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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Phenolics:Table 3:C. limon

Survey of Phenolic Compounds Produced in Citrus
Table 3. Flavanone composition in genus Citrus and its near relatives

Citrus limon

[Abbreviations: NTG, narirutin–4'–glucoside; DID, didymin; ERC, eriocitrin; HSP, hesperidin; NRT, narirutin; NER, neoeriocitrin; NRG, naringin; NGG, naringin–4'–glucoside; NHP, neohesperidin; NMO, naringin–6"–malonate (open form); PON, poncirin; NMC, naringin–6"–malonate (closed form); tr, trace. Concentrations are average of two to four runs ±0.05 mg/g fresh weight]


Species and cultivar, CRC #
Plant part Flavanones
7–Rutinosides
  7–Neohesperidosides
  Other
NTG DID ERC HSP NRT NER NRG NGG NHP NMO PON NMC

Bergamot, CRC #2881

Leaf

%

0

0

0

13

0

27

6

0

0

0

0

17

37

mg/g

0

0

0

0.2

0

0.5

0.1

0

0

0

0

0.3

Flavedo

%

0

0

0

0

0

46

25

0

0

0

0

0

29

mg/g

0

0

0

0

0

0.5

0.3

0

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

0

0

0

6

0

57

20

0

0

0

0

10

7

mg/g

0

0

0

0.1

0

0.9

0.3

0

0

0

0

0.2

Juice

%

0

16

0

0

0

37

3

0

9

10

0

0

25

mg/g

0

0.1

0

0

0

0.2

tr

0

tr

0.1

0

0


Corona Foothill Eureka, CRC #3043

Leaf

%

0

0

31

69

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.2

0.4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

0

0

26

67

5

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.2

0.6

tr

0

tr

0

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

2

0

26

66

5

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

tr

0

0.3

0.8

0.1

0

tr

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

29

66

5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.1

0.2

tr

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Kaweah #1 Lisbon, CRC #3010

Leaf

%

20

0

44

36

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0.3

0

0.6

0.5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

3

0

42

52

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0.1

0

1.4

1.8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

4

0

46

50

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0.1

0

1.0

1.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

5

0

48

47

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

tr

0

0.2

0.2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Kulu, CRC #3045

Leaf

%

0

0

20

80

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.2

0.6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

0

11

17

50

21

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

tr

0.1

0.2

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

0

17

8

74

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0.1

tr

0.5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

7

10

78

4

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

tr

tr

0.3

tr

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Kulu, CRC #3487

Leaf

%

0

0

38

61

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.1

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

36

64

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

tr

tr

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Nicaraguan, CRC #3841

Leaf

%

0

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0

0.5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

0

0

0

93

0

0

0

7

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0

0.5

0

0

0

tr

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

0

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0

0.3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

11

89

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

tr

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Santa Teresa #1, CRC #3894

Leaf

%

0

0

17

78

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

mg/g

0

0

0.8

4.0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

0

0

8

77

4

0

0

7

0

0

0

0

4

mg/g

0

0

0.6

5.1

0.3

0

0

0.5

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

0

0

11

79

4

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

2

mg/g

0

0

0.9

6.6

0.3

0

0.2

0.1

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

9

85

2

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

mg/g

0

0

0.3

2.9

0.1

0

tr

0

0

0

0

0


Seedless Lisbon, CRC #3001

Leaf

%

0

0

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.9

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Flavedo

%

0

0

69

22

7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

mg/g

0

0

1.6

0.5

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Albedo

%

0

0

67

33

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

1.5

0.8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

72

28

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

0.2

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Unknown—Borneo, CRC #3765

Leaf

%

0

0

0

0

35

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

65

mg/g

0

0

0

0

0.2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

0

89

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

mg/g

0

0

0

0.1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


Unknown—Morocco, CRC #3155–A

Leaf

%

6

0

7

42

26

0

0

0

0

19

0

0

0

mg/g

0.1

0

0.2

1.0

0.6

0

0

0

0

0.5

0

0

Juice

%

0

0

3

53

11

0

0

0

0

33

0

0

0

mg/g

0

0

tr

0.3

0.1

0

0

0

0

0.2

0

0


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United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

The material on this page is in the public domain.

Original posting: April 1, 1999.

Last Modified: 2/6/2002
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