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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Peanuts 101 - the Basics
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1 - Overview
2 - Brief History
3 - General Information
4 - Planting
5 - Growth
6 - Irrigation
7 - Fungi (Molds)
8 - Harvest and Drying (Curing)
9 - Grading and Testing
10 - Marketing
11 - Health and Nutrition
12 - Other Uses of Peanuts
General Information

Arachis hypogaea is the scientific name for peanuts. They are also called goobers, groundnuts, ground peas, earth nut, pinder, pinda, monkey nut, and Manilla nut. They belong to the legume family – which also contains peas and beans. Peanuts are a source of protein, as are meats. Peanuts grow underground, not on bushes or on trees.

 Peanut plant drawing
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Last Modified: 1/22/2009
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