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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

NIKLAUS GRUNWALD (NIK)

Research Plant Pathologist


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Phytophthora rubi isolates collected from raspberry (Rubus idaeus) in the Western United States show no differentiation in pathogenicity, fungicide resistance or genetic structure - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (04-Jun-14)
Poppr: an R package for genetic analysis of populations with mixed (clonal/sexual) reproduction Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kamvar, Z.N., Tabima, J.F., Grunwald, N.J. 2014. Poppr: an R package for genetic analysis of populations with mixed (clonal/sexual) reproduction. PeerJ. 2:e281.
Sensitivity of Pythium irregulare, P. sylvaticum, and P. ultimum from forest nurseries to mefenoxam and fosetyl-al, and control of Pythium damping-off - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Weiland, G.E., Santamaria, L., Grunwald, N.J. 2014. Sensitivity of Pythium irregulare, P. sylvaticum, and P. ultimum from forest nurseries to mefenoxam and fosetyl-al, and control of Pythium damping-off. Plant Disease. 98:937-942.
Phytophthora Database 2.0: update and future direction - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Park, B., Martin, F.N., Geiser, D., Kim, H., Mansfield, M., Nikolaeva, E., Park, S., Coffey, M., Russo, J., Kim, S., Balci, Y., Abad, G., Burgess, T., Grunwald, N.J., Cheong, K., Choi, J., Lee, Y., Kang, S. 2013. Phytophthora Database 2.0: update and future direction. Phytopathology. 103:1204-1208.
Evidence for multiple introductions and clonality in Spanish populations of Fusarium circinatum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Berbegal, M., Perez-Sierra, A., Armengol, J., Grunwald, N.J. 2013. Evidence for multiple introductions and clonality in Spanish populations of Fusarium circinatum. Phytopathology. 103:851-861.
The 2009 late blight pandemic in eastern USA – causes and results - (Review Article)
Fry, W.E., Mcgrath, M.T., Seaman, A., Zitter, T.A., Mcleod, A., Danies, G., Small, I.M., Myers, K., Everts, K., Gevens, A.J., Gugino, B.K., Johnson, S.B., Judelson, H., Ristaino, J., Roberts, P., Secor, G., Seebold, K., Snover-Clift, K., Wyenandt, A., Grunwald, N.J., Smart, C.D. 2013. The 2009 late blight pandemic in eastern USA – causes and results. Plant Disease. 97:296-306.
Genome analyses of an aggressive and invasive lineage of the Irish potato famine pathogen - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Aug-12)
The 2009 late blight pandemic in eastern USA - (Review Article)
Fry, W., Mcgrath, M.T., Seaman, A., Zitter, T.A., Mcleod, A., Danies, G., Small, I.M., Myers, K., Everts, K., Gevens, A.J., Gugino, B.K., Johnson, S.B., Judelson, H., Ristaino, J., Roberts, P., Secor, G., Seebold, K., Snover-Clift, K., Wyenandt, A., Grunwald, N.J., Smart, C.D. 2012. The 2009 late blight pandemic in eastern USA. Phytopathology Supplement; APSnet (Plant Pathology Online). Available: http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/2009LateBlight.aspx.
Population structure and genetic diversity of three species of Pythium isolated from forest tree nursery soils in Oregon and Washington - (Abstract Only)
Garrido, P., Garzon, C., Grunwald, N.J., Weiland, G.E. 2012. Population structure and genetic diversity of three species of Pythium isolated from forest tree nursery soils in Oregon and Washington. Phytopathology. 515.
Identification of Phytophthora species baited and isolated from forest soil and streams in northwestern Yunnan province, China - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Huai, W., Tian, G., Hansen, E.M., Zhao, W., Goheen, E.M., Grunwald, N.J., Cheng, C. 2013. Identification of Phytophthora species baited and isolated from forest soil and streams in northwestern Yunnan province, China. Forest Pathology. 43 (2013) 87–103.
Emergence of the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum - (Review Article)
Grunwald, N.J., Garbelotto, M., Goss, E.M., Heungens, K., Prospero, S. 2012. Emergence of the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Trends in Microbiology. 20:131-138.
The plant pathogen Phytophthora andina emerged via hybridization of an unknown Phytophthora species and the Irish famine pathogen, P. infestans - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goss, E.M., Cardenas, M.E., Myers, K., Forbes, G.A., Fry, W.E., Restrepo, S.O., Grunwald, N.J. 2011. The plant pathogen Phytophthora andina emerged via hybridization of an unknown Phytophthora species and the Irish famine pathogen, P. infestans. PLoS One. 69(9):e24543.
Phytophthora ramorum: How it got here and how it spread - (Trade Journal)
Grunwald, N.J. 2011. Phytophthora ramorum: How it got here and how it spread. Digger. 9:41-45.
Defining species boundaries in the genus Phytophthora: the case of Phytophthora andina. A response to “Phytophthora andina sp. nov., a newly identified heterothallic pathogen of solanaceous hosts in the Andean highlands - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cardenas, M.E., Tabima, J., Fry, W.E., Grunwald, N.J., Bernal, A.J., Restrepo, S.O. 2012. Defining species boundaries in the genus Phytophthora: the case of Phytophthora andina. A response to “Phytophthora andina sp. nov., a newly identified heterothallic pathogen of solanaceous hosts in the Andean highlands." Plant Pathology. 61(2):215-220.
Safe Procurement and Production Manual: A Systems Approach for the Production of Healthy Nursery Stock - (Book / Chapter)
Griesbach, J.A., Parke, J.L., Chastagner, G.A., Grunwald, N.J., Aguirre, J. 2011. Safe Procurement and Production Manual: A Systems Approach for the Production of Healthy Nursery Stock. Wilsonville, OR. Oregon Association of Nurseries. 108 p.
A systems approach for management of pests and pathogens of nursery crops - (Review Article)
Parke, J.L., Grunwald, N.J. 2012. A systems approach for management of pests and pathogens of nursery crops. Plant Disease. 96(9):1236-1244.
Identification of new polymorphic microsatellite markers in the NA1 and NA2 lineages of Phytophthora ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vercauteren, A., Larsen, M.M., Goss, E.M., Grunwald, N.J., Maes, M., Heungens, K. 2011. Identification of new polymorphic microsatellite markers in the NA1 and NA2 lineages of Phytophthora ramorum. Mycologia. 103:1245-1249.
Genetic and pathogenic relatedness of Pseudoperonospora cubensis and P. humuli - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mitchell, M.N., Ocamb, C.M., Grunwald, N.J., Mancino, L.E., Gent, D.H. 2011. Genetic and pathogenic relatedness of Pseudoperonospora cubensis and P. humuli. Phytopathology. 101:805-818.
Genetic diversity of Phytophthora infestans in the Northern-Andean region - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cardenas, M., Grajales, A., Sierra, R., Rojas, A., Garavito, M., Lozano, G., Gonzalez-Almario, A., Vargas, A., Marin, M., Fermin, G., Lagos, L.E., Grunwald, N.J., Bernal, A., Salazar, C., Restrepo, S. 2011. Genetic diversity of Phytophthora infestans in the Northern-Andean region. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12:23.
Evolution and population genetics of exotic and re-emerging pathogens: Novel tools and approaches - (Review Article)
Grunwald, N.J., Goss, E.M. 2011. Evolution and population genetics of exotic and re-emerging pathogens: Novel tools and approaches. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 49:249-267.
Phytophthora-ID.org: a sequence-based Phytophthora identification tool - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Martin, F.N., Larsen, M.M., Sullivan, C.M., Press, C.M., Coffey, M.D., Hansen Everett, M., Parke, J.L. 2011. Phytophthora-ID.org: a sequence-based Phytophthora identification tool. Plant Disease. 95(3):337-342.
Introduction to Oomycetes - (Review Article)
Fry, W.E., Grunwald, N.J. 2010. Introduction to Oomycetes. The Plant Health Instructor. DOI:10.1094/PHI-I-2010-1207-01. Available: http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/PathogenGroups/Pages/IntroOomycetes.aspx
Phytophthora ramorum detections in Canada: evidence for migration within North America and from Europe - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goss, E.M., Larsen, M.M., Vercauteren, A., Werres, S., Heungens, K., Grunwald, N.J. 2011. Phytophthora ramorum detections in Canada: evidence for migration within North America and from Europe. Phytopathology. 101:166-171.
Quantitative resistance to late blight from Solanum berthaultii cosegregates with RPi-ber: insights in stability through isolates and environment - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rauscher, G., Simko, I., Mayton, H., Bonierbale, M., Smart, C.D., Grunwald, N.J., Greenland, A., Fry, W.E. 2010. Quantitative resistance to late blight from Solanum berthaultii cosegregates with RPi-ber: insights in stability through isolates and environment. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 121:1553-1567.
The Promise and Pitfalls of Sequence-Based Identification of Plant Pathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kang, S., Mansfield, M., Park, B., Geiser, D., Coffey, M., Grunwald, N.J. 2010. The promise and pitfalls of sequence-based identification of plant pathogenic fungi and oomycetes. Phytopathology. 100: 732-737.
Development of 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the blackberry rust fungus Phragmidium violaceum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gomez, D., Morin, L., Evans, K., Mahaffee, W.F., Neill, T.M., Grunwald, N.J. 2010. Development of 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the blackberry rust fungus Phragmidium violaceum. Molecular Ecology Resources. 10:576-579.
Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 December 2009–31 January 2010 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
C., Gomez, D., Morin, L., Evans, K., Mahaffee, W.F., Neill, T.M., Grunwald, N.J.,Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium. 2010. Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 December 2009–31 January 2010. Molecular Ecology Resources. 10:576-579.
Clonal Expansion of the Belgian Phytophthora ramorum Populations Based on New Microsatellite Markers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vercauteren, A., De Dobbelaere, I., Grunwald, N.J., Bonants, P., Van Bockstaele, E., Maes, M., Heungens, K. 2009. Clonal expansion of the Belgian Phytophthora ramorum populations based on new microsatellite markers. Molecular Ecology. 19:92-107.
Phenotypic differences among three clonal lineages of Phytophthora ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Elliot, M., Sumampong, G., Varga, A., Shamoun, S.F., James, D., Masri, S., Grunwald, N.J. 2011. Phenotypic differences among three clonal lineages of Phytophthora ramorum. Forest Pathology. 41:7-14.
Population Genetic Analysis Infers Migration Pathways of Phytophthora ramorum in U.S. Nurseries - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goss, E.M., Larsen, M.M., Chastagner, G., Givens, D., Grunwald, N.J. 2009. Population genetic analysis infers migration pathways of Phytophthora ramorum in U.S. nurseries. PLoS Pathogens. 5(9):e1000538.
The genome sequence of the Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hass, B., Kamoun, S., Zody, M.C., Jiang, R.H., Handsaker, R.E., Cano, L.M., Grabherr, M., Kodira, C.D., Raffaele, S., Torto-Alalibo, T., Bozkurt, T.O., O'Neill, K.O., Ah-Fong, A.M., Alvarado, L., Anderson, V.L., Armstrong, M., Avrova, A., Baxter, L., Benyon, J., Boevink, P.C., Bos, J.I., Bulone, V., Cai, G., Cakir, C., Carrington, J.C., Chawner, M., Costanzo, S., Fahlgren, N., Fugelstad, J., Gilroy, E.M., Gnerre, S., Green, `.J., Greenville-Briggs, L.J., Griffith, J., Gupta, S., Horn, K., Horner, N.R., Hu, C., Huitema, E., Jeong, D., Jones, A., Jones, J.D., Jones, R.W., Karisson, E., Lamour, K., Liu, Z., Ma, L., Maclean, D., Marcus, C., Mcdonald, H., Mcwalters, J., Meijer, H.J., Morgan, M., Morris, P.F., Munro, C.A., Ospina-Giraldo, M., Pinzon, A., Pritchard, L., Ramsahove, B., Ren, Q., Restrepo, S., Roy, S., Sadanandom, A., Savidor, A., Schornack, S., Schwartz, D.C., Schumann, U.D., Schwessinger, B., Seyer, L., Sharpe, T., Silvar, C., Song, J., Studholme, D.J., Sykes, S., Vondervoort, P.J., Vipaporn, P., Wawra, S., Weide, R., Win, J., Young, C., Zhou, S., Fry, W., Meyers, B.C., West, P.V., Ristaino, J., Govers, F., Birth, P.R., Whisson, S., Judelson, H.S., Nusbaum, C., Bollmann, S.R., Grunwald, N.J. 2009. The genome sequence of the Irish potato famine pathogen Phytophthora infestans. Nature. 461:393-398.
Standardizing the Nomenclature for Clonal Lineages of the Sudden Oak Death Pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Goss, E.M., Ivors, K., Garbelotto, M., Martin, F.N., Prospero, S., Hansen, E., Bonants, P., Hamelin, R., Chastagner, G., Werres, S., Rizzo, D.M., Abad, G., Beales, P., Bilodeau, G.J., Blomquist, C., Brasier, C., Briere, S., Chandelier, A., Davidson, J.M., Denman, S., Elliott, M., Fichtner, E.J., Frankel, S.J., Goheen, E.M., De Gruyter, H., Heungens, K., James, D., Kanaskie, A., Mcwilliams, M., Moralejo, E., Osterbauer, N.K., Palm, M.E., Parke, J.L., Shamoun, S.F., Shishkoff, N., Tooley, P.W., Vettraino, A., Webber, J., Widmer, T.L. 2009. Standardizing the nomenclature for clonal lineages of the sudden oak death pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum. Phytopathology. 99:792-795.
Migration Patterns of the Emerging Plant Pathogen Phytophthora ramorum on the West Coast of the United States of America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Prospero, S., Grunwald, N.J., Winton, L.M., Hansen, E.M. 2009. Migration patterns of the emerging plant pathogen Phytophthora ramorum on the west coast of the United States of America. Phytopathology. 99:739-749.
Evolution and Genetics of the Invasive Sudden Oak Death Pathogen Phytophthora ramorum - (Book / Chapter)
Grunwald, N.J., Goss, E.M. 2009. Evolution and genetics of the invasive sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. In: Lamour, K. and Kamoun, S. editors. Oomycete Genetics and Genomics: Diversity, Interactions, and Research Tools. Hoboken, NJ. John Wiley and Sons Inc. p.179-196.
Phytophthora sojae: Diversity among and within Populations - (Book / Chapter)
Dorrance, A., Grunwald, N.J. 2009. Phytophthora sojae: Diversity among and within populations. In: Lamour, K. and Kamoun S. editors. Oomycete Genetics and Genomics: Diversity, Interactions, and Research Tools. Hoboken, NJ. John Wiley and Sons Inc. p. 197-212.
Recovery Plan for Phytophthora kernoviae Causing Bleeding Trunk Cankers, Leaf Blight and Stem Dieback in Trees and Shrubs - (Government Publication)
Benson, M., Ivors, K., Koch, F., Fichtner, E., Garbelotto, M., Rizzo, D., Tjosvold, S., Hansen, E., Parke, J., Hong, C., Chastagner, G., Jeffers, S., Woodward-Williams, J., Kim, S., Britton, K., Denitto, G., Frankel, S., Micales, J., Grunwald, N.J., Martin, F.N., Shishkoff, N., Smith, K.L., Tooley, P.W., Widmer, T.L., Bulluck, R., Burnett, G., Ferguson, L., Fowler, G., Garrett, L., Jones, J., Magarey, R., Randall-Schadel, B., Cardwell, K., Draper, M., Chand-Goyal, T. 2009. Recovery Plan for Phytophthora kernoviae Causing Bleeding Trunk Cankers, Leaf Blight and Stem Dieback in Trees and Shrubs. Government Publication/Report. Available at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/00000000/opmp/P.%20kernoviae%2081100.pdf
Pcr-Rflp Markers Identify Three Lineages of the North American and European Populations of Phytophthora Ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Elliott, M., Sumampong, G., Varga, A., Shamoun, S.F., James, D., Masri, S., Briere, S.C., Grunwald, N.J. 2009. PCR-RFLP markers identify threelineages of the North American and European populations of Phytophthora ramorum. Forest Pathology. 39:266-278.
Ancient Isolation and Independent Evolution of the Three Clonal Lineages of the Emerging Sudden Oak Death Pathogen Phytophthora ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goss, E.M., Carbone, I., Grunwald, N.J. 2009. Ancient isolation and independent evolution of the three clonal lineages of the emerging sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Molecular Ecology. 18(6):1161-1174.
Tracing the Path of Pathogens: An Ongoing Study Evaluates the Systems Approach for Managing Phytophthora Diseases in Nurseries - (Popular Publication)
Parke, J., Grunwald, N.J., Lewis, C. 2009. Tracing the path of pathogens: an ongoing study evaluates the systems approach for managing Phytophthora diseases in nurseries. Digger. 12:43-51.
Population Structure, Races, and Host Range of Aphanomyces euteiches from Alfalfa Production Fields in the Central U.S.A. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malvick, D.K., Grunwald, N.J., Dyer, A.T. 2009. Population structure, races, and host range of Aphanomyces euteiches from alfalfa production fields in the central U.S.A. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 123(2):171-182.
Phytophthora Database: A forensic database supporting the identification and monitoring of Phytophthora - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Park, J., Park, B., Veeraraghavan, N., Jung, K., Lee, Y., Blair, J.E., Geiser, D., Isard, S., Mansfield, M.A., Nikolaeva, E., Park, S., Kim, S.H., Greene, M., Ivors, K.L., Balci, Y., Peiman, M., Erwin, D.C., Coffey, M.D., Rossman, A.Y., Farr, D.F., Cline, E., Grunwald, N.J., Luster, D.G., Schrandt, J.K., Martin, F.N., Ribeiro, O.K., Makalowska, I., Kang, S. 2008. Phytophthora Database: A forensic database supporting the identification and monitoring of Phytophthora. Plant Disease. 92:966-972.
Phytophthora ramorum: A Pathogen with a Remarkably Wide Host Range Causing Sudden Oak Death on Oaks and Ramorum Blight on Woody Ornamentals - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Goss, E.M., Press, C.M. 2008. Phytophthora ramorum: A pathogen with a remarkably wide host range causing sudden oak death on oaks and ramorum blight on woody ornamentals. Molecular Plant Pathology. 9(6):729-740.
Effect of Isolate, Environment and a Defeated R-gene (RPi-ber) on Quantitative Resistance of Potato to Late Blight - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rauscher, G.M., Mayton, H., Bonierbale, M., Simko, I., Smart, C., Grunwald, N.J., Fry, W. Effect of Isolate, Environment and a Defeated R-gene (RPi-ber) on Quantitative Resistance of Potato to Late Blight. American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, July 26-July 30. Phytopathology 98:S130.
Registration of W6 26740, W6 26743 and W6 26745 green pea germplasm resistant to Fusarium root rot. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coyne, C.J., Porter, L., Inglis, D.A., Grunwald, N.J., Mcphee, K.E., Muehlbauer, F.J. 2008. Registration of W6 26740, W6 26743 and W6 26745 Green Pea Germplasm Resistant to Fusarium Root Rot. Journal of Plant Registrations (2008) Vol 2, No. 2, 137-139.
First Report of the European Lineage of Phytophthora ramorum in a California Nursery - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Goss, E.M., Larsen, M.M., Press, C.M., Mcdonald, V.T., Blomquist, C.L., Thomas, S.L. 2008. First report of the European lineage of Phytophthora ramorum in a California nursery. Plant Disease. 92:314.
Marker Stability throughout 400 Days of Hyphal Growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kohn, L., Anderson, J.B., Schaffer, M.R., Grunwald, N.J. 2008. Marker stability throughout 400 Days of hyphal growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 45:613-617.
Susceptibility in Viburnum to Phytophthora ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Kitner, M., Mcdonald, V., Goss, E.M. 2008. Susceptibility in Viburnum to Phytophthora ramorum. Plant Disease. 92:210-214.
Effect of Flooding on Root and Foliar Disease Severity on Rhododendron Caused by Phytophthora ramorum - (Proceedings)
Grunwald, N.J., Kitner, M., Linderman, R.G. 2008. Effect of flooding on root and foliar disease severity on Rhododendron caused by Phytophthora ramorum. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p. 363-365.
Global Gene Expression Profiles of Phytophthora ramorum strain Pr102 in Response to Plant Host and Tissue Differentiation - (Proceedings)
Grunwald, N.J., Press, C.M. 2008. Global gene expression profiles of Phytophthora ramorum strain Pr102 in response to plant host and tissue differentiation. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p. 435.
What Can Availability of the Phytophthora ramorum Genome Do for Us? - (Proceedings)
Grunwald, N.J. 2008. What can availability of the Phytophthora ramorum genome do for us?. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p.233-238.
Molecular Evolution of an Avirulence Homolog (Avh) Gene Subfamily in Phytophthora ramorum - (Proceedings)
Goss, E.M., Press, C.M., Grunwald, N.J. 2008. Molecular evolution of an avirulence homolog (Avh) gene subfamily in Phytophthora ramorum. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p. 361.
Population Structure of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon - (Proceedings)
Prospero, S., Britt, J., Grunwald, N.J., Hansen, E.M. 2008. Population Structure of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon. Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p. 239-242.
Development of Codominant simple sequence repeat, single nucleotide polymorphism and sequence characterized amplified region markers for the pea root rot pathogen, Aphanomyces euteiches. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Akamatsu, H. O., Grünwald, N. J., Chilvers, M. I., Porter, L. D., and Peever, T. L. 2007. Development of codominant simple sequence repeat, single nucleotide polymorphism and sequence characterized amplified region markers for the pea root rot pathogen, Aphanomyces euteiches. Journal of Microbiological Methods 71: 82-86.
First Report of Haplotype I-b of Phytophthora infestans in central Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garay-Serrano, E., Fernandez-Pavia, S., Rodriguez-Alvarado, G., Lozoya-Saldana, H., Rojas-Martinez, R.I., Goss, E.M., Grunwald, N.J. 2007. First report of haplotype I-b of Phytophthora infestans in central Mexico. Plant Disease. 91(7):909.
Population Dynamics of the Sudden Oak Death Pathogen Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon from 2001 to 2004 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Prospero, S., Hansen, E.M., Grunwald, N.J., Winton, L.M. 2007. Population dynamics of the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon from 2001 to 2004. Molecular Ecology. 16:2958-2973.
New Populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from Lettuce in California and Peas and Lentils in Washington - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Malvarez, G., Carbone, I., Grunwald, N.J., Subbarao, K.V., Schafer, M., Kohn, L.M. 2007. New populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from lettuce in California and peas and lentils in Washington. Phytopathology. 97(4): 470-483.
Phytophthora Genome Sequences Uncover Evolutionary Origins and Mechanisms of Pathogenesis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tyler, B.M., Tripathy, S., Zhang, X., Dehal, P., Jiang, R.H., Aerts, A., Arredondo, F.D., Baxter, L., Bensasson, D., Beynon, J.L., Chapman, J., Damasceno, C.M., Dorrance, A.E., Dou, D., Dickerman, A.W., Dubchak, I.L., Garbelotto, M., Gijzen, M., Gordon, S.G., Govers, F., Grunwald, N.J., Huang, W., Ivors, K.L., Jones, R.W., Kamoun, S., Krampis, K., Lamour, K.H., Lee, M., Maclean, D.J., Mcdonald, W.H., Medina, M., Meiger, H.J., Morris, P.F., Nordberg, E.K., Ospina-Giraldo, M.D., Phuntumart, V., Putnam, N.H., Rash, S., Rose, J.K., Sakihama, Y., Salamov, A.A., Savidor, A., Scheuring, C.F., Smith, B.M., Sobral, B.W., Terry, A., Torto-Alalibo, T.A., Win, J., Xu, Z., Zhang, H., Grigoriev, I.V., Rokhsar, D.S., Boore, J.L. 2006. Phytophthora genome sequences uncover evolutionary origins and mechanisms of pathogenesis. Science. 313:1261-1266.
Selection for Fungicide Resistance Within a Growing Season in Field Populations of Phytophthora Infestans at the Center of Origin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Sturbaum, A.K., Romero Montes, G., Garay Serrano, E., Lozoya-Saldana, H., Fry, W.E. 2006. Selection for fungicide resistance within a growing season in field populations of Phytophthora infestans at the center of origin. Phytopathology. 96(12):1397-1403.
Heirarchical Analysis of Diversity, Selfing and Genetic Differentiation in Populations of the Oomycete Aphanomyeces Euteiches - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Hoheisel, G. 2006. Heirarchical analysis of diversity, selfing and genetic differentiation in populations of the oomycete aphanomyeces euteiches. Phytopathology. 96(10):1134-1141.
Plant Pathogen Culture Collections: It Takes a Village to Preserve These Resources Vital to the Advancement of Agricultural Security and Plant Pathology - (Review Article)
Kang, S., Blair, J.E., Geiser, D.M., Khang, C., Park, S., Gahegan, M., O Donnell, K., Luster, D.G., Kim, S.H., Ivors, K.L., Lee, Y., Lee, Y., Grunwald, N.J., Martin, F.N., Coffey, M.D., Veeraraghavan, N., Makalowska, I. 2006. Plant pathogen culture collections: It takes a village to preserve these resources vital to the advancement of agricultural security and plant pathology. Phytopathology. 96:920-925.
Effect of Flooding on Root and Foliar Disease Severity on Rhododendron Caused by Phytophthora Ramorum - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Kitner, M., Linderman, R.G. 2006. Effect of flooding on root and foliar disease severity on Rhododendron caused by Phytophthora ramorum. Phytopathology. 96:S43.
Population Divergence in Phytophthora Ramorum - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Prospero, S., Hansen, E., Tyler, B., Lamour, K. 2006. Population divergence in Phytophthora ramorum. Mycological Society of America Abstracts. p.197.
Evaluation of Infection Potential and Sporulation of Phytophthora Ramorum on Five Rhododendron Cultivars - (Abstract Only)
McDonalad, V., Grunwald, N.J., Linderman, R.G. 2006. Evaluation of infection potential and sporulation of Phytophthora ramorum on five Rhododendron cultivars. Phytopathology. 96:S75.
Evolution and Structure of Populations of Phytophthora Infestans and Relatives at Their Center of Origin - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J. 2006. Evolution and structure of populations of Phytophthora infestans and relatives at their center of origin. Phytopathology. 96:S147.
Cloning of Candidate Micrornas from Phytophthora Sojae and P. Ramorum - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Press, C.M., Carrington, J.C. 2006. Cloning of candidate micrornas from phytophthora sojae and p. ramorum. p. 12.
Population Biology of the Oomycete Aphanomyces Euteiches: a Hierarchical Analysis of Diversity, Selfing and Genetic Differentiation - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J. 2006. Population biology of the oomycete aphanomyces euteiches: a hierarchical analysis of diversity, selfing and genetic differentiation. Proceedings of the Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network. p.30.
Evaluation of Resistance and Fungicide Applications for Management of White Mold on Dry Bean - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Miklas, P.N. 2006. Evaluation of resistance and fungicide applications for management of white mold on dry bean. Fungicide and Nematocide Tests. 61:FC040.
Characterization of Phytophthora Infestans (MONT.) DE Bary. Ii. Subpopulations Obtained from Wild Solanum Species - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lozoya-Saldana, H., Perales-Rosas, D., Fernandez-Pavia, S.P., Grunwald, N.J. 2006. Characterization of phytophthora infestans (mont.) de bary. ii. subpopulations obtained from wild solanum species. Agrociencia. 40:325.
Control of Fusarium Root Rot with a Mustard Green Manure, 2003 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Collins, H.P., Mcguire, A. 2006. Control of fusarium root rot with a mustard green manure, 2003. Biol. Cult. Tests. 21: Vo 25
Screening Techniques and Sources of Resistance to Root Diseases in Cool Season Food Legumes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Infantino, A., Kharrat, M., Riccioni, L., Coyne, C.J., Mcphee, K.E., Grunwald, N.J. 2006. Screening techniques and sources of resistance to root diseases in cool season food legumes. Euphytica 147:201-221.
Evaluation of Viburnum Cultivars for Susceptibility to Phytophthora Ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Kitner, M.L., Larsen, M.M., Linderman, R.G. 2006. Evaluation of viburnum cultivars for susceptibility to phytophthora ramorum. Biological and Cultural Tests for Control of Plant Diseases. 23:O006.
Evaluation of Lilac Cultivars for Susceptibility to Phytophthora Ramorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Kitner, M.L., Larsen, M.M., Linderman, R.G., Parke, J.L. 2006. Evaluation of lilac cultivars for susceptibility to phytophthora ramorum. Biological and Cultural Tests for Control of Plant Diseases. 21:O005.
Potential Application of Trap (Targeted Region Amplified Polymorphism) Markers for Mapping and Tagging Disease Resistance Traits in Common Bean - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miklas, P.N., Hu, J., Grunwald, N.J., Larsen, K.M. 2006. Potential application of TRAP (Targeted Region Amplified Polymorphism) markers for mapping and tagging disease resistance traits in common bean. Crop Science. 46:910-916.
Phytophthora Infestans (MONT.) DE Bary. I. Host-Pathogen Specificity and Resistance Components - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lozoya-Saldana, H., Guzman-Galindo, L., Fernandez-Pavia, S., Grunwald, N.J., Mcelhinny, E. 2006. Phytophthora infestans (mont.) de bary. i. host-pathogen specificity and resistance components. Agrociencia. 40:205.
Qualification of a Plant Disease Simulation Model: Performance of the Lateblight Model Across a Broad Range of Environments - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Andrade-Piedra, J.L., Forbes, G.A., Shtienberg, D., Grunwald, N.J., Taipe, M.V., Hijmans, R.J., Fry, W.E. 2005. Qualification of a plant disease simulation model: performance of the lateblight model across a broad range of environments. Phytopathology. 95:1412-1422.
Influence of Nitrogen Fertilization on Incidence of Potato Late Blight in Toluca, Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rubio-Covarrubias, O.A., Grunwald, N.J., Cadena-Hinojosa, M.A. 2005. Influence of nitrogen fertilization on incidence of potato late blight in toluca, mexico. Terra Journal. 23:487-493.
The Biology of Phytophthora Infestans at Its Center of Origin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grunwald, N.J., Flier, W.G. 2005. The biology of phytophthora infestans at its center of origin. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 43:171-190.
Genetic Diversity of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum from a Single Lentil Field. - (Abstract Only) - (31-Mar-05)
First Plant Disease Lesson Published in Spanish - (Popular Publication)
Grunwald, N.J., Ploetz, R. 2005. First plant disease lesson published in spanish. Phytopathology News.39(5):61-62.
Simple Sequence Repeat Abundance and Distribution in Two Oomycete Genomes: Phytophthora Sojae and P. Ramorum - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Tripathi, S., Ivors, K., Lamour, K.H., Tyler, B.M. 2005. Simple sequence repeat abundance and distribution in two oomycete genomes: phytophthora sojae and p. ramorum. Fungal Genetics Conference Proceedings. p64.
Variation in Phenotype for Resistance to Phytophthora Ramorum in a Range of Species and Cultivars of the Genus Viburnum - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Scheuerell, S., Davis, E.A., Linderman, R.G. 2004. Variation in phenotype for resistance to Phytophthora ramorum in a range of species and cultivars of the genus Viburnum [abstract]. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium II. p. 29.
Genome Sequence of Phytophthora Ramorum: Implications for Management - (Abstract Only)
Tyler, B., Tripathi, S., Grunwald, N.J., Lamour, K., Ivors, K., Garbelotto, M., Putnam, N., Grigoriev, I., Rokhsar, D., Boore, J. 2004. Genome sequence of Phytophthora ramorum: Implications for management [abstract]. Sudden Oak Death Science Symposium. p42.
First Report of Blight on Ipomoea Purpurea Caused by Phytophthora Ipomoeae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Badillo-Ponce, G., Fernandez-Pavia, S.P., Grunwald, N.J., Garay-Serrano, E., Rodriguez-Alvarado, G., Lozoya-Saldana, H. 2004. First report of blight on ipomoea purpurea caused by phytophthora ipomoeae. Plant Disease. 88:1283.
Use of Real-Time Pcr to Examine the Relationship Between Disease Severity in Pea and Aphanomyces Euteiches DNA Content in Roots - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Vandemark, G.J., Grunwald, N.J. 2005. Use of real-time PCR to examine the relationship between disease severity in pea and Aphanomyces euteiches DNA content in roots. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 111:309-316.
Changes in Soil Microbial Diversity During the Conversion of a Native Shrub-Steppe to An Irrigated Agroecosystem II - (Abstract Only)
Cochran, R.L., Collins, H.P., Kennedy, A.C., Grunwald, N.J. 2004. Changes in soil microbial diversity during the conversion of a native shrub-steppe to an irrigated agroecosystem ii. American Society of Agronomy Abstracts.
Trap Markers for Disease Resistance in Common Bean - (Abstract Only)
Miklas, P.N., Hu, J., Grunwald, N.J., Bosak, K. 2004. Trap markers for disease resistance in common bean. American Society of Agronomy Abstracts. Madison, WI. No. 3496.
Potential Application of Trap Markers for Tagging Disease Resistance Traits in Common Bean - (Proceedings)
Miklas, P.N., Hu, J., Grunwald, N.J. 2004. Potential application of trap markers for tagging disease resistance traits in common bean. Proceedings of the Bean Improvement Cooperative, Oct 27-29, Sacramento, CA, 2003. In Annual Report Bean Improvement Coop. 47:79-80.
Population Structure of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum in a Pea Field in the Pacific Northwest - (Abstract Only) - (01-Feb-04)
Low Diversity of Vegetative Compatibility Types and Mating Type of Cryphonectria Parasitica in the Southern Balkans - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sotirovski, K., Papazov, I., Grunwald, N.J., Milgroom, M.G. 2004. Low diversity of vegetative compatibility types and mating type of cryphonectria parasitica in the southern Balkans. Plant Pathology. 53:325-333.
First Report of Pythium Irregulare on Lentils in the United States. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Paulitz, T.C., Dugan, F.M., Chen, W., Grunwald, N.J. 2004. First report of pythium irregulare on lentils in the united states. Plant Disease. 88 (3). p. 310-310. 2004
Reaction of Medicago Truncatula to Aphanomyces Euteiches Race 2 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
VANDEMARK, G.J., GRUNWALD, N.J. REACTION OF MEDICAGO TRUNCATULA TO APHANOMYCES EUTEICHES RACE 2. ARCHIVES OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY AND PLANT PROTECTION.37:59-67.
Detection and Quantification of Oopores of Phytophthora Infestans (MONT.) DE Bary in Soils from Cultivated and Wild Potato in Central Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (27-Oct-03)
Proceedings of the Second International Aphanomyces Workshop - (Proceedings)
GRUNWALD, N.J., COYNE, C.J. (Eds.) 2003. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL APHANOMYCES WORKSHOP. UNITED STATE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, PROSSER, WA. 112 pp.
Soil-Borne Oospores of Phytophthora Infestans in Central Mexico Survive Winter Fallow and Infect Potato Plants in the Field - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fernandez-Pavia, S.P., Grunwald, N.J., Diaz-Valasis, M., Cadena-Hinojosa, M., Fry, W.E. 2004. Soil-borne oospores of phytophthora infestans in central mexico survive winter fallow and infect potato plants in the field. Plant Disease 88:29-33.
Soil-Borne Oospores of Phytophthora Infestans in Central Mexico Survive Intercropping Periods and Infect Potato Plants in the Field - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S.P., GRUNWALD, N.J., DIAZ-VALASIS, M., CADENA-HINOJOSA, M., FRY, W.E. SOIL-BORNE OOSPORES OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS IN CENTRAL MEXICO SURVIVE INTERCROPPING PERIODS AND INFECT POTATO PLANTS IN THE FIELD. PLANT DISEASE. 88:29-33. 2003.
Within Field Population Structure of Aphanomyces Euteiches - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J. WITHIN FIELD POPULATION STRUCTURE OF APHANOMYCES EUTEICHES. NORTH AMERICAN PULSE IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION. p. 6. 2003.
Resistance to Fusarium Root Rot in the Pisum Core Collection - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J., COFFMAN, V.A., KRAFT, J., COYNE, C.J. RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM ROOT ROT IN THE PISUM CORE COLLECTION. NORTH AMERICAN PULSE IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION. p. 14. 2003.
The Biology of the Genus Aphanomyces - (Proceedings)
GRUNWALD, N.J. THE BIOLOGY OF THE GENUS APHANOMYCES. INTERNATIONAL APHANOMYCES SYMPOSIUM. P 7-14. 2003.
Within Field Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity in Aphanomyces Euteiches - (Proceedings)
GRUNWALD, N.J. WITHIN FIELD PHENOTYPIC AND GENOTYPIC DIVERSITY IN APHANOMYCES EUTEICHES. INTERNATIONAL APHANOMYCES SYMPOSIUM. P. 60-66. 2003.
Genetics of Partial Resistance to Aphanomyces Root Rot in Pea - (Proceedings)
PILET-NAYEL, M.L., DORMEGNIES, T., MCGEE, R.J., ESNAULT, R., MANGIN, P., ROUX-DUPARQUE, M., GRUNWALD, N.J., BARANGER, A., COYNE, C.J. GENETICS OF PARTIAL RESISTANCE TO APHANOMYCES ROOT ROT IN PEA. International Aphanomyces Symposium. P 72-75. 2003.
Effect of Plant Activators on Soil-Rhizosphere Microbial Communities - (Abstract Only)
COLLINS, H.P., GRUNWALD, N.J., NAVARRE, D.A., PIERCE, F.J. EFFECT OF PLANT ACTIVATORS ON SOIL-RHIZOSPHERE MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY ABSTRACTS - CD, SO3-Collins 760503. 2003.
Soil Microbial Responses to Conversion of Native Shrub-Steppe Ecosystem to Irrigated Agroecosystem - (Abstract Only)
COCHRAN, R.L., COLLINS, H.P., GRUNWALD, N.J., KENNEDY, A.C. SOIL MICROBIAL RESPONSES TO CONVERSION OF NATIVE SHRUB-STEPPE ECOSYSTEM TO IRRIGATED AGROECOSYSTEM. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY ABSTRACTS - CD-SO3, Cochran 697377. 2003.
Prosser High School Senior Demonstrates That Rhizoctonia Oryzae Is a Novel Pathogen of Pea Following Koch's Postulates - (Popular Publication)
GRUNWALD, N.J. PROSSER HIGH SCHOOL SENIOR DEMONSTRATES THAT RHIZOCTONIA ORYZAE IS A NOVEL PATHOGEN OF PEA FOLLOWING KOCH'S POSTULATES. AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY PRESS ON LINE LESSONS. 2003.
Sources of Partial Resistance to Fusarium Root Rot in the Pisum Core Collection - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., COFFMAN, V.A., KRAFT, J.M. SOURCES OF PARTIAL RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM ROOT ROT IN THE PISUM CORE COLLECTION. PLANT DISEASE. 2003. 87(10):1197-1200.
Resistance in Mexican Potato Germplasm to Late Blight Is High and Durable - (Abstract Only)
Grunwald, N.J., Cadena Hinojosa, M.A., Rubio Covarrubias, O., Rivera Pena, A., Lozoya-Saldana, H., Brown, C.R., Fry, W.E. 2004. Resistance in mexican potato germplasm to late blight is high and durable. American Journal of Potato Research. 81:61.
Adopting Conservation Tillage in Irrigated Cropping Systems - (Proceedings)
COLLINS, H.P., PIERCE, F., BOYDSTON, R.A., GRUNWALD, N.J., MUNYANEZA, J.E. ADOPTING CONSERVATION TILLAGE IN IRRIGATED CROPPING SYSTEMS. 42ND ANNUAL WASHINGTON STATE POTATO CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, FEB. 2-6,2003, MOSES LAKE, WA, WASHINGTON STATE POTATO COMMISSION, P. 81-92. 2003.
Evaluation of Plant Activators for Management of Fusarium Root Rot on Green Pea - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., NAVARRE, D.A., COFFMAN, V.A. EVALUATION OF PLANT ACTIVATORS FOR MANAGEMENT OF FUSARIUM ROOT ROT ON GREEN PEA. FUNGICIDE AND NEMATICIDE TESTS. F & N TESTS 58:V001. 2003.
Pea Diseases and Their Management - (Book / Chapter)
GRUNWALD, N.J., LARSEN, R.C., CHEN, W. PEA DISEASES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT. DISEASE MANAGEMENT OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES, VOLUME II: VEGETABLE DISEASES. IN PRESS.
Sampling and Aflp Fingerprinting of White Mold Isolates from Pea and Lentil in the Pacific Northwest - (Proceedings)
GRUNWALD, N.J., CHEN, W., KOHN, L.M. SAMPLING AND AFLP FINGERPRINTING OF WHITE MOLD ISOLATES FROM PEA AND LENTIL IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. Proceedings of the International Sclerotinia Workshop. 2003. p. 28.
Analysis of Population Genotypic Diversity Data: Aspects of Richness, Evenness, and Diversity. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., GOODWIN, S.B., MILGROOM, M.G., FRY, W.E. ANALYSIS OF POPULATION GENOTYPIC DIVERSITY DATA: ASPECTS OF RICHNESS, EVENNESS, AND DIVERSITY.. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 93:738-741. 2003.
Population Substructuring of Phytophthora Infestans on American Potato Clones in the Toluca Valley, Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LOZOYA-SALDANA, H., GRUNWALD, N.J., GARAY-SERRANO, E., STURBAUM-ABUD, A., BROWN, C.R., BELMAR, C. POPULATION SUBSTRUCTURING OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS ON AMERICAN POTATO CLONES IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY, MEXICO. ACTA HORTICULTURAE, 619:183-188. 2003.
Sources of Resistance to Fusarium Root Rot - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J., COFFMAN, V.A., KRAFT, J.M. SOURCES OF RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM ROOT ROT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. 93:S30.
Exploring the Relationship Between Alleles and Epidemics: the Case of Potato Late Blight - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J. EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALLELES AND EPIDEMICS: THE CASE OF POTATO LATE BLIGHT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. 93:S107.
Contrasting Genotypic Diversity in Soil Borne Vs. Aerial Phytophthora Infestans Populations from Central Mexico - (Abstract Only)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S.P., GRUNWALD, N.J., GARAY-SERRANO, E., BELMAR-DIAZ, C., DIAZ-VALASIS, M., CADENA-HINOJOSA, M., RODRIGUEZ-ALVARADO, G. CONTRASTING GENOTYPIC DIVERSITY IN SOIL BORNE VS. AERIAL PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS POPULATIONS FROM CENTRAL MEXICO. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. 93:S25.
Evaluation of Lentil Cultivars for Resistance to White Mold - (Proceedings)
CHEN, W., GRUNWALD, N.J., MCPHEE, K.E., MUEHLBAUER, F.J. EVALUATION OF LENTIL CULTIVARS FOR RESISTANCE TO WHITE MOLD. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCLEROTINIA WORKSHOP. 2003. p. 17.
Quantifying Aphanomyces Euteiches in Pea with a Real Time Fluorescent Pcr Assay - (Abstract Only)
VANDEMARK, G.J., GRUNWALD, N.J. QUANTIFYING APHANOMYCES EUTEICHES IN PEA WITH A REAL TIME FLUORESCENT PCR ASSAY. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. 93:S86.
Field Evaluation of Lentil Cultivars for Resistance to Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
CHEN,W. ., GRUNWALD,N.J., MCPHEE,K.E., MUEHLBAUER,F.J. FIELD EVALUATION OF LENTIL CULTIVARS FOR RESISTANCE TO SCLEROTINIA SCLEROTIORUM. BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL TESTS FOR CONTROL OF PLANT DISEASES. Vol. 18. F010. DOI:10.1094/BC18. 2003.
The Population Structure of Phytophthora Infestans from the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico Suggests Genetic Differentiation Between Populations from Cultivated Potato and Wild Solanum Spp. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
FLIER, W.G., GRUNWALD, N.J., KROON, L.P., STURBAUM, A.K., VANDEN BOSCH, T.B., GARAY-SERRANO, E., LOZOYA-SALDANA, H., FRY, W.E., TURKENSTEEN, L.J. THE POPULATION STRUCTURE OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS FROM THE TOLUCA VALLEY OF CENTRAL MEXICO SUGGESTS GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN POPULATIONS FROM CULTIVATED POTATO AND WILD SOLANUM SPP. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. 93:382-390.
Phytophthora Ipomoeae, a New Homothallic Species Causing Leaf Blight on Ipomoea Longipedunculata in the Toluca Valley of Central Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
FLIER, W.G., GRUNWALD, N.J., KROON, L., VAN DEN BOSCH, T., GARAY-SERRANO, E., LOZOYA-SALDANA, H., BONANTS, P., TURKENSTEEN, L.J. PHYTOPHTHORA IPOMOEAE, A NEW HOMOTHALLIC SPECIES CAUSING LEAF BLIGHT ON IPOMOEA LONGIPEDUNCULATA IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY OF CENTRAL MEXICO. MYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH. 106(7):848-856. 2002.
Potato Late Blight Management in the Toluca Valley: Field Validation of Simcast Modified for Cultivars with High Field Resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., ROMERO MONTES, G., LOZOYA SALDANA, H., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O.A., FRY, W.E. POTATO LATE BLIGHT MANAGEMENT IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY: FIELD VALIDATION OF SIMCAST MODIFIED FOR CULTIVARS WITH HIGH FIELD RESISTANCE. PLANT DISEASE. 86:1163-1168. 2002.
Potato Late Blight Management in the Toluca Valley: Field Validation of Simcast Modified for Cultivars with High Field Resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., ROMERO MONTES, G., LOZOYA SALDANA, H., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O.A., FRY, W.E. POTATO LATE BLIGHT MANAGEMENT IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY: FIELD VALIDATION OF SIMCAST MODIFIED FOR CULTIVARS WITH HIGH FIELD RESISTANCE. PLANT DISEASE. 86:1163-1168. 2002.
Potato Late Blight Management in the Toluca Valley: Field Validation of Simcast Modified for Cultivars with High Field Resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., ROMERO MONTES, G., LOZOYA SALDANA, H., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O.A., FRY, W.E. POTATO LATE BLIGHT MANAGEMENT IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY: FIELD VALIDATION OF SIMCAST MODIFIED FOR CULTIVARS WITH HIGH FIELD RESISTANCE. PLANT DISEASE. 86:1163-1168. 2002.
Potato Late Blight Management in the Toluca Valley: Field Validation of Simcast Modified for Cultivars with High Field Resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., ROMERO MONTES, G., LOZOYA SALDANA, H., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O.A., FRY, W.E. POTATO LATE BLIGHT MANAGEMENT IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY: FIELD VALIDATION OF SIMCAST MODIFIED FOR CULTIVARS WITH HIGH FIELD RESISTANCE. PLANT DISEASE. 86:1163-1168. 2002.
Genetic Studies and Breeding of Stable Late Blight Resistance of Potato in the United States and Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LOZOYA-SALDANA, H., HERNANDEZ-VILCHIS, A., GARAY-SERRANO, E., BROWN, C.R., GRUNWALD, N.J., HELGESON, J.P. GENETIC STUDIES AND BREEDING OF STABLE LATE BLIGHT RESISTANCE OF POTATO IN THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO. MEXICAN JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 19(2):253-260. 2002.
Potato Cultivars from the Mexican National Program: Sources and Durability of Resistance Against Late Blight - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., CADENA HINOJOSA, M.A., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O., RIVERA PENA, A., NIEDERHAUSER, J.S., FRY, W.E. POTATO CULTIVARS FROM THE MEXICAN NATIONAL PROGRAM: SOURCES AND DURABILITY OF RESISTANCE AGAINST LATE BLIGHT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92:688-693. 2002.
Potato Cultivars from the Mexican National Program: Sources and Durability of Resistance Against Late Blight - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., CADENA HINOJOSA, M.A., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O., RIVERA PENA, A., NIEDERHAUSER, J.S., FRY, W.E. POTATO CULTIVARS FROM THE MEXICAN NATIONAL PROGRAM: SOURCES AND DURABILITY OF RESISTANCE AGAINST LATE BLIGHT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92:688-693. 2002.
Potato Cultivars from the Mexican National Program: Sources and Durability of Resistance Against Late Blight - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., CADENA HINOJOSA, M.A., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O., RIVERA PENA, A., NIEDERHAUSER, J.S., FRY, W.E. POTATO CULTIVARS FROM THE MEXICAN NATIONAL PROGRAM: SOURCES AND DURABILITY OF RESISTANCE AGAINST LATE BLIGHT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92:688-693. 2002.
Potato Cultivars from the Mexican National Program: Sources and Durability of Resistance Against Late Blight - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
GRUNWALD, N.J., CADENA HINOJOSA, M.A., RUBIO COVARRUBIAS, O., RIVERA PENA, A., NIEDERHAUSER, J.S., FRY, W.E. POTATO CULTIVARS FROM THE MEXICAN NATIONAL PROGRAM: SOURCES AND DURABILITY OF RESISTANCE AGAINST LATE BLIGHT. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92:688-693. 2002.
Breeding for Durable Resistance to Late Blight: the Missing Mexican Link - (Popular Publication)
BROWN, C.R., GRUNWALD, N.J., LOZOYA-SALDANA, H. BREEDING FOR DURABLE RESISTANCE TO LATE BLIGHT: THE MISSING MEXICAN LINK. POTATO PROGRESS. 2(5):1-3. 2002.
Population Substructuring of Phytophthora Infestans on American Potato Clones in the Toluca Valley, Mexico - (Abstract Only)
SALDANA-LOZOYA, H., GRUNWALD, N.J., GARAY-SERRANO, E., STURBAUM, A., BROWN, C.R. POPULATION SUBSTRUCTURING OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS ON AMERICAN POTATO CLONES IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY, MEXICO. ABSTRACT OF INTERNATIONAL HORTICULTURAL CONGRESS. p 122. 2002.
Managing Potato Late Blight at the Center of Origin: Integrating Durable Resistance with a Decision Support System - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J., FRY, W.W. MANAGING POTATO LATE BLIGHT AT THE CENTER OF ORIGIN: INTEGRATING DURABLE RESISTANCE WITH A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92(6):S32. 2002.
Characterization of Phytophthora Infestans in Michoacan, Mexico - (Abstract Only)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S.P., RODRIGUEZ-ALVARADO, G., GARAY-SERRANO, E., STURBAUM, A.K., GRUNWALD, N.J., SANCHEZ-YANEZ, J.M., LOZOYA-SALDANA, H. CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS IN MICHOACAN, MEXICO. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 92(6):S25. 2002.
Characterization of Populations of Phytophthora Infestans from Soil and Foliage Collected in Central Mexico - (Abstract Only)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S., GRUNWALD, N.J., DIAZ-VALASIS, M., GARAY-SERRANO, E., BELMAR-DIAZ, C., CADENA-HINOJOSA, M., ROMERO-MONTES, G., FRY, W.E. CHARACTERIZATION OF POPULATIONS OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS FROM SOIL AND FOLIAGE COLLECTED IN CENTRAL MEXICO. XIV INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE MEXICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY. P 125. 2002.
Formation of Phytophthora Infestans Oospores in Nature on Tuber in Central Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S.P., GRUNWALD, N.J., FRY, W.E. FORMATION OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS OOSPORES IN NATURE ON TUBER IN CENTRAL MEXICO. PLANT DISEASE. 86:73. 2002.
Sensitivity and Resistance of the Toluca Valley Population of Phytophthora Infestans to Fungicides - (Abstract Only)
GRUNWALD, N.J., SERRANO, E., MONTES, G., OLAYA, G., FRY, W.E. SENSITIVITY AND RESISTANCE OF THE TOLUCA VALLEY POPULATION OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS TO FUNGICIDES. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 91(6):S33. 2001.
Infectivity and Formation of Oospores of Phytophthora Infestans in the Toluca Valley, Mexico - (Abstract Only)
FERNANDEZ-PAVIA, S., GRUNWALD, N.J., FRY, W.E. INFECTIVITY AND FORMATION OF OOSPORES OF PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS IN THE TOLUCA VALLEY, MEXICO. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 91(6):S28. 2001.
Last Modified: 10/26/2011
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