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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Joseph P Rinehart (Joe)
Insect Genetics and Biochemistry Research
Research Biologist

Phone: (701) 239-1286
Fax: (701) 239-1348
USDA,ARS,BRL
1605 ALBRECHT BLVD N
FARGO, ND, 58102-2765

Projects
INSECT CRYOPRESERVATION, DORMANCY, GENETICS AND BIOCHEMISTRY
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 421077
DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR POLLINATORS, ALFALFA LEAFCUTTER BEE, MEGACHILE ROTUNDATA AND BLUE ORCHARD BEE, OSMIA LIGNARIA
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 421521
Use of Fluctuating Thermal Regimes During Storage to Improve the Quality of Mass Reared and Stockpiled Insect Species (IAEA Agreement No. 18324/R0)
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 426388
DEVELOPMENT OF A ROBOTIC SYSTEM FOR HIGH THROUGH-PUT INSECT EMBRYO CRYOPRESERVATION
Specific Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 421831

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Changes in respiratory structure and function during post-diapause development in the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Owings, A.A., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2014. Changes in respiratory structure and function during post-diapause development in the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata. Journal of Insect Physiology. 66:20-27.
Cell position during larval development affects postdiapause development in Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2014. Cell position during larval development affects postdiapause development in Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology. 43(4):1045-1052.
Implications of season and management protocol on the landscape of gene regulation during diapause development in the Alfalfa Leaf Cutting Bee - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Bennett, A.K., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Pitts Singer, T., Bowsher, J.H. 2014. Implications of season and management protocol on the landscape of gene regulation during diapause development in the Alfalfa Leaf Cutting Bee [abstract]. 8th Annual Arthropod Genomics Sympsium. 06/12-14/2014. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Paper No. 43.
Acute and chronic effects of transportation stress in the honey bee, Apis mellifera - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, A.K., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Peterson, S. 2014. Acute and chronic effects of transportation stress in the honey bee, Apis mellifera [abstract]. 8th Annual Arthropod Genomics Sympsium. 06/12-14/2014. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Paper No. 21.
Extended hypoxia in the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata, increases survival but causes sub-lethal effects Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Abdelrahman, H., Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Greenlee, K.J., Helm, B.R., Kemp, W.P., Schulz, C.H., Bowsher, J.H. 2014. Extended hypoxia in the alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata, increases survival but causes sub-lethal effects. Journal of Insect Physiology. 64:81-89.
Cryopreservation of embryos of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rajamohan, A., Rinehart, J.P., Leopold, R.A. 2014. Cryopreservation of embryos of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Journal of Medical Entomology. 51(2):360-367.
Reverse engineering of legacy agricultural phenology modeling system - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, I.S., Reza, H., Kemp, W.P., Rinehart, J.P., Dennis, B. 2014. Reverse engineering of legacy agricultural phenology modeling system. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations, April 7-9, 2014, Las Vegas, NV. p. 508-513.
Low temperature stress during pupal development and its effects on adult performance in alfalfa leafcutting bees - (Abstract Only)
Edwards, J.D., Greenlee, K.J., Cummings, S.E., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2014. Low temperature stress during pupal development and its effects on adult performance in alfalfa leafcutting bees [abstract]. Emerging Researchers National Conference. February 20-22, 2014. Washington, D.C. page A111.
The effect of post-diapause development on respiratory function in the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee, Megachile rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Owings, A.A., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2014. The effect of post-diapause development on respiratory function in the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee, Megachile rotundata [abstract]. Annual Meeting of Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. January 307, 2014. Austin, TX. Abstract Book page 255.
The genetic components of extended life expectancy in chilled, post-diapause quiescent Alfalfa Leafcutting Bees, Megachile rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Torson, A.S., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Bowsher, J.H. 2014. The genetic components of extended life expectancy in chilled, post-diapause quiescent Alfalfa Leafcutting Bees, Megachile rotundata [abstract]. Annual Meeting of Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. January 3-7, 2014. Austin, TX. Abstract Book page 345.
Low temperature stress during pupal development and its effects on adult performance in alfalfa leafcutting bees - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, M.M., Cook, K.M., Owings, A.A., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2014. Low temperature stress during pupal development and its effects on adult performance in alfalfa leafcutting bees [abstract]. Annual Meeting of Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology. January 3-7, 2014. Austin, TX. Abstract Book page 25.
The long winter: the synergy between fluctuating thermal regime and quiescence physiology in the pollinator, Megachile rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Torson, A.S., Greenlee, K.J., Kemp, W.P., Bowsher, J.H. 2013. The long winter: the synergy between fluctuating thermal regime and quiescence physiology in the pollinator, Megachile rotundata [abstract]. 5th International Symposium on the Environmental Physiology of Ectotherms and Plants. p. 57.
Effects of extended prepupal storage duration on adult flight physiology of the alfalfa leafcutting bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bennett, M.M., Petersen, K., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2013. Effects of extended prepupal storage duration on adult flight physiology of the alfalfa leafcutting bee (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 106(3):1089-1097.
A fluctuating thermal regime improves long-term survival of quiescent prepupal Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Kemp, W.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2013. A fluctuating thermal regime improves long-term survival of quiescent prepupal Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 106(3):1081-1088.
Critical PO2 of developing Megachile rotundata, the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee - (Abstract Only)
Owings, A., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P., Greenlee, K. 2013. Critical PO2 of developing Megachile rotundata, the alfalfa leaf-cutting bee [abstract]. The Society for Integrative Comparative Biology Annual Meeting. January 3-7, 2013. San Francisco, CA. Abstract Book page 278.
Flight metabolic rate as an expression of quality in temperature stressed alfalfa leafcutting bees, Megachile rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, M., Owings, A., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Greenlee, K. 2013. Flight metabolic rate as an expression of quality in temperature stressed alfalfa leafcutting bees, Megachile rotundata [abstract]. The Society for Integrative Comparative Biology Annual Meeting. January 3-7, 2013. San Francisco, CA.Abstract Book page 24.
Sugar feeding improves survival of nondiapausing cold stored Culex pipiens Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Robich, R.M. 2012. Sugar feeding improves survival of nondiapausing cold-stored Culex pipiens. Journal of Medical Entomology. 49(6):1347-1354.
Water balance in the sugarbeet root maggot, Tetanops myopaeformis, during long-term low-temperature storage and after freezing - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Boetel, M.A. 2012. Water balance in the sugarbeet root maggot, Tetanops myopaeformis, during long-term low-temperature storage and after freezing. Physiological Entomology. 37(4):340-344.
Thermoperiodism in the cavity nesting alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Kemp, W.P. 2012. Thermoperiodism in the cavity nesting alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata [Abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Paper No. D0254.
Transcriptome profiling of diapause and post-diapause quiescent alfalfa leafcutting bees - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Horvath, D.P., Kemp, W.P. 2012. Transcriptome profiling of diapause and post-diapause quiescent alfalfa leafcutting bees. Meeting Abstract. Paper No. D0253.
Permeability barriers to embryo cryopreservation of Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rajamohan, A., Rinehart, J.P., Foster, S.P., Leopold, R.A. 2013. Permeability barriers to embryo cryopreservation of Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 106(2):855-861.
The effects of extended diapause duration on the metabolic rate and critical PO2 of the leafcutting bee, Megachilee rotundata - (Abstract Only)
Bennett, M.M., Petersen, K.M., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Greenlee, K.J. 2012. The effects of extended diapause duration on the metabolic rate and critical PO2 of the leafcutting bee, Megachilee rotundata [abstract]. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. p. 69.
Improved storage of the pollinator, Megachile rotundata - (Other)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2012. Improved storage of the pollinator, Megachile rotundata. (Newsletter, WInter 2011) Association of Natural Biocontrol Producers (ANBP). 10(2):6.
Duration and frequency of the high temperature pulse affect survival of emergence-ready Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) during low-temperature incubation Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2012. Duration and frequency of the high temperature pulse affect survival of emergence-ready Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) during low-temperature incubation. Journal of Economic Entomology. 105(1):14-19.
Cyclic CO2 emissions during the high temperature pulse of fluctuating thermal regime in eye-pigmented pupae of Megachile rotundata - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Greenlee, K.J., Rinehart, J.P., Bennett, M.E., Kemp, W.P. 2011. Cyclic CO2 emissions during the high temperature pulse of fluctuating thermal regime in eye-pigmented pupae of Megachile rotundata. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 160(4):480-485. doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.08.004.
A fluctuating thermal regime improves survival of cold-mediated delayed emergence in developing Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., West, M.S., Kemp, W.P. 2011. A fluctuating thermal regime improves survival of cold-mediated delayed emergence in developing Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 104(4):1162-1166.
Monitoring diapause development in the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, under field conditions using molecular biomarkers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Larson, M.L. 2011. Monitoring diapause development in the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, under field conditions using molecular biomarkers. Journal of Insect Physiology. 57(5):645-652.
Hormonal Control of Diapause - (Book / Chapter)
Denlinger, D.L., Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P. 2011. Hormonal Control of Diapause. In: Gilbert, L.I. (Ed.), Insect Endocrinology, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Chapter 10. pp. 430-463.
Cold storage of Culex pipiens in the absence of diapause Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Leopold, R.A., Robich, R.M. 2010. Cold storage of Culex pipiens in the absence of diapause. Journal of Medical Entomology. 47(6):1071-1076.
Fluctuating thermal regimes improve survival of the alfalfa leafcutting bee during cold storage - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2010. Fluctuating Thermal Regimes Improve Survival of the Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee During Cold Storage [abstract]. 1st International Conference on Pollinator Biology, Health and Policy, July 24-28, 2010, University Park, PA. p. 9.
Variable Temperatures Improves Survival of the Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee During Cold Storage - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2010. Variable Temperatures Improves Survival of the Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee During Cold Storage. Meeting Poster. 41st Annual Winter Seed Conference. January 17-19, 2010. Las Vegas, NV.
Isolation of Diapause-Regulated Genes from the Flesh Fly, Sarcophaga crassipalpis by Suppressive Subtractive Hybridization Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Robich, R.M., Denlinger, D.L. 2010. Isolation of Diapause-Regulated Genes from the Flesh Fly, Sarcophaga crassipalpis by Suppressive Subtractive Hybridization. Journal of Insect Physiology. 56(6):603-609.
Interrupted Incubation and Short-Term Storage of the Alfalfa Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): A Potential Tool for Synchronizing Bees With Bloom Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., West, M.S., Kemp, W.P. 2010. Interrupted Incubation and Short-Term Storage of the Alfalfa Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): A Potential Tool for Synchronizing Bees With Bloom. Journal of Economic Entomology. 103(2):234-241.
A Template for Insect Cryopreservation Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Leopold, R.A., Rinehart, J.P. 2010. A Template for Insect Cryopreservation. In: Denlinger, D.L., Lee, R.E. Jr., editors. Low Temperature Biology of Insects. Cambridge University Press. p. 323-341.
Synchronizing Bees With Bloom: Interrupted Incubation and Short-Term Storage of the Alfalfa Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2009. Synchronizing Bees With Bloom: Interrupted Incubation and Short-Term Storage of the Alfalfa Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) [abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Poster No. D0153.
Down Regulation of Gene Expression Between the Diapause Initiation and Maintenance Phases of the Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa Decemlineata Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Larson, M.L. 2009. Down Regulation of Gene Expression Between the Diapause Initiation and Maintenance Phases of the Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). European Journal of Entomology. 106(4):471-476.
Synchronizing the Alfalfa Seed Production Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (F.), with Peak Bloom: Effects of Water Balance - (Abstract Only)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Kemp, W.P. 2009. Synchronizing the Alfalfa Seed Production Pollinator, Megachile rotundata (F.), with Peak Bloom: Effects of Water Balance [abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Poster No. D0152.
Supercooling Point Plasticity During Cold Storage in the Freeze-tolerant Sugarbeet Root Maggot Tetanops myopaeformis Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Chirumamilla-Chapara, A., Boetel, M.A. 2009. Supercooling Point Plasticity During Cold Storage in the Freeze-Tolerant Sugarbeet Root Maggot Tetanops myopaeformis. Physiological Entomology. 34(3):224-230.
Dehydration, rehydration and overhydration alter patterns of gene expression in the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lopez-Martinez, G., Benoit, J.B., Rinehart, J.P., Elnitsky, M.A., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2009. Dehydration, Rehydration and Overhydration Alter Patterns of Gene Expression in the Antarctic Midge, Belgica antarctica. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 179(4):481-491.
Characterization of gene expression patterns during the initiation and maintenance phases of diapause in the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Chirumamilla, A., Larson, M.L. 2009. Characterization of Gene Expression Patterns During the Initiation and Maintenance Phases of Diapause in the Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Journal of Insect Physiology. 55(1):32-39.
Neuropeptide-like precursor 4 is uniquely expressed during pupal diapause in the flesh fly Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, A., Rinehart, J.P., Denlinger, D.L. 2009. Neuropeptide-like Precursor 4 is Uniquely Expressed During Pupal Diapause in the Flesh Fly. Peptides. 30(3):518-521.
Cold storage of the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens, in the absence of diapause - (Abstract Only)
Rinehart, J.P., Yocum, G.D., Robich, R.M. 2008. Cold storage of the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens, in the absence of diapause. [Abstract].Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Poster #D0181, p. 107.
Short-term low temperature storage of alfalfa leafcutting bee - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Kemp, W.P. 2008. Short-term low temperature storage of alfalfa leafcutting bee. [Abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. Poster # D0812, p. 107.
Isolation of diapause-regulated transcripts by differential display from the Colorado potato beetle, and their expression in prediapausing and nondiapausing adults. GenBank. Accessions: FG591137-FG591192 - (Other)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Chirumamilla, A., Larson, M.L. 2008. Isolation of diapause-regulated transcripts by differential display from the Colorado potato beetle, and their expression in prediapausing and nondiapausing adults. GenBank. Accessions: FG591137-FG591192.
Cryoprotective dehydration and the resistance to inoculative freezing in the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Elnitsky, M.A., Hayward, S.A., Rinehart, J.P., Denlinger, D.L., Lee, R.E. 2008. Cryoprotective dehydration and the resistance to inoculative freezing in the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica. Journal of Experimental Biology. 211:524-530.
Multiple competent analysis of prediapause and early diapause in the Colorado potato beetle - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Buckner, J.S., Fatland, C.L., Chirumamilla, A. 2007. Multiple competent analysis of prediapause and early diapause in the Colorado potato beetle [abstract]. Annual Entomological Society of Ammerica Meeting. Paper No. D0261.
Heat shock proteins and diapause: How downstream gene expression can affect diapause success - (Abstract Only)
Rinehart, J.P. 2007. Heat shock proteins and diapause: How downstream gene expression can affect diapause success. Proceedings of International Congress of Insect Biotechnology and Industry. Entomological Research 37(Suppl. 1):A18-A19.
Upregulation of Heat Shock Proteins is Essential for Cold Survival during Insect Diapause - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Aiqing, L., Yocum, G.D., Robich, R.M., Hayward, S.A., Denlinger, D.L. 2007. Upregulation of Heat Shock Proteins is Essential for Cold Survival during Insect Diapause. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104(27):11130-11137.
Slow dehydration promotes desiccation and freeze tolerance in the Antarctic midge Belgica antarctica - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hayward, S.A., Rinehart, J.P., Sandro, L.H., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2007. Slow dehydration promotes desiccation and freeze tolerance in the Antarctic midge Belgica antarctica. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 210(5):836-844.
Upregulation of two actin genes and redistribution of actin during diapause and cold stress in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M., Robich, R.M., Rinehart, J.P., Denlinger, D.L. 2006. Upregulation of two actin genes and redistribution of actin during diapause and cold stress in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens. Journal of Insect Physiology. 52(11-12):1226-1233.
Continuous Upregulation of Heat Shock Proteins in Larvae, But Not Adults, of a Polar Insect Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rinehart, J.P., Hayward, S.L., Elnitsky, M.A., Sandro, L.H., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2006. Continuous upregulation of heat shock proteins in larvae, but not adults, of a polar insect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103(38):14223-14227.
Diapause-specific gene expression in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens L., identified by suppressive subtractive hybridization - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Robich, R.M., Rinehart, J.P., Kitchen, L.J., Denlinger, D.L. 2007. Diapause-specific gene expression in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens L., identified by suppressive subtractive hybridization. Journal of Insect Physiology. 53(3):235-245.
Differential Gene Expression and Respiration Rates During the Prediapause Phase of the Colorado Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa Decemlineata - (Abstract Only)
Yocum, G.D., Rinehart, J.P., Chirumamilla, A. 2006. Differential gene expression and respiration rates during the prediapause phase of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata [abstract]. Entomological Society of America. Paper No. D0429. p. 128.
Putative Stress Regulated Genes of the Antarctic Midge, Belgica Antarctica - (Other)
Rinehart, J.P., Lopez-Martinez, G., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2006. Putative stress regulated genes of the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica. Genbank. Accession numbers: DQ507279 - DQ507371.
Stress Proteins of the Antarctic Midge, Belgica Antarctica - (Other)
Rinehart, J.P., Hayward, S.A., Sandro, L.H., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2006. Stress proteins of the antarctic midge, belgica antarctica. Genbank. Accession numbers: DQ459546 - DQ459549.
Upregulation of Stress Associated Genes in the Overwintering Stages of the Antarctic Midge, Belgica Antarctica - (Abstract Only)
Rinehart, J.P., Lopez-Martinez, G., Hayward, S.A., Sandro, L.H., Lee, R.E., Denlinger, D.L. 2006. Upregulation of stress associated genes in the overwintering stages of the Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica [abstract]. Fifth International Symposium on Molecular Insect Science. p. 72.
Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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