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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases: Table 2

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 2. Host ranges and geographic distributions of Bipolaris species pathogenic to Pennisetum species*


Species Host range Geographic distribution

B. australiensis Chloris, Cymbopogon, Cynodon, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Sorghum, Zea Australia, Egypt, India, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Libya, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Zimbabwe
B. bicolor Andropogon, Apluda, Brachiaria, Cymbopogon, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Melanocenchris, Oryza, Panicum, Paspalum, Pennisetum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum, Urochloa, Zea, Zizania Australia, Brazil, Canada, East & West Africa, Ethiopia, India, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Yugoslavia, USA, Zimbabwe
B. cynodontis Agropyron, Axonopus,Cynodon, Dactyloctenium, Hordeum, Oryza, Panicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, Zea Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, India, Israel, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Spain, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, USA, former USSR, Zimbabwe
B. hawaiiensis Andropogon, Avena, Cenchrus, Chloris, Cynodon, Desmostachya, Digitaria, Eleusine, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum, Zea Australia, Burma, Cuba, Ethiopia, Egypt, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, USA (Hawaii), Zambia
B. nodulosa Digitaria, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Pennisetum Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Malawi, Mauritius, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, USA, Zambia, Zimbabwe
B. setariae Echinochloa, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Panicum, Pennisetum, Setaria Australia, Europe, North America, Ethiopia, India, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Uganda, Venezuela
B. spicifera Agrostis, Avena, Cymbopogon, Cynodon, Dactylis, Desmostachya, Eleusine, Holcus, Hordeum, Oryza, Panicum, Pennisetum, Phleum, Poa, Saccharum, Sorghum, Triticum, Zea Africa, America, Asia, Australia & Oceania, West Indies
B. colocasiae Cymbopogon, Colocasia, Pennisetum, Triticum/Hordeum India
B. indica Panicum, Pennisetum, Portulaca Australia, China, Egypt, India, South Africa
B. mediocris Pennisetum Ethiopia, Guinea, South Africa
B. papendorfii Pennisetum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum Australia, Egypt, India, Malawi, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Zimbabwe
B. sacchari Cynodon, Panicum, Pennisetum, Saccharum Africa, America, Asia, Australasia and Oceania, Europe (Italy)
B. urochloae Panicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, Urochloa, Zea Australia, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, South Africa, West Germany, Zimbabwe
B. zeae Alloteropsis, Cenchrus, Imperata, Pennisetum, Triticum, Zea Australia, Brazil, India

* Information derived from Sivanesan (1987); used with permission of CAB International. Not all Pennisetum hosts are P. glaucum.

† Known to have a Cochliobolus teleomorph.


United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

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Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 2/6/2002