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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Erin Espeland

RESEARCH ECOLOGIST


Erin Espeland Erin Espeland

Research Ecologist

 

erin.espeland@ars.usda.gov

www.ars.usda.gov/pa/nparl/eespeland 

 

Phone: 406.433.9416
Fax: 406.433.5038

 

Education Current Research Research Experience Related Web Pages Publications  

 

 Additional Pages:  Research Projects, Publications*

*Taken from the Agricultural Research Information System (ARIS) database.
 
 
 

EDUCATION

 

Ph.D. Ecology 2007 University of California Davis. Dissertation title: The influence of plant competition and facilitation on evolutionary processes.
M.S. Biology 2000 San Jose State University. Thesis title: Population differentiation in Eschscholzia californica.
B.A. Music 1992 Mills College, Oakland, California


 
CURRENT RESEARCH

My research focuses on establishment, genetic identity and evolutionary potential of restored native populations in the face of biological invasions. This research includes the role of competition on restoration success, the role of genetic identity and maternal effects on the establishment of restoration materials. I have recently expanded my research program to track whole-ecosystem recovery after weed removal and restoration; this includes bird, insect and plant populations as well as soil conditions.  
  
   

RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

Below is a list of projects I participated in before joining the USDA.

Post-doctoral Scholar, Univ. of Nevada- Reno. Field and greenhouse research testing the heritable interrelationship of weeds and native species to the environment. Field testing suitability of a variety of restoration species and crops in Nevada agricultural practice. With Dr. Elizabeth Leger, Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Science.

Doctoral Research, UC Davis. Field and greenhouse research testing the effects of density dependence and local productivity on natural selection and genetic drift in California annual plants. With Dr. Kevin J. Rice, Dept. of Plant Sciences.

Research Assistant, UC Davis. Greenhouse research on adaptive potential of Aegilops triuncialis(goatgrass), comparing native-range and introduced populations’ ability to adapt to serpentine soil. With Dr. Kevin J. Rice, Dept. of Plant Sciences.

Plant Ecologist, BMP Ecosciences, San Francisco CA. Library and field research to develop reference document for use by the City of Santa Cruz to develop an adaptive management plan for the endangered species Holocarpha macradenia. With Dr. Bruce Pavlik, BMP Ecosciences.

Research Fellow, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Demographic monitoring of rare plant populations: Eschscholzia rhombipetala, Amsinckia grandiflora, Erodium macrophyllum(alias California macrophyllum), and Blepharizonia plumosa. Design and conduct experiments on effects of burning and other manipulations on granivory, germination, survivorship, and long-term population viability of several plant species. With Dr. Tina M. Carlsen, Environmental Restoration Dept.

Research Assistant, UC Davis. Isolate PCR primer to distinguish Aegilops caudataand Ae. umbellulatafrom each other for the purpose of determining maternal parent of Ae. triuncialis(goatgrass) in invasive populations. With Dr. John McKay, currently at Colorado State University.

Masters Research, San Jose State University. Field and common garden experiments to determine interpopulation differences in Eschscholzia californica. Developed and optimized primers for conducting RAPD analysis of genetic differences among populations. With Dr. Rodney G. Myatt, Dept. of Biological Sciences.

Research Assistant, Univ. of Western Ontario. Population restoration of Cirsium pitcherii, an endangered sand dune plant. Dr. M. Anwar Maun, Dept. of Biology (deceased).

Environmental Technician, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Greenhouse research on effects of intraspecific competition and self-compatibility on Amsinckia grandiflora, a federally-listed endangered plant. Field research on ecophysiological effects of competitive environment on A. grandiflora. Dr. Tina M. Carlsen, Environmental Restoration Dept.

Research Assistant, Mills College. Demography and population restoration of state-listed endangered plant Acanthomintha duttonii. Common garden experiment to determine if and congenerics are serpentinite endemics or tolerators. Dr. Bruce M. Pavlik, Dept. of Biology.  


 

PUBLICATIONS:

Peer-Reviewed Publications:

  • Emam, T., Espeland, E.K., Rinella, M.J. 2014. Soil sterilization alters interactions between the native grass Bouteloua gracilis and invasive Bromus tectorum. Journal of
    Arid Environments. 111:91-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.08.006. (PDF)
  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Choosing a reclamation seed mix to maintain rangelands during
    energy development in the Bakken Rangelands. Rangelands. 36(1):25–28. (PDF)
  • Fonseca, C., Espeland, E.K., Baxter, J. 2014. Patterns of population differentiation in
    early traits of development in Elymus glaucus: Implications for restoration. Ecological
    Restoration. 32(4):388-395. (PDF)
  • Grewell, B.J., Espeland, E.K., Fiedler, P.L. 2013. Sea change under climate change:
    case studies in rare plant conservation from the dynamic San Francisco Estuary. Botany.
    91:309-318.
  • Caesar, T., Espeland, E.K., Caesar, A.J., Sainju, U.M., Lartey, R.T., Gaskin, J.F.
    2013. Effects of agaricus lilaceps fairy rings on soil aggregation and microbial
    community structure in relation to growth stimulation of western wheatgrass (pascopyrum
    smithii) in Eastern Montana rangeland. Microbial Ecology. 66(1): 120-131. (PDF)
  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. A colonizing species has high fitness on soils with an exotic
    species legacy when conditioning effects are mitigated. Ecological Restoration. 31(2):
    195-200. (PDF)
  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Predicting the dynamics of local adaptation in invasive species.
    Journal of Arid Land. 5(3): 268–274. (PDF
  • Espeland, E.K., Hammond, D.H. 2013. Maternal effects on growth and competitive ability
    in a commonly used restoration species. Ecological Applications. 14(3):231-242. (PDF
  • Porensky, L.M., Davison, J., Leger, E.A., Miller, W.W., Goergen, E.M., Espeland, E.K.,
    Carroll-Moore, E. 2014. Grasses for biofuels: A low water-use alternative for cold
    desert agriculture? Biomass and Bioenergy. 66:133-142. (PDF)
  • Porensky, L.M., Leger, E.A., Davison, J., Miller, W.W., Goergen, E.M., Espeland, E.K.,
    Moore, E.C. 2014. Arid oil-field restoration: native perennial grasses suppress weeds
    and erosion, but also suppress native shrubs. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.
    184:135-144. (PDF
  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Three California annual forbs show little response to neighbor removal. Journal of Arid Environments. 88: 121-124. (PDF; 200 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K., Perkins, L.B. 2013. Annual cover crops do not inhibit early growth of perennial grasses on a disturbed restoration soil in the Northern Great Plains, USA. Restoration Ecology. 31(1): 69-78. (PDF; 167 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K., Rice, K.J. 2012. Within- and trans-generational plasticity affects the opportunity for selection in barbed goatgrass (Aegilops Triuncialis). American Journal of Botany. 99(12): 1–5. (PDF; 562 KB)
  • Kulpa, S., Leger, E., Espeland, E.K., Goergen, E. 2012. Postfire seeding and plant community recovery in the Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 65(2): 171–181. (PDF; 613 KB)
  • Rinella, M.J., Mangold, J.M., Espeland, E.K., Sheley, R.L., Jacobs, J. 2012. Long-term population dynamics of seeded plants in invaded grasslands. Ecological Applications 22(4):1320-1329. (PDF; 352 KB)
  • Espeland, Erin K. 2011. Russian wild rye inhibits cheatgrass emergence on some soil types. Rangeland Ecology and Management. Rangeland Ecology.
  • Espeland, Erin K. and Elizabeth A. Leger. 2011. The effect of Mycorrhizal fungi on effective population size in annual plants. American Journal of Botany.
  • Goergen, E., Leger, E., Espeland, E.K. 2011. Native perennial grasses show evolutionary response to Bromus tectorum (Cheatgrass) invasion. PLoS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018145.
  • Meimberg Harald, Neil F. Milan, Maria Karatassiou, Erin K. Espeland, John K. Mckay, and Kevin J. Rice. 2011. Patterns of introduction and adaptation during the invasion of Aegilops truncialis (Poaceae) into Californian serpentine soils. Molecular Ecology.  19(23): 5308-5319. (PDF: 317 KB)
  • Espeland, Erin K. and Taraneh K. Emam. 2011. The value of structuring rarity: the seven types and links to reproductive ecology. Biodiversity and Conservation Journal. 20(5): 963-985. (PDF; 317 KB)
  • Dyer, A.R., Brown, C., Espeland, E.K., Mckay, J.M., Meimberg, H., Rice, K.J. 2010. The role of adaptive trans-generational plasticity in biological invasions of plants. The role of trans-generational plasticity in biological invasions of plants. Evolutionary Applications. 3(2):179-192. (PDF; 417 KB
  • Espeland, E.K., O'Farrell, M.R. 2010. Small Variance in Growth Rate in Annual Plants has Large Effects on Genetic Drift. American Journal of Botany. 97(8): 1407–1411. (PDF; 584 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K., Perkins, L.B., Leger, E.A. 2010. Comparison of seed bank estimation techniques using six weed species in two soil types. Rangeland Ecology & Management. 63(2): 243-247. (PDF; 151 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K., Rice, K.J. 2010. Ecological effects on estimates of effective population size in an annual plant. Biological Conservation. 143(4): 946-951. (PDF; 378 KB)
  • Leger, E.A., Espeland, E.K. 2010. Coevolution between native and invasive plant competitors: implications for invasive species management. Evolutionary Applications. 3: 169–178. (PDF; 131 KB)
  • Leger, E.A., Espeland, E.K. 2010. The shifting balance of facilitation and competition affects the outcome of intra- and interspecific interactions over the life history of California grassland annuals. Plant Ecology. 208:333–345. (PDF; 421 KB)
  • Marsico, T.D., Burt, J.W., Espeland, E.K., Gilchrist, G., Jamieson, M.A., Lindstrom, L., Roderick, G., Swope, S., Szucs, M., Tsutsui, N. 2010. Underutilized Resources for Studying the Evolution of Invasive Species During Their Introduction, Establishment, and Lag Phases. Evolutionary Applications. 3(2):203-219. (PDF; 145 KB)
  • Leger Elizabeth A., Erin K. Espeland, Keith R. Merrill and Susan E. Meyer. 2009. Genetic variation and local adaptation at a cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) invasion edge in western Nevada. Molecular Ecology. 18(21): 4366-4379. (PDF; 336 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K. and K.J. Rice. (2007). Facilitation across stress gradients: the importance of local adaptation. Ecology 88: 2404-2409. (PDF; 138KB)
  • Batten, K.M., K.M. Scow, and E.K. Espeland. 2007. Soil microbial community associated with an invasive grass differentially impacts native plant performance. Microbial Ecology (PDF; 204 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K., T.M. Carlsen and D. MacQueen. 2005. Fire and dynamics of granivory on a rare grassland forb. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 267-280. (PDF; 180 KB)
  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 2003. Population characteristics of Eschscholzia rhombipetala (Papaveraceae). Madroño 50: 1-7.
  • Carlsen, T.M., E.K. Espeland and B.M. Pavlik. 2002. Reproductive ecology and the persistence of an endangered plant. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1247-1268. (PDF; 863 KB)
  • Gregory, S.D., E.K. Espeland, T.M. Carlsen, and E.K. Bissell. 2001. Demography and population biology of a rare tarplant, Blepharizonia plumosa (Asteraceae) a California summer annual forb. Madroño 48: 272-285.
  • Espeland, E.K. and R.G. Myatt. 2001. Evidence for a sand hills ecotype in Eschscholzia californica. Madroño 48: 25-32.
  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1998. Demography of natural and introduced populations of Acanthomintha duttonii, an endangered serpentinite annual in Northern California. Madroño 45: 31-39.   

Other Publications:

  • Rice, K.J. and E.K. Espeland. 2007. Genes on the range: population genetics. In: Ecology and Restoration of California Grasslands. C. D'Antonio, M. Stromberg, and J. Corbin [eds.] UC Press, Berkeley CA.

  • Pfeiffer, J. and E. Espeland. 2003. Book Review: Egan, D., and E. A. Howell, editors. 2001. The historical ecology handbook: a restorationist's guide to reference ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D. C., USA. Conservation Ecology 7: 11.

Invited talks:

  • Espeland, E.K. 2015. New ecology research in the Bakken: using reclamation to improve agricultural production. Pipeline Reclamation Workshop, Northern Plains Agricultural Laboratory, Sidney MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2015. Weed response to a ranch water pipeline installed near Trotters ND. Glendive Agri-Trade Exposition, Glendive MT USA.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. How do we rebuild ecosystems? Challenges and opportunities in the Williston Basin. Department of Range Science Seminar, North Dakota State University, Fargo ND USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. The process of natural selection in restoration plant materials. Department of Natural Resources seminar, South Dakota State University, Brookings SD USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Restoration and pipelines. Ft Keogh Customer Focus Group, Miles City MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Pipelines: weeds and grazing. Carter County, Powder River County and Tri-County range health and weed tours, Eastern MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Russian Olive removal and restoration: success and costs. Northern Plains Agricultural Laboratory Froid Farm Field Day, Froid MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Restoration after Russian olive eradication. Montana State University County Extension Agent Tour of USDA-ARS LARRL, Miles City MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. What can we learn about restoration by studying natural selection? Understanding how harvesting and propagation can alter plant materials. Region 6 Botany/Invasives/Native Plants Meeting, USFS Deschutes National Forest, Bend OR USA

  • Espeland, E.K., M. Petersen, J. Muscha, R. Kilian, and J. Scianna. 2014. Soils and vegetation change after Russian olive removal in Montana. Tamarisk Coalition Annual Meeting, Grand Junction CO USA.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2014. Competition and facilitation among plants in restoration of disturbed lands. Northern Rockies Invasive Plant Council, Spokane WA USA

  • Espeland, E.K., M. Petersen, J. Muscha, R. Kilian, and J. Scianna. 2014. Tracking ecosystem recovery after Russian olive removal – lessons learned and moving forward. Russian Olive Symposium, Spokane WA USA

  • Espeland, E.K., K. Delaney, T. Rand. 2013. Using ecology to estimate potential persistence of Russian olive biological control. Montana State Weed Biocontrol Meeting, Bozeman MT

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Overview of restoration research projects in the Northern Great Plains USA. Scientist Seminar, Kings Park Botanic Garden Perth WA Australia

  • Espeland, E.K., M. Horning, L. Perkins, and R.C. Johnson. 2013. Effects of production farm on germination and emergence of three perennial grass restoration species. ComBio2013 Perth WA Australia

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Restoration using annual cover crops allows for continuous grazing and does not inhibit establishment of perennial grasses. Ft Keogh Customer Focus Group, Miles City MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Influence on production garden on seeds for revegetation. Department seminar: Dept. of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins CO USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. An overview of the pipeline construction and reclamation process with an emphasis on weeds and grazing. NPARL Field Days, Froid MT and Sidney MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Reclamation planning, weed management and grazing. Pipeline Workshop, Montana State University Extension, Ekalaka MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. and L.B. Perkins. 2013. Soil type limits the invasive potential of some weeds. UC Davis Weeders Group. May 13, Davis CA USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Reclamation after Russian olive removal and pipelines. Montana Weed Control Association Annual Meeting, Miles City MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Weed management and grazing after planting. Pipeline Reclamation Workshop, Northern Plains Agricultural Laboratory, Sidney MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Effect of cover crops on perennial grass seedings. Reclamation – Bringing Ideas Together Workshop, Dickinson State University, Dickinson ND USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Habitat factors influence evolutionary potential: applications to invasion and conservation. Ecology and Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Department Seminar Series, Iowa State University, Ames IA USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2012. Restoration for persistence: using what we know about interactions among plants and soils to successfully restore disturbed sites and to preserve evolutionary processes within plant populations. Biology Department Seminar Series, Boise State University, Boise ID USA

  • Espeland, E. K. 2012. Environmental stress and maternal effects on effective population size. Ecosummit 2012, Columbus OH USA

  • Leger, E.A., E.M. Goergen, and E.K. Espeland. 21012. What can natural selection tell us about restoration? Finding the best seed sources in disturbed systems. Society for Ecological Restoration Europe, Budweis Czech Republic

  • Espeland, E.K. 2012. Habitat factors influence evolutionary potential in invasive plant species. International Symposium on Invasive Plant Species and Global Climate Change, Urumqi, China

  • Grewell, B.J. and E.K. Espeland. 2012. Plant reintroduction in changing environments: the case of endangered Cloropyron molle (Orobanchaeceae) in weed-invaded estuarine wetlands. Botanical Society of America, Columbus OH USA

  • Espeland, E. K. 2012. Harnessing evolutionary processes to maximize plant materials performance. Ft. Keogh on the Road, Public seminar, Sweetgrass County Extension, Big Timber MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2011. Using plant materials management to maximize restoration success: state of the science and emerging research. Public seminar, MPG Ranch, Missoula MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2011. Maternal effects on evolutionary rates and plant persistence. Western Association of Forest Genetics, Troutdale OR USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2011. Restoration seedings work in the long term to reduce weed densities. Department of Weed Science seminar, North Dakota State University, Fargo ND USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2011. Maternal effects in Poa secunda: harnessing plasticity for maximum success. Intermountain Native Plant Summit, Boise ID USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2011. Maternal effects and their effects on evolution: applications for invasion ecology and native plant restoration. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Duluth MN USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2010. Transgenerational plasticity and evolutionary processes: implications for invasive species management. Department of Biological Sciences, Arkansas State University. Jonesboro AR USA

  • Espeland, E.K., E.M. Goergen, E.A. Leger. 2010. Coevolution between invasive species and native perennial grasses: implications for restoration. Invasive Species in Natural Areas Conference. Coeur D’Alene ID USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2010. Maternal effects as tools for use in restoration. National Native Seed Conference. Snowbird UT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2010. The role of transgenerational plasticity in range expansion in plants. Forage and Range Research Laboratory, Logan, UT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2010. Maternal effects and range expansion of weeds. Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, Fargo ND USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2009. Evolutionary processes in restoration populations: the implications of environmental heterogeneity on adaptive capacity. Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins CO USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2009. Creating restoration populations capable of evolution: the implications of positive plant-plant interactions and stress. Department of Forestry and Conservation. University of Montana, Missoula MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2009. When the Darwinian struggle for existence is more like a cakewalk: how mild conditions and helpful neighbors influence the evolution of plants.  McLaughlin Reserve, University of California Natural Reserve System, Lower Lake, CA USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2009.  Incorporating evolutionary processes into restoration practice.  Stakeholders meeting.  Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, Mandan, ND USA

  • Espeland, E.K. and E.A. Leger. 2009.  Survivorship and plant-plant interactions: effects on population evolutionary potential.  California Native Plant Society Conservation Conference, Sacramento, CA USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2008.  Preventing weed expansion and encouraging the proliferation of native species: the power of evolutionary processes.  NPARL focus group meeting, Sidney MT USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2008. Seedling facilitation: ecology and evolution. Dept. of Plant Science, University of California, Davis USA

  • Espeland, E.K. 2007.  Ranking the effects of competition, facilitation and abiotic stress on evolution in plant populations.  Dept. of Ecology and Evolution, University of Nevada, Reno, USA 

Contributed Papers:

  • Espeland, E.K., L. Perkins, M. Horning, R.C. Johnson. 2015. The effect of seed production farms: intra-cultivar differences in performance depend on storage and planting environments. National Native Seed Conference. Santa Fe, NM.

  • Hybner, R., and E.K. Espeland. 2015. Effect of Russian olive seed burial depth on emergence and viability. Western Society of Weed Science Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Johnson, R. C., E. K. Espeland, M. E. Horning, and K. Vance-Borland. 2014. Genecology and seed zone research for native forbs and grasses of the interior West. Society for Ecological Restoration: Northwest & Great Basin Chapters. Redmond, OR.

  • Porensky, L. M., J. Davison, W. W. Miller, E. M. Goergen, E.K. Espeland, E. C. Moore, E. A. Leger. 2013. A mixed blessing for restoration in arid shrublands: native perennial grasses reduce erosion, weeds, and also native shrubs. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.

  • Fonseca, C., J. Baxter, E. Espeland. 2013. Patterns of population divergence in early traits of development in Elymus glaucus. California Botanical Society Annual Meeting, Berkeley, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K., D. Hammond, M. Horning, R.C. Johnson. 2013. Effects of production garden on plant performance. National Native Seed Conference, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Porensky, L. M., J. Davison, W. W. Miller, E. M. Goergen, E. K. Espeland, E. M. Carroll, E. A. Leger. 2013. Overcoming restoration barriers in arid shrublands: using short-term irrigation and non-local grasses to facilitate shrub establishment. National Native Seed Conference, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Espeland, E.K., K. Delaney, J. Muscha, J. Scianna, R. Hybner, R. Kilian, M. Petersen. 2013. Tracking ecosystem recovery in response to invasive tree removal and restoration. River Management Society/Tamarisk Coalition meeting, Grand Junction, CO.

  • Leger, E., E. Goergen, E. Espeland, and L. Porensky. 2012. Finding the best native seed sources for restoration in disturbed systems. Fifth International Fire Ecology and Management Congress, Portland, OR.

  • Espeland, E. K., M. Petersen, J. Muscha. 2012. Multi-trophic effects of Russian olive removal and restoration: getting information from weed eradication. Society for Range Management Annual meeting, Spokane, WA, USA.

  • Delaney, K., E. Espeland, A. Norton, S. Sing, K. Keever, J. L. Baker, M. Cristofaro, R. Jashenko, J. Gaskin, and U. Schaffner. 2011. Russian olive – a suitable target for classical biological control in North America? XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, Waikoloa, HI.

  • Mangold, J., M. Rinella, E. Espeland, J. Jacobs, and R. Sheley. 2011. Rangeland Revegetation Revisited:  Are short-term trends indicative of long-term outcomes? Western Section Weed Science Association Annual Meeting, Honolulu, HI.

  • Caesar, T., E. Espeland, and A. Caesar. 2011. The effect of fairy rings on soil aggregation and rangeland grasses. Society for Range Management Annual meeting, Billings, MT.

  • Espeland, E.K., M.E. Horning, M.J. Cashman, and R.C. Johnson. 2010. Maternal effects on traits affecting competitive ability in Poa secunda.  Society for the Study of Evolution Annual meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Espeland, E.K., E.A. Leger, and M. West. 2009.  Mechanisms of plant-plant facilitation in survivorship.  Ecological Society of America Annual meeting, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Leger, E.A., E.K. Espeland, S.E. Meyer, and K.R. Merrill. 2009. Genetic variation and local adaptation at an invasion edge of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum). Ecological Society of America Annual meeting, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Espeland, E.K. and E.A. Leger.  2009.  Density and diversity of perennial grasses do not affect cheatgrass establishment and growth.  Weed Science Society, Western Section Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2009.  Preserving evolutionary potential of restored populations.  Society for Range Management Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2006. Evolutionary outcomes of plant-plant interactions in an annual plant. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN.

  • Espeland, E.K. and M.R. O’Farrell. 2006. Common size distributions in populations of annual plants and implications for Ne/N ratios. Society for Evolution Annual Meeting, Stony Brook, NY.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. Density-dependence, biotic, and abiotic effects on probability of genetic drift in annual plant populations (Facilitation: better than sex). Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. Density-dependent and environmental influences on Ne. Society for Evolution Annual Meeting, Fairbanks, AK.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. The opposing effects of competition and facilitation on preservation of genetic diversity in an annual plant (Plantago erecta). Mathias Symposium, Bodega Bay, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2004. Environmental influence on effective population size (Ne) in an annual plant. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Carlsen, T.M. and E.K. Espeland. 2004. Fire patchiness influences distribution and persistence in a rare California late-flowering forb Blepharizonia plumosa(Asteraceae). Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2002. Effects of density, inter- and intra-specific competition on effective population size using Plagiobothrys stipitatus. California Botanical Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 2002. Dynamics of granivory on a California annual forb. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ.

  • Espeland, E.K. 1999. Interpopulation variability in Eschscholzia californica. California Botanical Society Annual Meeting, San Luis Obispo, CA.

  • Brinegar, C., M. Okuda, D. Mascarenhas, D. Kinsey, E. Espeland, and W. Tubbs. 1999. Microsatellite-primed DNA fingerprinting using a simple sequence repeat primer anchored at its 3’ end. California State University Biotechnology Symposium, Pomona, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K., M.S. Alvord, G. Liebig, and J. Powers. 1998. Evaluation of the Santa Clara County Office of Education Technology Institute: A Computer Inservice for Teachers. California Educational Researchers Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

  • Espeland E.K. and B.M. Pavlik. 1995. Creating new a population of Acanthomintha duttonii. International Meeting of Serpentine Ecology, Noumea, New Caledonia.

  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 1995. Pin/Thrum love: heterostyly and fertility in Amsinckia grandiflora. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, Utah.

Technical Papers:

  • Davison, J., E. Leger, and E. Espeland. 2010. Alternative agriculture and vegetation management in the Walker Basin.  Bureau of Reclamation.
  • Paterson, L., E. Espeland, and T. Carlsen. 2005. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal years 2003 and 2004. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-03/04.
  • Carlsen, T., L. Paterson, and E. Espeland. 2003. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 2002. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-02.
  • Carlsen, T., E. Espeland, and A. Smith. 2002. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 2001. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-01.
  • Carlsen, T.M., E. K. Espeland, and B.M. Pavlik. 1999. Restoration of the large-flowered fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora) at Site 300: 1998 yearly report. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento, CA. 40 pp.
  • Carlsen, T.M., E. K. Espeland, and B.M. Pavlik. 1999. Restoration of the large-flowered fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora) at Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 1999. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-133516.
  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1994. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. IV. Demographic performance at Pulgas Ridge and Edgewood Park. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 25 pp.
  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1993. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. III. Enhancement at Pulgas Ridge. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 30 pp.
  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1992. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. II. Reintroduction at Pulgas Ridge. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 35 pp.
  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1991. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. I. Preliminary laboratory and field studies. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 26 pp.
     

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Last Modified: 4/17/2015