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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Thomas Sappington
Corn Insects and Crop Genetics Research
Research Entomologist

Phone: (515) 294-9759
Fax: (515) 294-2265
GENETICS BLDG
IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
AMES, IA, 50011

Projects
ECOLOGICALLY-BASED MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS OF CORN, WITH EMPHASIS ON CORN BORERS, ROOTWORMS, AND CUTWORMS
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 419977
A NOVEL METHOD TO DETECT AND ASSAY GENETIC VARIATION IN LEPIDOPTERA
Reimbursable (R)
  Accession Number: 419033
GENERATION OF SIRRL GENETIC MARKERS FOR EUROPEAN CORN BORER, WESTERN BEAN CUTWORM, AND A TORTRICID PEST OF PRAIRIE CORD GRASS
Specific Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 419994

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Patterns of flight behavior and capacity of unmated navel orangeworm adults (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) related to age, gender, and wing size - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Burks, C.S. 2014. Patterns of flight behavior and capacity of unmated navel orangeworm adults (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) related to age, gender, and wing size. Environmental Entomology. 43(3):696-705.
Proliferation and copy number variation of BEL-like long terminal repeat retrotransposons within the Diabrotica virgifera virgifera genome - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coates, B.S., Fraser, L.M., French, B.W., Sappington, T.W. 2014. Proliferation and copy number variation of BEL-like long terminal repeat retrotransposons within the Diabrotica virgifera virgifera genome. Gene. 534:362-370.
Evaluation of tolerance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins among laboratory-reared western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dyer, J.M., Sappington, T.W., Coates, B.S. 2013. Evaluation of tolerance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins among laboratory-reared western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 106(6):2467-2472.
Density-dependent prophylaxis in crowded beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae to a parasitoid and a fungal pathogen - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kong, H., Luo, L., Sappington, T.W., Jiang, X., Zhang, L., Cheng, Y. 2013. Density-dependent prophylaxis in crowded beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae to a parasitoid and a fungal pathogen. International Journal of Pest Management. DOI:10.1080/09670874.2013.807957.
Emerging issues in Integrated Pest Management implementation and adoption in the North Central USA - (Book / Chapter)
Sappington, T.W. 2014. Emerging issues in integrated pest management implementation and adoption in the North Central USA. In: Peshin, R., Pimental, D., editors. Integrated Pest Management - Experiences with Implementation, Global Overview. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. p. 65-97.
Frequency of hybridization between Ostrinia nubilalis E-and Z-pheromone races in regions of sympatry within the United States Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coates, B.S., Johnson, H., Kim, K., Hellmich II, R.L., Abel, C.A., Mason, C., Sappington, T.W. 2013. Frequency of hybridization between Ostrinia nubilalis E-and Z-pheromone races in regions of sympatry within the United States. Ecology and Evolution. 3(8):2459-2470.
Increased long-flight activity triggered in beet armyworm by larval feeding on diet containing Cry1Ac protoxin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, X., Jian, C., Zhang, L., Sappington, T.W., Luo, L. 2013. Increased long-flight activity triggered in beet armyworm by larval feeding on diet containing Cry1Ac protoxin. PLoS One. 8(5):e63554.
Role of a gamma-aminobutryic acid (GABA) receptor mutation in the evolution and spread of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera resistance to cyclodiene insecticides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wang, H., Coates, B.S., Chen, H., Sappington, T.W., Guillemaud, T., Siegfried, B.D. 2013. Role of a gamma-aminobutryic acid (GABA) receptor mutation in the evolution and spread of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera resistance to cyclodiene insecticides. Insect Molecular Biology. 22(5):473-484.
A cadherin-like protein influences Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxicity in the oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wang, L., Jiang, X., Luo, L., Sappington, T.W., Stanley, D.W., Zhang, L. 2013. A cadherin-like protein influences Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxicity in the oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata. Environmental Microbiology Reports. 5(3):438-443.
Population genetics strategies to characterize long-distance dispersal of insects - (Review Article)
Kim, K., Sappington, T.W. 2013. Population genetics strategies to characterize long-distance dispersal of insects. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 16(1):87-97.
Impact of sex, age, and mating status on flight behavior of the navel orangeworm (NOW) - (Abstract Only)
Burks, C.S., Sappington, T.W. 2012. Impact of sex, age, and mating status on flight behavior of the navel orangeworm (NOW). 2012 Research Update of the Almond Board of California. Page 2.
Microsatellite data analysis for population genetics - (Book / Chapter)
Kim, K., Sappington, T.W. 2013. Microsatellite data analysis for population genetics. In: Kantartzi, S.K., editor. Microsatellites: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology. New York, NY: Humana Press, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. p. 271-295.
Population structure and genetic diversity of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), on Gossypium in North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kuester, A.P., Jones, R.W., Sappington, T.W., Kim, K., Barr, N.B., Roehrdanz, R.L., Senechal, P., Nason, J.D. 2012. Population structure and genetic diversity of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), on Gossypium in North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 105(6):902-916.
Inheritance of an extended diapause trait in the Northern corn rootworm, Diabrotica barberi (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
French, B.W., Coates, B.S., Sappington, T.W. 2012. Inheritance of an extended diapause trait in the Northern corn rootworm, Diabrotica barberi (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 138 (2014) 213–221 Published 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2012.01751.x.
Comparison of reproductive and flight capacity of beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), developing from diapause and non-diapause larvae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Xie, D., Luo, L., Sappington, T.W., Jiang, X., Zhang, L. 2012. Comparison of reproductive and flight capacity of beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), developing from diapause and non-diapause larvae. Environmental Entomology. 41(5):1199-1207.
High-throughput transcriptome sequencing for SNP and gene discovery in a moth - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miller, N.J., Sun, J., Sappington, T.W. 2012. High-throughput transcriptome sequencing for SNP and gene discovery in a moth. Environmental Entomology. 41(4):997-1007.
Distribution of genes and repetitive elements in the Diabrotica virgifera virgifera genome estimated using BAC sequencing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coates, B.S., Alves, A., Wang, H., Walden, K., French, B.W., Miller, N.M., Abel, C.A., Robertson, H.M., Sappington, T.W., Siegfried, B.D. 2012. Distribution of genes and repetitive elements in the Diabrotica virgifera virgifera genome estimated using BAC sequencing. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2012:1.
Synchronized oviposition triggered by migratory flight intensifies larval outbreaks of beet webworm - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cheng, Y., Luo, L., Jiang, X., Sappington, T.W. 2012. Synchronized oviposition triggered by migratory flight intensifies larval outbreaks of beet webworm. PLoS One. 7(2):e31562.
Cloning of the heat shock protein 90 and 70 genes from the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, and expression characteristics in relation to thermal stress and development - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, X., Zhai, H., Wang, L., Luo, L., Sappington, T.W., Zhang, L. 2012. Cloning of the heat shock protein 90 and 70 genes from the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, and expression characteristics in relation to thermal stress and development. Cell Stress and Chaperones. 17(1):67-80.
The application and performance of single nucleotide polymorphism markers for population genetic analyses of Lepidoptera - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coates, B.S., Bayles, D.O., Wanner, K.W., Robertson, H.M., Hellmich II, R.L., Sappington, T.W. 2011. The application and performance of single nucleotide polymorphism markers for population genetic analyses of Lepidoptera. Frontiers in Genetics. 2(38):1-10.
Diapause in northern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - (Abstract Only) - (20-May-11)
Temporal changes in genetic variation of boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) populations, and implications for population assignment in eradication zones - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Choi, S., Kim, K., Lee, H., Adamczyk Jr., J.J., Greenberg, S.M., Westbrook, J.K., Sappington, T.W. 2011. Temporal changes in genetic variation of boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) populations, and implications for population assignment in eradication zones. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 104(4):816-825.
Regulation of migration in Mythimna separata (Walker) in China: A review integrating environmental, physiological, hormonal, genetic, and molecular factors - (Review Article)
Jiang, X., Luo, L., Zhang, L., Sappington, T.W., Hu, Y. 2011. Regulation of migration in Mythimna separata (Walker) in China: A review integrating environmental, physiological, hormonal, genetic, and molecular factors. Environmental Entomology. 40(3):516-533.
Stem-boring caterpillars of switchgrass in the midwestern United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Prasifka, J.R., Buhay, J.E., Sappington, T.W., Heaton, E.A., Bradshaw, J.D., Gray, M.E. 2011. Stem-boring caterpillars of switchgrass in the midwestern United States. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 104(3):507-514.
Genetic structure and gene flow among European corn borer populations from the Great Plains to the Appalachians of North America - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K., Coates, B.S., Bagley, M.J., Hellmich II, R.L., Sappington, T.W. 2011. Genetic structure and gene flow among European corn borer populations from the Great Plains to the Appalachians of North America. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 13(4):383-393.
Developing genomics tools for the western corn rootworm - Progress and promise - (Research Notes)
Sappington, T.W. 2011. Developing genomics tools for the western corn rootworm - Progress and promise. IWGO Newsletter. 31(1):8-12.
Relationship of Flight and Reproduction in Beet Armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a Migrant Lacking the Oogenesis-flight Syndrome - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jiang, X.F., Luo, L.Z., Sappington, T.W. 2010. Relationship of Flight and Reproduction in Beet Armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a Migrant Lacking the Oogenesis-flight Syndrome. Journal of Insect Physiology. 56(11):1631-1637.
Flight behavior of European corn borer infected with Nosema pyrausta - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dorhout, D.L., Sappington, T.W., Lewis, L.C., Rice, M.E. 2011. Flight behavior of European corn borer infected with Nosema pyrausta. Journal of Applied Entomology. 135(1-2):25-37.
Conducting Public-sector Research on Commercialized Transgenic Seed: In Search of a Paradigm that Works - (Other)
Sappington, T.W., Ostlie, K.R., Difonzo, C., Hibbard, B.E., Krupke, C.H., Porter, P., Pueppke, S., Shields, E.J., Tollefson, J.J. 2010. Conducting Public-sector Research on Commercialized Transgenic Seed: In Search of a Paradigm that Works. GM Crops. 1(2):55-58.
Managing Resistance to Bt Crops in a Genetically Variable Insect Herbivore, Ostrinia nubilalis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
O'Rourke, M.E., Sappington, T.W., Fleischer, S.J. 2010. Managing Resistance to Bt Crops in a Genetically Variable Insect Herbivore, Ostrinia nubilalis. Ecological Applications. 20(5):1228-1236.
Multidisciplinary Fingerprints: Forensic Reconstruction of an Insect Reinvasion - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Jones, G.D., Westbrook, J.K., Sappington, T.W. 2010. Multidisciplinary Fingerprints: Forensic Reconstruction of an Insect Reinvasion. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 7(45):677-686.
The Prospects for Sequencing the Western Corn Rootworm Genome - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miller, N.J., Richards, S., Sappington, T.W. 2010. The Prospects for Sequencing the Western Corn Rootworm Genome. Journal of Applied Entomology. 134(5):420-428.
Spatial and Temporal Genetic Analyses Show High Gene Flow Among European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations Across the Central U.S. Corn Belt - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Bagley, M.J., Coates, B.S., Hellmich II, R.L., Sappington, T.W. 2009. Spatial and Temporal Genetic Analyses Show High Gene Flow Among European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations Across the Central U.S. Corn Belt. Environmental Entomology. 38(4):1312-1323.
Comparative Performance of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and Microsatellite Markers for the Detection of Population Differentiation in Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Coates, B.S., Miller, N.J., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W., Siegfried, B.D., Lewis, L.C. 2009. Comparative Performance of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and Microsatellite Markers for the Detection of Population Differentiation in Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Heredity. 100(5):556-564.
Rootworm Management with Genetically Modified Corn: Current Status, Potential for Resistance, and a Look Toward the Future - (Proceedings)
Hibbard, B.E., Sappington, T.W., Gassmann, A.J., Miller, N.J. 2009. Rootworm Management with Genetically Modified Corn: Current Status, Potential for Resistance, and a Look Toward the Future. Illinois Corn Breeders School Proceedings. p. 157-161.
Molecular Diagnostic for Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Based on Amplification of Three Species-specific Microsatellites - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Szendrei, Z., Rodriguez-Saona, C., Mulder, P.G., Sappington, T.W. 2009. Molecular Diagnostic for Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Based on Amplification of Three Species-specific Microsatellites. Journal of Economic Entomology. 102(2):759-766.
Interrelationship between plants and insects as the basis for IPM systems - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Adamczyk Jr, J.J., Sappington, T.W., Jones, W.A., Liu, T. 2008. Interrelationship between plants and insects as the basis for IPM systems. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research. 86(1):133-148.
Increased Survival of Western Corn Rootworm on Transgenic Corn Within Three Generations of Onplant Greenhouse Selection - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Meihls, L.N., Higdon, M.L., Siegfried, B.D., Miller, N.J., Sappington, T.W., Ellersieck, M.R., Spencer, T.A., Hibbard, B.E. 2008. Increased Survival of Western Corn Rootworm on Transgenic Corn Within Three Generations of Onplant Greenhouse Selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105:19177-19182.
Mitochondrial DNA Variation and Range Expansion in Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): No Evidence for a Recent Population Bottleneck - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miller, N.J., Dorhout, D.L., Rice, M.E., Sappington, T.W. 2009. Mitochondrial DNA Variation and Range Expansion in Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): No Evidence for a Recent Population Bottleneck. Environmental Entomology. 38(1):274-280.
Adaptation and Invasiveness of Western Corn Rootworm: Intensifying Research on a Worsening Pest - (Review Article)
Gray, M.E., Sappington, T.W., Miller, N.J., Moeser, J., Bohn, M.O. 2009. Adaptation and Invasiveness of Western Corn Rootworm: Intensifying Research on a Worsening Pest. Annual Review Of Entomology. 54:303-321.
Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) Population Dynamics - (Review Article)
Meinke, L., Sappington, T.W., Onstad, D., Guillemaud, T., Miller, N.J., Komaromi, J., Levay, N., Furlan, L., Kiss, J., Toth, F. 2009. Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) Population Dynamics. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 11(1):29-46.
Effects of photoperiod on boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) development, survival, and reproduction - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Adamczyk Jr, J.J., Liu, T., Setamou, M. 2008. Effects of photoperiod on boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) development, survival, and reproduction. Environmental Entomology. 37(6):1396-1402.
Genetic Profiling to Determine Potential Origins of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Captured in a Texas Eradication Zone: Endemicity, Immigration, or Sabotage - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Allen, C.T., Sappington, T.W. 2008. Genetic Profiling to Determine Potential Origins of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Captured in a Texas Eradication Zone: Endemicity, Immigration, or Sabotage. Journal of Economic Entomology. 101(6):1729-1736.
Detection of European Corn Borer Infestation in Iowa Corn Plots using Spectral Vegetation Indices Derived from Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Carroll, M.W., Glaser, J.A., Hellmich II, R.L., Hunt, T.E., Calvin, D., Sappington, T.W., Copenhaver, K., Fridgen, J. 2009. Detection of European Corn Borer Infestation in Iowa Corn Plots using Spectral Vegetation Indices Derived from Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery. Journal of Economic Entomology. 101(5):1614-1623.
Evidence for Obligate Migratory Flight Behavior in Young European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Females - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dorhout, D.L., Sappington, T.W., Rice, M.E. 2008. Evidence for Obligate Migratory Flight Behavior in Young European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Females. Environmental Entomology. 37(5):1280-1290.
Host-free Survival of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Two Regions of Texas. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., and Rummel, D.R. 2008. Host-free Survival of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Two Regions of Texas. Southwest Entomol. 33:151-152.
Genes, Gene Flow and Adaptation of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera - (Review Article)
Miller, N.J., Guillemaud, T., Giordano, R., Siegfried, B.D., Gray, M.E., Meinke, L.J., Sappington, T.W. 2009. Genes, Gene Flow and Adaptation of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 11(1):47-60.
A Core Set of Microsatellite Markers for Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Population Genetics Studies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Stolz, U., Miller, N.J., Waits, E., Guillemaud, T., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W. 2008. A core set of microsatellite markers for western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) population genetics studies. Environmental Entomology. 37(2):293-300.
Utility of EST-derived SSRs as Population Genetics Markers in a Beetle - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Ratcliffe, S.T., French, B.W., Liu, L., Sappington, T.W. 2008. Utility of EST-derived SSRs as Population Genetics Markers in a Beetle. Journal of Heredity. 99(2):112-124.
Isolation and Characterization of Microsatellite Loci from the European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Crambidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Coates, B.S., Hellmich II, R.L., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W. 2008. Isolation and Characterization of Microsatellite Loci from the European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Molecular Ecology Resources. 8(2):409-411.
Effect of age and mating status on adult European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) dispersal from small-grain aggregation plots - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reardon, B., Sappington, T.W. 2007. Effect of age and mating status on adult European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) dispersal from small-grain aggregation plots. Journal of Economic Entomology. 100(4):1116-1123.
Genome Scan of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera for Genetic Variation Associated with Crop Rotation Tolerance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Miller, N.J., Ciosi, M., Sappington, T.W., Ratcliffe, S.T., Spencer, J.L., Guillemaud, T. 2007. Genome Scan of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera for Genetic Variation Associated with Crop Rotation Tolerance. Journal of Applied Entomology. 131(6):378-385.
Genetic Diversity in Laboratory Colonies of Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) including a Nondiapause Colony - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., French, B.W., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W. 2007. Genetic Diversity in Laboratory Colonies of Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) including a Nondiapause Colony. Environmental Entomology. 36(3):637-645.
Reproductive Potential of Overwintering, F1, and F2 Female Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Setamou, M., Armstrong, J.S., Coleman, R.J., Liu, T.X. 2007. Reproductive potential of overwintering, F1, and F2 female boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Environmental Entomology. 36(2):256-262.
Chemical cotton stalk destruction for maintenance of host-free periods for the control of overwintering boll weevil in tropical and subtropical climates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Norman, J.W., Sparks, A.N., Bradford, J.M., Yang, C., Sappington, T.W., Coleman, R.J., Showler, A. 2007. Chemical cotton stalk destruction for maintenance of host-free periods for the control of overwintering boll weevil in tropical and subtropical climates. Pest Management Science. 63(4):372-380.
Circadian Rhythms of Feeding, Oviposition, and Emergence of the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Armstrong, J.S., Setamou, M., Sappington, T.W., Coleman, R.J., Liu, T. 2006. Circadian rhythms of feeding, oviposition, and emergence of the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Insect Science. 13(6):461-467.
Sap Minutes No. 2006-03 Final Report, a Set of Scientific Issues Being Considered by the Environmental Protection Agency Regarding: Analysis of a Natural Refuge of Non-Cotton Hosts for Monsanto's Bollgard II Cotton Reprint Icon - (Other)
Sappington, T.W., Christian, M.R., Heeringa, S.G., Fitt, G.P., Gould, F.L., Guse, C.A., Heckel, D.G., Hurley, T.M., Ives, A.R., Livingston, M.J., Portier, K.M., Schneider, J.C. 2006. SAP Minutes No. 2006-03 Final Report, A Set of Scientific Issues Being Considered by the Environmental Protection Agency Regarding: Analysis of a Natural Refuge of Non-cotton Hosts for Monsanto's Bollgard II Cotton. Posted on www.regulations.gov under EPA Document ID EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0217-0042. 99 pages.
Impact of Trap Design, Windbreaks, and Weather on Captures of European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Pheromone-Baited Traps - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reardon, B.J., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W. 2006. Impact of trap design, windbreaks, and weather on captures of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in pheromone-baited traps. Journal of Economic Entomology. 99:2002-2009.
Dispersal of Newly-Eclosed European Corn Borer Adults (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) from Corn into Small-Grain Aggregation Plots - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reardon, B.J., Sumerford, D.V., Sappington, T.W. 2006. Dispersal of newly-eclosed European corn borer adults (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) from corn into small-grain aggregation plots. Journal of Economic Entomology. 99:1641-1650.
Coordinated Diabrotica Genetics Research: Accelerating Progress on An Urgent Insect Pest Problem - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Siegfried, B.D., Guillemaud, T. 2006. Coordinated Diabrotica genetics research: accelerating progress on an urgent insect pest problem. American Entomologist. 52:90-97.
Using genetic markers and population assignment techniques to infer origin of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) unexpectedly captured near an eradication zone in Mexico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Cano-Rios, P., Sappington, T.W. 2006. Using genetic markers and population assignment techniques to infer origin of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) unexpectedly captured near an eradication zone in Mexico. Environmental Entomology. 35:813-826.
Dispersal of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Cotton Modules Before Ginning - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Arnold, M.D., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Knutson, A.E., Norman, Jr., J.W. 2006. Dispersal of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from cotton modules before ginning. Journal of Economic Entomology. 99:67-75.
First-Flight Adult European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Distribution in Roadside Vegetation Relative to Cropping Patterns and Corn Phenology - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W. 2005. First-flight adult European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) distribution in roadside vegetation relative to cropping patterns and corn phenology. Environmental Entomology. 34:1541-1548.
Molecular Genetic Variation of Boll Weevil Populations in North America Estimated with Microsatellites: Implications for Patterns of Dispersal - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2006. Molecular genetic variation of boll weevil populations in North America estimated with microsatellites: Implications for patterns of dispersal. Genetica. 127:143-161.
Temperature-Dependent Development and Reproduction of the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Setamou, M., Sappington, T.W., Coleman, R.J., Armstrong, J.S., Liu, T. 2005. Temperature-dependent development and reproduction of the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Insect Science. 12:231-240.
Size-Dependent Feeding and Reproduction by the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Setamou, M. 2005. Size-dependent feeding and reproduction by the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 98:749-756.
Genetic Structuring of Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Populations in the U.S. Based on Microsatellite Loci Analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2005. Genetic structuring of western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) populations in the U.S. based on microsatellite loci analysis. Environmental Entomology. 34:494-503.
Polymorphic Microsatellite Loci from the Western Corn Rootworm (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Cross-Amplification with Other Diabrotica Spp. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2005. Polymorphic microsatellite loci from the western corn rootworm (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and cross-amplification with other Diabrotica spp. Molecular Ecology Notes. 5:115-117.
Potential for Escape of Live Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) into Cottonseed, Motes, and Cleaned Lint at the Cotton Gin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Baker, Jr., R.V. 2004. Potential for escape of live boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) into cottonseed, motes, and cleaned lint at the cotton gin. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97:1773-1781.
Vitellogenesis and Post-Vitellogenic Maturation of the Insect Ovarian Follicle - (Book / Chapter)
Swevers, L., Raikhel, A.S., Sappington, T.W., Shirk, P.D., Iatrou, K. 2005. Vitellogenesis and post-vitellogenic maturation of the insect ovarian follicle. In: Gilbert, L.I., Iatrou, K., Gill, S.S., editors. Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science. Volume 1. New York, NY: Elsevier Pergamon. p. 87-155.
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Survival Through Cotton Gin Trash Fans - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Baker, Jr., R.V. 2004. Boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) survival through cotton gin trash fans. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97:1612-1618.
Isolation and Characterization of Polymorphic Microsatellite Loci in the Boll Weevil Anthonomus Grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2004. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the Boll weevil Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Molecular Ecology Notes. 4:701-703.
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Survival Through the Seed Cotton Cleaning Process in the Cotton Gin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Baker, R.V. 2004. Boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) survival through the seed cotton cleaning process in the cotton gin. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97(4):1323-1329.
Potential for Transport of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to the Cotton Gin Within Cotton Modules - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Norman, J.W., Knutson, A.E. 2004. Potential for transport of boll weevils (coleoptera: curculionidae) to the cotton gin within cotton modules. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97(3):934-940.
Genetic Structuring of Boll Weevil Populations in the U.S. Based on Rapd Markers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2004. Genetic structuring of boll weevil populations in the U.S. based on RAPD markers. Insect Molecular Biology. 13:293-303.
Population Dynamics of Overwintering Boll Weevils, Anthonomus Grandis Grandis (Boheman) in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas - (Proceedings)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Coleman, R.J. 2004. Population dynamics of overwintering boll weevils, Anthonomus grandis grandis (Boheman) in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 5-9, 2004, San Antonio, Texas. 2004 CDROM.
Effects of Burial and Soil Condition on Postharvest Mortality of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on Fallen Cotton Fruit - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Showler, A., Sappington, T.W., Bradford, J.M. 2004. Effects of burial and soil condition on postharvest mortality of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in fallen cotton fruit. Journal of Economic Entomology. 97(2):409-413.
Effects of Different Tillage Systems in Dryland Cotton on Population Dynamics of Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Smart, J.R., Bradford, J.M., Sappington, T.W., Norman, J.W., Coleman, R.J. 2004. Effects of different tillage systems in dryland cotton on population dynamics of boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Subtropical Plant Science. 55:42-49.
Effects of Insecticides and Defoliants Applied Alone and in Combination for Control of Overwintering Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) -- Laboratory and Field Studies - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Elzen, G.W., Norman, J.W., Sparks, A.N. 2004. Effects of insecticides and defoliants applied alone and in combination for control of overwintering boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) -- Laboratory and field studies. Pest Management Science. 60:849-858.
Boll Weevil (Anthonomus Grandis, Boheman) Dispersal in the Southern United States: Evidence from Mitochondrial DNA Variation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2004. Boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis, Boheman) dispersal in the southern United States: Evidence from mitochondrial DNA variation. Environmental Entomology. 33:457-470.
Influence of Different Cotton Fruit Sizes on Oviposition and Survival to Adulthood of the Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Setamou, M., Coleman, R.J. 2004. Influence of different cotton fruit sizes on oviposition and survival to adulthood of the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology. 33(2):443-449.
Insect Vitellogenin/yolk Protein Receptors - (Book / Chapter)
Sappington, T.W., Raikhel, A.S. 2004. Insect vitellogenin/yolk protein receptors. In: Raikhel, A.S., editor. Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Vol. 12, Part B: Progress in Vitellogenesis. Enfield, USA/Plymouth, UK: Science Publishers, Inc. p. 229-264.
Boll Weevil (Coleoptera:curculionidae) Feeding and Reproduction As Functions of Cotton Square Availability - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Spurgeon, D.W., Setamou, M. 2003. Boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) feeding and reproduction as functions of cotton square availability. Environmental Entomology. 32(3):698-704.
Evaluation of Cotton Defoliation Strategies Using Airborne Multispectral Imagery - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Greenberg, S.M., Everitt, J.H., Sappington, T.W., Norman, J. 2003. Evaluation of cotton defoliation strategies using airborne multispectral imagery. Transactions of the ASAE. 46(3):869-76.
DNA Fingerprinting Boll Weevil Populations from Non-Eradicated States and Northeast Mexico - (Proceedings)
Kim, K.S., Sappington, T.W. 2003. DNA fingerprinting boll weevil populations from non-eradicated states and Northeast Mexico. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 6-10, 2003, Nashville, TN. 2003 CDROM.
Modules, Gins, and the Threat of Boll Weevil Introductions: What We Know So Far - (Proceedings)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Parajulee, M.N., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Norman, J.W., Knutson, A.E., Baker, R.V. 2003. Modules, gins, and the threat of boll weevil introductions: What we know so far. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 6-10, 2003, Nashville, Tennessee. 2003 CDROM.
Postharvest Mortality of Boll Weevils Relative to Tillage in Fallen Cotton Squares and Bolls - (Proceedings)
Greenberg, S.M., Showler, A., Sappington, T.W., Bradford, J.M., Carroll, S., Arnold, M., Parajulee, M., Brashears, A.D., Knutson, A. 2003. Postharvest mortality of boll weevils relative to tillage in fallen cotton squares and bolls. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 6-10, 2003, Nashville, Tennessee. 2003 CDROM.
A system for characterizing reproductive and diapause morphology in the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Suh, C.P. 2003. A system for characterizing reproductive and diapause morphology in the boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 96:1-11.
Mutual Interference of Pheromone Traps Within Trap Lines on Captures of Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (27-Sep-02)
A hexamerin protein, AgSP-1, is associated with diapause in the boll weevil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lewis, D.K., Spurgeon, D.W., Sappington, T.W., Keeley, L.L. 2002. A hexamerin protein, AgSP-1, is associated with diapause in the boll weevil. Journal of Insect Physiology. 48:887-901.
Efficacy of the Organic-Certified Insecticide Diatect II Against the Boll Weevil (Anthonomus Grandis) in Cotton - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (09-May-02)
The Major Yolk Proteins of Higher Diptera Are Homologs of a Class of Minor Yolk Proteins in Lepidoptera - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-Apr-02)
Evaluation of Cotton Defoliation Treatments with Airborne Digital Imagery - (Proceedings) - (15-Feb-02)
Potential for Boll Weevil Transport to Gins on Modules - (Proceedings)
Sappington, T.W., Brashears, A.D., Baker, R.V., Carroll, S.C., Arnold, M.D., Parajulee, M.N., Norman, J.W., Knutson, A.E. 2002. Potential for boll weevil transport to gins on modules. In: Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 9-13, 2002, Atlanta, Georgia. 2002 CDROM.
Aerially Applied Standard Rate Malathion Against Reduced Rates of Malathion+ Cottonseed Oil for Boll Weevil Control - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Showler, A., Sappington, T.W., Foster, R.N., Reuter, K.C., Roland, T.J., El-Lissy, O.A. 2002. Aerially applied standard rate malathion against reduced rates of malathion+ cottonseed oil for boll weevil control. Southwestern Entomologist. 27(1):45-58.
Beet Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Host Plant Preferences for Oviposition - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Setamou, M., Liu, T.X. 2002. Beet armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) host plant preferences for oviposition. Environmental Entomology. 31(1):142-148.
Feeding and Life History of Spodoptera Exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Different Host Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Greenberg, S.M., Sappington, T.W., Legaspi, Jr., B.C., Liu, T.X., Setamou, M. 2001. Feeding and life history of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on different host plants. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 94(4):566-575.
Assessment of Simulated Boll Weevil Damage Using Airborne Digital Imagery - (Proceedings) - (15-Feb-01)
Preliminary Data of the Effects of Cotton Defoliant Chemicals on Bemisia Argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Mortality and Its Parasitoid Survival - (Proceedings) - (07-Jan-00)
Preferred Technique for Adult Sex Determination of the Boll Weevil, Anthonomus Grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (02-Aug-99)
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Last Modified: 10/25/2014