Joseph Postman (USDA/ARS National Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, Oregon), Paul Meyer (Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Marina Mosulishvili (Institute of Botany, Tbilisi, Georgia) and Giorgi Arabuli (Georgia State Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia) participated in a plant germplasm expedition to 8 of Georgia's 18 provinces from September 19 to October 10, 2004. A material transfer agreement (MTA) between the USDA Agricultural Research Service and the Georgia Academy of Sciences Institute of Botany authorized the collection of many Georgian plant species of potential interest for their fruits, nuts, or woody landscape use. The MTA is in accordance with the Bonn guidelines on access to genetic resources and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their utilization. The expedition team collected 136 plant and seed samples, and 94 herbarium vouchers representing 43 different plant genera. Seed and plant samples will be conserved at the appropriate USDA/ARS Germplasm Repository for each genus, and also shared with arboretums, botanic gardens and researchers. Voucher specimens will be housed in the herbarium at the USDA/ARS National Arboretum in Washington D.C. with duplicate samples at the Morris Arboretum in Philadelphia and the Georgia State Museum in Tbilisi. The collection data for these accessions will be loaded to the public USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) and the plant material made available to requestors for research on the improvement of these crops in the U.S. and abroad.