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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

TOMMY LEE WHEELER
Meat Safety & Quality Research
Supervisory Research Food Technologist

Phone: (402) 762-4221
Fax: (402) 762-4149
U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER
SPUR 18D
CLAY CENTER, NE, 68933-0000

Projects
PATHOGEN MITIGATION IN LIVESTOCK AND RED MEAT PRODUCTION
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 420868
STRATEGIES TO OPTIMIZE MEAT QUALITY AND COMPOSITION OF RED MEAT ANIMALS
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 423446
Water Holding Capacity Mechanisms of Meat
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 426481
Hide-on Carcass Wash System with Thermal/Chemical Dehairing and Mechanical Scraping
Trust (T)
  Accession Number: 426330

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Use of ultrasound scanning and BCS to evaluate composition traits in mature beef cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (07-Jul-14)
Effects of feeding dry-rolled corn-based diets with and without wet distillers grains with solubles and zilpaterol hydrochloride on performance characteristics, and heat stress in finishing beef steers Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hales, K.E., Shackelford, S.D., Wells, J., King, D.A., Hayes, M., Brown-Brandl, T.M., Kuehn, L.A., Freetly, H.C., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Effects of feeding dry-rolled corn-based diets with and without wet distillers grains with solubles and zilpaterol hydrochloride on performance characteristics, and heat stress in finishing beef steers. Journal of Animal Science. 92(9):4023-4033.
Selection enhanced estimates of µ-calpain, calpastatin, and diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 genetic effects on pre-weaning performance, carcass quality traits, and residual variance of tenderness in composite ... cattle - (Proceedings) - (21-Apr-14)
Calpastatin and µ-calpain differ in their control of genotype specific residual variance of beef tenderness in Angus and MARC III steers - (Abstract Only) - (22-Mar-14)
Antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef production and processing chain - (Abstract Only)
Schmidt, J.W., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Arthur, T.M. 2014. Antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica in the beef production and processing chain. [abstract] American Society for Microbiology 114th General Meeting. No. 1033.
Freezing and thawing or freezing, thawing, and aging effects on beef tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Grayson, A.L., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Freezing and thawing or freezing, thawing, and aging effects on beef tenderness. Journal of Animal Science. 90(6):2735-2740.
Examination of predictors of Salmonella enterica contamination in cattle feedlot environments - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Edrington, T.S., Loneragan, G., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Examination of predictors of Salmonella enterica contamination in cattle feedlot environments. [Abstract] Beef Industray Safety Summit. Available: www.bifsco.org/attendees.aspx.
Minimal heat treatments reduce Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)and Salmonella on surface of fresh beef - (Abstract Only) - (13-Feb-14)
Prevalence and serotypes of intimin (eae) positive Shiga toxin-producing E. coli colonizing cattle arriving at fed beef and cull cow plants in the US - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Luedtke, B.E., Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2014. Prevalence and serotypes of intimin (eae) positive Shiga toxin-producing E. coli colonizing cattle arriving at fed beef and cull cow plants in the U.S. [abstract] Beef Industry Safety Summit. Available: www.bifsco.org/attendees.aspx.
µ-Calpain, calpastatin, and growth hormone receptor genetic effects on preweaning performance, carcass quality traits, and residual variance of tenderness in Angus cattle selected to increase minor haplotype ... frequencies Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tait Jr, R.G., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., King, D.A., Casas, E., Thallman, R.M., Smith, T.P., Bennett, G.L. 2014. µ-Calpain, calpastatin, and growth hormone receptor genetic effects on preweaning performance, carcass quality traits, and residual variance of tenderness in Angus cattle selected to increase minor haplotype and allele frequencies. Journal of Animal Science. 92(2):456-466.
Effects of in-plant interventions on reduction of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and background indicator microorganisms on veal calf hides Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wang, R., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Bosilevac, J.M. 2014. Effects of in-plant interventions on reduction of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and background indicator microorganisms on veal calf hides. Journal of Food Protection. 77(5):745-751.
Immersion in antimicrobial solutions reduces Salmonella enterica and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on beef cheek meat Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2014. Immersion in antimicrobial solutions reduces Salmonella enterica and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on beef cheek meat. Journal of Food Protection. 77(4):538-548.
Polymorphisms in the calpastatin and mu-calpain genes associated with beef iron content - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Casas, E., Duan, Q., Schneider, M.J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Cundiff, L.V., Reecy, J.M. 2014. Polymorphisms in the calpastatin and mu-calpain genes associated with beef iron content. Animal Genetics. 45(2):283-284.
Economic assessment and pathogenic bacteria inhibition of bovine hide presoaking solutions formulated with enzymes that can remove adobe-type manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramos, M., Muir, Z.E., Wheeler, T.L., Kalchayanand, N., Mcaloon, A.J. 2013. Economic assessment and pathogenic bacteria inhibition of bovine hide presoaking solutions formulated with enzymes that can remove adobe-type manure. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(9):319-344.
Genome-wide association of meat quality traits and tenderness in swine Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nonneman, D.J., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Wiedmann, R.T., Snelling, W.M., Rohrer, G.A. 2013. Genome-wide association of meat quality traits and tenderness in swine. Journal of Animal Science. 91(9):4043-4050.
Effect of degree of dark cutting on tenderness and flavor attributes of beef - (Abstract Only)
Grayson, A., Shackelford, S.D., Mckeith, R., King, D.A., Miller, R., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Effect of degree of dark cutting on tenderness and flavor attributes of beef. [abstract] Reciprical Meat Conference. p. 72.
Influence of mitochondrial efficiency on beef lean color stability - (Abstract Only)
Mckeith, R.O., King, D.A., Grayson, A.L., Shackelford, S.D., Savell, J.W., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Influence of mitochondrial efficiency on beef lean color stability. [abstract] American Meat Science Association Conference Reciprocal.p. 82.
The effects of Capn1 gene inactivation on skeletal muscle growth, development, and atrophy, and the compensatory role of other proteolytic systems Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kemp, C.M., Oliver, W.T., Wheeler, T.L., Chishti, A.H., Koohmaraie, M. 2013. The effects of Capn1 gene inactivation on skeletal muscle growth, development, and atrophy, and the compensatory role of other proteolytic systems. Journal of Animal Science. 91(7):3155-3167.
Genetic effects of GDF8 and CAPN1 for carcass and meat traits - (Abstract Only) - (23-Feb-13)
Ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone interventions reduce shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) on contaminated fresh beef - (Abstract Only)
Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone interventions reduce shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) on contaminated fresh beef. American Society for Microbiology General Meeting. Poster No. 1596 p.166.
Cross-sectional study examining Salmonella enterica carriage in subiliac lymph nodes of cull and feedlot cattle at harvest Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brashears, M.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J.C., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Brichta-Harhay, D.M. 2013. Cross-sectional study examining Salmonella enterica carriage in subiliac lymph nodes of cull and feedlot cattle at harvest. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 10:368-374.
Estimation of genetic marker effects for CAPN1, CAST, and GHR on carcass quality traits in Angus cattle selected to increase minor marker frequencies - (Abstract Only)
Tait Jr, R.G., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., King, D.A., Casas, E., Thallman, R.M., Smith, T.P., Bennett, G.L. 2013. Estimation of genetic marker effects for CAPN1, CAST, and GHR on carcass quality traits in Angus cattle selected to increase minor marker frequencies [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 91(Supplement 2):62-63. Abstract No. O186.
Use of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) to fine-map quantitative trait loci (QTL) in swine - (Abstract Only)
Rohrer, G.A., Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Nonneman, D. 2013. Use of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) to fine-map quantitative trait loci (QTL) in swine [abstract]. Plant and Animal Genome XXI Conference Proceedings. Abstract #W047.
Selection for genetic markers in beef cattle reveals complex associations of thyroglobulin and casein1-S1 with carcass and meat traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bennett, G.L., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., King, D.A., Casas, E., Smith, T.P. 2013. Selection for genetic markers in beef cattle reveals complex associations of thyroglobulin and casein1-S1 with carcass and meat traits. Journal of Animal Science. 91(2):565-571.
Cross-sectional study examining Salmonella enterica carriage in subiliac lymph nodes of cull and feedlot cattle at harvest Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brashears, M.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Edrington, T.S., Harhay, D.M. 2013. Cross-sectional study examining Salmonella enterica carriage in subiliac lymph nodes of cull and feedlot cattle at harvest. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 10(4):368-374.
Isolation and characterization of Clostridium difficile associated with beef cattle and commercially produced ground beef Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2013. Isolation and characterization of Clostridium difficile associated with beef cattle and commercially produced ground beef. Journal of Food Protection. 76(2):256-264.
Chromogenic agar medium for detection and isolation of Escherichia coli serogroups O26,O45,O103,O111,O121, and O145 from fresh beef and cattle feces Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L. 2013. Chromogenic agar medium for detection and isolation of Escherichia coli serogroups O26,O45,O103,O111,O121, and O145 from fresh beef and cattle feces. Journal of Food Protection. 76(2):192-199.
Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in air and droplets at three United States commercial beef processing plants Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in air and droplets at three United States commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 75(12):2213-2218.
National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gray, G.D., Moore, M.C., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Raines, C.R., Lawrence, T.E., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Delmore, R.J., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Meadows, L.R., O'Connor, M.E. 2012. National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science. 90:5152-5158.
National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Harvest-floor assessments of targeted characteristics that affect quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and byproducts Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
McKeith, R.O., Gray, G.D., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Raines, C.R., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Igo, J.L., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Lawrence, T.E., Delmore, R.J., Christensen, L.M., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Meadows, L.R., O'Connor, M.E. 2012. National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Harvest-floor assessments of targeted characteristics that affect quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and byproducts. Journal of Animal Science. 90:5135-5142.
National Beef Quality Audit-2011: In-plant survey of targeted carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, value, and marketing of fed steers and heifers Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Moore, M.C., Gray, G.D., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Raines, C.R., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Igo, J.L., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Lawrence, T.E., Delmore, R.J., Christensen, L.M., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Meadows, L.R., O'Connor, M.E. 2012. National Beef Quality Audit-2011: In-plant survey of targeted carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, value, and marketing of fed steers and heifers. Journal of Animal Science. 90:5143-5151.
Effects of breed of sire on carcass composition and sensory traits of lamb Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Leymaster, K.A., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Effects of breed of sire on carcass composition and sensory traits of lamb. Journal of Animal Science. 90:4131-4139.
Detection methods and intervention strategies for shiga toxin-producing E. coli in beef - (Abstract Only)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Detection methods and intervention strategies for shiga toxin-producing E. coli in beef [abstract]. Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists. 061-01:52.
Comparison of bacterial communities in faeces of beef cattle fed diets containing corn and wet distillers grain with solubles Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Durso, L.M., Wells, J., Harhay, G.P., Rice, W.C., Kuehn, L.A., Bono, J.L., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Smith, T.P. 2012. Comparison of bacterial communities in faeces of beef cattle fed diets containing corn and wet distillers grain with solubles. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 55(2):109-14. DOI: 10.1111/J.1472-765X.2012.03265.X.
Sampling and aging effects on beef longissimus color stability measurements Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Sampling and aging effects on beef longissimus color stability measurements. Journal of Animal Science. 90:3596-3605.
Evaluation of commonly used antimicrobial interventions for fresh beef inoculated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotypes O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157:H7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Evaluation of commonly used antimicrobial interventions for fresh beef inoculated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotypes O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157:H7. Journal of Food Protection. 75(7):1207-1212.
Evaluation of bovine chemerin (RARRES2) gene variation on beef cattle production traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Kuehn, L.A., Rempel, L.A., Smith, T.P., Cushman, R.A., McDaneld, T.G., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Freetly, H.C. 2012. Evaluation of bovine chemerin (RARRES2) gene variation on beef cattle production traits. Frontiers in Genetics. 3:39.
Efficacy of ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone as an intervention to reduce pathogens-contaminated fresh beef - (Abstract Only)
Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Efficacy of ultraviolet light (UV) and UV-ozone as an intervention to reduce pathogens-contaminated fresh beef.[Abstract] Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists.June 25-28, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada. Abstract 035-71:25.
Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from feedlot and cull dairy and beef herd cattle - (Abstract Only) - (31-Jan-12)
Prevalence, enumeration, serotypes, and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes of Salmonella enterica isolates from carcasses at two large United States pork processing plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Prevalence, enumeration, serotypes, and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes of Salmonella enterica isolates from carcasses at two large United States pork processing plants. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78(8):2716-2726.
Efficacy of hypobromous acid as a hide-on carcass antimicrobial intervention Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Efficacy of hypobromous acid as a hide-on carcass antimicrobial intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 75 (5): 955-958.
Chilling rate effects on pork loin tenderness in commercial processing plants Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Chilling rate effects on pork loin tenderness in commercial processing plants. Journal of Animal Science. 90:2482-2849.
Microbiological analysis of bovine lymph nodes for the detection of Salmonella enterica - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Loneragan, G.H., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Microbiological analysis of bovine lymph nodes for the detection of Salmonella enterica. Journal of Food Protection. 75(5):854-858.
Association of genetic markers in cattle receiving differing implant protocols - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., McDaneld, T.G., Kuehn, L.A., Kemp, C.M., Smith, T.P., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Association of genetic markers in cattle receiving differing implant protocols. Journal of Animal Science. 90:2410-2423.
Association, effects and validation of polymorphisms within the NCAPG - LCORL locus located on BTA6 with feed intake, gain, meat and carcass traits in beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Sexten, A.K., Kuehn, L.A., Smith, T.P., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Ferrell, C.L., Jenkins, T.G., Snelling, W.M., Freetly, H.C. 2011. Association, effects and validation of polymorphisms within the NCAPG - LCORL locus located on BTA6 with feed intake, gain, meat and carcass traits in beef cattle. BioMed Central (BMC) Genetics. 12:103.
Relationship of polymorphisms within metabolic genes and carcass traits in crossbred beef cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rempel, L.A., Casas, E., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Relationship of polymorphisms within metabolic genes and carcass traits in crossbred beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 90(4):1311-1316.
Validation of a model for on-line classification of U.S. Select beef carcasses for longissimus tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Validation of a model for on-line classification of U.S. Select beef carcasses for longissimus tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Animal Science. 90:973-977.
Field testing of a system for on-line classification of beef carcasses for longissimus tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., King, D.A., Koohmaraie, M. 2012. Field testing of a system for on-line classification of beef carcasses for longissimus tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Animal Science. 90:978-988.
Genetic markers on BTA14 predictive for residual feed intake in beef steers and their effects on carcass and meat quality traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Kuehn, L.A., Snelling, W.M., Smith, T.P., Ferrell, C.L., Jenkins, T.G., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Freetly, H.C. 2012. Genetic markers on BTA14 predictive for residual feed intake in beef steers and their effects on carcass and meat quality traits. Animal Genetics. 43:599-603.
Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest - (Abstract Only)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brashears, M.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J.C., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Brichta-Harhay, D.M. 2011. Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest [abstract]. Proceeding of the 2011 Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases, December 4-6, 2011, Chicago, Illinois. p. 149.
Use of visible and near-infrared spectroscopy to predict pork longissimus lean color stability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Use of visible and near-infrared spectroscopy to predict pork longissimus lean color stability. Journal of Animal Science. 89:4195-4206.
Development of a system for classification of pork loins for tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Development of a system for classification of pork loins for tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Animal Science. 89:3803-3808.
Impact of reducing the level of wet distillers grains fed to cattle prior to harvest on prevalence and levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feces and on hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Impact of reducing the level of wet distillers grains fed to cattle prior to harvest on prevalence and levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feces and on hides. Journal of Food Protection. 74(10):1611-1617.
Effects of manipulation of the caspase system on myofibrillar protein degradation in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kemp, C.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Effects of manipulation of the caspase system on myofibrillar protein degradation in vitro. Journal of Animal Science. 89(10)3262-3271.
Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence associated with meat animals and controlling interventions - (Proceedings)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2012. Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence associated with meat animals and controlling interventions. Proceedings of American Meat Science Association 64th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 19-22, 2011, Kansas State University, Manhattan Kansas. p.1-9.
Predictive markers in calpastatin for tenderness in commercial pig populations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nonneman, D.J., Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Rohrer, G.A., Bierman, C.D., Schneider, J.F., Miller, R.K., Zerby, H., Moeller, S.J. 2011. Predictive markers in calpastatin for tenderness in commercial pig populations. Journal of Animal Science. 89:2663-2672.
Use of sample pooling in a genome-wide association study identifies chromosomal regions affecting incidence of bovine respiratory disease - (Abstract Only)
Kuehn, L.A., Keele, J.W., Casas, E., Jones, S., King, D.A., McDaneld, T.G., Smith, T.P.L., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Use of sample pooling in a genome-wide association study identifies chromosomal regions affecting incidence of bovine respiratory disease [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 89 (E-Supplement 1):422 (Abstract #336).
Reduction in dietary wet distillers grains alters Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in feces of cattle - (Abstract Only)
Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Reduction in dietary wet distillers grains alters Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in feces of cattle. In: Proceedings of the 2011 Congress on Gastrointestinal Function, April 18-20, 2011, Chicago, Illinois.
Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Nou, X., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(9):3002-3008.
Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest - (Abstract Only)
Gragg, S.E., Loneragan, G.H., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wang, R., Schmidt, J.W., Brooks, J.C., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brown, T.R., Brashears, M.M. 2011. Salmonella in lymph nodes of cattle presented for harvest [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection. p. 19. Abstract No. P1-62.
The effect of sample size and matrix on the ability of rapid methods to detect E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Schmidt, J.W., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. The effect of sample size and matrix on the ability of rapid methods to detect E. coli O157:H7 [abstract]. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit, Dallas, TX. March 2-4, 2011. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit Research Update. Abstract No. 1.
Towards an understanding of how Salmonella potentially evades beef carcass processing interventions - (Abstract Only)
Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Gragg, S.E., Smith, T.P.L., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Wang, R., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Brashears, M.M., Brooks, J.C., Brown, T.R., Harhay, G.P., Loneragan, G.H. 2011. Towards an understanding of how Salmonella potentially evades beef carcass processing interventions [abstract]. 2011 Beef Industry Safety Summit. Abstract No. 2.
Growth and development of skeletal muscle in mu-calpain knockout mice - (Abstract Only)
Kemp, C.M., Oliver, W.T., Wheeler, T.L., Chishti, A.H., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Growth and development of skeletal muscle in mu-calpain knockout mice [abstract]. FASEB Journal. 25:707.6.
Diversity of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica strains associated with cattle at harvest in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2011. Diversity of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica strains associated with cattle at harvest in the United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(5):1783-1796.
Relative contributions of animal and muscle effects to variation in beef lean color stability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Relative contributions of animal and muscle effects to variation in beef lean color stability. Journal of Animal Science. 89:1434-1451.
Genomic regions associated with kyphosis in swine Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Rohrer, G.A., Kuehn, L.A., Keele, J.W., Holl, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nonneman, D.J. 2010. Genomic regions associated with kyphosis in swine. BMC Genetics. 11:112.
The effects of genetic markers on BTA6 significant for steer feed intake and gain traits on carcass and meat traits - (Abstract Only)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Sexten, A.K., Kuehn, L.A., Smith, T.P., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Snelling, W.M., Freetly, H.C. 2011. The effects of genetic markers on BTA6 significant for steer feed intake and gain traits on carcass and meat traits. Plant & Animal Genome XIX Conference. Poster No. P531. p. 230
Effect of time of measurement on the relationship between metmyoglobin reducing activity and oxygen consumption to instrumental measures of beef longissimus color stability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Rodriguez, A.B., Wheeler, T.L. 2011. Effect of time of measurement on the relationship between metmyoglobin reducing activity and oxygen consumption to instrumental measures of beef longissimus color stability. Meat Science. 87(1):26-32.
Inoculation of beef with low concentrations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and examination of factors that interfere with its detection by culture isolation and rapid methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Schmidt, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Inoculation of beef with low concentrations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and examination of factors that interfere with its detection by culture isolation and rapid methods. Journal of Food Protection. 73:2180-2188.
Enhancement technology improves palatability of normal and callipyge lamb - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Everts, A.K., Wulf, D.M., Wheeler, T.L., Everts, A.J., Weaver, A.D., Daniel, J.A. 2010. Enhancement technology improves palatability of normal and callipyge lamb. Journal of Animal Science. 88:4026-4036.
Muscle Proteolytic Enzymes in mu-Calpain Knockout Mice - (Abstract Only) - (11-Jul-10)
Markers on bovine chromosome 20 associated with carcass quality and composition traits and incidence of contracting infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcia, M.D., Matukumalli, L., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Smith, T.P., Casas, E. 2010. Markers on bovine chromosome 20 associated with carcass quality and composition traits and incidence of contracting infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis. Animal Biotechnology. 21(3):188-202.
Relative Contribution of Animal and Muscle Effects to Variation in Beef Lean Color Stability - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Relative Contribution of Animal and Muscle Effects to Variation in Beef Lean Color Stability. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference. 63:61.
Use of VIS/NIR Spectroscopy to Predict Beef Lean Color Stability - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Use of VIS/NIR Spectroscopy to Predict Beef Lean Color Stability [abstract]. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference. 63:62.
Prediction of Pork Longissimus Lean Color Stability Using VIS/NIR - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Prediction of Pork Longissimus Lean Color Stability Using VIS/NIR [abstract]. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference. 63:61.
Application of marker selection to enhance estimation of genetic effects and gene interaction in cattle - (Proceedings)
Bennett, G.L., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., King, D.A., Casas, E., Smith, T.P. 2010. Application of marker selection to enhance estimation of genetic effects and gene interaction in cattle. Proceedings, 9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Leipzig, Germany. August 1-6, 2010. CD-ROM Communication No. 0286.
Characterization of biological types of cattle (Cycle VIII): carcass, yield, and longissimus palatability traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Cundiff, L.V., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Characterization of biological types of cattle (Cycle VIII): carcass, yield, and longissimus palatability traits. Journal of Animal Science. 88:3070-3083.
Comparison of cattle fecal communities from animals fed diets containing corn and distiller's grains - (Abstract Only)
Durso, L.M., Harhay, G.P., Wells, J., Bono, J.L., Riethoven, J.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Smith, T.P. 2010. Comparison of cattle fecal communities from animals fed diets containing corn and distiller's grains. PS.25.018, Abstract #393A. Abstract for Microbial Ecology International Symposium, Seattle, WA, Aug. 22-27, 2010. Abstract Book, Pg. 128
Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Poole, T.L., Durso, L.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Diversity of Multi-drug Resistant Salmonella enterica Associated with Cull Cattle at Harvest in the United States [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. p. 25, Presentation No. S4:1 and p. 111, Poster No. B176.
Super Shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by Cattle and the Impact on Beef Carcass Contamination - (Proceedings)
Arthur, T.M., Harhay, D.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2010. Super Shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by Cattle and the Impact on Beef Carcass Contamination. Meat Science. 86:32-37. Special Issue: 56th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (56th ICoMST) August 15-20, 2010, Jeju, Korea. (Proceedings) Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.04.019
Finishing Growth and Carcass Characteristics Following Reciprocal Embryo Transfer between Meishan and White Crossbred Pigs - (Abstract Only)
Miles, J.R., Vallet, J.L., Freking, B.A., Ford, J.J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Finishing Growth and Carcass Characteristics Following Reciprocal Embryo Transfer between Meishan and White Crossbred Pigs [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 88 (E-Supplement 2):355. (Abstract #T152).
Non-invasive Prediction of Pork Loin Tenderness - (Abstract Only)
Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Non-invasive Prediction of Pork Loin Tenderness [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science Supplement. 88(E-Suppl. 3). Abstract #122.
Contribution of Genetic Influences to Animal-to-Animal Variation in Myoglobin Content and Beef Lean Color Stability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Kuehn, L.A., Kemp, C.M., Rodriguez, A.B., Thallman, R.M., Wheeler, T.L. 2010. Contribution of Genetic Influences to Animal-to-Animal Variation in Myoglobin Content and Beef Lean Color Stability. Journal of Animal Science. 88:1160-1167.
Markers on Bovine Chromosome 20 Associated with Carcass Quality and Composition Traits and Incidence of Contracting Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Garcia, M.D., Matukumalli, L., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Smith, T.P., Casas, E. 2010. Markers on Bovine Chromosome 20 Associated with Carcass Quality and Composition Traits and Incidence of Contracting Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis [abstract]. Plant and Animal Genome XVIII Conference. Poster No. P196. Available: http://www.intl-pag.org/18/abstracts/P03e_PAGXVIII_196.html
Allele-Specific Transcription Factor Binding in Pig Calpastatin Promoter Regions Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Nonneman, Dan J., Lindholm-Perry, Amanda K., Shackelford, Steven D., King, D.Andy, Wheeler, Tommy L., Rohrer, Gary A. 2010. Allele-Specific Transcription Factor Binding in Pig Calpastatin Promoter Regions. Plant and Animal Genome Conference Proceedings XVIII. 1/9-13/2010. San Diego, CA. Abstract #P607.
Association of Functional SNPs in Pig Calpastatin Regulatory Regions with Tenderness Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Nonneman, D.J., Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Rohrer, G.A., Bierman, C., Miller, R.K., Zerby, H., Moeller, S.J. 2010. Association of Functional SNPs in Pig Calpastatin Regulatory Regions with Tenderness. Proc., Midwestern Section of the American Society of Animal Science Meeting. March 15-17, 2010. Des Moines, IA. Abstract #34. p. 11-12.
Effect of Bovine Respiratory Disease and Overall Pathogenic Disease Incidence on Carcass Traits Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcia, M.D., Thallman, R.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Casas, E. 2010. Effect of Bovine Respiratory Disease and Overall Pathogenic Disease Incidence on Carcass Traits. Journal of Animal Science. 88(2):491-496.
Evaluation of a Direct-Fed Microbial Product Effect on the Prevalence and Load of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feedlot Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmarie, M. 2010. Evaluation of a Direct-Fed Microbial Product Effect on the Prevalence and Load of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feedlot Cattle. Journal of Food Protection. 73(2):366-371.
Association of polymorphisms in the promoter I of bovine acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha gene with beef fatty acid composition - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zhang, S., Knight, T.J., Reecy, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Cundiff, L.V., Beitz, D.C. 2009. Association of polymorphisms in the promoter I of bovine acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha gene with beef fatty acid composition. Animal Genetics. 41:417-420.
Consumer Acceptance and Steak Cutting Yields of Beef Top Sirloin and Knuckle Subprimals - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Pfeiffer, K.D., Mehaffey, J.M., Miller, M.F., Nickelson, R., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Consumer Acceptance and Steak Cutting Yields of Beef Top Sirloin and Knuckle Subprimals. Meat Science. 83:782-787.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and Role of High-Level Shedders in Hide Contamination. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75(20):6515-6523.
Heritability Estimates of Beef Lean Color Stability - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Kuehn, L.A., Wheeler, T.L., Thallman, R.M. 2009. Heritability Estimates of Beef Lean Color Stability. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference 61:92.
Effect of Blade Tenderization, Aging Time, and Aging Temperature on Tenderness of Beef Longissimus Lumborum and Gluteus Medius - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Pfeiffer, K.D., Nickelson, R., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Effect of Blade Tenderization, Aging Time, and Aging Temperature on Tenderness of Beef Longissimus Lumborum and Gluteus Medius. Journal of Animal Science. 87:2952-2960.
The Caspase Proteolytic System in Callipyge and Normal Lambs in Longissimus, Semimembranosus, and Infraspinatus Muscles During Postmortem Storage - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kemp, C.M., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. The Caspase Proteolytic System in Callipyge and Normal Lambs in Longissimus, Semimembranosus, and Infraspinatus Muscles During Postmortem Storage. Journal of Animal Science. 87:2943-2951.
Whole Genome Analysis for Beef Tenderness - (Abstract Only)
Snelling, W.M., Smith, T.P., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Kuehn, L.A., Thallman, R.M., Keele, J.W., Bennett, G.L. 2009. Whole Genome Analysis for Beef Tenderness [abstract]. Bovine Genome Consortium, Cold Spring Harbor, New York. May 9-11, 2009. Session 5 Poster Session, p. 30.
Prevalence and Level of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feces and on Hides of Feedlot Steers Fed Diets With or Without Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Kalchayanand, N., Guerini, M.N., Varel, V.H., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Freetly, H.C., Wheeler, T.L., Ferrell, C.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence and Level of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feces and on Hides of Feedlot Steers Fed Diets With or Without Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles. Journal of Food Protection. 72(8):1624-1633.
Association of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the CAST Gene Associated with Longissimus Tenderness in Beef Cattle - (Abstract Only)
Casas, E., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Bennett, G.L., Smith, T.P.L. 2009. Association of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the CAST Gene Associated with Longissimus Tenderness in Beef Cattle [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science Supplement. 87(E-Suppl. 2):533. Abstract #628.
Relationships among calpastatin single nucleotide polymorphisms, calpastatin expression and tenderness in pork longissimus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Rohrer, G.A., Holl, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M., Nonneman, D.J. 2009. Relationships among calpastatin single nucleotide polymorphisms, calpastatin expression and tenderness in pork longissimus. Animal Genetics. 40(5):713-721.
Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination - (Abstract Only)
Arthur, T.M., Keen, J.E., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Longitudinal Study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Beef Cattle Feedlot and the Role of High Shedders in Hide Contamination [abstract]. 7th International Symposium on Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin)-Producing Escherichia coli Infections (VTEC2009) Paper No. 195.
Prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Ileocecal Lymph Nodes and on Hides and Carcasses from Cull Cows and Fed Cattle at Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wells, J., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Ileocecal Lymph Nodes and on Hides and Carcasses from Cull Cows and Fed Cattle at Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection 72(7):1457-1462.
Prevalence and Level of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feces and On Hides of Feedlot Steers Fed Diets With or Without Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Kalchayanand, N., Varel, V.H., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Freetly, H.C., Wheeler, T.L., Ferrell, C.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence and Level of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feces and On Hides of Feedlot Steers Fed Diets With or Without Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles [abstract]. Microbial Ecology 57(3):583-584.
Prevalence of Clostridium difficile from Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wells, J., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence of Clostridium difficile from Commercial Beef Processing Plants in the United States [abstract]. Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Division Food Microbiology, Session 026-15, p. 82.
High-density SNP Scan of Production and Product Quality Traits in Beef Cattle - (Abstract Only)
Thallman, R.M., Snelling, W.M., Allan, M.F., Ferrell, C.L., Freetly, H.C., Jenkins, T.G., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Kuehn, L.A., Keele, J.W., Bennett, G.L. 2009. High-density SNP Scan of Production and Product Quality Traits in Beef Cattle [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science Supplement. 87(E-Suppl. 2):532. Abstract #626.
Prevalence Rates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella at Different Sampling Sites on Cattle Hides at a Feedlot and Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence Rates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella at Different Sampling Sites on Cattle Hides at a Feedlot and Processing Plant. Journal of Food Protection. 72(6):1267-1271.
Characterization of Multidrug-resistant Salmonella Isolated from Cull and Fed Cattle at Slaughter in the United States - (Abstract Only)
Harhay, D.M., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Characterization of Multidrug-resistant Salmonella Isolated from Cull and Fed Cattle at Slaughter in the United States [abstract]. NCBA Beef Industry Safety Summit, San Diego, CA, March 4-6, 2009.
Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Small Processing Plants and the Effect of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles on E. coli O157:H7 - (Abstract Only)
Bosilevac, J.M., Wells, J., Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Berry, E.D., Bono, J.L., Harhay, D.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Small Processing Plants and the Effect of Feeding Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles on E. coli O157:H7 [abstract]. NCBA Beef Industry Safety Summit, San Diego, CA, March 4-6, 2009.
Prevalence and Enumeration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in U.S. Abattoirs That Process Fewer Than 1,000 Head of Cattle Per Day - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M., Bono, J.L., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Prevalence and Enumeration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in U.S. Abattoirs That Process Fewer Than 1,000 Head of Cattle Per Day. Journal of Food Protection. 72(6):1272-1278.
Valuing Fed Cattle Using Objective Tenderness Measures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Riley, J.M., Schroeder, T.C., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Valuing Fed Cattle Using Objective Tenderness Measures. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 41(1):163-175.
Positional candidate genes for kyphosis in commercial swine populations Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Rohrer, G.A., Keele, J.W., Holl, J.W., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M., Nonneman, D.J. 2009. Positional Candidate Genes for Kyphosis in Commercial Swine Populations. Proc., Plant and Animal Genome Conference XVII. 1/10-14/2009, San Diego, CA. P529.
Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes residing under quantitative trait loci in beef cattle - (Abstract Only)
Casas, E., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Bennett, G.L., Smith, T.P.L. 2009. Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes residing under quantitative trait loci in beef cattle [abstract]. Plant and Animal Genome XVII Conference Proceedings. Poster No. P477.
Extreme muscle development in sheep heterozygous for both myostatin and callipyge mutations Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Smith, T.P., Freking, B.A., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Leymaster, K.A. 2009. Extreme muscle development in sheep heterozygous for both myostatin and callipyge mutations. Plant and Animal Genome Conference Proceedings. Jan. 10-14, 2009. San Diego, CA. Abstract W084.
Effectiveness of 1,3-Dibromo-5,5 dimethylhydantoin on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7- and Salmonella-inoculated fresh meat - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Effectiveness of 1,3-Dibromo-5,5 dimethylhydantoin on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7- and Salmonella-inoculated fresh meat. Journal of Food Protection 72(1):151-156.
Comparison of palatability characteristics of beef gluteus medius and triceps brachii muscles - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2009. Comparison of palatability characteristics of beef gluteus medius and triceps brachii muscles. Journal of Animal Science. 87:275-284.
Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 contamination on hides and carcasses of cull cattle presented for slaughter in the U.S.: an evaluation of prevalence and bacterial loads by immunomagnetic separation and direct plating methods - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination on hides and carcasses of cull cattle presented for slaughter in the United States: an evaluation of prevalence and bacterial loads by immunomagnetic separation and direct plating methods. 2008. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74(20):6289-6297.
Prevalence of the prion gene E211K variant in U.S. cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Heaton, M.P., Keele, J.W., Harhay, G.P., Richt, J., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Casas, E., King, D.A., Sonstegard, T.S., Van Tassell, C.P., Neibergs, H.L., Chase, C.C., Kalbfleisch, T.S., Smith, T.P., Clawson, M.L., Laegreid, W.W. 2008. Prevalence of the prion gene E211K variant in U.S. cattle. BioMed Central (BMC) Veterinary Research [journal online]. 4:25. Available: (http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/4/25).
Comparison of effects of antimicrobial interventions on multidrug-resistant Salmonella, susceptible Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Kalchayanand, N., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Bono, J.L., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Comparison of effects of antimicrobial interventions on multidrug-resistant Salmonella, susceptible Salmonella, and Escherichia coli O157:H7. Journal of Food Protection 71(11):2177-2181.
Markers on bovine chromosome 20 associated with fat related traits and incidence of contracting bovine respiratory disease Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Garcia, M.D., Matukumalli, L., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Smith, T.P., Casas, E. 2008. Markers on bovine chromosome 20 associated with fat related traits and incidence of contracting bovine respiratory disease [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science Supplement. 86(E-Suppl. 2):210. Abstract #W54.
Consumer acceptance and steak cutting yields of beef top sirloin and knuckle subprimals - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Pfeiffer, K.D., Mehaffey, J.M., Miller, M.F., Nickelson, R., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Consumer acceptance and steak cutting yields of beef top sirloin and knuckle subprimals [abstract]. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference. Suppl. 1:44.
Effects of distillers grain on beef carcass quality and tenderness - (Abstract Only)
Shackelford, S.D., Ferrell, C.L., King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Effects of distillers grain on beef carcass quality and tenderness [abstract]. Proceedings Reciprocal Meat Conference. Suppl. 1:31.
Estimates of genetic parameters for kyphosis in two crossbred swine populations Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Holl, J.W., Rohrer, G.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Estimates of genetic parameters for kyphosis in two crossbred swine populations. Journal of Animal Science. 86:1765-1769.
Source tracking of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella contamination in the lairage environment at commercial U.S. beef processing plants and identification of an effective intervention - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Source tracking of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella contamination in the lairage environment at commercial U.S. beef processing plants and identification of an effective intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 71(9):1752-1760.
Prevalence and Characterization of Salmonella in Bovine Lymph Nodes Potentially Destined for Use in Ground Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Harhay, D.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Wells, J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella in bovine lymph nodes potentially destined for use in ground beef. Journal of Food Protection 71(8):1685-1688.
Update on genetic markers for pork quality - (Proceedings)
Rohrer, G.A., Holl, J.W., Lindholm-Perry, A.K., Nonneman, D.J., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Update on genetic markers for pork quality. Conference Proc., National Swine Improvement Federation Conference & Ann. Mtg., Dec. 5-7, 2007. Kansas City, MO, NSIF Volume 32, www.nsif.com
Chapter 3. Fresh Meat Texture and Tenderness - (Book / Chapter)
King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Chapter 3. Fresh Meat Texture and Tenderness. In: Kerry, J.P., Ledward, D., editors. Improving the Sensory and Nutritional Quality of Fresh Meat. Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Limited. p. 61-88.
Genetic parameters for kyphosis in pork carcasses Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Holl, J.W., Rohrer, G.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Genetic parameters for kyphosis in pork carcasses [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 86(E-Suppl. 3):48. Abstract #32.
Evaluation of various antimicrobial interventions for the reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on bovine heads during processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2008. Evaluation of various antimicrobial interventions for the reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on bovine heads during processing. Journal of Food Protection 71(3):621-624.
Prevalence of the prion gene E211K variant in U.S. cattle - (Abstract Only)
Heaton, M.P., Keele, J.W., Harhay, G.P., Richt, J., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Casas, E., King, D.A., Sonstegard, T.S., Van Tassell, C.P., Neibergs, H.L., Chase, C.C., Kalbfleisch, T.S., Smith, T.P., Clawson, M.L., Laegreid, W.W. 2008. Prevalence of the prion gene E211K variant in U.S. cattle (abstract). Plant and Animal Genome XVI Conference. Poster No. P538.
Assessing the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms at the thyroglobulin gene with carcass traits in beef cattle Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Casas, E., White, S.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M., Bennett, G.L., Smith, T.P.L. 2007. Assessing the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms at the thyroglobulin gene with carcass traits in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 85:2807-2814.
Listeria prevalence and L. monocytogenes serovar diversity at cull cow/bull processing plants in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Guerini, M.N., Harhay, D.M., Shackelford, S.D., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Kalchayanand, N., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Listeria prevalence and Listeria monocytogenes serovar diversity at cull cow and bull processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection. 70(11):2578-2582.
Beef Longissimus Slice Shear Force Measurement Among Steak Locations and Institutions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Beef longissimus slice shear force measurement among steak locations and institutions. Journal of Animal Science 85:2283-2289.
Noninvasive Prediction of Beef Longissimus Tenderness - (Abstract Only)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., King, D.A., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Noninvasive prediction of beef longissimus tenderness. Proc. 60th Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 17-20, 2007, Brookings, SD. http://www.meatscience.org/pubs/rmcarchv/2007/presentations/RMC_2007_060_4_084_Wheeler.pdf
Effect of Blade Tenderization, Aging Time and Aging Temperature on Tenderness of Beef Longissimus Lumborum and Gluteus Medius - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Pfeiffer, K., Nickelson, R., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Effect of blade tenderization, aging time and aging temperature on tenderness of beef longissimus lumborum and gluteus medius. Proc. 60th Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 17-20, 2007, Brookings, SD. Available: http://www.meatscience.org/pubs/rmcarchv/2007/presentations/RMC_2007_060_4_019_King.pdf
Effects of pH-Enhancement on Sarcomere Length, Desmin Degradation, Moisture Retention, Palatability and Consumer Acceptability of Normal and Callipyge Lamb - (Abstract Only)
Everts, A.K.R., Wulf, D.M., Wheeler, T.L., Everts, A.J., Daniel, J.A. 2007.Effects of pH-enhancement on sarcomere length, desmin degradation, moisture retention, palatability and consumer acceptability of normal and callipyge lamb. Proc. 60th Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 17-20, 2007, Brookings, SD. http://www.meatscience.org/pubs/rmcarchv/2007/presentations/RMC_2007_060_4_020_Everts.pdf
The u-Calpain and Calpastatin Tenderness Markers are Predictive of Tenderness Variation Among Samples Obtained From Commercial U.S. Select Beef Carcasses - (Abstract Only)
Shackelford, S.D., Casas, E., Smith, T.P., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. The u-calpain and calpastatin tenderness markers are predictive of tenderness variation among samples obtained from commercial U.S. select beef carcasses. Proc. 60th Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 17-20, 2007, Brookings, SD. http://www.meatscience.org/pubs/rmcarchv/2007/presentations/RMC_2007_060_4_073_Shackelford.pdf
Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Comparison of the molecular genotypes of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from the hides of beef cattle in different regions of North America. Journal of Food Protection. 70(7):1622-1626.
Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalchayanand, N., Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Microbiological characterization of lamb carcasses at commercial processing plants in the United States. Journal of Food Protection 70(8):1811-1819.
Across-Breed Adjustment Factors for Expected Progeny Differences for Carcass Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Van Vleck, L.D., Cundiff, L.V., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Across-breed adjustment factors for expected progeny differences for carcass traits. Journal of Animal Science. 85:1369-1376.
Effects of a Minimal Hide Wash Cabinet on the Levels and Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on the Hides of Beef Cattle at Slaughter - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Brichta-Harhay, D.M., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Effects of a Minimal Hide Wash Cabinet on the Levels and Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on the Hides of Beef Cattle at Slaughter. Journal of Food Protection 70:1076-1079.
Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Harhay, D.M., Guerini, M.N., Kalchayanand, N., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2007. Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processing. Journal of Food Protection 70(2):280-286.
Evaluation in beef cattle of six deoxyribonucleic acid markers developed for dairy traits reveals an osteopontin polymorphism associated with postweaning growth. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
White, S.N., Casas, E., Allan, M.F., Keele, J.W., Snelling, W.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Smith, T.P. 2007. Evaluation in beef cattle of six deoxyribonucleic acid markers developed for dairy traits reveals an osteopontin polymorphism associated with post-weaning growth. Journal of Animal Science. 85:1-10.
Breed Effects on Growth, Carcass and Meat Quality Traits of Sheep - (Proceedings)
Leymaster, K.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2006. Breed effects on growth, carcass and meat quality traits of sheep. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science, New Developments in Sheepmeat Quality. p. 43-47.
Contribution of Postmortem Proteolysis and Sarcomere Length to Variation in Beef Gluteus Medius and Triceps Brachii Tenderness - (Abstract Only)
King, D.A., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2006. Contribution of postmortem proteolysis and sarcomere length to variation in beef gluteus medius and triceps brachii tenderness. Meeting Abstract. Proc. 59th Reciprocal Meat Conference, June 18-21, 2006, Champaign-Urbana, IL. Available: http://www.meatscience.org/pubs/rmcarchv/2006/presentations/RMC06_Abstracts.pdf
Direct Breed Effects on Growth, Carcass, and Meat Quality Traits of Sheep - (Proceedings)
Leymaster, K.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2006. Direct breed effects on growth, carcass, and meat quality traits of sheep. Proceedings of the 8th World Congress of Genetics Applied to Livestock Production. CD-ROM Communication No. 32-12. Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Lack of Association of Calpastatin Haplotypes with Meat Quality in a Duroc-Landrace Swine Resource Population - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nonneman, D.J., Rohrer, G.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Lack of association of calpastatin haplotypes with meat quality in a Duroc-Landrace swine resource population. Proc., Midwestern Section of the American Society of Animal Science. Abstract #38. p. 9.
Testing for Interactions Between Calpastatin and U-Calpain Markers in Beef Cattle on Tenderness Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Casas, E., White, S.N., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C. Jr., Johnson, D.D., Smith, T.P. 2006. Effects of calpastatin and u-calpain markers in beef cattle on tenderness traits. Journal of Animal Science. 84:520-525.
Testing for Interactions Between Calpastatin and U-Calpain Markers in Beef Cattle on Tenderness Traits Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Casas, E., White, S.N., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C., Johnson, D.D., Smith, T.P. 2006. Testing for interactions between Calpastatin and u-Calpain markers in beef cattle on tenderness traits [abstract]. Midwestern Section of the American Society of Animal Science. 84(Suppl. 2):135. Paper No. 329.
Evaluation of Wool and Hair Breeds for Growth, Carcass, and Meat Quality Traits - (Proceedings)
Leymaster, K.A., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Evaluation of wool and hair breeds for growth, carcass, and meat quality traits. In: Proceedings of the North American Hair Sheep Symposium, October 6-8, 2005, San Angelo, TX. 2005 CDROM.
A Genome Scan for Loci Affecting Pork Quality in a Duroc-Landrace F2 Population - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rohrer, G.A., Thallman, R.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. A genome scan for loci affecting pork quality in a Duroc-Landrace F2 population. Animal Genetics. 37:17-27.
Identification of Genetic Markers for Fat Deposition and Meat Tenderness on Bovine Chromosome 5: Development of a Low Density Snp Map - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stone, R.T., Casas, E., Smith, T.P.L., Keele, J.W., Harhay, G.P., Bennett, G.L., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Snelling, W.M. 2005. Identification of genetic markers for fat deposition and meat tenderness on bovine chromosome 5: Development of a low-density single nucleotide polymorphism map. Journal of Animal Science. 83:2280-2288.
A New Snp in Capn1 Extends the Current Tenderness Marker Test to Include Cattle of Bos Indicus, Bos Taurus, and Crossbred Descent - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
White, S.N., Casas, E., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C., Johnson, D.D., Keele, J.W., Smith, T.P. 2005. A new snp in capn1 extends the current tenderness marker test to include cattle of bos indicus, bos taurus, and crossbred descent. Journal of Animal Science. 83:2001-2008.
Effects of Low-Dose, Low-Penetration Electron Beam Irradiation of Chilled Beef Carcass Surface Cuts on Escherichia Coli O157:h7 and Meat Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Effects of low-dose, low-penetration electron beam irradiation of chilled beef carcass surface cuts on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and meat quality. Journal of Food Protection. 68(4):666-672.
A New Snp Marker in Capn1 Is Associated with Tenderness in Cattle of Indicine, Taurine, and Admixed Descent - (Abstract Only)
White, S.N., Casas, E., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C., Johnson, D.D., Keele, J.W., Smith, T.P. 2005. A new snp marker in capn1 is associated with tenderness in cattle of indicine, taurine, and admixed descent. Proc., Plant & Animal Genome XIII, San Diego, CA. P528. p. 203. 2005.
Characterization of Biological Types of Cattle (Cycle Vii): Carcass, Yield, and Longissimus Palatability Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Cundiff, L.V., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. Characterization of biological types of cattle (Cycle VII): Carcass, yield, and longissimus palatability traits. Journal of Animal Science. 83:196-207.
Association of Markers in the Bovine Capn1 Gene with Meat Tenderness in Large Crossbred Populations That Sample Influential Industry Sires - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Page, B.T., Casas, E., Quaas, R.L., Thallman, R.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M., White, S.N., Bennett, G.L., Keele, J.W., Dikeman, M.E., Smith, T.P. Association of markers in the bovine capn1 gene with meat tenderness in large crossbred populations that sample influential industry sires. Journal of Animal Science. 82:3474-3481. 2004.
On-Line Classification of U.S. Select Beef Carcasses for Longissimus Tenderness Using Visible and Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2005. On-line classification of US select beef carcasses for longissimus tenderness using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Meat Science. 69:409-415.
Genome Scan for Loci Affecting Pork Quality in a Duroc-Landrace F2 Population - (Proceedings)
Rohrer, G.A., Thallman, R.M., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Genome scan for loci affecting pork quality in a Duroc-Landrace F2 population. Proc., 29th Int. Conf. Anim. Genet. (ISAG) Toyko, Japan, 9/11-16/2004. Abstract F076. Pg 143.
Factors Regulating Lamb Longissimus Tenderness Are Affected by Age at Slaughter - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Veiseth, E., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Factors regulating lamb longissimus tenderness are affected by age at slaughter. Meat Science. 68:635-640.
Development of Optimal Protocol for Visible and Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopic Evaluation of Meat Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Development of optimal protocol for visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopic evaluation of meat quality. Meat Science. 68:371-381.
Indicators of Tenderization Are Detectable by 12 H Postmortem in Ovine Longissimus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Veiseth, E., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Indicators of tenderization are detectable by 12 h postmortem in ovine longissimus. Journal of Animal Science. 82:1428-1436.
Association of Capn1 Markers with Beef Tenderness in Crossbred, Multibreed Populations - (Abstract Only)
White, S.N., Page, B.T., Casas, E., Koohmaraie, M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Keele, J.W., Smith, T.P. 2004. Association of CAPN1 markers with beef tenderness in crossbred, multibreed populations. Proc.,Plant and Animal Genome Abstracts. P644. p. 232.
Characterization of O157:h7 and Other Escherichia Coli Isolates Recovered from Cattle Hides, Feces, and Carcasses - (Research Notes)
Gallagher, G.A., Arthur, T.M., Rivera Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Characterization of O157:H7 and other Escherichia coli isolates recovered from cattle hides, feces, and carcasses. Journal of Food Protection. 67(5):993-998.
Escherichia Coli O157 Prevalence and Enumeration of Aerobic Bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia Coli O157 at Various Steps in Commercial Beef Processing Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arthur, T.M., Bosilevac, J.M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Kent, M.P., Jaroni, D., Pauling, B., Allen, D.M., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Escherichia coli O157 prevalence and enumeration of aerobic bacteria, Enterobacteriacae, and Escherichia coli O157 at various steps in commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 67(4):658-665.
Characterization of Biological Types of Cattle (Cycle Vi): Carcass, Yield, and Longissimus Palatability Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Cundiff, L.V., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Characterization of biological types of cattle (Cycle VI): carcass, yield, and longissimus palatability traits. Journal of Animal Science. 82:1177-1189.
Evaluation of Sampling, Cookery, and Shear Force Protocols for Objective Evaluation of Lamb Longissimus Tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Evaluation of sampling, cookery, and shear force protocols for objective evaluation of lamb longissimus tenderness. Journal of Animal Science. 82:802-807.
Theory and Application of Genome-Based Approaches to Improve Quality and Value of Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SMITH, T.P., THALLMAN, R.M., CASAS, E., SHACKELFORD, S.D., WHEELER, T.L., KOOHMARAIE, M. 2003. THEORY AND APPLICATION OF GENOME-BASED APPROACHES TO IMPROVE QUALITY AND VALUE OF BEEF. OUTLOOK IN AGRICULTURE. 32(4):253-265. 2003.
Prevalence of Escherichia Coli O157 and Levels of Aerobic Bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae Are Reduced When Hides Are Washed and Treated with Cetylpyridinium Chloride at a Commercial Beef Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Arthur, T.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Rossman, M., Reagan, J.O., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 and levels of aerobic bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae are reduced when hides are washed and treated with cetylpyridinium chloride at a commercial beef processing plant. Journal of Food Protection. 67(4):646-650.
Variation in Palatability and Biochemical Traits Within and among Eleven Beef Muscles - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rhee, M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Variation in palatability and biochemical traits within and among eleven beef muscles. Journal of Animal Science. 82:534-550.
The Accuracy and Repeatability of Untrained Laboratory Consumer Panelists in Detecting Differences in Beef Longissimus Tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. The accuracy and repeatability of untrained laboratory consumer panelists in detecting differences in beef longissimus tenderness. Journal of Animal Science. 82:557-562.
Technical Note: Use of Belt Grill Cookery and Slice Shear Force for Assessment of Pork Longissimus Tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Technical note: use of belt grill cookery and slice shear force for assessment of pork longissimus tenderness. Journal of Animal Science. 82:238-241.
Protocol for Evaluating the Efficacy of Cetylpyridinium Chloride As a Beef Hide Intervention - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Arthur, T.M., Shackelford, S.D., Kent, M.P., Jaroni, D., Osborn, M.S., Rossman, M., Reagan, J.O., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Protocol for evaluating the efficacy of cetylpyridinium chloride as a beef hide intervention. Journal of Food Protection. 67(2):303-309.
Carcass, Yield, and Palatability Traits of Steer Progeny of Hereford, Angus, Brangus, Beefmaster, Bonsmara, and Romosinuano Sires - (Abstract Only)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Cundiff, L.V., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Carcass, yield, and palatability traits of steer progeny of Hereford, Angus, Brangus, Beefmaster, Bonsmara, and Romosinuano sires [abstract]. American Meat Science Association Conference Reciprocal Proceedings. 56:113.
Effects of Breed of Sire on Carcass Composition and Sensory Traits of Lamb - (Abstract Only)
Shackelford, S.D., Leymaster, K.A., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Effects of breed of sire on carcass composition and sensory traits of lamb [abstract]. American Meat Science Association Conference Reciprocal Proceedings. 56:112.
Seasonal Prevalence of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli, Including O157:h7 and Non-O157 Serotypes, and Salmonella in Commercial Beef Processing Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gallagher, G.A., Arthur, T.M., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Nou, X., Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Seasonal prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, including O157:H7 and non-O157 serotypes, and Salmonella in commercial beef processing plants. Journal of Food Protection. 66(11):1978-1986.
Effect of Chemical Dehairing on the Prevalence of Escherichia Coli O157:h7 and the Levels of Aerobic Bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae on Carcasses in a Commercial Beef Processing Plant - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nou, X., Rivera-Betancourt, M., Bosilevac, J.M., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Gwartney, B.L., Reagan, J.O., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. Effect of chemical dehairing on the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and the levels of aerobic bacteria and Enterobacteriaceae on carcasses in a commercial beef processing plant. Journal of Food Protection. 66(11):2005-2009.
Prediction of Retail Product Weight and Percentage Using Real-Time Ultrasound and Carcass Measurements in Beef Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greiner, S.P., Rouse, G.H., Wilson, D.E., Cundiff, L.V., Wheeler, T.L. 2003. Prediction of retail product weight and percentage using real-time ultrasound and carcass measurements in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 81:1736-1742.
Feed Efficiency of F1 Cross Steers by British and Continental European Sire Breeds - (Other)
Cundiff, L.V., Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2004. Feed efficiency of F1 cross steers by British and Continental European sire breeds [abstract]. Midwestern Section of the American Society of Animal Science 82(2):38.
The Relationship Between Ultrasound Measurements and Carcass Fat Thickness and Longissimus Muscle Area in Beef Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greiner, S.P., Rouse, G.H., Wilson, D.E., Cundiff, L.V., Wheeler, T.L. 2003. The relationship between ultrasound measurements and carcass fat thickness and longissimus muscle area in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 81:676-682.
Accuracy of Predicting Weight and Percentage of Beef Carcass Retail Product Using Ultrasound and Live Animal Measures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greiner, S.P., Rouse, G.H., Wilson, D.E., Cundiff, L.V., Wheeler, T.L. 2003. Accuracy of predicting weight and percentage of beef carcass retail product using ultrasound and live animal measures. Journal of Animal Science. 81:466-473.
On-Line Prediction of Yield Grade, Longissimus Muscle Area, Preliminary Yield Grade, Adjusted Preliminary Yield Grade, and Marbling Score Using the Marc Beef Carcass Image Analysis System - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shackelford, S.D., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2003. On-line prediction of yield grade, longissimus muscle area, preliminary yield grade, adjusted preliminary yield grade, and marbling score using the MARC beef carcass image analysis system. Journal of Animal Science. 81:150-155.
Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Capn1 for Association with Meat Tenderness in Cattle. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Page, B.T., Casas, E., Heation, M.P., Cullen, N.G., Hyndman, D.L., Morris, C.A., Crawford, A.M., Wheeler, T.L., Koohmaraie, M., Keele, J.W., Smith, T.P.L. Journal Animal Science. 2002. v. 80. p. 3077-3085.
The Efficacy of Three Objective Systems for Identifying Beef Cuts That Can Be Guaranteed Tender - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Vote, D., Leheska, J.M., Shackelford, S.D., Belk, K.E., Wulf, D.M., Gwartney, B.L., Koohmaraie, M. 2002. The efficacy of three objective systems for identifying beef cuts that can be guaranteed tender. Journal of Animal Science. 80:3315-3327.
Technical Note: Sampling Methodology for Relating Sarcomere Length,collagen Concentration, and the Extent of Postmortem Proteolysis to Beef and Pork Longissimus Tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Koohmaraie, M. 2002. Technical note: sampling methodology for relating sarcomere length,collagen concentration, and the extent of postmortem proteolysis to beef and pork longissimus tenderness. Journal of Animal Science. 80:982-987.
The Effects of Piedmontese Inheritance and Myostatin Genotype on the Palatability of Longissimus Thoracis, Gluteus Medius, Semimembranosus, and Biceps Femoris - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wheeler, T.L., Shackelford, S.D., Casas, E., Cundiff, L.V., Koohmaraie, M. 2001. The effects of piedmontese inheritance and myostatin genotype on the palatability of longissimus thoracis, gluteus medius, semimembranosus, and biceps femoris. Journal of Animal Science. 79:3069-3074.
Effect of Postmortem Storage on U-Calpain and M-Calpain in Ovine Skeletal Muscle - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (12-Feb-01)
Characterization of Biological Types of Cattle (Cycle V): Carcass Traits and Longissimus Palatability - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (29-Jan-01)
Technical Note: Comparison of Myofibril Fragmentation Index from Fresh and Frozen Pork and Lamb Longissimus - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Dec-00)
Relationship of Beef Longissimus Tenderness Classes to Tenderness of Gluteus Medius, Semimembranosus, and Biceps Femoris - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Aug-00)
Carcass and Palatability Traits of Steer Progeny of Hereford, Angus, Norwegian Red-Swedish Red and White, Friesian and Wagyu Sires - (Abstract Only) - (30-May-00)
Variation in Proteolysis, Sarcomere Length, Collagen Content, and Tenderness among Major Pork Muscles - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (06-Oct-99)
Genotypic Effects at the Callipyge Locus for Meat Quality Traits in Lambs - (Abstract Only) - (01-Jul-99)
Protein Kinetics in Callipyge Lambs - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (26-May-99)
Trained Sensory Panel and Consumer Evaluation of the Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Palatability of Vacuum Packaged Frozen Ground Beef Patties - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (20-May-99)
Evaluation of Slice Shear Force As An Objective Method of Assessing Beef Longissimus Tenderness - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (19-Apr-99)
Evaluation of the Ovine Callipyge Locus: Iii. Genotypic Effects on Meat Quality Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (23-Feb-99)
Tenderness Classification of Beef. Ii. Design and Analysis of a System to Measure Beef Longissimus Shear Force under Commercial Processing Conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Nov-98)
Tenderness Classification of Beef: Iv. Effect of USDA Quality Grade on the Palatability of "tender" Beef Longissimus When Cooked Well Done - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (21-Sep-98)
Tenderness Classification of Beef: Iii. Effect of the Interaction of End Point Temperature and Tenderness on Warner-Bratzler Shear Force of Beef Longissimus - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (16-Sep-98)
Cooking and Palatability Traits of Beef Longissimus Steaks Cooked with a Belt Grill Or An Open Hearth Electric Broiler - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (06-Jul-98)
Coupling of Image Analysis and Tenderness Classification to Simultaneously Evaluate Carcass Cutability, Longissimus Area, Subprimal Cut Weights, and Tenderness of Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Jun-98)
Preliminary Results from Cycle V of the Cattle Germplasm Evaluation Program at the Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center - (Proceedings) - (21-Aug-97)
Predicting Carcass Retail Product in Beef Steers at Variable Fat Thickness Endpoints - (Other) - (15-May-97)
Tenderness Classification of Beef - (Abstract Only) - (25-Apr-97)
Characterization of Different Biological Types of Steers (Cycle Iv): Wholesale, Subprimal and Retail Product Yields - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Apr-97)
Effect of the Callipyge Phenotype on Tenderness of Several Major Lamb Muscles - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (12-Apr-97)
Meat Toughening Does Not Occur When Rigor Shortening Is Prevented - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (30-Sep-96)
Consumer Evaluation of Beef of Known Tenderness Levels - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (15-Sep-96)
Effects of the Callipyge Phenotype on Carcass and Meat Quality Traits of Lambs - (Abstract Only) - (10-Jun-96)
Effect of Vitamin C Concentration and Co-Injection with Calcium Chloride Onbeef Retail Display Color - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (03-Apr-96)
Effects of Postmortem Inject Time and Post-Injection Aging Time on the Calcium-Activated Tenderization Process - (Abstract Only) - (18-Mar-96)
Effects of Vitamin C Concentration and Co-Injection with Calcium Chloride on Beef Color - (Abstract Only) - (18-Mar-96)
Effects of Sampling, Cooking, and Coring Factors on Warner-Bratzler Shear Force Values in Beef - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (22-Feb-96)
Characterization of Biological Types of Cattle (Cycle Iv): Carcass Traits and Longissimus Palatability - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (23-Jan-96)
Predicting Beef Carcass Subprimal Weight and Value with Electromagnetic Scanning and USDA Yield Grade - (Proceedings) - (28-Aug-95)
A Muscle Hypertrophy Condition in Lamb (Callipyge): Characterization of Effects on the Muscle Growth and Meat Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (08-Aug-95)
Relationship Between Shear Force and Trained Sensory Panel Tenderness Ratings of Ten Major Muscles from Bos Indicus and Bos Taurus Cattle - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Jul-95)
Effects of a Beta-Adrenergic Agonist (L-644,969) and Male Sex-Condition on Muscle Growth and Meat Quality of Callipyge Lambs - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Jul-95)
Guidelines for Cookery and Sensory Evaluation of Fresh Meat - (Book / Chapter) - (06-Jun-95)
Real-Time Ultrasonic Measurement of Fat Thickness and Longissimus Muscle Area: Ii. Relationship Between Real-Time Ultrasound Measures and Carcass Retail Yield - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (07-Sep-94)
ARS News Articles
Last Modified: 9/10/2014