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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

XIANGWU NOU

Research Microbiologist


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Dual-species biofilms formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 and environmental bacteria isolated from fresh-cut processing plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, N.T., Nou, X., Lefcourt, A.M., Shelton, D.R., Lo, M. 2013. Dual-species biofilms formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 and environmental bacteria isolated from fresh-cut processing plants. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 171:15-20.
Incorporation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in biofilms with Ralstonia insidiosa, a primary localizer for the development of heterogeneous biofilms - (Abstract Only)
Liu, N.T., Nou, X., Lefcourt, A.M., Shelton, D.R., Lo, Y.M. 2013. Incorporation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in biofilms with Ralstonia insidiosa, a primary localizer for the development of heterogeneous biofilms. [abstract].
Growth inhibition of E. coli O157:H7 by EC869 expressing CDI system - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Jones, J., Hayes, C., Low, D. 2013. Growth inhibition of E. coli O157:H7 by EC869 expressing CDI system. BARC Poster Day.
Incorporation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms with Ralstonia insidiosa, a primary colonizer for the development of heterogeneous biofilms - (Abstract Only)
Liu, N.T., Nou, X., Bauchan, G.R., Lefcourt, A.M., Shelton, D.R., Lo, Y.M. 2013. Incorporation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms with Ralstonia insidiosa, a primary colonizer for the development of heterogeneous biofilms. BARC Poster Day.
Contact dependent growth inhibition of E. coli O157:H7 by EC869 CDI system - (Abstract Only) - (18-Mar-13)
Synergistic interaction in dual-species biofilms formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Ralstonia spp - (Abstract Only) - (18-Mar-13)
Native interaction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Ralstonia insidiosa in forming dual-species biofilms - (Abstract Only) - (15-Feb-13)
The effects of free chlorine concentration, organic load, and exposure time on the inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shen, C., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Wang, Q., Millner, P.D. 2013. The effects of free chlorine concentration, organic load, and exposure time on the inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC. Journal of Food Protection. 76(3):386-393.
Gram-negative bacterial isolates from fresh-cut processing plants enhance the presence of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms - (Abstract Only)
Liu, N., Nou, X., Lefcourt, A.M., Bauchan, G.R., Lo, Y. 2012. Gram-negative bacterial isolates from fresh-cut processing plants enhance the presence of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms. [abstract].
Synergetic effect of a novel wash aid, T-128, in improving chlorine efficacy against bacterial pathogens in wash solution containing high organic loads - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (20-Jul-12)
A pilot plant scale evaluation of a new process aid for enhancing chlorine efficacy against pathogen survival and cross-contamination during produce wash Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Luo, Y., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Zhou, B., Shen, C., Yang, Y., Wu, Y., Wang, Q., Fen, H., Shelton, D.R. 2012. A pilot plant scale evaluation of a new process aid for enhancing chlorine efficacy against pathogen survival and cross-contamination during produce wash. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 158(2):133-139.
Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of Salmonella and Pseudomonas Biofilms on stainless steel and cantaloupe rinds in chlorinated wash solutions - (Abstract Only)
Shen, C., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Bauchan, G.R., Wang, Q., Millner, P.D. 2012. Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of Salmonella and Pseudomonas Biofilms on stainless steel and cantaloupe rinds in chlorinated wash solutions. BARC Poster Day.
Effects of simulated packing house operating conditions on pathogen internalization in tomatoes - (Abstract Only)
Zhou, B., Luo, Y., Yang, Y., Wu, Y., Paul, Y., Nou, X., Wang, Q. 2012. Effects of simulated packing house operating conditions on pathogen internalization in tomatoes. [abstract] BARC Poster Day.
Inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC by hypochlorite solutions with high organic loads - (Abstract Only)
Shen, C., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Wang, Q., Millner, P.D. 2012. Inactivation of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC by hypochlorite solutions with high organic loads. [abstract]
Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of Salmonella and pseudomonas biofilms on stainless steel coupons in chlorinated wash solutions - (Abstract Only)
Shen, C., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Zhou, B., Bauchan, G.R., Wang, Q., Millner, P.D. 2012. Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of Salmonella and pseudomonas biofilms on stainless steel coupons in chlorinated wash solutions. [abstract].
Effects of temperature differential and immersion time on internalization of Salmonella Newport in tomatoes - (Abstract Only)
Zhou, B., Luo, Y., Yang, Y., Wu, Y., Paul, Y., Nou, X., Wang, Q. 2012. Effects of temperature differential and immersion time on internalization of Salmonella Newport in tomatoes. [abstract].
Effects of temperature differential and immersion time on internalization of salmonella newport in tomatoes - (Abstract Only)
Zhou, B., Luo, Y., Yang, Y., Wu, Y., Paul, Y., Nou, X., Wang, Q. 2012. Effects of temperature differential and immersion time on internalization of salmonella newport in tomatoes. [abstract].
Gram-negative phytopathogenic and soil bacteria enhance the presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms - (Abstract Only)
Liu, N., Nou, X., Lo, Y. 2012. Gram-negative phytopathogenic and soil bacteria enhance the presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dual-species biofilms. [abstract].
Strategies for the reduction of human pathogens in tomatoes and leafy greens: A farm to fork systems approach - (Abstract Only)
Ingram, D.T., Zhou, B., Shen, C., Yang, Y., Sharma, M., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Luo, Y. 2012. Strategies for the reduction of human pathogens in tomatoes and leafy greens: A farm to fork systems approach. [abstract].
Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of salmonella and pseudomonas biofilms on stainless steel in chlorinated wash solutions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shen, C., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Bauchan, G.R., Zhou, B., Wang, Q., Millner, P.D. 2012. Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of salmonella and pseudomonas biofilms on stainless steel in chlorinated wash solutions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(19):6789-98.
Improving produce safety by stabilizing chlorine in washing solutions with high organic loads - (Abstract Only)
Luo, Y., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R. 2011. Improving produce safety by stabilizing chlorine in washing solutions with high organic loads. Meeting Abstract.
Chlorine wash for fresh-cut processing: Can it work better? - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Luo, Y., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R. 2011. Chlorine wash for fresh-cut processing: Can it work better?. Meeting Abstract.
Enhanced salmonella reduction on tomatoes washed in chlorinated water with wash aid T-128 - (Abstract Only)
Yang, Y., Luo, Y., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R., Feng, H. 2011. Enhanced salmonella reduction on tomatoes washed in chlorinated water with wash aid T-128. BARC Poster Day.
Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Nou, X., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(9):3002-3008.
New wash aid T-128 improves efficacy of chlorine against cross contamination by bacterial pathogens in fresh-cut lettuce processing - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Yang, Y., Hollar, L.A., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R., Feng, H., Luo, Y. 2011. New wash aid T-128 improves efficacy of chlorine against cross contamination by bacterial pathogens in fresh-cut lettuce processing. [abstract]. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists.
Isolation of biofilm-forming bacteria from a fresh-cut processing plant and co-culturing with E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract Only)
Liu, T., Lefcourt, A.M., Nou, X., Shelton, D.R., Lo, Y. 2011. Isolation of biofilm-forming bacteria from a fresh-cut processing plant and co-culturing with E. coli O157:H7. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists.
Chlorine Stabilizer T-128 enhances efficacy of chlorine against cross contamination by E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in fresh-cut lettuce processing Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nou, X., Luo, Y., Hollar, L.A., Yang, Y., Feng, H., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R. 2011. Chlorine Stabilizer T-128 enhances efficacy of chlorine against cross contamination by E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in fresh-cut lettuce processing. Journal of Food Science. 76(3):M218-M224.
Determination of free chlorine concentrations needed to prevent Escherichia coli O157:H7 cross-contamination during fresh-cut produce wash Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Luo, Y., Nou, X., Yang, Y., Turner, E.R., Alegre, I., Alegre, M., Feng, H., Conway, W.S. 2011. Determination of free chlorine concentrations needed to prevent Escherichia coli O157:H7 cross-contamination during fresh-cut produce wash. Journal of Food Protection. 74(3):352-358.
Minimizing Pathogen Transference during Lettuce Harvesting by Optimizing the Design of the Harvesting Device and Operation Practices Principle Investigator - (Abstract Only)
Luo, Y., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Shelton, D.R. 2010. Minimizing Pathogen Transference during Lettuce Harvesting by Optimizing the Design of the Harvesting Device and Operation Practices Principle Investigator. [abstract].
Whole-leaf sanitizing wash improves chlorine efficacy for microbial reduction and prevents pathogen cross contamination during fresh-cut lettuce processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nou, X., Luo, Y. 2010. Whole-leaf sanitizing wash improves microbial reduction efficacy and prevents pathogen cross contamination during fresh-cut lettuce processing. Journal of Food Science. 75(5):M283-M290.
Improving Pathogen Reduction by Chlorine Wash Prior to Cutting in Fresh-Cut Processing - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Luo, Y. 2010. Improving Pathogen Reduction by Chlorine Wash Prior to Cutting in Fresh-Cut Processing. Meeting Abstract.
Persistence of enterohemorrhagic and non-pathogenic E. coli on spinach leaves and in rhizosphere soil Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Patel, J.R., Millner, P.D., Nou, X., Sharma, M. 2010. Persistence of enterohemorrhagic and non-pathogenic E. coli on spinach leaves and in rhizosphere soil. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 108:1789-1796.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75(20):6515-6523.
PMA treatment is an effective means to reduce false positive PCR testing results - (Abstract Only)
Farahi, F., Nou, X. 2009. PMA treatment is an effective means to reduce false positive PCR testing results. BARC Poster Day. 4/15/2009.
Effect of fresh produce crop residue on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in soil - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Patel, J.R., Sharma, M., Ingram, D.T. 2009. Effect of fresh produce crop residue on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in soil [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection 2009 Abstract Book. Paper No. T5-03. p. 41.
Comparison of expression of E. coli O157:H7 virulence factors in ground beef and on fresh-cut lettuce - (Abstract Only)
Sharma, M., Patel, J.R., Nou, X., Ferguson, S.E., Mudd, C.L., Donnenberg, M. 2009. Comparison of expression of E. coli O157:H7 virulence factors in ground beef and on fresh-cut lettuce [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection Program Book. p. 87.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Abstract Only)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination [abstract]. 7th International Symposium on Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC2009) Paper No. 195.
Organic horticulture, compost, and season-extending tunnels: Food Safety and crop quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Millner, P.D., Reynolds, S.L., Nou, X., Krizek, D.T. 2009. Organic horticulture, compost, and season-extending tunnels: Food Safety and crop quality. HortScience. 44(2):242-245.
Feasibility of colloidal silver SERS for rapid bacterial screening Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chao, K., Nou, X., Chen, Y. 2009. Feasibility of colloidal silver SERS for rapid bacterial screening. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 3(2):100-107.
Effect of green manure on E. coli O157:H7 survival in soil - (Proceedings)
Patel, J.R., Nou, X., Millner, P.D., Sharma, M. 2008. Effect of green manure on E. coli O157:H7 survival in soil. Proceedings of the United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. p. 72-73.
Effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating system for control of airborne microorganisms in meat processing environment - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Patel, J.R., Nou, X. 2008. Effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating system for control of airborne microorganisms in meat processing environment. Journal of Food Protection. 71:1922-1925.
Rapid Screening and Species Identification of E. Coli, Listeria, and Salmonella by SERS Technique - (Proceedings)
Liu, Y., Chao, K., Kim, M.S., Nou, X. 2008. Rapid Screening and Species Identification of E. Coli, Listeria, and Salmonella by SERS Technique. Proceedings of SPIE. 6381:6381OU-1-6381OU-9.
Persistence of enterohemorrhagic and non-pathogenic E. coli on spinach leaves and in rhizosphere - (Abstract Only)
Patel, J.R., Millner, P.D., Nou, X., Sharma, M. 2008. Persistence of enterohemorrhagic and non-pathogenic E. coli on spinach leaves and in rhizosphere [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection Program and Abstract Book. P1-06. p. 54.
Decontamination of airborne bacteria in meat processing plants - (Abstract Only)
Patel, J.R., Nou, X. 2008. Decontamination of airborne bacteria in meat processing plants [abstract]. Food Processing Automation Conference Proceedings. Paper No. 4.
Label-Free Sers for Rapid and Simultaneous Species Identification of Escherichia Coli, Listeria Monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimonium Bacteria - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y., Nou, X., Kim, M.S., Chao, K. 2008. Label-free sers for rapid and simultaneous species identification of escherichia coli, listeria monocytogenes, and salmonella typhimonium bacteria. Spectroscopy Magazine. 12(2):48-54.
Detection of Fecal/ingesta Contaminants on Poultry Processing Equipment Surfaces by Visible and Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Nou, X., Liu, Y., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E., Yang, C., Patel, J.R., Sharma, M. 2008. Detection of fecal/ingesta contaminants on poultry processing equipment surfaces by visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 24(11):49-55.
Potential of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy for the Rapid Identification of Escherichia Coli and Listeria Monocytogenes Cultures on Silver Colloidal Nanoparticles - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Nou, X., Chao, K. 2007. Potential of surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy for the rapid identification of escherichia coli and listeria monocytogenes cultures on silver colloidal nanoparticles. Journal of Applied Spectroscopy. 6(8)824-831.
Simultaneous and Rapid Identification of Escherichia Coli, Listeria Monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimonium by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Spectroscopy - (Abstract Only)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y., Nou, X., Chao, K. 2007. Simultaneous and rapid identification of escherichia coli, listeria monocytogenes, and salmonella typhimonium by surface-enhanced raman scattering spectroscopy. BARC Poster Day, Beltsville, MD, April 25, 2007.
Development of Sers Spectroscopy for Routine and Rapid Identification of Escherichia Coli and Listeria Monocytogenes on Silver Colloidal Nanoparticles Reprint Icon - (Proceedings)
Chen, Y., Liu, Y., Nou, X., Chao, K. Development of SERS spectroscopy for routine and rapid identification of escherichia coli and listeria monocytogenes on silver colloidal nanoparticles. Proceedings of Annual NSTI Nanotech Conference, Santa Clara, CA, May 20-24, 2007. 2(6)549-552, CDROM.
Prevalence of Salmonella, Campylobacter and Listeria on retail organic and kosher poultry products - (Abstract Only)
Nou, X., Delgado, J., Patel, J.R., Sharma, M., Solomon, M.B. 2007. Prevalence of Salmonella, Campylobacter and Listeria on retail organic and kosher poultry products [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection Program and Abstract Book. p. 157.
Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America. Journal of Food Protection. 70(7):1622-1626.
Efficacy of air cleaning system for control of airborne microbes in a meat processing environment - (Abstract Only)
Patel, J.R., Nou, X., Sanglay, G.C. 2007. Efficacy of air cleaning system for control of airborne microbes in a meat processing environment [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection Program and Abstract Book. p. 247.
Detection of Fecal / Ingesta Contaminants at Slaughter Plants from a Number of Characteristic Visible and Near Infrared Bands - (Proceedings)
Liu, Y., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Nou, X., Chan, D.E., Yang, C. 2006. Detection of fecal / ingesta contaminants at slaughter plants from a number of characteristic visible and near infrared bands. Proceedings of SPIE. 6381:6381OU-1 - 6381OU-9.
Comparison of Visible and Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for the Detection of Faeces/ingesta Contaminants for Sanitation Verification at Slaughter Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y.D., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Nou, X., Chan, D.E., Yang, C. 2006. Comparison of visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for the detection of faeces/ingesta contaminants for sanitation verification at slaughter plants. Near Infrared Spectroscopy Journal. 14:325-331.
Improvement of Immunomagnetic Separation for Escherichia Coli O157:h7 Detection by the Pickpen Magnetic Particle Separation Device - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nou, X., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Koohmaraie, M. 2006. Improvement of immunomagnetic separation for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection by the pickpen magnetic particle separation device. Journal of Food Protection 69:2870-2874.
Treatments Using Hot Water Instead of Lactic Acid Reduce Levels of Aerobic Bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae and Reduce the Prevalence of Escherichia Coli O157:h7 on Preevisceration Beef Carcasses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Barkocy-Gallagher, G.A., Arthur, T.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2006. Treatments using hot water instead of lactic acid reduce levels of aerobic bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae and reduce the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on preevisceration beef carcasses. Journal of Food Protection. 69(8):1808-1813.
Methods for Recovering Escherichia Coli O157:h7 from Cattle Fecal, Hide, and Carcass Samples: Sensitivity and Improvements - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Barkocy-Gallagher, G.A., Edwards, K.K., Nou, X., Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Methods for recovering Escherichia coli O157:H7 from cattle fecal, hide, and carcass samples: Sensitivity and improvements. Journal of Food Protection. 68:2264-2268.
Evaluation of Culture and Pcr-Based Detection Methods for Escherichia Coli O157:h7 in Inoculated Ground Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Evaluation of culture- and PCR-based detection methods for Escherichia coli O157:H7 in inoculated ground beef. Journal of Food Protection. 68:1566-1574.
Effects of Low-Dose, Low-Penetration Electron Beam Irradiation of Chilled Beef Carcass Surface Cuts on Escherichia Coli O157:h7 and Meat Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Effects of low-dose, low-penetration electron beam irradiation of chilled beef carcass surface cuts on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and meat quality. Journal of Food Protection. 68(4):666-672.
Development and Evaluation of An on-Line Hide Decontamination Procedure for Use in a Commercial Beef Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Osborn, M.S., Allen, D.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Development and evaluation of an on-line hide decontamination procedure for use in a commercial beef processing plant. Journal of Food Protection. 68(2):265-272.
Characterization of O157:h7 and Other Escherichia Coli Isolates Recovered from Cattle Hides, Feces, and Carcasses - (Research Notes)
Gallagher, G.A., Arthur, T.M., Rivera Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Characterization of O157:H7 and other Escherichia coli isolates recovered from cattle hides, feces, and carcasses. Journal of Food Protection. 67(5):993-998.
Escherichia Coli O157 Prevalence and Enumeration of Aerobic Bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia Coli O157 at Various Steps in Commercial Beef Processing Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Kent, M.P., Jaroni, D., Pauling, B., Allen, D.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Escherichia coli O157 prevalence and enumeration of aerobic bacteria, Enterobacteriacae, and Escherichia coli O157 at various steps in commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 67(4):658-665.
Protocol for Evaluating the Efficacy of Cetylpyridinium Chloride As a Beef Hide Intervention - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Arthur, T.M., Shackelford, S.D., Kent, M.P., Jaroni, D., Osborn, M.S., Rossman, M., Reagan, J.O., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Protocol for evaluating the efficacy of cetylpyridinium chloride as a beef hide intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 67(2):303-309.
Seasonal Prevalence of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli, Including O157:h7 and Non-O157 Serotypes, and Salmonella in Commercial Beef Processing Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gallagher, G.A., Arthur, T.M., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Seasonal prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, including O157:H7 and non-O157 serotypes, and Salmonella in commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 66(11):1978-1986.
Effect of Chemical Dehairing on the Prevalence of Escherichia Coli O157:h7 and the Levels of Aerobic Bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae on Carcasses in a Commercial Beef Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nou, X., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Gwartney, B.L., Reagan, J.O., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Effect of chemical dehairing on the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and the levels of aerobic bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae on carcasses in a commercial beef processing plant. Journal of Food Protection. 66(11):2005-2009.
Development of Methods for the Recovery of Escherichia Coli O157:h7 and Salmonella from Beef Carcass Sponge Samples and Bovine Fecal and Hide Samples - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Barkocy-Gallagher, G.A., Berry, E.D., Rivera Betancourt, M., Arthur, T.M., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2002. Development of methods for the recovery of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella from beef carcass sponge samples and bovine fecal and hide samples. Journal of Food Protection. 65(10):1527-1534
Last Modified: 9/3/2014
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