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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases: Table 4

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 4. Fungi isolated from pearl millet seed


Seed source Fungal isolate Recognized pathogen? Reference

India Alternaria longissima No Mathur et al. 1973
Botrytis cinerea No
Chaetomium globosum No
Curvularia oryzae Possible
Curvularia pallescens Possible
Curvularia penniseti Yes
Curvularia siddiquii Possible
Drechslera hawaiiense Possible
Drechslera longirostrata Possible
Drechslera maydis Possible
Drechslera rostrata (=Exserohilum rostratum) Yes
Drechslera tetramera Yes
Epicoccum purpurascens No
Fusarium equiseti No
Fusarium fusarioides No
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium semitectum No
Phaeotrichoconis crotalariae No
Phoma spp. Possible
Trichoconis padwickii No

India (?)

Alternaria alternata

Possible

Konde et al. 1980
Aspergillus nidulans No
Aspergillus ochraceus No
Aspergillus terreus Possible
Chaetomium brasiliense No
Cladosporium oxysporum No
Curvularia lunata Possible
Drechslera australiensis Possible
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium solani Possible
Periconia saraswatipunsis No
Penicillium cyclopium No
Phoma herbarum No
Rhizoctonia bataticola Possible
Syncephalastum racemosum No

India

Drechslera setariae (=Bipolaris setariae)

Yes

Shetty et al. 1982

India (?)

Aspergillus flavus

No

Girisham et al. 1985
Aspergillus nidulans No
Aspergillus ochraceus No
Aspergillus terreus No
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium oxysporum No
Fusarium semitectum No
Fusarium solani No
Penicillium citrinum No
Myrothecium roridum Yes
Stachybotrys atra No
Trichothecium roseum No

India

Absidia spp.

No

Mishra and Daradhiyar 1991
Alternaria alternata Possible
Aspergillus candidus No
Aspergillus clavatus No
Aspergillus flavus No
Aspergillus luchuensis No
Aspergillus niger No
Aspergillus sulphereus No
Aspergillus sydowi No
Chaetomium globosum No
Cunninghamella spp. No
Curvularia geniculata Possible
Curvularia pallescens Possible
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium spp. No
Geotrichum spp. No
Helminthosporium spp. Possible
Penicillium spp. No
Rhizopus spp. Possible
Sepedonium spp. No
Tubercularia spp. No
Mycelia sterilia No

India

Bipolaris sacchari

Yes

Ahmed and Reddy 1993
Bipolaris setariae Yes
Claviceps fusiformis Yes
Curvularia penniseti Yes
Pyricularia penniseti Yes
Sclerospora graminicola Yes
Tolyposporium penicillariae Yes

India

Alternaria tenuis

No

Ingle and Raut 1994
Curvularia lunata Yes
Drechslera sacchari (=Bipolaris sacchari) Yes
Exserohilum halodes Possible
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Phoma spp. Possible

Lesotho

Fusarium equiseti

No

Onyike et al. 1991

Namibia

Fusarium nygamai

No

Marasas et al. 1988

Nigeria

Fusarium moniliforme

Yes

Onesirosam 1975

Nigeria

Fusarium chlamydosporum

No

Onyike et al. 1991
Fusarium equiseti No
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium napiforme No
Fusarium nygamai No
Fusarium semitectum No
Fusarium subglutinans No

USA

Curvularia lunata

Possible

Luttrell 1954
Fusarium spp. Possible
Helminthosporium rostratum (=Exserohilum rostratum) Yes
Helminthosporium stenospilum (=Bipolaris stenospilum) Possible
Oidium tenellum No

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Luttrell et al. 1955
Aspergillus spp. No
Curvularia spp. Possible
Fusarium spp. Possible
Helminthosporium stenospilum (=Bipolaris stenospilum) Possible
Penicillium spp. No
Pythium spp. Possible
Rhizopus spp. Possible
Trichoderma spp. No
Verticillium spp. No

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Wells and Winstead 1965
Curvularia spp. Possible
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium spp. No
Helminthosporium rostratum (=Exserohilum rostratum) Yes
Helminthosporium setariae (=Bipolaris setariae) Yes

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Wilson et al. 1993
Aspergillus flavus No
Bipolaris setariae Yes
Cladosporium spp. No
Curvularia spp. Possible
Drechslera dematioidea Yes
Epicoccum spp. No
Exserohilum rostratum Yes
Fusarium chlamydosporum No
Fusarium equiseti No
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium semitectum No
Fusarium, miscellaneous spp. No
Gloeocercospora sorghi Yes
"Helminthosporium" spp. Possible
Penicillium spp. No
Phyllosticta penicillariae Yes

Zimbabwe

Fusarium chlamydosporum

No

Onyike et al. 1991
Fusarium equiseti No
Fusarium moniliforme Yes
Fusarium napiforme No
Fusarium nygamai No
Fusarium oxysporum No
Fusarium semitectum No

United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

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Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 2/6/2002
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