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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Chari Kandala
Peanut Research
Agricultural Engineer

Phone: (229) 995-7452
Fax: (229) 995-7416
1011 FORRESTER DR, S.E.
DAWSON, GA, 39842

Projects
Systems to Assess, Monitor, and Preserve Peanut Quality and Safety
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 419837
NUTRITIONAL QUALITIES OF BREEDER SAMPLES OF VALENCIA PEANUTS FROM NEW MEXICO AND TEXAS
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 421459
Capacitance and NIR Sensing Methods for Moisture Determination in Biomass Feed Stocks
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 424454
Development of Sensors for Instantaneous Assessment of Peanut Pod Moisture
Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 419091

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Phenolic plant metabolites as bioactive food and feed additives - (Abstract Only)
Holser, R.A., Hawkins, S.A., Kandala, C., Bansod, B., Puppala, N. 2014. Phenolic plant metabolites as bioactive food and feed additives. Meeting Abstract [abstract].
A growth inhibitory model with SOx influenced effective growth rate for estimation of algal biomass concentration under flue gas atmosphere - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Reddy, S., Chandrika, K., Pavani, P.L., Bala Chaitnanya, T.V., Sandeep, V., Saradhi, V., Rao, P., Suraj, S., Kandala, C. 2014. A growth inhibitory model with SOx influenced effective growth rate for estimation of algal biomass concentration under flue gas atmosphere. Bioresource Technology. 152:283-291.
Analysis of Total Oil and Fatty Acids Composition by Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy in Edible Nuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2014. Analysis of Total Oil and Fatty Acids Composition by Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy in Edible Nuts. Proceedings of SPIE.
Optimization of medium components using orthogonal arrays for ¿-Linolenic acid production by Spirulina platensis Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ronda, R.R., Parapudi, P.L., Vamula, S., Tumma, S., Botlagunta, M., Settaluri, V.S., Lele, S., Sharma, S., Kandala, C. 2014. Optimization of medium components using orthogonal arrays for y-Linolenic acid production by Spirulina platensis. Korean Chemical Society.
Identification of wheat varieties with a parallel-plate capacitance sensor using fisher linear discriminant analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Govindadajan, K.N., Pupalla, N., Settluri, V., Reddy, R.S. 2013. Identification of wheat varieties with a parallel-plate capacitance sensor using fisher linear discriminant analysis. IEEE Sensors Journal.
Sensing the Moisture Content of Dry Cherries - A Rapid and Nondestructive Method - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Avula, R., Tucker, J. 2013. Sensing the Moisture Content of Dry Cherries - A Rapid and Nondestructive Method. Food and Nutrition Sciences. 4:38-42.
Capacitance Sensor For Nondestructive Determination Of Total Oil Content In Nuts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Rachaputi, R.C. 2013. Capacitance Sensor For Nondestructive Determination Of Total Oil Content In Nuts. Journal of Sensor Technology. 3:42-46.
Sensing of moisture content in in-shell peanuts by NIR (Near Infra Red) reflectance spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Govindarajan, K.N., Subbiah, J. 2012. Sensing of moisture content in in-shell peanuts by NIR (Near Infra Red) reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Sensor Technology. 2(1):107.
Determination of moisture content using NIR Reflectance Spectroscopty with single calibration for both Valencia and Virginia in-shell peanuts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2012. Determination of moisture content using NIR Reflectance Spectroscopty with single calibration for both Valencia and Virginia in-shell peanuts. Transactions of the ASABE. 55:2.
Nondestructive measurement of moisture content of different types of wheat using a single calibration with a parallel-plate capacitance sensor - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Settaluri, V., Sundaram, J. 2012. Nondestructive measurement of moisture content of different types of wheat using a single calibration with a parallel-plate capacitance sensor. Transactions of the ASABE. 55(4).
Peanuts and their nutritional aspects - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Settaluri, V.S., Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Puppala, N. 2012. Peanuts and their nutritional aspects. Journal of Food and Nutrition. 3(12).
Analysis of moisture content, total oil and fatty acid composition by NIR reflectance spectroscopy: a review Reprint Icon - (Book / Chapter)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Puppala, N. 2012. Analysis of moisture content, total oil and fatty acid composition by NIR reflectance spectroscopy: a review. Springer Verlag. 146:59-80.
Relative performance evaluation of a custom-made near infrared reflectance instrument and two commercial instruments (Foss and ASD) in the nondestructive moisture content measurement of in-shell peanuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2011. Relative performance evaluation of a custom-made Near Infrared Reflectance Instrument and two commercial instruments (Foss and ASD) in the nondestructive moisture content measurement of in-shell peanuts. Transactions of the ASABE.
Estimating the Kernel Mass Ratio in Peanuts Nondestructively Using a Low-Cost Impedance Meter - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., V.S. Settaluri, V.S. 2011. Estimating the Kernel Mass Ratio in Peanuts Nondestructively Using a Low-Cost Impedance Meter. American Peanut Research and Education Society Abstracts. 5.
Determination of moisture content using NIR reflectance spectroscopy with single calibration for both valencia and virginia in-shell peanuts - (Abstract Only) - (30-Jun-11)
Capacitance sensors for the nondestructive measurement of moisture content in in-shell peanuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2011. Capacitance Sensors for the nondestructive measurement of Moisture Content in in-shell Peanuts. Proceedings of SPIE. 6531-34.
Nondestructive analysis of in-shell peanuts for moisture content using a custom built NIR Spectrometer - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Govindarajan, K., Subbiah, J. 2011. Nondestructive analysis of in-shell peanuts for moisture content using a custom built NIR Spectrometer. Journal of Food Engineering. 2:1-7.
Nondestructive NIR reflectance spectroscopic method for rapid fatty acid analysis of peanut seeds Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Chen, C.Y., Sobolev, V. 2011. Nondestructive NIR reflectance spectroscopic method for rapid fatty acid analysis of peanut seeds. Peanut Science. 38(2):85-92.
Classification of in-shell peanut kernels nondestructively using VIS/NIR reflectance spectroscopy Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2010. Classification of in-shell peanut kernels nondestructively using VIS/NIR reflectance spectroscopy. Vibrational Spectroscopy. 4:82-94. DOI 0. 1007/s11694-010-9098-9.
Determination of In-shell Peanuts Moisture, Oil and Fatty Acids Composition Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Holser, R., Windham, W., Butts, C.L. 2010. Determination of In-shell Peanuts Moisture, Oil and Fatty Acids Composition Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 87(10). DOI10.1007/s11746-1589-7.
Determination of peanut pod maturity by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Windham, W.R., Kandala, C.V.K., Sundaram, J., Nuti, R.C. 2010. Determination of peanut pod maturity by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Transactions of the ASABE. 53(2) 491-495.
A Low-Cost Impedance Meter for Sensing the Moisture Content of in-Shell Peanuts - (Abstract Only) - (05-Dec-09)
Sorption isotherm modeling of different peanut types - (Proceedings)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2010. Sorption isotherm modeling of different peanut types. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Application of ultrasonic technique in nondestructive food quality analysis: a review - (Proceedings)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2010. Application of Ultrasonic Technique in Nondestructive Food Quality Analysis: A Review. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Nondestructive moisture content determination of valencia peanuts by NIR reflectance spectroscopic method - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Naganathan, K.G., Subbiah, J. 2010. Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of Valencia Peanuts by NIR Reflectance Spectroscopic Method. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Nir Reflectance Spectroscopic Method for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of in Peanut Kernels - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Naganathan, K.G., Subbiah, J. 2010. NIR Reflectance Spectroscopic Method for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Estimation of mass ratio of the total kernels within a sample of in-shell peanuts using RF Impedance Method Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2010. Estimation of mass ratio of the total kernels within a sample of in-shell peanuts using RF Impedance Method. Reseach Letters in Electronics, Article ID 375430, Vol. 2010.
Nondestructive Measurement of Moisture Content Using a Parallel-Plate Capacitance Sensor for Grain and Nuts - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2010. NONDESTRUCTIVE MEASUREMENT OF MOISTURE CONTENT USING A PARALLEL-PLATE CAPACITANCE SENSOR FOR GRAIN AND NUTS. IEEE Sensors Journal 10(7):1282-1287.
Nanoscale science and engineering forum (706c) design of solid lipid particles with iron oxide quantum dots for the delivery of therapeutic agents - (Proceedings)
Holser, R.A., Sundaram, J., Hawkins, S.A., Kandala, C. 2009. Nanoscale science and engineering forum (706c) design of solid lipid particles with iron oxide quantum dots for the delivery of therapeutic agents. American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Nashville, TN.
Estimation of kernels mass ratio to total in-shell peanuts using low-cost RF impedance meter - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Hinson, J.W. 2010. Estimation of kernels mass ratio to total in-shell peanuts using low-cost RF impedance meter. Proceedings of SPIE.
Nondestructive estimation of oil and moisture content using NIR spectroscopy in Valencia and Virginia peanuts - (Proceedings)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Holser, R.A., Windham, W.R., Kays, S.E. 2000. Nondestructive estimation of oil and moisture content using NIR spectroscopy in Valencia and Virginia peanuts. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.
Nondestructive Moisture Sensing in Peanuts by Nir Reflectance - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2010. A LOW COST MOISTURE. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. SAS: Sensors Applications Symposiums, Limerick, Ireland.
Application of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy on Determination of Moisture, Total oil and Protein Contents of In-shell Peanuts - (Proceedings)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Holser, R.A., Windham, W.R., Butts, C.L. 2009. Application of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy on Determination of Moisture, Total oil and Protein Contents of In-shell Peanuts. American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Nir Reflectance Spectroscopy for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of Peanut Kernels - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Naganathan, K., Kandala, C., Subbiah, J. 2009. NIR Reflectance Spectroscopy for nondestructive moisture content determination of peanut kernels. Transactions of the ASABE. 52(5):1661-1665.
NIR reflectance spectroscopic method for nondestructive moisture content determination of in-shell peanuts - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Govindarajan, K.N., Subbiah, J. 2009. NIR reflectance spectroscopic method for nondestructive moisture content determination of in-shell peanuts. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Application of Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy to Peanut Grading and Quality Analysis: Overview Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2009. Application of Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy to Peanut Grading and Quality Analysis: Overview. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. DOI: 1007/s11694-009-9081-5.
Application of discrete wavelet analysis for moisture content estimation of in-shell nuts nondestructively with a capacitance sensor - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Govindarajan, K.N., Butts, C.L., Subbiah, J. 2009. Application of discrete wavelet analysis for moisture content estimation of in-shell nuts nondestructively with a capacitance sensor. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE).
Estimating oil and fatty acids contents of in-shell peanuts using NIR spectroscopy - (Proceedings)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Windam, W.R., Holser, R.A., Butts, C.L. 2009. Estimating oil and fatty acids contents of in-shell peanuts using NIR spectroscopy . American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
Identification of inferior quality peanuts without shelling during peanut grading - (Abstract Only)
Sundaram, J., Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Windham, W.R., Lamb, M.C. 2009. Identification of inferior quality peanuts without shelling during peanut grading. American Peanut Research and Education Society Abstracts.
Using a Conveyor-Mounted Spout Sampler to Obtain Farmer Stock Grade Samples - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Butts, C.L., Lamb, M.C., Sheppard, H.T., Kandala, C. 2009. Using a Conveyor-Mounted Spout Sampler to Obtain Farmer Stock Grade Samples. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 25(3):385-390. 2009.
Estimation of moisture and oil content of in-shell nuts with a capacitance sensor using discrete wavelet analysis - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J., Govindarajan, K.N., Butts, C.L., Jeyam, S. 2009. Estimation of moisture and oil content of in-shell nuts with a capacitance sensor using discrete wavelet analysis . Proceedings of SPIE.
Phase angle and impedance measurements for nondestructive moisture content determination of in-shell peanuts using a cylindrical sample holder - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Sundaram, J. 2009. Phase angle and Impedance Measurements for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts Using a Cylindrical Sample Holder. IEEE Sensor Applications Symposium.
Moisture Content Determination of in-Shell Peanuts Using a Low Cost Impedance Analyzer and Capacitor Sensor - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Lamb, M.C. 2008. MOISTURE CONTENT DETERMINATION OF IN-SHELL PEANUTS USING A LOW COST IMPEDANCE ANALYZER AND CAPACITOR SENSOR. Transactions of the ASABE. 51(4):1377-1381.
Design and performance of a capicitor sensor and impedance analyzer for nondestructive moisture content detemination - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2008. Design and performance of a capicitor sensor and impedance analyzer for nondestructive moisture content detemination. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. DOI 10.2007.
Design and Performance of an Impedance Analyzer for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2008. Design and Performance of an Impedance Analyzer for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts. IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Society. (2008) 2:240-246.
NIR reflectance method to determine the Moisture Content in Peanuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Govindarajan, K.N., Subbiah, J. 2008. NIR reflectance method to determine the Moisture Content in Peanuts. Proceedings of SPIE. San Diego, CA.
In-Shell Bulk Density as an Estimator of Farmers Stock Grade Factors - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Butts, C.L., Kandala, C., Sorensen, R.B., Lamb, M.C. 2007. In-shell Bulk Density as an Estimator of Farmers Stock Grade Factors. Peanut Science 34(2)135-141.
Determination of moisture content of in-shell peanuts by Parallel-Plate impedance measurements in cylindrical sample holder - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Nelson, S.O. 2007. Determination of moisture content of in-shell peanuts by Parallel-Plate impedance measurements in cylindrical sample holder. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 1:72-78. 2007
Phase angle and Impedance Measurements for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts Using a Cylindrical Sample Holder - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2007. Phase angle and Impedance Measurements for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination of In-Shell Peanuts Using a Cylindrical Sample Holder. ASABE Annual International Meeting. Paper Number 076215.
Parallel-Plate Sensors for Measurement of Moisture Content in in-Shell Peanuts Non-Destructively - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Nelson, S.O. 2006. PARALLEL-PLATE SENSORS FOR MEASUREMENT OF MOISTURE CONTENT IN IN-SHELL PEANUTS NON-DESTRUCTIVELY. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE). Paper No. 66041..
Parrallel-plate sensors for measurement of moisture content in in-shell peanuts non-destructively - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L., Nelson, S.O. 2006. PARALLEL-PLATE SENSORS FOR MEASUREMENT OF MOISTURE CONTENT IN IN-SHELL PEANUTS NON-DESTRUCTIVELY. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE). Paper number 066041.
Capacitance and Phase Angle Measurement for Estimating Moisture Content in Nuts and Grain Nondestructively - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2006. Capacitance and phase angle measurement for estimating moisture content in nuts and grain nondestructively. Proceedings of SPIE. 617420-61420:1-8.
Capacitance Sensor for Nondestructive Meaurement of Moisture Content in Nuts and Grain - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Nelson, S.O. 2005. Capacitance sensor for nondestructive meaurement of moisture content in nuts and grain. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Rf Impedance Method for Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination in in-Shell Peanuts - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Nelson, S.O. 2005. Rf impedance method for nondestructive moisture content determination in in-shell peanuts. Internation Society for Electromagnetic Aquametry Proceedings.
Nondestructive Moisture Determination in Small Samples of Peanuts by Rf Impedance Measurement - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
pp. 240-246. v.20.
A Portable Electronic Instrument to Measure Moisture Content Nondestructively in Single Peanut Kernels - (Abstract Only)
p.25, v.15
Moisture Determination in Single Peanut Pods by Complex Rf Impedance Measurement - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kandala, C., Nelson, S.O. 2004. Moisture determination in single peanut pods by complex rf impedance measurement. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.
Nondestructive Moisture Content Determination in Single Kernels of Corn, Popcorn and Peanuts by Dual Frequency Rf Impedance Method - (Abstract Only)
Kandala, C., Butts, C.L. 2004. Nondestructive moisture content determination in single kernels of corn, popcorn and peanuts by dual frequency rf impedance method. American Peanut Research and Education Society Proceedings.
Rf: Impedance Method to Estimate Moisture Content in Small Samples of in-Shell Peanuts - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C., Nelson, S.O. 2004. Rf: impedance method to estimate moisture content in small samples of in-shell peanuts. IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Society.
Estimating Drying Time for a Stock Peanut Curing Decision Support System - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Butts, C.L., Davidson, J.I., Lamb, M.C., Kandala, C., Troeger, J.M. 2004. Estimating drying time for a stock peanut curing decision support system. Transactions of the ASAE. Vol 47(3): 925-932.
Determination of Peanut Pod and Kernel Moisture Contents by Rf Impedance Mesurements - (Proceedings)
Kandala, C. 2003. Determination of peanut pod and kernel moisture contents by rf impedance mesurements. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Meetings Papers.
A Decision Support System for Curing Farmers' Stock Peanuts - (Proceedings)
BUTTS, C.L., DAVIDSON, J.I., LAMB, M.C., KANDALA, C., TROEGER, J.M. A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CURING FARMERS' STOCK PEANUTS. ASAE ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MEETING. 2003. p. 17.
Radio Frequency Measurements for Sensing Moisture in Small Samples of Peanuts - (Proceedings)
KANDALA, C., NELSON, S.O. RADIO FREQUENCY MEASUREMENTS FOR SENSING MOISTURE IN SMALL SAMPLES OF PEANUTS. ASAE ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MEETING. 2003.
Comparison of Rf Impedance and DC Conductance Measurements for Single Peanut Kernel Moisture Determination - (Abstract Only)
KANDALA, C., BUTTS, C.L. COMPARISON OF RF IMPEDANCE AND DC CONDUCTANCE MEASUREMENTS FOR SINGLE PEANUT KERNEL MOISTURE DETERMINATION. AMERICAN PEANUT RESEARCH AND EDUCATION SOCIETY ABSTRACTS. 2002. Abstract v.34. p. 110.
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Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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