This spotted salamander (Ambystoma
maculatum) is but one example of the diverse fauna and flora living in an
ecologically valuable 25,660-acre federal natural area in the Maryland suburbs,
about 15 miles from Washington, D.C. Click the image for more information
USDA Joins Partnership to Protect Rare
Forest By Don
Comis January 23, 2006
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23--The Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
signed an agreement today with the state of Maryland and other adjacent
landowners to protect a 25,660-acre East Coast natural area in the nation's
capital region. The signing marks the formation of the Baltimore-Washington
Partners for Forest Stewardship to develop a comprehensive Forest Stewardship
"This natural area with 3,270 acres of forest and 3,230 acres of
wetlands is sometimes called the 'green lungs' of the Washington, D.C.,
metropolitan region, because the trees emit so much oxygen into the
atmosphere," said ARS Administrator
B. Knipling. "ARS will continue to do its part to exercise good stewardship
over this valuable natural resource."
ARS, the U.S. Department of
Agriculture's chief in-house scientific research agency, signed the
agreement at the Patuxent Research
Refuge's National Wildlife
Visitor Center in Laurel, Md. Together, the refuge, managed by the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and ARS'
adjacent Henry A. Wallace Beltsville (Md.) Agricultural Research Center (BARC)
comprise about 20,000 acres of the natural area shared with other government
ARS and Patuxent joined with the other two major federal land-holding
facilities--the U.S. Army's Fort
Meade at Laurel and the
Space Flight Center at Greenbelt--and with the nonprofit Center for
Chesapeake Communities to sign a memorandum of understanding with the state of
Maryland. The stewardship plan would be designed to be compatible with the
mission and ongoing programs of the participating agencies.
USDA has overseen a 13-year sustainable agriculture research program
that has reduced pesticide use at BARC by 75 percent and protected the center's
streams, one of which supports brown trout that require very clean water.
Also known as the "Green Wedge," the wooded area has long been
designated a historic forest research area by the state of Maryland. It has
been the site of development of a theory used to determine the amount of forest
acreage needed for survival of various bird species. It has also been the site
where major national and international bird-counting techniques were developed.
The signing ceremony comes the day after the annual midwinter bird
count on the Green Wedge and 22 days after the Audubon Christmas bird count,
done mainly by Patuxent and BARC employees.
The Green Wedge is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay, so the
quality of runoff from this area affects the bay's health.