July 2004 issue
New Issue of ARS Food & Nutrition
Research Briefs Posted By
July 30, 2004
New discoveries in nutrition and new developments in food
freshness, food safety and related topics are reported in short summaries that
appear in the latest issue of the Agricultural Research Service's Food &
Nutrition Research Briefs, available online at:
Some highlights of the issue:
- Tomorrow's great-tasting specialty breads, waffles and
noodles might be made with sorghum, a nutritious, nut-flavored grain that's
free of allergy-causing gluten.
- Galaxy, a delicious new peach from ARS treefruit breeders in
California, is nicknamed "the bagel peach" for its flattened, bagel-like shape.
- There's new evidence that having low levels of folate, a B
vitamin, may contribute to depression, ARS-funded scientists at the Jean Mayer
USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging in Boston, Mass., have found.
- Americans who eat fast food may consume higher amounts of
calories, fats, carbs, added sugars and protein than their non-fast-food-eating
counterparts, an ARS analysis of data from 9,000 adult Americans indicates.
- Adding vitamin E to turkey feed stimulates the birds' immune
systems, boosting their resistance to a foodborne pathogen, Listeria
- Healthful oat compounds with the tongue-twisting name of
"avenanthramides" may help prevent the buildup of plaque in arteries and thus
lessen risk of heart disease.
- Meals that include fruits, vegetables, reduced-fat dairy
products and whole grains--and are low in red and processed meat, refined
grains, fast foods and sodas--may result in smaller gains in your Body Mass
Index (or BMI), and your waistline.
ARS is the U.S. Department of
Agriculture's chief scientific research agency.