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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Murray R. Bakst

Research Physiologist (Poultry)


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
New observations regarding staging turkey embryos from oviposition through primitive streak formation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Wade, A.J. 2014. New observations regarding staging turkey embryos from oviposition through primitive streak formation. Avian Biology Research. 7:99-105.
The inner perivitelline layer sperm-hole assay: use of filter paper rings for the isolation of the perivitelline layer overlying the germinal disc and new observations on its morphology - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Eastridge, J.S., Malecki, I.A. 2014. The inner perivitelline layer sperm-hole assay: use of filter paper rings for the isolation of the perivitelline layer overlying the germinal disc and new observations on its morphology. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 23:121-128.
Artificial insemination in poultry - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R., Dymond, J.E. 2013. Artificial insemination in poultry. Book Chapter. INTECH, Quality if Semen and Diagnostics Employed. Rijeka, Croatia: INTECH p.175-195.
Short preincubations during egg storage increase hatchability and chick quality in long-stored broiler eggs - (Proceedings)
Dymond, J.E., Nicohson, D., Vinyard, B.T., French, N., Bakst, M.R. 2013. Short preincubations during egg storage increase hatchability and chick quality in long-stored broiler eggs. World Poultry Science Association Proceedings. 92:2977–2987.
Oviducal sperm storage in poultry - (Proceedings)
Bakst, M.R., Dymond, J.E. 2013. Oviducal sperm storage in poultry. World Poultry Science Association Proceedings. Cd.
Comparison blastoderms traits from two lines of broilers before and after egg storage and incubation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V.G., Nicholson, D., French, N. 2012. Comparison blastoderms traits from two lines of broilers before and after egg storage and incubation. Poultry Science. 91 :2645–2648.
Effect of 17ß trenbolone on male and female reproduction in japanese quail (Coturnix japonica japonica) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Henry, P.F., Chen, Y., Karouna-Renier, N., Sprague, D., Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V.G. 2012. Effect of 17ß trenbolone on male and female reproduction in japanese quail (Coturnix japonica japonica). Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews. 5:61-68.
Role of the oviduct in maintaining sustained fertility in hens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R. 2011. Role of the oviduct in maintaining sustained fertility in hens. Journal of Animal Science. 89:1323-1329.
Oviductal expression of avidin, avidin-related protein-2 and progesterone receptor in turkey hens in relation to sperm storage: effects of oviduct tissue type, sperm presence, and turkey line - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Foye-Jackson, O., Long, J.A., Bakst, M.R., Blomberg, L., Akuffo, V.G., Silva, M.V., Guthrie, H.D., Mcmurtry, J.P. 2011. Oviductal expression of avidin, avidin-related protein-2 and progesterone receptor in turkey hens in relation to sperm storage: effects of oviduct tissue type, sperm presence, and turkey line. International Journal of Poultry Science. 90:1539-1547.
Restoration of spermatogenesis after transplantation of c-Kit positive testicular cells in the fowl - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Trefil, P., Bakst, M.R., Yan, H., Hejnar, J., Kalina, J., Mucksova, J. 2010. Restoration of spermatogenesis after transplantation of c-Kit positive testicular cells in the fowl. Theriogenology. 1670-1676.
Chapter II. Determination of Sperm Concentration - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R. 2010. Chapter II. Determination of sperm concentration. Section 1. Hemocytometer procedure. In: Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A., editors. Techniques for Semen Evaluation, Semen Storage, and Fertility Determination. 2nd edition. St. Paul, MN: The Midwest Poultry Federation. p. 11-15.
Chapter III. Sperm Viability - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R. 2010. Chapter III. Sperm Viability. Section 1. Nigrosin eosin stain for determining live dead and abnormal sperm counts. In: Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A., editors. Techniques for Semen Evaluation, Semen Storage, and Fertility Determination. 2nd edition. St Paul, MN: The Midwest Poultry Federation. p. 28-44.
Chapter VII. Predicting Fertility - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R. 2010. Chapter VII. Predicting Fertility. Book Chapter. 85-88.
Chapter IV. Sperm Motility and Metabolism - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R. 2010. Chapter IV. Sperm motility and metabolism. Section 1. Visual scoring of motility using the hanging drip method. In: Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A., editors. Techniques for Semen Evaluation, Semen Storage, and Fertility Determination. 2nd edition. St. Paul, MN: The Midwest Poultry Federation. p. 45-46.
Chapter VII. Predicting Fertility - (Book / Chapter)
Wishart, G.J., Bakst, M.R. 2010. Chapter VII. Predicting Fertility. Book Chapter. Edited by Murray R. Bakst and Julie A. Long. Techniques for Semen Evaluation, Semen Storage and Fertility Determination 2nd Edition. Buffalo, MN: The Midwest Poultry Federation. p. 113
Comparisons of Sperm Storage Tubule Distribution and Number in Four Strains of Mature Broiler Breeders and in Turkey Hens Before and After the Onset of Photostimulation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Donoghue, A.M., Yoho, D.E., Moyle, J.R., Whipple, S.M., Camp, M.J., Liu, G.Q., Bramwell, R.K. 2010. Comparisons of sperm storage tubule distribution and number in four strains of mature broiler breeders and in turkey hens before and after the onset of photostimulation. Poultry Science. 89:986-992.
Developmental Stages of Early Dead Embryos after Prolonged Egg Storage and Incubation in Broiler Breeders - (Abstract Only) - (25-Jan-10)
Turkey Line Effect on Avidin, Avidin-Related Protein 2 and Progesterone Receptor Expression in the Reproductive Tract Following Artificial Insemination - (Abstract Only)
Foye Jackson, O.T., Long, J.A., Bakst, M.R., Blomberg, L., Silva, M.V., Becker, K.G., Wood, W.H., McMurtry, J.P. 2009. Turkey Line Effect on Avidin, Avidin-Related Protein 2 and Progesterone Receptor Expression in the Reproductive Tract Following Artificial Insemination. Poultry Science 88 (Suppl. 1) Abstract 409, p. 125 (CD-Rom).
Sperm and Tissue-dependent differential gene expression in the reproductive tract of the Turkey (Meleagris Gallapovo) Hen - (Abstract Only)
Foye Jackson, O.T., Long, J.A., Bakst, M.R., Mcmurtry, J.P., Becker, K.G., Wood, W.H. 2008. Sperm and Tissue-dependent differential gene expression in the reproductive tract of the Turkey (Meleagris Gallapovo) Hen. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 19 (suppl), Abstract 2802, p. 810 (CD-Rom).
Identification of various testicular cell populations in pubertal and adult cockerels - (Abstract Only)
Mucksova, J., Brillard, J.P., Hejnar, J., Poplstein, M., Kalina, J., Bakst, M.R., Yan, H., Trefil, P. 2009. Identification of various testicular cell populations in pubertal and adult cockerels. Animal Reproduction Sciences, 114:415-422.
Number and distribution of sperm-storage tubules in four strains of broiler breeders - (Abstract Only)
Bakst, M.R., Whipple, S.M., Bramwell, R.K., Yoho, D.E., Moyle, J.R., Liu, G., Donoghue, A.M. 2009. Number and distribution of sperm-storage tubules in four strains of broiler breeders. International Poultry Scientific Forum, p. 24, January 2009.
Morphology of the Turkey Vagina and Uterus With and Without an Egg Mass - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V.G. 2009. Morphology of the Turkey Vagina and Uterus With and Without an Egg Mass. Poultry Science. 88:631-635.
The effects of sham versus artificial insemination on differential gene expression in the reproductive tract of turkey (Meleagris Gallapovo) hens - (Abstract Only)
Foye-Jackson, O.T., Long, J. A., Bakst, M.R., Blomberg, L., Becker, K.G., Wood, W.H., McMurtry, J.P. 2008. The effects of sham versus artificial insemination on differential gene expression in the reproductive tract of turkey (Meleagris Gallapovo) hens. BARC Poster Day.
Good vibrations? Structure and function of the clocal tip of male Australian Maluridae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rowe, M., Bakst, M.R., and Pruett-Jones, S. 2008. Good vibrations? Structure and function of the cloacal tip of male Australian Maluridae. Journal of Avian Biology. 39(3):348-354.
Serotonin Localization in the Turkey Vaginal but not Sperm Storage Tubule Epithelia - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V. 2008. Serotonin localization in the turkey vaginal but not sperm storage tubule epithelia. Poultry Science. 87(2):356-61.
Determination of Differential Gene Expression of the Uterovaginal Tract of Sham versus Artificially Inseminated Turkey (Melleagris Gallapovo) Hens Utilizing Suppressive Subtractive Hybridization - (Abstract Only)
Foye Jackson, O.T., Long, J.A., Bakst, M.R., Blomberg, L., McMurtry, J.P. 2007. Determination of Differential Gene Expression of the Uterovaginal Tract of Sham versus Artificially Inseminated Turkey (Melleagris Gallapovo) Hens Utilizing Suppressive Subtractive Hybridization. BARC Poster Day.
New Observations on Oviductal Sperm Storage, Transport and Selection in Turkeys: Relevance to Artificial Insemination Technology - (Proceedings)
Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A. 2007. New observations on oviductal sperm storage, transport and selection in turkeys: relevance to artificial insemination technology. Midwest Poultry Federation Proceedings. Published in CD-ROM format pp. 153-155.
The Current State of Semen Storage and Ai Technology - (Proceedings)
Long, J.A., Bakst, M.R. 2007. The current state of semen storage and ai technology. Midwest Poultry Federation Proceedings. Published in CD-ROM format. pp. 148-152
Alkaline Phosphatase Reactivity in the Vagina and Uterovaginal Junction Sperm-Storage Tubules of Turkeys in Egg Production: Implications for Sperm Storage - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V. 2007. Alkaline phosphatase reactivity in the vagina and uterovaginal junction sperm-storage tubules of turkeys in egg production: implications for sperm storage. British Poultry Science. 48:515-8.
Turkey Sperm Reside in the Tubular Glands in the Urodeum Following Artificial Insemination - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V. 2008. Turkey sperm reside in the tubular glands in the urodeum following artificial insemination. Poultry Science. 87(4):790-2.
Restoration of Spermatogenesis and Male Fertility by Transplantation of Dispersed Testicular Cells in the Chicken - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Trefil, P., Micakova, A., Mucksova, J., Hejnar, J., Brillard, J.P., Bakst, M.R., Kalina, J., Poplstein, M. 2006. Restoration of spermatogenesis and male fertility by transplantation of dispersed testicular cells in the chicken. Biology of Reproduction. 75:575-581.
Impact of Fenbendazole on Turkey Semen Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A., Kramer, M.H. 2006. Impact of fenbendazole on turkey semen quality. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 15:307-311.
Morphological and Histochemical Characterization of the Seminiferous Epithelial and Leydig Cells of the Turkey. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Akuffo, V.G., Trefil, P., Brillard, J.P. 2007. Morphological and histochemical characterization of the seminiferous epithelial and leydig cells of the turkey. Animal Reproduction Sciences. 97:303-313.
Comparative Staging of Embryo Development in Chicken, Turkey, Duck, Goose, Guinea Fowl, and Quail Assessed from 5 Hours after Fertilization to 72 Hours of Incubation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dupuy, V., Sellier, N., Brillard, J., Bakst, M.R. 2006. Comparative staging of embryo development in chicken, turkey, duck, goose, guinea fowl, and quail assessed from 5 hours after fertilization to 72 hours of incubation. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 15:219-228.
Fertilization - (Book / Chapter)
Stepinska, U., Bakst, M.R. 2007. Fertilization. In:Jamieson, B.G.M.,editor. Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Aves (Birds). Volume A. Enfield, NH: Science Publishers. p. 149-179.
Anatomy of the Female Reproductive Tract - (Book / Chapter)
Jacob, M., Bakst, M.R. 2007. Anatomy of the female reproductive tract. Chapter 4. In: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Aves (Birds). Vol. 6A:553-587. B.G.M. Jamieson, Editor.
Effect of Various Photoperiods on Testicular Weight, Weekly Sperm Output and Plasma Levels of Lh and Testosterone over the Reproductive Season in Male Turkeys - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (22-Dec-05)
Spermatogonial Stem Cells: What Are They and Why We Should Be Interested. - (Proceedings)
Bakst, M.R., Durand, P., Trefil, P., Brillard, J.P. 2005. Spermatogonial stem cells: What are they and why we should be interested. Proceeding: Incubation and Fertility Research Group, University of Lincoln, UK, September 2005. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews. 16:181.
Staging Early Embryos from Poultry: the Why's and How's - (Abstract Only)
Bakst, M.R. 2005. The why's and how's of staging avian embryos [abstract]. The 2nd Combined Workshop of Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry, WPSA European Working Group of Physiology and the Working Group Perinatal Adaptation, Humboldt-University of Berlin, Germany. Workshop on Fundamental Biology and Perinatal Development in Poultry. p.11.
Spermatogenesis in the Turkey (Meleagris Gallopavo): Quantitative Approach in Immature and Adult Males Subjected to Various Photoperiods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Noirault, J., Brillard, J.P., Bakst, M.R. 2005. Spermatogenesis in the turkey (meleagris gallopavo): quantitative approach in immature and adult males subjected to various photoperiods. Theriogenology. 65:845-859.
Aquaporins Are Observed in the Duct Epithelia of the Epididymal Region of the Large White Turkey - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zaniboni, L., Bakst, M.R. 2004. Aquaporins are observed in the duct epithelia of the epididymal region of the large white turkey. Poultry Science. 83:1917-1920.
Oviducal Sperm Storage: Model for in Vitro Sperm Storage - (Proceedings)
Bakst, M.R., Long, J.A. 2004. Oviducal sperm storage: model for in vitro sperm storage. Proceedings of the XXII World's Poultry Congress Book of Abstracts. p. 248. (abstract).
Sperm Storage in the Hen's Oviduct - (Trade Journal)
Bakst, M.R. Sperm Storage in the Hen's Oviduct. Feedinfo News Service http://www.feedinfo.com/console/PageViewer.aspx?page=76347, 2004.
Localization of Aquaporins in the Sperm Storage Tubules in the Turkey Oviduct - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zaniboni, L., Bakst, M.R. 2004. Localization of aquaporins in the sperm storage tubules in the turkey oviduct. Poultry Science. 83:1209-1212.
Impact of Egg Storage on Early Embryo Development in the Turkey - (Abstract Only)
Bakst, M.R. 2003. Impact of egg storage on early embryo development in the turkey. Workshop on Fundamental Biology and Perinatal Development in Poultry. Avian Poult. Biol. Rev. 15:231.
Oviductal Sperm Storage in Birds - (Abstract Only)
Bakst, M.R., Zuelke, K.A. 2003. Oviductal sperm storage in birds. European Society of Domestic Animal Reproduction Conference.
Potential Relationships Between Physical Traits and Male Broiler Breeder Fertility - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mcgary, S., Estevez, I., Bakst, M.R. Potential relationships between physical traits and male broiler breeder fertility. Poultry Science. 82:328-37, 2003.
Using Non-Settable Eggs to Evaluate Hen Fertility - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R. Using non-settable eggs to evaluate hen fertility. Applied Poultry Research. 11:402-405, 2002.
Impact of Egg Storage on Carbonic Anhydrase Activity During Early Embryogenesis in the Turkey - (Research Notes)
Bakst, M.R., Holm, L. Impact of egg storage on carbonic anhydrase activity during early embryogenesis in the turkey. Poultry Science. 82:1193-1197, 2003.
How to Maximize Fertility and Early Embryonic Development from a Biologist's Point of View - (Trade Journal)
Bakst, M.R. 2002. How to maximize fertility and early embryonic development from a biologist's point of view. Turkeys. 50:65-68, 2002.
Oviducal Sperm Storage in Turkeys: Spatial Distribution of Sperm Within the Uterovaginal Junction Sperm-Storage Tubules - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R., Vinyard, B.T. Oviducal sperm storage in turkeys: spatial distribution of sperm within the uterovaginal junction sperm-storage tubules. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 292:205-209, 2002.
Oviducal Sperm and Fertilisation in Poultry - (Book / Chapter)
Bakst, M.R. Oviducal sperm and fertilisation in poultry. In: Perspectives in Fertilisation and Embryonic Development in Poultry, Proceedings from the meeting of the Incubation & Fertility Research Group, Oxford, England, September 2001. Ratite Conference Books, Oxford, UK. pp. 1-6. 2001.
Segregation of Sperm Within Sperm Storage Tubules of the Fowl and Turkey Hen. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, L.M., Brillard, J.P., Garrett, W.M., Bakst, M.R., Donoghue, A.M. Segregation of sperm within sperm storage tubules of the fowl and turkey hen. Reproduction 123:79-86, 2002.
Phenotypic Traits As Reliable Indicators of Fertility in Male Broiler Breeders - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mcgary, S., Estevez, I., Bakst, M.R., Pollock, D.L. Phenotypic traits as reliable indicators of fertility in male broiler breeders. Poultry Science. 81:102-111, 2002.
Oviducal Sperm Storage in Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo): the Infundibulum As a Secondary Sperm Storage Site, Or Is It? - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bakst, M.R. Oviducal Sperm storage in turkeys: The infundibulum as a secondary sperm storage site, Or is it? IN: The New Panorama of Animal Evolution Proceedings XVIII International Congress of Zoology, editors: A. Legakis, S Sfenthourakis, R. Polymeni and M. Thessalou-Legaki, Athens, Greece, pp. 447-450, 2002Bakst, M.R. Oviducal sperm storage in turkeys (meleagris gallopavo): the infundibulum as a secondary sperm storage site, or is it?. Congress of Zoology Athens Greece.
Plasma 17b-Estradiol Levels and Ovarian Interstitial Cell Structure in Embryonic and Posthatch Japanese Quail - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (08-Dec-99)
Isolation of Sperm Storage Tubules from the Uterovaginal Junction Mucosa of the Turkey - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (27-Feb-99)
Paternity Efficiency in Turkeys Differs Extensively after Heterospermic Insemination - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (05-Jan-99)
Effects of Isolation and Culture of Turkey Primary Follicular Oocytes on Morphology and Germinal Vesicle Integrity - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (15-May-98)
Structure of the Avian Oviduct with Emphasis on Sperm Storage in Poultry. - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (07-Apr-98)
Management of Breeder Toms (A Physiologist's Perspective) - (Proceedings) - (15-Dec-97)
Techniques in Fertility Evaluation and the Collection, Storage, Evaluation,and Insemination of Poultry Semen. Contributions: Chapter 3:i,ii,iii; Chapter 2:i,ii,iv,v; Chapter 7:ii(gupta) - (Other) - (02-Nov-97)
Endocrinology of the Avian Reproductive System - (Review Article) - (15-Aug-97)
Preliminary Observations on the Development of the Duck Embryo from Fertilization Through Primitive Streak Formation - (Proceedings) - (15-Jul-97)
Simple Sequence Repeat-Based Single Primer Amplification of Genomic DNA in Random Bred Populations of Turkeys and Chickens - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (02-Jul-97)
Mechansisms of Semen Formation: Implications on Hen Fertility - (Proceedings) - (01-May-97)
Impact of Egg Storage on Early Embryonic Development - (Proceedings) - (15-Oct-96)
Physiological and Biochemical Development of the Chick Embryo - (Proceedings) - (15-Aug-96)
Developmental Stages of Primary Oocytes in Turkeys - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (02-Aug-96)
Effect of Semen Storage on Sperm Numbers in the Perivitelline Layer of Laidturkey Eggs - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (30-Aug-95)
Oviducal Sperm Storage in Poultry - (Proceedings) - (01-Feb-95)
The Stud Farm - (Trade Journal) - (01-Jul-94)
Gross Appearance of the Turkey Blastoderm at Oviposition - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Jun-94)
Aspects of Biological Changes in Breeder Toms after Treatment with Subcutantous Cadmium Injection: Alterations in Body and Selected Organ Weights - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Jun-93)
Aspects of Biological Changes in Breeder Toms after Treatment with Subcutaneous Cadmium Injection: Study of Some Semen Characteristics - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Jun-93)
Last Modified: 9/26/2012
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