A. Stored Product Insect movement and feeding sounds recorded for insect detection and monitoring studies
A.1. Plodia interpunctella larvae in dry dog food [1147 kb, 30 s] recorded with Bruel and Kjaer accelerometer.B. Movement and feeding sounds of soil invertebrates:
For #'s B.1-3 see also: Web Page by Phil Stansly, Biology of Diaprepes abbreviatus
B.1. Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae feeding on citrus stock in a 1-gallon pot [1,465 kB, 30 s]
w/ soil microphone [449 kB, 9 s]. (see . . [556 kB])
B.4b.Phyllophaga (white grubs) recorded by Minling Zhang w/ soil microphone
containing examples of a repeated pulse (near start of file), followed by several rustles,
and a loud snap at end [831 kB, 17 s]. (See Zhang et al. 2003) .
B.4.c.and B.4.d. Two simultaneous recordings by Minling Zhang of a series
of (6) sound pulses recorded from microphones inserted into soil near a white grub
(Phyllophaga). The series begins at ca. 8.8 s after the beginning of each recording
and lasts for 1.5 s. Other sounds also are present in the recordings. [769 kB, 16 s]. Additional information
in Zhang et al. (2003)
B.5. Euzophera magnolialis Capps recorded in soil under magnolia tree.
(3 larvae in a Phoenix canariensis palm frond) [937 kB 10 s].
More Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) and R. cruentatus (palmetto weevil) sounds.
B.11. Otiorhynchus sulcatus (black vine weevil) larvae in 1-gal. pot with yew tree, recorded with accelerometer [489 kB, 10 s].
accelerometer (assistance from Peter Samson) [1492 kB, 17 s].
B.13. Antitrogus parvulus larvae (Childers grubs) feeding on sugarcane in a field near Bundaberg, Australia, recorded with an
accelerometer (assistance from Keith Chandler) [828 kB, 9 s].
B.14. Lumbricidae spp. (earthworms) recorded in soil from a forage grass field
using an accelerometer [489 kB 9.8 s].
B.15. Gastropoda spp. (snails) recorded with an accelerometer in a container with a grape vine.
C.2. Peltotrupes profundus Howden provided by Kevi Vulinec, University of Florida [353 kB, 8 s]
virginicus (300 workers feeding on 2" x 4" x 8' plank,
recorded by Donovan Filkins) [489 kB, 9.8 sec].
with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [206 kB, 4 s].
D.5. Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan termites)
Recorded by John Rodgers with an AED-2000 insect detection system. [160 kB, 10 s].
Compare with a second recording from the same tree by John Rodgers using an AED-2000 insect detection system, filtering out low-frequency noise. [227 kB, 10 s].
D.7. Drepanotermes termite head-banging with interspersed (higher frequency) ticks produced by attacking Camponotus denticulatus
ants, recorded with geophone from termite mound near Alice Springs, Australia [1.03 mB, 11 s].
D.8. Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) larva recorded by Michael Smith
at the USDA-ARS, Beneficial Insect Introduction Research Unit, Newark, DE [486 kB, 9.7 s].
For reference, see Mankin et al. (2008)
Monochamus titillator (Southern pine sawyer) larva recorded with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [586 kB, 12 s]. The AED-2000 filters out low frequency noise.D.10. Hylotrupes bajulus (Old house borer) larva recorded with AED-2000 [1766 kB, 10.25 s].
Simultaneous recording of the Buprestid larva with AED-2000 insect detector by Everett Foreman [5169 kB, 16 s].D.12. Oryctes rhinoceros (Coconut rhinoceros beetle) stridulations by three different adults near accelerometer [1413 kB, 10 s].
D.13. Apocnemidophorus pipitzi (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
Schinus terebinthifolius, courtesy of James Cuda, recorded with an accelerometer [2175 kB, 25 s]
D.14. Apocnemidophorus pipitzi (Brazilian peppertree stem boring weevil) larvae feeding inside small branch of Brazilian peppertree,
relative, Schinus polygamus, courtesy of James Cuda recorded with an accelerometer [865 kB, 10 s]
D.15. Dendroctonus valens (Red turpentine beetle) adult male calling recorded by Christian Salcedo with microphone [590 kB, 5 s]
D.16. Hylobius abietes (pine weevil) adult feeding, recorded with microphone by Frauke Fedderwitz, Swedish University ofE. Movement and feeding sounds of insects in plants:
Agricultural Sciences (http://www2.ekol.slu.se/snytbagge/) [2084 kB, 10 s]
F.1a. Aedes taeniorynchus (salt marsh mosquito) male mosquito swarm at Rookery Bay, FL[489 kb, 9.8 sec][Note: There is a female mosquito buzzing in the foreground, and the higher-pitched sound of the male swarm is in the background.]F.1b. Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) female in flight.
recorded by Everett Foreman with Bruel and Kjaer microphone [489 kB, 9.8 s]
F.2. Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with Bruel and Kjaer microphone. [489 kb, 9.8 s]
F.3 . Bactrocera tyroni (Queensland fruit fly) adult male calling song recorded with
Phil Taylor at Macquarie University, Sydney Australia [1694 kB, 19.6 s]
for reference see Mankin et al. 2008 [1348 kB], Mankin et al. (2000). [164 kB], Mankin et al. (1996) [1,174 kB]
F.4c. Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult male flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]
F.4d. Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) adult female flight near microphone (Bruel and Kjaer)
recorded by Everett Foreman [489 kB, 9.8 s]
F.5. Cotesia marginiventris (braconid parasitoid) male calling song (Courtesy of John Sivinski) [1672 kB, 53 s]
See (Hay-Roe and Mankin, 2004).
F.6b. Another series of wing clicks from another adult H. cydno. [321kB, 6s]
F.8.Musca domestica (Housefly) [140 kB, 3 s]
F.9. Delia antiqua Diaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) male and female duetting on grapefruit plant, recorded with an accelerometer [1924 kB, 22 s]
Video of male response to playback of female call.
Video of male response to synthetic mimic of female call. F.11. Euschistus servus (brown stink bug) female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer [904 kB, 10 s]
F.12. Euschistus servus (brown stink bug) male calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer [870 kB, 10 s]
F.13. Euschistus servus (brown stink bug) male-female duet on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer [1,787 kB, 20 s]
F.14. Nezara viridula (southern green stink bug) male and female calls on cotton plant, recorded with an accelerometer [1,383 kB, 16 s]
F.15. Jadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 4 females in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
Ariel Zimmerman [486 kB, 10 s]
F.16. Jadera haematoloma (soapberry bug). Stridulations by 2 of 3 males in small arena, recorded with a microphone by
Ariel Zimmerman [471 kB, 10 s]
Note: for other stridulatory sounds, visit the National Center for Physical Acoustics insect sounds web site. See also Hickling et al. (2000), Hickling and Brown (2001), Roces and Tautz (2001)
G.1a. General movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants [977 kB, 10 s]
G.1b. General movement and stridulation sounds of fire ants recorded with accelerometer from fire ants under citrus trees in Ft. Pierce citrus grove [549 kB, 11 s]. see Mankin and Lapointe (2003)H. Crickets, katydids, and cicadas:
H.1. Tom Walker's "Singing Insects" Web Site and the Online Guide to Insect Songs by Lang Elliott and Wil HershbergerI. Examples to distinguish insect sounds from background noise:
Not all extraneous sounds can be distinguished from insects as easily as in I.1-I7 below, but the human ear can be trained to distinguish the typical clicking and slipping noises of subterranean insects from the drones of machinery or incidental wind noise. Here are some examples you can try for yourself.
I.1. Insect sounds mixed with plane noise, recorded from underground microphone in a field at Auburn, AL. [1.4kB, 30 s]This lively site contained 6 tenebrionids, 2 millipedes, 2 earthworms, 1 wireworm, 1 armyworm, a mature cydnid, and an immature cydnid. (Recorded by Jamie Brandhorst-Hubbard with a soil microphone). For reference, see [172 kB].I.2. Insect sounds mixed with plane noise, shorter segment of I.1. [733 kB ,15 s]