Enrichment (Face) - (Abstract Only)
LEAKEY, A.D., BERNACCHI, C.J., LONG, S.P., ORT, D.R. WILL PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS) IN THE U.S. CORN BELT INCREASE IN FUTURE [CO2] RICH ATMOSPHERES? AN ANALYSIS OF DIURNAL COURSES OF CO2 UPTAKE UNDER FREE-AIR CONCENTRATION ENRICHMENT (FACE). PLANT PHYSIOLOGY SUPPLEMENT. 2003. Abstract. p. 45.
Gas Exchange Measurements, What Can They Tell Us About the Underlying Limitations to Photosynthesis? Procedures and Sources of Error - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LONG, S.P., BERNACCHI, C.J. 2003. Gas exchange measurements, what can they tell us about the underlying limitations to photosynthesis? procedures and sources of error. J. Experimental Botany.
Energy Balance and Evapotranspiration of Soybean Exposed to Free Air Gas Concentration Enrichment of Co2 and Ozone - (Abstract Only) - (01-Jun-03)
Altered Photosynthesis and Biomass Production by Soybean Grown in Future Ozone Concentrations under Open-Air Field Conditions - (Abstract Only) - (01-Jun-03)
Univariate Effect of Elevated Co2 Or O3 on Water Relations of Soybean and Corn Leaves - (Abstract Only)
Wall, G.W., Kimball, B.A., Ort, D.R., Bernacchi, C.J., Olivieri, L.M., Long, S.P., Harrison, M. 2003. Univariate Effect of Elevated CO2 or O3 On Water Relations of Soybean and Corn Leaves. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Proceedings.
Carbon & Nitrogen Dytnamics in Soybean Grown in the Field under Elevated Levels of Carbon Dioxide - (Abstract Only) - (01-Jun-03)
Photosynthesis and Stomatal Conductance Responses of Poplars to Free-Air Co2 Enrichment (Popface) During the First Growth Cycle and Immediately Following Coppice - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
BERNACCHI, C.J., CALFAPIETRA, C., DAVEY, P.A., WITTIG, V.E., SCARASCLE-MUGNOZZA, G.E., RAINES, C.A., LONG, S.P. 2003. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance responses of poplars to free-air CO2 enrichment (PopFACE) during the first growth cycle and immediately following coppice. New Phytologist.
Temperature Response of Mesophyll Conductance, Implications for the Determination of Rubisco Enzyme Kinetics and for Limitations to Photosynthesis in Vivo - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
BERNACCHI, C.J., PORTIS JR, A.R., NAKANO, H., VON CAEMMERER, S., LONG, S.P. TEMPERATURE RESPONSE OF MESOPHYLL CONDUCTANCE, IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF RUBISCO ENZYME KINETICS AND FOR LIMITATIONS TO PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN VIVO. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. 2002. v. 130. p. 1992-1998.
The Central Role of Plant Biology, from Molecular to Ecophysiological Research, in Understanding and Adapting to Global Atmospheric Change - (Abstract Only) - (08-Aug-02)
Last Modified: 9/29/2013
Footer Content Back to Top of Page