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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

CHENG KUNG LIU (Ck)
Biobased and Other Animal Co-Products
Research Leader

Phone: (215) 836-6924 ext. 6924
Fax: (215) 233-6795
Room 3036
600 E MERMAID LN
ERRC
WYNDMOOR, PA, 19038-8598

Projects
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PROCESSES AND NEW APPLICATIONS FOR ANIMAL HIDES AND LEATHER
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 419785

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues as tool for the fabrication of agar films with improved mechanical properties - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sousa, A.M., Souza, H.S., Latona, N.P., Liu, C., Goncalves, M.P., Liu, L.S. 2014. Choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues as tool for the fabrication of agar films with improved mechanical properties. Carbohydrate Polymers. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.04.019.
Effects of thickness and gain on the amplitude of airborne ultrasonics - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2014. Effects of thickness and gain on the amplitude of airborne ultrasonics. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 109(3):70-74.
Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from collagen fibrous networks - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M. 2014. Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from collagen fibrous networks. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 109(2):35-40.
Treatment of hides with tara-modified protein products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Taylor, M.M., Medina, M.B., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, N.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2013. Treatment of hides with tara-modified protein products. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108:438-444.
Effects of bating, pickling, and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2013. Effects of bating, pickling, and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides [abstract}. 109th Annual ALCA Convention, June 20-23, 2013, Pinehurst, North Carolina.
Thermal and mechanical properties of glycerol-based polymer films infused with plant cell wall polysaccharides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wyatt, V.T., Yadav, M.P., Latona, N.P., Liu, C. 2013. Thermal and mechanical properties of glycerol-based polymer films infused with plant cell wall polysaccharides. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 7:348-356.
Effects of level and length of supplementation on leather characteristics of yearling Boer and Spanish wethers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Merkel, R.C., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., El A'Mma, A., Goetsch, A.L. 2013. Effects of level and length of supplementation on leather characteristics of yearling Boer and Spanish wethers. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(4):139-145.
Evaluation of hides, wet blue and leather using airborne ultrasonics - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Yoon, S.C. 2013. Evaluation of hides, wet blue and leather using airborne ultrasonics. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(4):128-138.
Effects of bating, pickling and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2013. Effects of bating, pickling and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(3):79-85.
Preparation and evaluation of tara-modified proteins - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Taylor, M.M., Lee, J.E., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, R.J., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2013. Preparation and evaluation of tara-modified proteins. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(1):16-22.
Evaluation of hides and leather using ultrasonic technology - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2012. Evaluation of hides and leather using ultrasonic technology. 9th Asian International Conference on Leather Science and Technology. November 12-14, 2012, Taipei, Taiwan. p. 1.
Treatment of wet blue with fillers produced from quebracho-modified gelatin - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Taylor, M.M., Medina, M.B., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. Treatment of wet blue with fillers produced from quebracho-modified gelatin. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(12):416-421.
The collagen microfibril model, a tool for biomaterials scientists - (Proceedings)
Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. The collagen microfibril model, a tool for biomaterials scientists. Proceedings of American Chemical Society National Meeting, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia, PA. 1:1.
Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2012. Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides. In: Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. August 16-19, 2012, Philadelphia, PA. 107:652-653.
Effects of dehydration methods on characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2012. Effects of dehydration methods on characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting., June 7-10, 2012, Greensborough, North Carolina. 1:1.
Biodegradable composites from polyester and sugar beet pulp with antimicrobial coating for food packaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, W., Coffin, D.R., Jin, Z.T., Latona, N.P., Liu, C., Liu, B., Zhang, J., Liu, L.S. 2012. Biodegradable composites from polyester and sugar beet pulp with antimicrobial coating for food packaging. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 126:E361-E372.
Effects of dehydration methods on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2012. Effects of dehydration methods on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(3):70-77.
Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Taylor, M.M., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, R.J., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(2):51-59.
Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2011. Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 106(11):326-331.
The quest for a comprehensive tanning mechanism - (Proceedings) - (11-Jul-11)
Composite drying with simultaneous vacuum and toggling - (Proceedings) - (01-Jul-11)
Utilization of sustainable resources in leather processing - (Proceedings) - (15-Jun-11)
Utilization of sustainable resources in leather processing - (Abstract Only) - (31-Mar-11)
Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather - (Abstract Only) - (15-Mar-11)
Crispy and crunchy textures: a critical evaluation of rigid foods Reprint Icon - (Review Article)
Tunick, M.H., Onwulata, C.I., Thomas-Gahring, A.E., Phillips, J.G., Pimentel, M.R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Sheen, S., Cooke, P.H., Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2013. Crispy and crunchy textures: a critical evaluation of rigid foods. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 16(5):949-963. DOI:10.1080/10942912.2011.573116
Instrumental textural perception of food and comparative biomaterials Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Onwulata, C.I., Pimentel, M., Thomas-Gahring, A.E., Phillips, J.G., Tunick, M.H., Mukhopadhyay, S., Sheen, S., Cooke, P.H., Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2013. Instrumental textural perception of food and comparative biomaterials. International Journal of Food Properties. 16(4):928-948.
Composite drying with simultaneous vacuum and toggling - (Abstract Only) - (01-Mar-11)
Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products - (Abstract Only) - (20-Feb-11)
Effects of alpha-tocopherol addition to polymeric coatings on the UV and heat resistance of a fibrous collagen material--chrome-free leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M. 2011. Effects of alpha-tocopherol addition to polymeric coatings on the UV and heat resistance of a fibrous collagen material--chrome-free leather. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.34129/fullDOI.
Drying leather with vacuum and toggling sequentially - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2011. Drying leather with vacuum and toggling sequentially. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 106(3):76-82.
Polymeric coatings containing mixed tocopherols to improve the UV and heat resistance of leather - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Liu, L.S., Ramos, M. 2010. Polymeric coatings containing mixed tocopherols to improve the UV and heat resistance of leather. Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. Pub no. 366.
Characterizations of biobased materials using acoustic emission methods - (Book / Chapter)
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P. 2012. Characterizations of biobased materials using acoustic emission methods. In: Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes. Biochemical Physics and Biodeterioration New Horizons, Torun, Poland. 138-161.
A novel system of removing decorin, a minor proteoglycan of bovine hides, to improve the quality of leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramos, M., Liu, C. 2010. A novel system of removing decorin, a minor proteoglycan of bovine hides, to improve the quality of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(7):222-228.
Mechanical properties and area retention of leather dried with biaxial stretching under vacuum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M., Goldberg, N.M. 2010. Mechanical properties and area retention of leather dried with biaxial stretching under vacuum. Journal of Materials Science. 45(7):1889-1896.
Acoustic emission studies for leather using dual sensors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2010. Acoustic emission studies for leather using dual sensors. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(4):109-115.
The Use of Mixed Tocopherols to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M., Latona, R.J. 2010. The Use of Mixed Tocopherols to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(1):9-15.
Effects of Milling on the Fibrous Structure and Mechanical Behaviors of a Collagen Material--Leather - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2009. Effects of Milling on the Fibrous Structure and Mechanical Behaviors of a Collagen Material--Leather. In: Proceedings of the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, August 15-20, 2009, Washington, D.C. PMSE Preprints. 101:775-776.
Microscopic observations of the leather looseness and its effects on mechanical properties - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J., Cooke, P.H. 2009. Microscopic observations of the leather looseness and its effects on mechanical properties. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(7):230-236.
Leather Coated with Mixtures of Humectant and Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Ramos, M., Latona, N.P., Latona, R.J. 2009. Leather Coated with Mixtures of Humectant and Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(5):161-168.
Composite Drying with Simultaneous Vacuum and Toggling - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P., Goldberg, N.M., Cooke, P.H. 2009. Composite Drying with Simultaneous Vacuum and Toggling. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(4):131-138.
Whey Protein Isolate: A Potential Filler for the Leather Industry - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hernandez Balada, E., Taylor, M.M., Brown, E.M., Liu, C., Cot, J. 2009. Whey Protein Isolate: A Potential Filler for the Leather Industry. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(4):122-130.
Effects of Antioxidants on Polymeric Coatings for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2008. Effects of Antioxidants on Polymeric Coatings for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather. Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 99:29-30.
Sugar beet pulp and poly(lactic acid) composites using methylene diphenyl diisocyanate as coupling agent - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Coffin, D.R., Liu, C., Cooke, P.H., Hicks, K.B. 2008. Sugar beet pulp and poly(lactic acid) composites using methylene diphenyl diisocyanate as coupling agent. Polymers Research Journal. 2(2):115-126.
Airborne Ultrasonics for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Ozevin, D. 2008. Airborne Ultrasonics for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(7):209:214.
Polymeric Coatings Containing Antioxidants to Improve UV- and Heat Resistance of Chrome-Free Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2008. Polymeric Coatings Containing Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Chrome-Free Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(6):167-175.
Evaluation of Poly(lactic Acid) and Agricultural Coproducts As Green Composite Materials - (Abstract Only)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Willett, J.L. 2007. EVALUATION OF POLY(LACTIC ACID) AND AGRICULTURAL COPRODUCTS AS GREEN COMPOSITE MATERIALS. Meeting Abstract. xx.
New Acoustic Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2008. New Acoustic Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(3):89-127.
Mechanical Property Characterization of Plasticized Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly(lactic acid) Green Composites using Acoustic Emission and Confocal Microscopy. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Cooke, P.H., Liu, L.S., Willett, J.L. 2008. Mechanical Property Characterization of Plasticized Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly(lactic acid) Green Composites using Acoustic Emission and Confocal Microscopy. Polymers and the Environment. 16(1):19-26.
Preparation of poly(lactic acid) and pectin composite films intended for application in antimicrobial packaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Jin, Z.T., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Preparation of poly(lactic acid) and pectin composite films intended for application in antimicrobial packaging. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 106(2)801-810.
Hysteresis and Stress Relaxation Studies for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Chrome-free Leather - (Proceedings)
Liu, C. 2007. Hysteresis and Stress Relaxation Studies for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Chrome-free Leather. American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 97:905-906.
Drying Chrome-free Leather using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Drying Chrome-free Leather using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling. In: Proceedings of International Union of Leather Technologists and Chemists Societies and American Leather Chemists Association Conference, June 20-24, 2007, Washington, D.C. 2007 CDROM.
Poly(lactic Acid) Green Composites Using Oilseed Coproducts As Fillers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Evangelista, R.L., Liu, L.S., Cermak, S.C., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2007. Poly(lactic acid) green composites using oilseed coproducts as fillers. Industrial Crops and Products. 26(1):36-43.
A preliminary study on edible, antimicrobial extruded films made from pectin and other food hydrocolloids - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Jin, Z.T., Liu, C., Hicks, K.B., Mohanty, A.K., Bhardwaj, R., Misra, M. 2008. A preliminary study on edible, antimicrobial extruded films made from pectin and other food hydrocolloids. Journal of Natural Fibers. 5(4):366-382.
Viscoelasticity Studies for Chrome-Free Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Viscoelasticity Studies for Chrome-Free Leather. Journal of Materials Science. 42:8509-8516.
Properties of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp green composites. II. Structural and mechanical properties analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Properties of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp green composites. II. Structural and mechanical properties analysis. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 1(3):323-330.
Milling Effects on Mechanical Behaviors of Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Milling Effects on Mechanical Behaviors of Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 102(6):191-197.
Composite films from pectin and fish skin gelatin or soybean flour protein - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Composite films from pectin and fish skin gelatin or soybean flour protein. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 55(6),p.2349-2355.
Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp. II. Structural and mechanical property analysis. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp. II. Structural and mechanical property analysis. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 1:323-330.
Drying Chrome-free Leather Using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H., Dimaio, G.L. 2007. Drying Chrome-free Leather Using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 37.
Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality by Means of Acoustic Emission and Airborne Ultrasonics - (Abstract Only)
Godinez, V., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2007. Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality by Means of Acoustic Emission and Airborne Ultrasonics [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 34.
Green Composites of Poly(lactic Acid) and Oilseed Co-Products - (Abstract Only)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Evangelista, R.L., Liu, L.S., Cermak, S.C., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and oilseed co-products [abstract]. UJNR Annual Meeting. P.21.
Pectin films for various applications - (Proceedings)
Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Finkenstadt, V.L., Jin, Z.T., Fishman, M.L., Hicks, K.B. 2006. Pectin films for various applications. Proceedings in 35th UJNR Meeting No. PR31-34.
Preparation and Characterization of Poly (Lactic Acid) Green Composites Using Agricultural Co-Products As Fillers - (Abstract Only)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Cermak, S.C., Evangelista, R.L., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Preparation and characterization of poly (lactic acid) green composites using agricultural co-products as fillers [abstract]. World Conference & Exhibition on Oilseed/Vegetable Oil Utilization, Istanbul, Turkey.
Effects of Drying Processes and Fatliquoring on Resiliency of Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Effects of drying processes and fatliquoring on resiliency of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 102(2):68-74.
Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly (Lactic Acid) Green Composites - (Abstract Only)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2006. SUGAR BEET PULP AND POLY (LACTIC ACID) GREEN COMPOSITES. Meeting Abstract. xx.
Green Composites Using Poly(lactic Acid) and Agricultural Co-Products - (Abstract Only)
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Cermak, S.C., Evangelista, R.L., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Green composites using poly(lactic acid) and agricultural co-products [abstract]. Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference. p.64. n.190.
Environmental Effects on Chrome-Free Leather - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ashby, R.D., Ding, K. 2006. Environmental effects on chrome-free leather [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 13.
Recent Progress on Acoustic Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality - (Abstract Only)
Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2006. Recent progress on acoustic methods for nondestructive evaluation of leather quality [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 21.
Environmental Effects on Chrome-Free Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ashby, R.D., Ding, K. 2006. Environmental Effects on Chrome-free Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(10):368-375.
Effects of Stretching and Drying Rate on the Mechanical Properties of Chrome-Free Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2006. Effects of stretching and drying rate on the mechanical properties of chrome-free leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(9):330-335.
Biodegradable Composites from Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly (Lactic Acid) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, L.S., Fishman, M.L., Hicks, K.B., Liu, C. 2005. Biodegradable composites from sugar beet pulp and poly (lactic acid). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 53(23)p. 9017-9022.
Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather Treated with Tocopherol - (Proceedings)
Liu, C. 2005. Fibrous collagen material: leather treated with tocopherol. In: The Fiber Society, Fall 2005 Annual Meeting and Technical Conference, Fiber Science - The Next Generation. October 17-19, 2005, Newark, New Jersey. p. 65-66.
Lubrication of Leather with Mixtures of Polyethlene Glycol and Oil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2006. Lubrication of leather with mixtures of polyethlene glycol and oil. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(4):132-139.
Hides to Leather: Studies on Dehairing, Proteoglycans, Applications of Waste Proteins, Drying, and Nondestructive Testing of Leather - (Abstract Only)
Marmer, W.N., Brown, E.M., Liu, C., Mozersky, S.M., Taylor, M.M. 2005. Hides to leather: studies on dehairing, proteoglycans, applications of waste proteins, drying, and nondestructive testing of leather. Program No. 370 [CD-ROM]. 2005 Abstract Viewer. Honolulu, Hawaii: International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies.
Characterization of Polymeric Coatings Using Acoustic Emission Techniques - (Proceedings)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2005. Characterization of polymeric coatings using acoustic emission techniques. American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 97:905-906.
Nondestructive Testing Using Rotational Ae Sensors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Godinez, V., Finlayson, R.D., Hanson, M. 2005. Nondestructive testing using rotational ae sensors. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(11):438-446.
Lubrication of Leather with Mixtures of Polyethylene Glycol and Oil - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2005. Lubrication of leather with mixtures of polyethylene glycol and oil [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. Paper No. 10.
Glutaraldehyde-Tanned Leather Treated with Tocopherol - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2005. Glutaraldehyde-tanned leather treated with tocopherol. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(3):102-110.
A Drying Study for Glutaraldehyde-Tanned Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2005. A drying study for glutaraldehyde-tanned leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(1):8-15.
The Application of Acoustic Emission to Characterize the Lubrication of a Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C. 2004. The application of acoustic emission to characterize the lubrication of a fibrous collagen material: leather [abstract]. Fiber Society Fall Technical Conference, A Symposium on Advanced Materials and Processes. p. 13-14.
Drying Studies for Glutaraldehyde-Tanned Leather - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C. 2004. Drying studies for glutaraldehyde-tanned leather [abstract]. 228th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials. Paper No. 89.
Glutaraldehyde-Tanned Leather Treated with Tocopherols - (Abstract Only)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2004. Glutaraldehyde-tanned leather treated with tocopherols [abstract]. Annual Meeting of the American Leather Chemists Association. Paper No. 13.
Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Based on Acoustic Emission - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2004. Nondestructive evaluation of leather based on acoustic emission. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 99(6):251-257.
Effects of Drying Methods on Chrome-Tanned Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2004. Effects of drying methods on chrome-tanned leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 99(5):205-210.
Physical Property Studies for a Collagen Material: Leather Treated with Tocopherol - (Proceedings)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL. PROC AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOC DIV OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. 2003. V. 89. P. 226-227.
Application of Tocopherol to Improve the Durability of Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2003. Application of tocopherol to improve the durability of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Assocation. 98(10):400-407.
Enzymatic Modification of Hydrolysis Products from Collagen Using a Microbial Transglutaminase III Preparation of Films with Improved Mechanical Properties - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Taylor, M.M., Liu, C., Marmer, W.N., Brown, E.M. 2003. Enzymatic modification of hydrolysis products from collagen using a microbial transglutaminase. III. preparation of films with improved mechanical properties. Journal of American Leather Chemists Assocation. 98(11):435-444.
Absorption and Acoustic Emission Studies for a Collagen Material - Leather Treated with Polyethylene Glycol - (Proceedings)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. ABSORPTION AND ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL - LEATHER TREATED WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL. PROCEEDINGS OF AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY NATIONAL MEETING. 2002. 87, p. 119-120
Acoustic Emission Studies on the Lubication of a Fibrous Collagen Material-Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (17-May-02)
Absorption of Glycerol and Its Effects on the Physical Property of a Collagenous Material - Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C. ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. 2003. V. 87. P. 1221-1231.
Absorption of Glycerol and Its Effects on the Physical Property of a Collagenous Material - Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C. ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. 2003. V. 87. P. 1221-1231.
Absorption of Glycerol and Its Effects on the Physical Property of a Collagenous Material - Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C. ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. 2003. V. 87. P. 1221-1231.
Absorption of Glycerol and Its Effects on the Physical Property of a Collagenous Material - Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C. ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. 2003. V. 87. P. 1221-1231.
Physical Property Studies for Leather Lubricated with Various Types of Fatliquors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 431-440.
Physical Property Studies for Leather Lubricated with Various Types of Fatliquors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 431-440.
Physical Property Studies for Leather Lubricated with Various Types of Fatliquors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 431-440.
Physical Property Studies for Leather Lubricated with Various Types of Fatliquors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 431-440.
Acoustic Emission Studies for Leather Coatings - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR LEATHER COATINGS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 389-399.
Area Retention Studies for Vacuum-Dried Leather - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. AREA RETENTION STUDIES FOR VACUUM-DRIED LEATHER. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 355-368.
Lubrication of Leather with Polyethylene Glycol - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. LUBRICATION OF LEATHER WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 329-338.
Last Modified: 9/10/2014