USDA Research Agency to Induct Two Scientists into Hall of Fame
By Tara Weaver
WASHINGTON, Sept. 10--Innovative methods for controlling
major cotton pests have earned two scientists places in the Hall of
Fame of the Agricultural Research
ARS is the chief scientific research arm of the
U.S. Department of Agriculture,
with more than 100 research locations across the country and overseas.
ARS chemist James
H. Tumlinson and entomologist Thomas J. Henneberry will be inducted
into the Hall of Fame during a Sept. 16 ceremony at the U.S. National
"The Hall of Fame program, initiated in 1986, honors
outstanding scientists like Drs. Tumlinson and Henneberry who have
gained national and international reputations for their contributions
to agriculture," said ARS Administrator Floyd P. Horn. "Their
work has been crucial in drastically reducing the threat of boll
weevils and pink bollworms in some of the country's most important
The U.S. cotton crop is worth an estimated $6.5 billion annually.
Tumlinson discovered the composition of the natural chemical signals,
known as pheromones, emitted by male boll weevils. This allowed synthesis
of artificial pheromones for use in traps. He leads the Insect
Chemistry Research Unit at ARS' Center
for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology in Gainesville,
Henneberry unraveled the reproductive behavior of the pink bollworm
and helped develop the use of radiation to sterilize the insects.
Based on his work, large-scale releases of sterile insects have been
used to reduce bollworm populations to levels that do not pose an
economically important threat to the cotton crop. Henneberry heads the
ARS Western Cotton Research
Laboratory in Phoenix, Ariz.
Horn is scheduled to present each scientist with a plaque citing
their achievements. The plaques will go on permanent display along
with those for 42 other ARS Hall of Fame inductees at the agency's
National Visitor Center
in Beltsville, Md. Inductees must be retired or eligible to retire.
NOTE TO EDITORS: Additional details on accomplishments of
each Hall of Fame inductee can be obtained from Tara Weaver, (301)
firstname.lastname@example.org. Black and white photographs of
Tumlinson and Henneberry are available from the ARS Photography Unit,
(301) 504-1606, email@example.com.