Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Erin Espeland

RESEARCH ECOLOGIST


Erin Espeland Erin Espeland

Research Ecologist

Phone: 406.433.9416
Fax: 406.433.5038

Education Current Research Research Experience Related Web Pages Publications  


 


 
 
 

 Additional Pages:  Research Projects, Publications*

*Taken from the Agricultural Research Information System (ARIS) database.
 
 
 

EDUCATION

 

Ph.D. Ecology 2007 University of California Davis. Dissertation title: The influence of plant competition and facilitation on evolutionary processes.
M.S. Biology 2000 San Jose State University. Thesis title: Population differentiation in Eschscholzia californica.
B.A. Music 1992 Mills College, Oakland, California


 
CURRENT RESEARCH

My research focuses on establishment and evolutionary potential of restored native populations in the face of plant invasions. This research includes the role of competition on restoration success, the role of genetic identity and maternal effects on the establishment of restoration materials, and the ability of invasive species to expand their ranges. This research has important applications to the prevention of new weed invasions and to the conservation of native plant species.  
  
   

RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

In my scientific training, I focused on conservation of native plant species and on the evolutionary dynamics of weed invasions. Below is a list of projects I participated in before joining the USDA.

Post-doctoral Scholar, Univ. of Nevada- Reno. Field and greenhouse research testing the heritable interrelationship of weeds and native species to the environment. Field testing suitability of a variety of restoration species and crops in Nevada agricultural practice. With Dr. Elizabeth Leger, Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Science.

Doctoral Research, UC Davis. Field and greenhouse research testing the effects of density dependence and local productivity on natural selection and genetic drift in California annual plants. With Dr. Kevin J. Rice, Dept. of Plant Sciences.

Research Assistant, UC Davis. Greenhouse research on adaptive potential of Aegilops triuncialis(goatgrass), comparing native-range and introduced populations’ ability to adapt to serpentine soil. With Dr. Kevin J. Rice, Dept. of Plant Sciences.

Plant Ecologist, BMP Ecosciences, San Francisco CA. Library and field research to develop reference document for use by the City of Santa Cruz to develop an adaptive management plan for the endangered species Holocarpha macradenia. With Dr. Bruce Pavlik, BMP Ecosciences.

Research Fellow, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Demographic monitoring of rare plant populations: Eschscholzia rhombipetala, Amsinckia grandiflora, Erodium macrophyllum(alias California macrophyllum), and Blepharizonia plumosa. Design and conduct experiments on effects of burning and other manipulations on granivory, germination, survivorship, and long-term population viability of several plant species. With Dr. Tina M. Carlsen, Environmental Restoration Dept.

Research Assistant, UC Davis. Isolate PCR primer to distinguish Aegilops caudataand Ae. umbellulatafrom each other for the purpose of determining maternal parent of Ae. triuncialis(goatgrass) in invasive populations. With Dr. John McKay, currently at Colorado State University.

Masters Research, San Jose State University. Field and common garden experiments to determine interpopulation differences in Eschscholzia californica. Developed and optimized primers for conducting RAPD analysis of genetic differences among populations. With Dr. Rodney G. Myatt, Dept. of Biological Sciences.

Research Assistant, Univ. of Western Ontario. Population restoration of Cirsium pitcherii, an endangered sand dune plant. Dr. M. Anwar Maun, Dept. of Biology (deceased).

Environmental Technician, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Greenhouse research on effects of intraspecific competition and self-compatibility on Amsinckia grandiflora, a federally-listed endangered plant. Field research on ecophysiological effects of competitive environment on A. grandiflora. Dr. Tina M. Carlsen, Environmental Restoration Dept.

Research Assistant, Mills College. Demography and population restoration of state-listed endangered plant Acanthomintha duttonii. Common garden experiment to determine if and congenerics are serpentinite endemics or tolerators. Dr. Bruce M. Pavlik, Dept. of Biology.
 
 

RELATED WEBSITES

My Lab Photos: http://nparlplantecologylab.shutterfly.com

Kevin Rice’s Big Science Lab: http://www.plantsciences.ucdavis.edu/ricelab
Leger lab: http://www.ag.unr.edu/leger/Leger/Home.html
 
  

PUBLICATIONS:

Peer-Reviewed Publications:

  • Espeland, E.K. 2013. Three California annual forbs show little response to neighbor removal. Journal of Arid Environments. 88: 121-124. (PDF; 200 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., Perkins, L.B. 2013. Annual cover crops do not inhibit early growth of perennial grasses on a disturbed restoration soil in the Northern Great Plains, USA. Restoration Ecology. 31(1): 69-78. (PDF; 167 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., Rice, K.J. 2012. Within- and trans-generational plasticity affects the opportunity for selection in barbed goatgrass (Aegilops Triuncialis). American Journal of Botany. 99(12): 1–5. (PDF; 562 KB)

  • Kulpa, S., Leger, E., Espeland, E.K., Goergen, E. 2012. Postfire seeding and plant community recovery in the Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 65(2): 171–181. (PDF; 613 KB)

  • Rinella, M.J., Mangold, J.M., Espeland, E.K., Sheley, R.L., Jacobs, J. 2012. Long-term population dynamics of seeded plants in invaded grasslands. Ecological Applications 22(4):1320-1329. (PDF; 352 KB)

  • Espeland, Erin K. 2011. Russian wild rye inhibits cheatgrass emergence on some soil types. Rangeland Ecology and Management. Rangeland Ecology.

  • Espeland, Erin K. and Elizabeth A. Leger. 2011. The effect of Mycorrhizal fungi on effective population size in annual plants. American Journal of Botany.

  • Goergen, E., Leger, E., Espeland, E.K. 2011. Native perennial grasses show evolutionary response to Bromus tectorum (Cheatgrass) invasion. PLoS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018145

  • Meimberg Harald, Neil F. Milan, Maria Karatassiou, Erin K. Espeland, John K. Mckay, and Kevin J. Rice. 2011. Patterns of introduction and adaptation during the invasion of Aegilops truncialis (Poaceae) into Californian serpentine soils. Molecular Ecology.  19(23): 5308-5319. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04875.x

  • Espeland, Erin K. and Taraneh K. Emam. 2011. The value of structuring rarity: the seven types and links to reproductive ecology. Biodiversity and Conservation Journal. 20(5): 963-985.  (PDF; 317 KB)

  • Dyer, A.R., Brown, C., Espeland, E.K., Mckay, J.M., Meimberg, H., Rice, K.J. 2010. The role of adaptive trans-generational plasticity in biological invasions of plants. The role of trans-generational plasticity in biological invasions of plants. Evolutionary Applications. 3(2):179-192. (PDF; 417 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., O'Farrell, M.R. 2010. Small Variance in Growth Rate in Annual Plants has Large Effects on Genetic Drift. American Journal of Botany. 97(8): 1407–1411. (PDF; 584 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., Perkins, L.B., Leger, E.A. 2010. Comparison of seed bank estimation techniques using six weed species in two soil types. Rangeland Ecology & Management. 63(2): 243-247. (PDF; 151 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., Rice, K.J. 2010. Ecological effects on estimates of effective population size in an annual plant. Biological Conservation. 143(4): 946-951. (PDF; 378 KB)

  • Leger, E.A., Espeland, E.K. 2010. Coevolution between native and invasive plant competitors: implications for invasive species management. Evolutionary Applications. 3: 169–178. (PDF; 131 KB)

  • Leger, E.A., Espeland, E.K. 2010. The shifting balance of facilitation and competition affects the outcome of intra- and interspecific interactions over the life history of California grassland annuals. Plant Ecology. 208:333–345. (PDF; 421 KB)

  • Marsico, T.D., Burt, J.W., Espeland, E.K., Gilchrist, G., Jamieson, M.A., Lindstrom, L., Roderick, G., Swope, S., Szucs, M., Tsutsui, N. 2010. Underutilized Resources for Studying the Evolution of Invasive Species During Their Introduction, Establishment, and Lag Phases. Evolutionary Applications. 3(2):203-219. (PDF; 145 KB)

  • Leger Elizabeth A., Erin K. Espeland, Keith R. Merrill and Susan E. Meyer. 2009. Genetic variation and local adaptation at a cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) invasion edge in western Nevada. Molecular Ecology. 18(21): 4366-4379. (PDF; 336 KB) 

  • Espeland, E.K. and K.J. Rice. (2007). Facilitation across stress gradients: the importance of local adaptation. Ecology 88: 2404-2409. (PDF; 138KB)

  • Batten, K.M., K.M. Scow, and E.K. Espeland. 2007. Soil microbial community associated with an invasive grass differentially impacts native plant performance. Microbial Ecology (PDF; 204 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K., T.M. Carlsen and D. MacQueen. 2005. Fire and dynamics of granivory on a rare grassland forb. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 267-280. (PDF; 180 KB)

  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 2003. Population characteristics of Eschscholzia rhombipetala (Papaveraceae). Madroño 50: 1-7.

  • Carlsen, T.M., E.K. Espeland and B.M. Pavlik. 2002. Reproductive ecology and the persistence of an endangered plant. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1247-1268. (PDF; 863 KB)

  • Gregory, S.D., E.K. Espeland, T.M. Carlsen, and E.K. Bissell. 2001. Demography and population biology of a rare tarplant, Blepharizonia plumosa (Asteraceae) a California summer annual forb. Madroño 48: 272-285.

  • Espeland, E.K. and R.G. Myatt. 2001. Evidence for a sand hills ecotype in Eschscholzia californica. Madroño 48: 25-32.

  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1998. Demography of natural and introduced populations of Acanthomintha duttonii, an endangered serpentinite annual in Northern California. Madroño 45: 31-39.   

Other Publications:

  • Rice, K.J. and E.K. Espeland. 2007. Genes on the range: population genetics. In: Ecology and Restoration of California Grasslands. C. D'Antonio, M. Stromberg, and J. Corbin [eds.] UC Press, Berkeley CA.

  • Pfeiffer, J. and E. Espeland. 2003. Book Review: Egan, D., and E. A. Howell, editors. 2001. The historical ecology handbook: a restorationist's guide to reference ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D. C., USA. Conservation Ecology 7: 11.

Invited talks:

  • Espeland, E.K. 2008. Seedling facilitation: ecology and evolution. Dept. of Plant Science, UC Davis.

  • Leger, E.A. and E.K. Espeland. 2007. Native species evolution in response to exotic species invasion: from research to application. Nature Conservancy Fire Learning Network, Ely, NV.

Contributed Papers:

  • Espeland, E.K. 2006. Evolutionary outcomes of plant-plant interactions in an annual plant. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN.

  • Espeland, E.K. and M.R. O’Farrell. 2006. Common size distributions in populations of annual plants and implications for Ne/N ratios. Society for Evolution Annual Meeting, Stony Brook, NY.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. Density-dependence, biotic, and abiotic effects on probability of genetic drift in annual plant populations (Facilitation: better than sex). Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. Density-dependent and environmental influences on Ne. Society for Evolution Annual Meeting, Fairbanks, AK.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2005. The opposing effects of competition and facilitation on preservation of genetic diversity in an annual plant (Plantago erecta). Mathias Symposium, Bodega Bay, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2004. Environmental influence on effective population size (Ne) in an annual plant. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Carlsen, T.M. and E.K. Espeland. 2004. Fire patchiness influences distribution and persistence in a rare California late-flowering forb Blepharizonia plumosa(Asteraceae). Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.

  • Espeland, E.K. 2002. Effects of density, inter- and intra-specific competition on effective population size using Plagiobothrys stipitatus. California Botanical Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 2002. Dynamics of granivory on a California annual forb. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Tucson, AZ.

  • Espeland, E.K. 1999. Interpopulation variability in Eschscholzia californica. California Botanical Society Annual Meeting, San Luis Obispo, CA.

  • Brinegar, C., M. Okuda, D. Mascarenhas, D. Kinsey, E. Espeland, and W. Tubbs. 1999. Microsatellite-primed DNA fingerprinting using a simple sequence repeat primer anchored at its 3’ end. California State University Biotechnology Symposium, Pomona, CA.

  • Espeland, E.K., M.S. Alvord, G. Liebig, and J. Powers. 1998. Evaluation of the Santa Clara County Office of Education Technology Institute: A Computer Inservice for Teachers. California Educational Researchers Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

  • Espeland E.K. and B.M. Pavlik. 1995. Creating new a population of Acanthomintha duttonii. International Meeting of Serpentine Ecology, Noumea, New Caledonia.

  • Espeland, E.K. and T.M. Carlsen. 1995. Pin/Thrum love: heterostyly and fertility in Amsinckia grandiflora. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, Utah.

Technical Papers:

  • Paterson, L., E. Espeland, and T. Carlsen. 2005. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal years 2003 and 2004. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-03/04.

  • Carlsen, T., L. Paterson, and E. Espeland. 2003. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 2002. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-02.

  • Carlsen, T., E. Espeland, and A. Smith. 2002. Rare plant restoration and monitoring at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 2001. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-142408-01.

  • Carlsen, T.M., E. K. Espeland, and B.M. Pavlik. 1999. Restoration of the large-flowered fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora) at Site 300: 1998 yearly report. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 40 pp.

  • Carlsen, T.M., E. K. Espeland, and B.M. Pavlik. 1999. Restoration of the large-flowered fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora) at Site 300. Project progress report, fiscal year 1999. Environmental Protection Department, Environmental Restoration Division. UCRL-AR-133516.

  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1994. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. IV. Demographic performance at Pulgas Ridge and Edgewood Park. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 25 pp.

  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1993. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. III. Enhancement at Pulgas Ridge. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 30 pp.

  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1992. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. II. Reintroduction at Pulgas Ridge. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 35 pp.

  • Pavlik, B.M. and E.K. Espeland. 1991. Creating new populations of Acanthomintha duttonii. I. Preliminary laboratory and field studies. State of California, Department of Fish and Game, Endangered Plant Program, Sacramento CA 26 pp.
     

  back to top


Last Modified: 5/13/2013
Footer Content Back to Top of Page