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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

John D. Williams

Hydrologist

Educational Background:

I completed my BA in biology in 1986 and my MS in rangeland resources in 1988 at Oregon State University. I completed my PhD in range science at Utah State University in 1993.

Research Program: Hydrology

Hydrology and soil conservation in dry-land crop and biofuel production systems.

Current Research Projects:

  • Dryland crop production in a four-year rotation

I recently completed an eight-year evaluation of a four-year crop rotation for use in the intermediate rainfall zone of the Columbia Plateau. Although improvements in conservation practices have substantially decreased soil and water loss from crops produced in the two-year winter wheat – summer fallow rotation, soil loss continues to contribute to water quality impairment. Intensifying the crop rotation using no-till technology has been recommended as the next step in soil and water conservation efforts beyond increased residue cover in disturbance tillage. In an effort that combined small watershed and plot research, the four year, no-till rotation of fallow-winter wheat-peas-winter wheat outperformed the same four rotation using disturbance conservation tillage and a two-year winter wheat – fallow in traditional tillage.

  • Biofuel production potential of perennial riparian buffers in agricultural landscapes

I am currently leading an effort to diversify wheat-based cropping systems and provide biomass for energy production and/or forage. Federal conservation programs have the potential to provide conservation services and crops bioenergy, particularly where conservation buffers are installed. Conservation buffers provide opportunities for the development of multifunctional production systems where bioenergy crops might be grown. Areas immediately adjacent to streams are best kept in undisturbed mixed riparian vegetation to provide hydrologic recharge, wildlife habitat, and conservation services. On the Columbia Plateau many of these areas are either abandoned cropland or enrolled in conservation buffer programs. We will determine the productivity of typical perennial species planted into these areas for conservation purposes and their suitability for biofuel feed stocks.

Other Research Interests:

 

Publications:

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Surface runoff plot design for use in watershed research. Journal of Range Management, 44(4): 411-412. 1991. Williams, J.D., and Buckhouse, J.C.

Winter logging and erosion in a ponderosa pine forest in northeastern Oregon. Western Journal of Applied Forestry, 8(1): 19-23. 1993. Williams, J.D., and Buckhouse, J.C. Western

Microphytic crust influence on wind erosion. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 38(1): 131-137. 1995. Williams, J.D., Dobrowolski, J.P, West, N.E., and Gillette, D.A.

Microphytic crust influence on interrill erosion and infiltration capacity. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 38(1): 139-146. 1995. Williams, J.D., Dobrowolski, J.P, and West, N.E.

A new rainfall simulator for use in low–energy rainfall areas. Applied Engineering in Agriculture,14(3): 243–247. 1998. Williams, J.D., Wilkins, D.E., McCool, D.K., Baarstad, L.L., Klepper, B.L., and Papendick, R.I.

Microbiotic crust influence on unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation, 12(2). 145-154. 1999. Williams, J.D., Dobrowolski, J.P, and West, N.E.

Mow-plow crop residue management influence on soil erosion in north-central Oregon. Soil and Tillage Research, 55: 71-78. 2000. Williams, J.D., Wilkins, D.E., Douglas, Jr., C.L., and Rickman, R.W.

Current topics in agricultural hydrology and water quality: introduction. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41(2): 243-244. 2005. Williams, J.D., Kolpin, D.W.

Organic matter addition, N, and residue burning effects on infiltration, biological, and physical properties of an intensively tilled silt-loam soil. Soil and Tillage Research, 84(1): 154-167. 2005. Wuest, S.B., Caesar, T., Wright, S.E., Williams, J.D.

Freeze/thaw effects and gully erosion in the northwestern wheat and range region. International Journal of Sediment Research,20(3): 2002-2010. 2005. McCool, D.K., Williams, J.D.

Tillage and perennial grass effects on ponded infiltration for seven semi-arid loess soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 61(4): 218-223. 2006. Wuest, S.B., Williams, J.D., Gollany, H.T.

Comparison of runoff, soil erosion, and winter wheat yields from no-till and inversion tillage production systems in northeastern Oregon . Journal Soil and Water Conservation, 64(1):42-53. 2009 .Williams, J.D., Gollany, H.T., Siemens, M.C., Wuest, S.B., Long, D.S.

WEPP simulations of dryland cropping systems in small drainages of northeastern Oregon. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 65(1):22-33. Williams, J.D., Dun, S., Robertson, D.S., Wu, J.Q., Brooks, E., Flanagan, D.C., McCool, D.K.

Intensive crop rotation yield and economic performance in minimum tillage and no tillage in northeastern Oregon. Crop Management doi:10.1094/CM-2011-0328-01-RS. Williams, J. D., and Long, D. S. 2011.

Additional Publications:

Overland flow and sediment production potentials in logged and nonlogged sites on a ponderosa pine forest in northeastern Oregon. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR. 108 p. 1988. (Thesis) Williams, J.D.

Influence of microphytic crusts on selected soil hydrologic and erosional properties in the Hartnet Draw in and near Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State Univ., Logan, UT. 170 p. 1993. (Dissertation) Williams, J.D.

Effects of disturbance by tracked vehicles on wind and water erosion. Report Submitted to The Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Shrub Sciences Laboratory. Provo UT 84601. 68 pp. 1994. (Technical Report) Dobrowolski, J.P., and Williams, J.D.

Microbiotic Crusts: A Review. Prepared for: Interior Columbia Basin Management Project, 112 Poplar Street, Walla Walla WA 99362-1693. USDA–FS/USDI–BLM, Contract No. 43-0E00-4-9141. 56 pp. 1994. (Technical Report) Williams, J.D.

Shrinking/swelling, freezing/thawing and grazing effects on infiltration, pp. 189–201, in L.R. Ahuja and A. Garrison, eds., Proceedings of the ARS Workshop on “Real World” Infiltration. Information Series No. 86, Colorado Water Resources Research Institute, Ft. Collins, CO. 1996. (Technical Report) Flerchinger, G.N., Frasier, G.W., Grossman, R.B., Potter, K.N., Sharratt, B.S., and Williams, J.D.

Effect of residue management on predicted soil loss, pp. 48–51, in S.L. Albrecht, ed., Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Report – SR 961. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 1996. (Experiment Station Report) Wilkins, D. E., Liu, H., and Williams, J.D.

Tilling seeded wheat fields for erosion control. Presented at the 1996 ASAE Annual International Meeting, Paper No. 96–2095, 2950 Niles, St. Joseph, MI 49085–9659. 1996. (Technical Report) Wilkins, D. E., Zuzel, J. F., and Williams, J.D.

The Pacific Northwest Rainfall Simulator: A research tool for the interior northwest, pp. 37–40, in S. L. Albrecht, ed., Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Annual Report – SR 961. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 1996. (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D., Wilkins, D.E., McCool, D.K., Baarstad, L.L., Klepper, B.L., and Papendick R.I.

Surface cover effects on soil loss from temporally frozen cropland in the Pacific Northwest, pp. 235–241, in I. K. Iskandar, E. A. Wright, J.K. Radke, B.S. Sharratt, P.H. Groenevelt, and L.D. Hinzman, eds., International Symposium on Physics, Chemistry, and Ecology of Seasonally Frozen Soils, Fairbanks, AK, June 10–12. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH. 1997. (Proceedings) McCool, D.K., Saxton, K.E., and Williams, J.D.

Contributions to the establishment of TMDL values for the Umatilla River Watershed, pp. 20–25, in S. L. Albrecht, ed., Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Report – SR 961. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 1997. (Experiment Station Report) Rickman, R.W., Williams, J.D., Clifton, C.F., and Purser, M.

Tillage system for mechanical weed control and wheat residue management. Presented at the 1997 ASAE Annual Meeting, Paper No. 97–1003, 2950 Niles, St. Joseph, MI 49085–9659. 1997. (Technical Report) Wilkins, D.E., and Williams, J.D.

Winter erosion in four residue management systems: Preliminary report, pp. 73–76, in J.D. Williams, ed., Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Report – SR 977. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 1997. (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D., Wilkins, D.E., Douglas, C.L., Jr., and Rickman, R.W.

Erosion and crop response to contour-ripped planted-wheat in seasonally frozen soil in the Pacific Northwest, pp. 62–65, in I.K. Iskandar, E.A. Wright, J.K. Radke, B.S. Sharratt, P.H. Groenevelt, and L.D. Hinzman, eds., International Symposium on Physics, Chemistry, and Ecology of Seasonally Frozen Soils, Fairbanks, AK, June 10–12. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH. 1997. (Proceedings) Williams, J.D., Wilkins, D.E., and Schillinger, W.F.

Stream morphological description of the Umatilla River, pp. 53–60, in J.D. Williams, ed., Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Report – SR 989. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 1998. (Experiment Station Report) Williams , J.D., Clifton, C.F., and Rickman, R.W.

Nutrients in runoff from frozen soils in the dryland areas of the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Soil & Water Conservation 53 (2): 176. 1998. (Proceedings) Douglas, C.L., Jr., Williams, J.D., and Wilkins, D.E.

Structure and function of biological soil crusts, in R. Meurisse, K. Seybold, and W. Ypsilantis, eds., Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest Forest and Rangeland Soil Organisms Symposium. 17~19 November 1998, Corvallis, OR. 1998. (Proceedings) Belnap, J., Williams, J.D., and J. H. Kaltenecker, J.H.

Biological Soil Crusts; Ecology and Management. 1999. (Technical Reference) Belnap, J., Rosentreter, R., Kaltenecker, J., Williams, J., Leonard, S., Luehring, P., and Eldridge, D.

Meander shape and the design of stable meanders, in Proceedings of American Water Resources Association 2000 Summer Specialty Summer Conference, International Conference on Riparian Ecology and Management in Multi-Land Use Watersheds, 28 - 31 August 2000. Portland, OR. 563-568. 2000. (Proceedings) Hagerman, J.R., and Williams, J.D.

Introduction and Development of a Dryland Crop Riparian Conservation Project, in Special Report 1012, 2000 Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Annual Report. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 101-113 pp. 2000 (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D., Loiland, J.O., Camara, K.M., and Williams, H.B.

North-central Oregon dryland crop riparian conservation project, in Proceedings of American Water Resources Association 2000 Summer Specialty Summer Conference, International Conference on Riparian Ecology and Management in Multi-Land Use Watersheds, 28 - 31 August 2000. Portland, OR. 405-409 pp. 2000. (Proceedings) Williams, J.D., Loiland, J.O., Camara, K.M., and Williams, H.B.

Biological Soil Crusts: Ecology and Management.Technical Reference 1730-2, USDI, Bureau of Land Management, National Science and Technology Center, Information and Communications Group. Denver, CO. 119 pp. 2001. (Technical Reference) Belnap, J., Kaltenecker, J.H., Rosenstreter, R., Williams, J.D., Leonard, S., and Eldridge, D.J.

Umatilla River Basin Total Maximum Daily Load and Water Quality Management Plan. Approved 9 May 2001. Oregon Department of Environmental Quality et al.

Soil erodibility in long term crop systems: Preliminary results following two years of monitoring, in Proceedings of the International Symposium; Soil Erosion Research for the 21st Century. ASAE, Honolulu, HI. 245-248 pp. 2001. (Proceedings) Williams, J.D., and Douglas, C.L., Jr.

No-till influence on hydrology and stream morphology in dryland crop areas, in Special Report 1026, 2001Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Annual Report. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 84-95 pp. 2001 (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D., and Wuest, S.B.

Subsoiling influence on nutrients in runoff following rainfall simulation, in Proceedings of ASA-SSSA. 2003. (Proceedings) Gollany, H.T., Wuest, S.B., Williams, J.D., Schillinger, W.F., Baker, A.A., Robertson, D.A.

A paired-drainage, four-year no-till system project in north-central Oregon, in Proceedings American Water Resources Association Spring Specialty Conference Proceedings - Agricultural Hydrology and Water Quality. Kansas City, MO, May 12-14, 2003. (Proceedings) Williams, J.D.

Rotary subsoiling to reduce erosion and improve infiltration in newly planted winter wheat after summer fallow, in Special Report 1054, Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center Annual Report, AES, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 103-116. 2004. (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D., Wuest, S.B., Schillinger, W.F., Gollany, H.T.

Changes in storm flow responses as a result of direct seed farming practices on the Columbia Plateau croplands. Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47). 2005. (Proceedings) Williams, J.D., Robertson, D.S., Oviatt, H.S.

Effects of tillage and residue management on seed-zone temperature and moisture: field investigation and SHAW modeling, in American Society of Agri Engineers Special Meetings and Conferences Papers. 2005. (Proceedings) Qiu, H., Williams, J.D., Wu, J., Flerchinger, G.N., Oviatt, H.S., Wuest, S.B., McCool, D.K.

Effects of tillage on water infiltration, in Special Report 1068, Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center Annual Report, AES, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 86-92. 2006. (Experiment Station Report) Wuest, S.B., Williams, J.D., Johlke, T.R.

Soil Erosion by Water, in Sven Erick Jorgensen and Brian D. Fath, (Editor-in-Chief), Ecological Processes. Volume 4 of the Encyclopedia of Ecology, 1 st Edition, Elsevier B.V., 5 volumes. Oxford. Pp. 3284-3290. 2008. (Book Chapter) McCool, D.K., Williams, J.D.

Soil loss from long-term winter-wheat/summer fallow residue and nutrient management experiment at Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center, Pendleton, Oregon, in Special Report 1083, AES, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 58-73. 2008. (Experiment Station Report) Williams, J.D.

Comparison of runoff and soil erosion from no-till and inversion tillage production systems, in Special Report 1083, AES, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 74-85. 2008. (Experiment Station Report) Wuest, S.B., Williams, J.D., Gollany, H.T., Siemens, M.C., Long, D.S.

Raindrop Characteristics in the Pacific Northwest. ASABE Annual International Meeting. ASABE Paper No.097441. Reno, NV. June 21-24. Pp. 19. (Proceedings) McCool, D.K., Williams, J.D., Morse, J.R.

Plant Community Development in a Dryland CREP in Northeastern Oregon. Dryland Research Report - 2010. Pendleton, OR.  J. D. Williams, H. M. Hartman, L. M. Spencer, J. O. Loiland


Last Modified: 7/14/2011